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2005 Tour de France

                   
2005 Tour de France
Route of the 2005 Tour de France.png
Route of the 2005 Tour de France
Race details
Dates July 2–July 24, 2005
Stages 21
Distance 3,592.5 km (2,232 mi)
Winning time 86h 15' 02" (41.654 km/h or 25.883 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Lance Armstrong (USA) (Discovery Channel)
Second  Ivan Basso (Italy) (Team CSC)
Third  Jan Ullrich (Germany) (T-Mobile Team)
Points  Thor Hushovd (Norway) (Crédit Agricole)
Mountains  Michael Rasmussen (Denmark) (Rabobank)
Youth  Yaroslav Popovych (Ukraine) (Discovery Channel)
Team T-Mobile Team
2004
2006

The 2005 Tour de France was the 92nd Tour de France, taking place from July 2 to July 24, 2005. It comprised 21 stages over 3592.5 km, the winner's average speed was 41.654 km/h.[1] The first stages were held in the département of the Vendée, for the third time in 12 years. The 2005 Tour was announced on October 28, 2004. It was a clockwise route, visiting the Alps before the Pyrenees. Lance Armstrong won this Tour, making it his seventh consecutive Tour victory. He was accompanied on the podium by Ivan Basso and Jan Ullrich, but in 2012 Ullrich's results were annulled.[2] As of 11 February 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale has not commented if the third place would remain empty, or fourth-place finisher Mancebo would be upgraded to third place.[3] The points classification was won by Thor Hushovd, and the mountains classification by Michael Rasmussen.

The race was seen by 15 million spectators along the road, and by 2 billion viewers on TV.[4]

Contents

  Route

  Commercial poster for the 2005 Tour.

The traditional prologue on the first day was replaced by an individual time trial of more than twice the length of a standard prologue.[5] This stage crossed from the mainland of France to the Île de Noirmoutier. The most famous route to this island is the Passage du Gois, a road that is under water at high tide. This road was included in the 1999 Tour. Several of the favorites crashed there that year, and ended that stage 7 minutes behind the peloton. This year they took the bridge to the island.

Later in the race, there was one more time trial, on the penultimate day. Also, there were just three uphill finishes (Courchevel, Ax-3 Domaines and Pla d'Adet), a lower number than in previous years. The finish line of the last stage was, as has been since 1975, on the Champs-Élysées in Paris.

The Tour commemorated the death of Fabio Casartelli. During the 15th stage the riders passed the Col du Portet d'Aspet, where Casartelli died exactly 10 years earlier, in the 1995 Tour de France.[5] The Tour also commemorated the first time there was an official mountain climb in the Tour, the Ballon d'Alsace.[6] During the 9th stage this mountain was passed again, exactly 100 years after the first ascent in the Tour.

  Participants

In 2005, the UCI had started the ProTour: 20 teams were given a ProTour licence, and were required to start in all ProTour races, which included the Tour de France. The Tour de France organisation was not happy with this rule, as they wanted to be able to decide which teams would join their race. While negotiations were still ongoing, it was decided to use the UCI rule for the 2005 Tour, so all 20 ProTour teams were automatically invited. The Tour organisation could invite one extra team with a wildcard, and used this to invite the Ag2R team.[7]

All teams were composed of nine cyclists, so 189 riders in 21 teams commenced the 2005 Tour de France. Of them, 155 riders finished.

Of the competitors in the 2005 Tour, the tallest rider was Johan Van Summeren at 1.98 metres and the shortest was Samuel Dumoulin at 1.58 metres. The heaviest rider was Magnus Bäckstedt at 95 kg, the lightest was Leonardo Piepoli at 57 kg. Christopher Horner and Laurent Lefevre shared the lowest resting heart rate, 35 beats per minute. The "average" rider in 2005 was 1.79 metres tall, weighed 71 kg, and had a resting heart rate of 50 beats per minute. 

  Favourites

The main favourite was six-time winner Armstrong. Armstrong had had doubts if he should start the 2005 Tour,[8] but decided in February 2005 that he would race. His main rival Ullrich was happy with this decision, as he thought it would be a better race with Armstrong present.[7]

In previous years, Ullrich never had the full support of his team to win the general classification, as his team was also aiming for stage victories. In 2005, Erik Zabel, who had won the points classification six times, was left out of the team, and Ullrich was supported by Klöden and Vinokourov, who both had already reached the podium on the Tour.[7]

On the day before the Tour started, Ullrich crashed into his team director's car, but was not seriously injured.[7]

  Race details

In Stage 1, David Zabriskie, a former team mate of Lance Armstrong, beat Armstrong by two seconds.[9] In the team time trial of stage 4, Zabriskie fell in the last kilometers, and Armstrong took over the lead.[9]

Armstrong initially refused to wear the yellow jersey in the fifth stage,[10] but was forced by the Tour organisation, who threathened to remove him from the race.[7]

In the tenth stage, the start was moved from Grenoble to Froges.[11]

Before the 20th stage, an individual time trial, Michael Rasmussen occupied the third place in the general classification. During that stage, Rasmussen fell multiple times and changed bicycles multiple times, and lost so much time that he ended up at the seventh place in the general classification.[9] The race jury invoked the 'rain rule'[12] for the Champs-Élysées, meaning that Lance Armstrong became the winner of the General classification the first time the race passed the finish line, rather than the eighth time as normal. The time bonification for the winner of the stage was still given, and Alexandre Vinokourov profited from this as he won the stage after an escape in the last kilometer (the first time since 1994 that the final stage did not end in a sprint[9]), and passed Levi Leipheimer in the general classification to end fifth.

During the final ceremonies in Paris, Armstrong was allowed to talk to the crowds, the first time in the Tour's history that a winner was given this chance.[13] It has since become a regular occurrence.

  Stages

The 2005 Tour de France was divided into 21 stages. These stages belong to different categories: 8 were flat stages, 5 were medium mountain stages, 5 were high mountain stages, 2 were individual time trials and 1 was a team time trial.[6] The distinction between flat stage, medium mountain stage and high mountain stage is important for the points classification. There were two rest days, in Grenoble and in Pau.[11]

  Overview of the stages
Stage results[14][15]
Stage Date Route Terrain Length Winner
1 2 July FromentineNoirmoutier-en-l'Île Individual time trial 19.0 km (11.8 mi)  David Zabriskie (USA)
2 3 July ChallansLes Essarts Plain stage 181.5 km (112.8 mi)  Tom Boonen (BEL)
3 4 July La ChâtaigneraieTours Plain stage 212.5 km (132.0 mi)  Tom Boonen (BEL)
4 5 July ToursBlois Team time trial 67.5 km (41.9 mi)  Discovery Channel (USA)
5 6 July ChambordMontargis Plain stage 183.0 km (113.7 mi)  Robbie McEwen (AUS)
6 7 July TroyesNancy Plain stage 199.0 km (123.7 mi)  Lorenzo Bernucci (ITA)
7 8 July LunévilleKarlsruhe Plain stage 228.5 km (142.0 mi)  Robbie McEwen (AUS)
8 9 July PforzheimGérardmer Hilly stage 231.5 km (143.8 mi)  Pieter Weening (NED)
9 10 July GérardmerMulhouse Hilly stage 171.0 km (106.3 mi)  Michael Rasmussen (DEN)
10 12 July GrenobleCourchevel Stage with mountain(s) 177.0 km (110.0 mi)  Alejandro Valverde (ESP)
11 13 July CourchevelBriançon Stage with mountain(s) 173.0 km (107.5 mi)  Alexandre Vinokourov (KAZ)
12 14 July BriançonDigne-les-Bains Hilly stage 187.0 km (116.2 mi)  David Moncoutié (FRA)
13 15 July MiramasMontpellier Plain stage 173.5 km (107.8 mi)  Robbie McEwen (AUS)
14 16 July AgdeAx 3 Domaines Stage with mountain(s) 220.5 km (137.0 mi)  Georg Totschnig (AUT)
15 17 July Lézat-sur-LèzeSaint-Lary-Soulan Stage with mountain(s) 205.5 km (127.7 mi)  George Hincapie (USA)
16 19 July MourenxPau Stage with mountain(s) 180.5 km (112.2 mi)  Óscar Pereiro (ESP)
17 20 July PauRevel Plain stage 239.5 km (148.8 mi)  Paolo Savoldelli (ITA)
18 21 July AlbiMende Hilly stage 189.0 km (117.4 mi)  Marcos Antonio Serrano (ESP)
19 22 July IssoireLe Puy-en-Velay Hilly stage 153.5 km (95.4 mi)  Giuseppe Guerini (ITA)
20 23 July Saint-ÉtienneSaint-Étienne Individual time trial 55.5 km (34.5 mi)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
21 24 July Corbeil-EssonnesParis (Champs-Élysées) Plain stage 144.5 km (89.8 mi)  Alexandre Vinokourov (KAZ)

In the stages that were not time trials, there were intermediate sprints. Cyclist who crossed the intermediate sprints first received points for the points classification, and bonification seconds for the general classification. Until stage 8, there were three intermediate sprints, and from stage 9 on there were two.[16]

  Results

  General classification

Final general classification (1–10)[14]
Rank Name Team Time
1  Lance Armstrong (USA) Discovery Channel 86h 15' 02"
2  Ivan Basso (ITA) Team CSC +4' 40"
DSQ  Jan Ullrich (GER) T-Mobile +6' 21"
3  Francisco Mancebo (ESP) Illes Balears-Caisse d'Epargne +9' 59"
4  Alexandre Vinokourov (KAZ) T-Mobile +11' 01"
5  Levi Leipheimer (USA) Gerolsteiner +11' 21"
6  Michael Rasmussen (DEN) Rabobank +11' 33"
7  Cadel Evans (AUS) Davitamon-Lotto +11' 55"
8  Floyd Landis (USA) Phonak +12' 44"
9  Óscar Pereiro (ESP) Phonak +16' 04"
10  Christophe Moreau (FRA) Crédit Agricole +16' 26"
Points classification (1–10)[9]
Rank Name Team Points
1  Thor Hushovd (NOR)Green jersey Crédit Agricole 194
2  Stuart O'Grady (AUS) Cofidis 182
3  Robbie McEwen (AUS) Davitamon-Lotto 178
4  Alexandre Vinokourov (KAZ) T-Mobile Team 158
5  Allan Davis (AUS) Liberty Seguros-Würth 130
6  Óscar Pereiro (ESP) Phonak 118
7  Robert Förster (GER) Gerolsteiner 101
8  Lance Armstrong (USA) Yellow jersey Discovery Channel 93
9  Baden Cooke (AUS) Française des Jeux 91
10  Bernhard Eisel (AUT) Française des Jeux 88
Mountains classification (1–10)[9]
Rank Name Team Points
1  Michael Rasmussen (DEN)Polkadot jersey Rabobank 185
2  Óscar Pereiro (ESP) Phonak 155
3  Lance Armstrong (USA) Yellow jersey Discovery Channel 99
4  Christophe Moreau (FRA) Crédit Agricole 93
5  Michael Boogerd (NED) Rabobank 90
6  Santiago Botero (COL) Phonak 88
7  Alexandre Vinokourov (KAZ) T-Mobile Team 75
8  Laurent Brochard (FRA) Bouygues Télécom 75
9  George Hincapie (USA) Discovery Channel 74
10  Pietro Caucchioli (ITA) Crédit Agricole 73

Óscar Pereiro was given the combativity award by the jury who chose him as the most attacking cyclist.[1]

  Classification leadership

Stage Winner General classification
Yellow jersey
Points classification
Green jersey
Mountains classification
Polkadot jersey
Young rider classification
White jersey
Team classification
Jersey with yellow number
Combativity award
1 David Zabriskie David Zabriskie David Zabriskie N/A Fabian Cancellara Team CSC N/A
2 Tom Boonen Tom Boonen Thomas Voeckler Sylvain Calzati
3 Tom Boonen Erik Dekker Yaroslav Popovych Erik Dekker
4 Discovery Channel Lance Armstrong N/A
5 Robbie McEwen Juan Antonio Flecha
6 Lorenzo Bernucci Karsten Kroon Christophe Mengin
7 Robbie McEwen Fabian Wegmann Fabian Wegmann
8 Pieter Weening Michael Rasmussen Vladimir Karpets Pieter Weening
9 Michael Rasmussen Jens Voigt Michael Rasmussen
10 Alejandro Valverde Lance Armstrong Alejandro Valverde Laurent Brochard
11 Alexander Vinokourov Alexander Vinokourov
12 David Moncoutié Thor Hushovd David Moncoutié
13 Robbie McEwen Yaroslav Popovych Carlos Da Cruz
14 Georg Totschnig T-Mobile Team Georg Totschnig
15 George Hincapie Óscar Pereiro
16 Óscar Pereiro Óscar Pereiro
17 Paolo Savoldelli Discovery Channel Sébastien Hinault
18 Marcos Serrano T-Mobile Team Carlos Da Cruz
19 Giuseppe Guerini Sandy Casar
20 Lance Armstrong N/A
21 Alexander Vinokourov Philippe Gilbert
Final Lance Armstrong Thor Hushovd Michael Rasmussen Yaroslav Popovych T-Mobile Team Óscar Pereiro
Jersey wearers when one rider is leading two or more competitions

  Doping cases

During the race, 143 urine tests and 21 blood tests were conducted. None of them returned positive.[17] Still, there were fears that banned substances were being used; the boss of the Amore & Vita-Beretta team (not racing in the 2005 Tour) questioned the increase in velocities.[18]

In 2010, Hans Michael Holczer, the team boss of Gerolsteiner in 2005, said that the UCI had informed him that Leipheimer had shown blood values just under the doping limit, and that Holczer suspected that Leipheimer was using doping. The UCI advised Gerolsteiner to find a reason to remove Leipheimer from the race, but Holczer refused, because his team was still facing bad publicity from a previous doping case.[19]

The top five of the general classification of 2005 would not compete the 2006 edition. Armstrong had retired after the 2005, Tour, and a few days before the 2006 edition, after it became public that (among others) Basso, Ullrich and Mancebo were under investigation in the Operacion Puerto doping case, the Tour organisation and team leaders decided to exclude all cyclists under investigation from joining the Tour. Vinokourov, fifth-placed in 2005, was not under investigation, but his team was reduced to five cyclists, below the minimal required amount of six, so he could also not compete.[20]

In February 2012, the Court of Arbitration for Sport found Ullrich guilty of being engaged in Fuentes' doping program, and decided that Ullrich's results since May 2005, including his results from the 2005 Tour de France, would be disqualified.[2]

  See also

  References

  1. ^ a b Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique" (in French) (PDF). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 2009-10-09. http://www.letour.fr/2009/TDF/COURSE/docs/histo2009_06.pdf. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Jan Ullrich given two year ban from CAS". Cyclingnews (Future Publishing limited). 9 February 2012. http://www.cyclingnews.com/news/jan-ullrich-given-two-year-ban-from-cas. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "Press Release: CAS decision in Jan Ullrich case - UCI statement". Union Cycliste Internationale. 9 February 2012. http://www.uci.ch/Modules/ENews/ENewsDetails.asp?id=Nzg1Mw&MenuId=MTI2Mjc&LangId=1&BackLink=%2Ftemplates%2FUCI%2FUCI7%2Flayout%2Easp%3FMenuId%3DMTI2Mjc%26LangId%3D1. Retrieved 11 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Tour de France 2005: welcome on the official website". Archived from the original on 2009-10-09. http://www.letour.fr/2005/presentationus/chiffres.html. Retrieved 2009-10-07. 
  5. ^ a b Jean-Marie Leblanc (2005). "Edito". Amaury Sport Organisation. http://www.letour.fr/2005/presentationus/index.html. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "The route". Amaury Sport Organisation. 2005. http://www.letour.fr/2005/presentationus/parcours.html. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c d e McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2008). The Story of the Tour De France: 1965-2007. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 305–316. ISBN 1-59858-608-4. http://books.google.nl/books?id=V8mlwItBhhcC&pg=PA53. 
  8. ^ "Tour bosses announce 2005 route". BBC. 28 October 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/other_sports/cycling/3958427.stm. Retrieved 28 March 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "92ème Tour de France 2005" (in French). Memoire du Cyclisme. Archived from the original on 2009-10-09. http://memoire-du-cyclisme.net/eta_tdf_1978_2005/tdf2005.php. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  10. ^ It is a tradition that a cyclist who becomes the new leader because the previous leader was injured, does not wear the yellow jersey. Merckx did so in 1971 after Ocaña fell, Zoetemelk did so in 1980 after Hinault left, and LeMond did so in 1991 after Sørensen crashed.
  11. ^ a b Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique, Part 4" (in French) (PDF). Amaury Sport Organisation. http://www.letour.fr/2009/TDF/COURSE/docs/histo2009_05.pdf. Retrieved 28 March 2011. 
  12. ^ "Tour de France 2005 Newsflashes". letour.fr. http://www.letour.fr/2005/TDF/LIVE/us/2100/depeches.html. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  13. ^ Thompson, Christopher S. (2008). TheThe Tour de France: A Cultural History. University of California Press. p. 264. ISBN 0-520-25630-1. http://books.google.com/books?id=UpzzPqexF00C&printsec=frontcover&cad=0#v=snippet&q=1971&f=false. 
  14. ^ a b "92ème Tour de France 2005" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. http://memoire-du-cyclisme.net/eta_tdf_1978_2005/tdf2005.php. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  15. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. http://www.cvccbike.com/tour/top_ten.html#2005. Retrieved 15 Aug 2011. 
  16. ^ "The Stakes". Amaury Sport Organisation. 2005. http://www.letour.fr/2005/presentationus/enjeux.html. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  17. ^ Thompson, Christopher S. (2008). TheThe Tour de France: A Cultural History. University of California Press. p. 262. ISBN 0-520-25630-1. http://books.google.com/books?id=UpzzPqexF00C&printsec=frontcover&cad=0#v=snippet&q=1971&f=false. 
  18. ^ "Doping fears haunt Tour de France". Royal Society of Chemistry. 22 July 2005. http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/News/2005/July/22070502.asp. Retrieved 28 March 2011. 
  19. ^ Callahan, Ron (4 August 1010). "Gerolsteiner's Holczer implicates Leipheimer & UCI in doping scandal". Bike World News. http://www.bikeworldnews.com/2010/08/04/gerolsteiners-holczer-implicates-leipheimer-uci-doping-scandal/. Retrieved 28 March 2011. 
  20. ^ "Four of top five '05 finishers won't start Tour this year". EPSN. 1 July 2006. http://sports.espn.go.com/oly/tdf2006/news/story?id=2505072. Retrieved 28 March 2011. 

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