definition of Wikipedia
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2008)|
|Chancellor of Austria|
11 January 2007 – 2 December 2008
|Preceded by||Wolfgang Schüssel|
|Succeeded by||Werner Faymann|
8 February 1960 |
Sankt Pölten, Austria
|Political party||Social Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||University of Vienna|
Alfred Gusenbauer (born February 8, 1960) is an Austrian career politician who until 2008 spent his entire professional life as an employee of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) or as a parliamentary representative. He headed the SPÖ from 2000 to 2008, and served as Chancellor of Austria from January 2007 to December 2008. Since then he has pursued a career as a consultant and lecturer, and as a member of supervisory boards of Austrian companies.
Gusenbauer was born in Sankt Pölten in the state of Lower Austria. He was educated at a high school in Wieselburg and studied political science, philosophy and jurisprudence at the University of Vienna, where he obtained a doctorate in political science in 1987. Gusenbauer was federal leader of the SPÖ youth wing, the Socialist Youth (SJ) from 1984 to 1990; vice-president of the International Union of Socialist Youth from 1985 to 1989 and vice-president of the Socialist International in 1989. He was then made a senior research fellow in the economic policy department of the Lower Austria section of the Chamber of Labour from 1990 to 1999.
In 1991, Gusenbauer was elected SPÖ chairman in Ybbs an der Donau and a member of the Lower Austria party executive. In the same year he was elected to the Bundesrat (the upper house of the Austrian Parliament) as a Deputy for Lower Austria. He was a member of the Austrian delegation to the parliamentary meeting of the Council of Europe in 1991 and was chairman of the social committee of the Council of Europe from 1995 to 1998.
In the Bundesrat, Gusenbauer was Chairman of the Committee for Development Co-operation from 1996 to 1999. In 2000, he was elected leader of the SPÖ Group in the Bundesrat and also as Secretary-General of the SPÖ. Under his leadership in the 2002 elections the SPÖ improved its vote and gained four seats, but failed to defeat the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) government of Chancellor Wolfgang Schüssel.
During 2006, the SPÖ was handicapped by its involvement in the "BAWAG scandal" in which directors of the BAWAG, an Austrian bank owned by the Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB), were accused of corruption, embezzlement and illicit speculation. The scandal led in March to the resignation of ÖGB head Fritz Verzetnitsch. The SPÖ as a party was not involved in the fraud but Gusenbauer found it politically expedient to exclude ÖGB leaders from the lists of SPÖ candidates, drawing criticism from the ÖGB.
After the 2006 elections, the SPÖ was the largest single party but had no absolute majority of the parliamentary seats. A grand coalition between the ÖVP and the SPÖ was considered the most likely outcome. After prolonged negotiations, Gusenbauer became Chancellor on January 11, 2007 at the head of an SPÖ-ÖVP coalition.
Gusenbauer immediately drew criticism because he abandoned central promises of the SPÖ election campaign, such as those to abolish university tuition fees (it was decided by the SPÖ instead that students should do community service for 60 hours, which resulted in student protests) and to reverse the country's Eurofighter deal. This provoked public criticism even from SPÖ members. Infighting over Gusenbauer's ability to lead his party never subsided from this point onwards. On June 16, 2008, Gusenbauer was replaced as SPÖ chief by his Minister of Transport Werner Faymann. However, he formally remained chancellor until after the 2008 snap elections that were called in early July 2008 when the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) led by Wilhelm Molterer left the governing coalition. His time in office was the shortest since World War II.
Gusenbauer briefly returned to his old post in the Chamber of Labour but immediately used his network to start another career. Since early 2009, Gusenbauer is the first Leitner Global Fellow at the Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs in New York. He was made a member of the supervisory board of Alpine Holding, an Austrian construction conglomerate, in July 2009 but resigned this position effective May 1, 2010 when it was announced that Gusenbauer was to head the supervisory board of Strabag (Austria's leading construction company) effective June 18, 2010. At the same time he is to become chairman of the board of trustees of the private foundation established by Strabag's chairman, Hans Peter Haselsteiner.
Gusenbauer is also a member of the Club de Madrid, an independent organization of more than 80 former presidents and prime ministers, which works to strengthen democratic governance and leadership.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Alfred Gusenbauer|
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Social Democratic Party
|Chancellor of Austria
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