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definition - 1954–55_NHL_season

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1954–55 NHL season

1954–55 NHL season
League National Hockey League
Sport Ice hockey
Duration October 7, 1954 - April 14, 1955
Number of games 70
Number of teams 6
Regular season
Season champion Detroit Red Wings
Season MVP Ted Kennedy (Toronto Maple Leafs)
Top scorer Bernie Geoffrion (Montreal Canadiens)
Stanley Cup
Stanley Cup champions Detroit Red Wings
  Runners-up Montreal Canadiens
NHL seasons

The 1954–55 NHL season was the 38th season of the National Hockey League. The Detroit Red Wings were the Stanley Cup champions as they defeated the Montreal Canadiens four games to three in the best-of-seven final series. The Canadiens were without star forward Maurice 'Rocket' Richard who had been suspended for the playoffs, a suspension which led to the March 17, 1955 "Richard Riot" in Montreal.


  League business

Art Ross announced at the league governors meeting that his connection with Boston would terminate at the end of September. As this would be his last appearance at a league meeting, he took the opportunity to thank the governors and others associated with the league during the 30 years of his being officer of the Boston club for the kindness, courtesy and cooperation he had received, and extended his good wishes for the continued success of the league. Conn Smythe and Frank Selke voiced the good wishes of all present to Ross on his retirement.

Prior to the season, Red Wings head coach Tommy Ivan left Detroit to become general manager of the Chicago Black Hawks, and Jimmy Skinner replaced him behind the bench in the Motor City. One of the first things Ivan did at Chicago was to establish an extensive farm system, something the Black Hawks never had.

  Regular season

On December 18, Maurice Richard scored his 400th career goal against Chicago netminder Al Rollins in a 4–1 Canadiens victory over the Black Hawks. Montreal and Toronto played to a 1–1 tie on December 29, at Maple Leaf Gardens. Maurice Richard got a standing ovation when he scored his 401st goal late in the first period.

In a scoreless tie at the Montreal Forum on March 10, a new ice cleaner and resurfacer called a Zamboni was used for the first time. The fans were not appreciative of Toronto's defensive style in this game and threw garbage, including pig's feet, on the ice.

The Richard Riot took place on March 17, 1955. Maurice Richard had been suspended by league president Clarence Campbell after an incident in a game against Boston where Richard punched the referee. Richard was suspended for the rest of the season and the playoffs. Campbell's subsequent appearance at a Canadiens' game at the Montreal Forum incited a group of protesters and led to violence in the Forum and in downtown Montreal.

  Final standings

National Hockey League
Detroit Red Wings 70 42 17 11 95 204 134
Montreal Canadiens 70 41 18 11 93 228 157
Toronto Maple Leafs 70 24 24 22 70 147 135
Boston Bruins 70 23 26 21 67 169 188
New York Rangers 70 17 35 18 52 150 210
Chicago Black Hawks 70 13 40 17 43 161 235


Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against
Teams that qualify for the playoffs are indicated in bold.


  Playoff bracket

  Semi-finals Stanley Cup Final
1  Detroit Red Wings 4  
3  Toronto Maple Leafs 0  
    1  Detroit Red Wings 4
  2  Montreal Canadiens 3
2  Montreal Canadiens 4
4  Boston Bruins 1  


Award winners
Prince of Wales Trophy:
(Regular season champion)
Detroit Red Wings
Art Ross Trophy:
(Top scorer)
Bernie Geoffrion, Montreal Canadiens
Calder Memorial Trophy:
(Best first-year player)
Ed Litzenberger, Chicago Black Hawks
Hart Trophy:
(Most valuable player)
Ted Kennedy, Toronto Maple Leafs
James Norris Memorial Trophy:
(Best defenceman)
Doug Harvey, Montreal Canadiens
Lady Byng Memorial Trophy:
(Excellence and sportsmanship)
Sid Smith, Toronto Maple Leafs
Vezina Trophy:
(Goaltender of team with the best goals-against average)
Terry Sawchuk, Detroit Red Wings
All-Star teams
First team   Position   Second team
Harry Lumley, Toronto Maple Leafs G Terry Sawchuk, Detroit Red Wings
Doug Harvey, Montreal Canadiens D Bob Goldham, Detroit Red Wings
Red Kelly, Detroit Red Wings D Fern Flaman, Boston Bruins
Jean Beliveau, Montreal Canadiens C Ken Mosdell, Montreal Canadiens
Maurice Richard, Montreal Canadiens RW Bernie Geoffrion, Montreal Canadiens
Sid Smith, Toronto Maple Leafs LW Danny Lewicki, New York Rangers

  Player statistics

  Scoring leaders

Note: GP = Games played, G = Goals, A = Assists, PTS = Points, PIM = Penalties in minutes

Player Team GP G A PTS PIM
Bernie Geoffrion Montreal Canadiens 70 38 37 75 57
Maurice Richard Montreal Canadiens 67 38 36 74 125
Jean Beliveau Montreal Canadiens 70 37 36 73 58
Earl Reibel Detroit Red Wings 70 25 41 66 15
Gordie Howe Detroit Red Wings 64 29 33 62 68
George Sullivan Chicago Black Hawks 69 19 42 61 51
Bert Olmstead Montreal Canadiens 70 10 48 58 103
Sid Smith Toronto Maple Leafs 70 33 21 54 14
Ken Mosdell Montreal Canadiens 70 22 32 54 82
Danny Lewicki New York Rangers 70 29 24 53 8

Source: NHL[2]

  Leading goaltenders

Note: GP = Games played; Min - Minutes Played; GA = Goals Against; GAA = Goals Against Average; W = Wins; L = Losses; T = Ties; SO = Shutouts

Player Team GP MIN GA GAA W L T SO
Harry Lumley Toronto Maple Leafs 69 4140 133 1.93 23 24 22 8
Terry Sawchuk Detroit Red Wings 68 4080 132 1.94 40 17 11 12
Jacques Plante Montreal Canadiens 52 3120 109 2.10 31 13 7 5
Charlie Hodge Montreal Canadiens 14 820 31 2.27 7 3 4 1
John Henderson Boston Bruins 45 2652 109 2.47 15 14 15 5
Lorne Worsley New York Rangers 65 3900 195 3.00 15 33 17 4
Jim Henry Boston Bruins 27 1548 79 3.06 8 12 6 1
Hank Bassen Chicago Black Hawks 21 1260 63 3.00 4 9 8 0
Al Rollins Chicago Black Hawks 44 2640 149 3.39 9 27 8 0


The following is a list of players of note who played their first NHL game in 1954–55 (listed with their first team, asterisk(*) marks debut in playoffs):

  Last games

The following is a list of players of note that played their last game in the NHL in 1954–55 (listed with their last team):

  See also


  • Coleman, Charles L. (1976), Trail of the Stanley Cup, Vol III, Sherbrooke, QC: Progressive Publications 
  • Diamond, Dan, ed. (1994). Years of glory, 1942-1967: the National Hockey League's official book of the six-team era. Toronto, ON: McClelland and Stewart. ISBN 0-7710-2817-2. 
  • Diamond, Dan, ed. (2000). Total Hockey. Kingston, NY: Total Sports. ISBN 1-892129-85-X. 
  • Dinger, Ralph, ed. (2011). The National Hockey League Official Guide & Record Book 2012. Toronto, ON: Dan Diamond & Associates. ISBN 978-1-894801-22-5. 
  • Dryden, Steve, ed. (2000). Century of hockey. Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart Ltd.. ISBN 0-7710-4179-9. 
  • Duplacey, James (2008), Hockey’s Book of Firsts, North Dighton, MA: JG Press, ISBN 978-1-57215-037-9 
  • Fischler, Stan; Fischler, Shirley; Hughes, Morgan; Romain, Joseph; Duplacey, James (2003). The Hockey Chronicle: Year-by-Year History of the National Hockey League. Lincolnwood, IL: Publications International Inc.. ISBN 0-7853-9624-1. 
  • McFarlane, Brian (1969), 50 Years Of Hockey, Winnipeg, MAN: Greywood Publishing, ISBN B000GW45S0 
  • McFarlane, Brian (1973). The Story of the National Hockey League. New York, NY: Pagurian Press. ISBN 0-684-13424-1. 
  1. ^ Standings: NHL Public Relations Department (2008). Dave McCarthy et al. ed. THE NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUE Official Guide & Record Book/2009. National Hockey League. p. 149. ISBN 978-1-894801-14-0. 
  2. ^ Dinger 2011, p. 149.

  External links



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