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definition - Anderson,_South_Carolina

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Anderson, South Carolina

                   
Anderson
—  City  —
Downtown Anderson
Nickname(s): The Electric City
Coordinates: 34°30′52″N 82°38′56″W / 34.51444°N 82.64889°W / 34.51444; -82.64889Coordinates: 34°30′52″N 82°38′56″W / 34.51444°N 82.64889°W / 34.51444; -82.64889
State South Carolina
County Anderson
Government
 • Type Council-manager government
 • Mayor Terence Roberts
 • City Manager John Moore
Area
 • City 13.9 sq mi (35.9 km2)
Population
 • City 27,181
 • Density 2,000/sq mi (760/km2)
 • Urban 187,126
Website www.cityofandersonsc.com

Anderson is a city in and the county seat of Anderson County, South Carolina, United States.[1] The population was 26,686 in 2010,[2] and the city was the center of an urbanized area of 81,309. It is the principal city of the Anderson, South Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area, contiguous with Anderson County, which has a population of 187,126 as of the 2010 census. It is further included in the larger Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, South Carolina Combined Statistical Area (population: 1,185,534, according to 2005 U.S. Census Bureau estimates). Anderson is just off Interstate 85 and is 120 Miles from Atlanta and 140 miles (230 km) from Charlotte.

Anderson is the smallest of the three primary cities that makes up the Upstate region and is nicknamed "The Electric City" and "The Friendliest City in South Carolina." Anderson's spirit and quality of life has earned national recognition as Anderson County was named an "All-America City" in 2000.

Anderson is the home of Anderson University, a selective private comprehensive university of approximately 2,700 undergraduate and graduate students.

Contents

  History

Anderson was named for a Revolutionary War hero, Robert Anderson. General Anderson and Andrew Pickens surveyed the land in the area. The Cherokees lived in the area until 1777. The land was then ceded to South Carolina by the Cherokee in a treaty negotiated by Pickens. This area was then called the Pendleton District for official purposes. In 1826, the Pendleton District was divided into two districts  — Anderson and Pickens. Because the town of Pendleton was at the top of the county, too close to the Pickens border, a new courthouse was built at the center of the county. A small town, named Anderson Courthouse, built around the courthouse, and this community eventually became known as Anderson. Anderson was incorporated by an act of Legislature, December 19, 1833. The original courthouse was built of logs, but 10 years later, a courthouse made of bricks was erected to replace it. A still-standing Anderson County Courthouse, built in 1898, now faces the current courthouse and is built on the site of the original.

The settlers of this area were mostly Scots-Irish who came from Virginia and Pennsylvania to farm. Farmers grew corn and raised hogs. Much later, cotton became the cash crop of the area. By the late 19th century, the Anderson area was filled with numerous textile mills. Due to the innovation of Anderson engineer William Whitner, electricity could be conducted by wire to mills throughout the county. Anderson was the first city in the United States to have a continuous supply of electric power, which was supplied by a water mill located in the high shoals area of the Rocky River in Anderson County. The first cotton gin in the world to be operated by electricity was built in Anderson County in 1897. Several areas of Anderson are named in Whitner's honor, including a downtown street. Anderson became known as "The Electric City," a nickname that it still holds today.

On November 14, 1931, famous aviator Amelia Earhart flew into the Anderson, SC airport in her Pitcairn PCA-2 Autogyro, attracting over 1,000 spectators. Mayor G.T. McGregor and other city leaders met her at the airport. She was piloting the Autogyro on a nationwide tour promoting Beech-Nut products. Earhart landed at the original Anderson County Airport, founded in 1928 on the highest land Anderson County owned. This "airport," a mere grass strip originally planned as an emergency landing field, later became a joint city county facility where planes delivering air mail landed. The field functioned until the land for the current airport on Highway 24 was purchased and developed in the mid 1930's[3][4]

  Geography

Anderson is located at 34°30′52″N 82°38′56″W / 34.51444°N 82.64889°W / 34.51444; -82.64889 (34.514506, −82.648944)[5].

Anderson is located in the northwest corner of South Carolina on the Piedmont plateau. At the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, Anderson is a 1-hour drive from the Appalachian Mountains, and a 4-hour drive from the South Carolina coast. Anderson lies roughly at the midpoint of the busy I-85 corridor between Atlanta, Georgia and Charlotte, North Carolina.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.9 square miles (36 km2), of which 13.8 square miles (36 km2) is land and 0.07% is water.

  Cityscape

  Downtown

  The Calhoun Building, one of downtown's apartment towers.

Downtown Anderson is located approximately eight miles south of Interstate 85 in the north-western section of Anderson County. Downtown is bound to the north by Greenville Street, to the east by Fant Street, to the south by Franklin Street, and to the west by Towers Street.

Many of the original buildings still line the streets, but are in different stages of revitalization with some recently completed while others are still under construction. One of the more prominent structures remodeled was the Chiquola Hotel, which has been transformed into condos with retail space on the first floor. In recent years, a new courthouse was built directly across from the old courthouse which served the county until 1995 and is still used for some government functions. There has been several developments in downtown over the past decade.

  The remodeled Chiquola Building

Parts of the original brick street were resurfaced on Main Street and most buildings received new paint jobs. A large new library was built at Society Street and McDuffie Street and the previous library was remodeled and turned into the county museum. A new farmers market and art gallery was built at Tribble Street next to the old railroad station. There is also a new parking garage at the corner of Whitner Street and Murray Avenue and also the recently built Benson Hotel. There have also been a number of new projects planned for the area, with a new park covering the old Belk site on Whitner street the newest one while expansion projects are being considered for the Coleman Recreation Center just outside downtown.

Traffic is regularly closed off Thursday afternoons on Main St. for the downtown block party, and also for different events throughout the year such as the Chili Cook-off and Christmas Parade. While places such as Mellow Mushroom, Wendy's, and Subway operate in downtown, the majority of stores are still more traditional mom and pop type stores.

  Historic districts

Other Historical Locations:

  • Caldwell-Johnson-Morris Cottage
  • Denver Downs Farmstead
  • Kennedy Street School
  • North Anderson Historic District
  • Dr. Samuel Marshall Orr House
  • Ralph John Ramer House

  Parks and recreation

  • Anderson Memorial Stadium — A ballfield/stadium on 12 acres of land on White Rd.. Renovated in 2007 with stadium style seating. Home to the Anderson University Trojans.
  The Anderson Civic Center is part of a large sports and entertainment complex that covers 300 acres.
  • Anderson Sports and Entertainment Center — The ASCE is a 300 acre area that includes the Anderson Civic Center, a 37,000 sq. foot facility, as well as an amphitheater that can accommodate 15,000 people, a huge castle like play structure with play equipment, a 64 acre sports center with 7 baseball/softball fields, 3 soccer fields, disc golf course, and 8 tennis courts. There is also a lake with park, picnic shelters, and miles of nature trail. The ASCE is Anderson's largest recreational area to date.
  • Beatrice Thompson Park — A 5 acre park with large play structure, picnic shelter, and grill; Located on W. Market St..
  • Cater's Lake — 7 Acre park largely consisting of a small lake with lighted aeration fountain. Located along Greenville Street a short distance from downtown and South/North Blvd..
  • Coleman Recreation Center — 32,000 sq foot of gym and multipurpose space and 22 acres that includes 3 baseball/softball fields, large multipurpose field, and playground. Located at N. Murray Ave. and Roberts St..
  • D.B. Walker Park — 4.1 Acre park that consists of three basketball courts, picnic shelter with grill, and walking trail. The park is across the street from the Jim Ed Rice Center.
  • Darwin Wright Park — 27 Acre park right off Liberty Hwy. and Manse Jolly Rd.. Some of the amenities include a 9 hole golf course, play structure, picnic shelters, restrooms, and beach style swimming.
  • Jim Ed Rice Center — Recreational facility with softball court. Located atE. Market St. and S. Jefferson Ave..
  • Linley Park — 15 Acre park located along the center of N. Murray Ave. and North Ave.. The park includes 2 ballfields, restrooms, 2 picnic shelters, swing sets, play structure, and lots of green space.
  • Sheppard Swim Center — Private swim center with two pools and restrooms that offers swimming courses. Located on Cornelia Rd. in front of McCants Middle School.
  • Southwood Park — Part of the Hudgens Athletic Facility. 15 Acres, located at Burdine Rd.. The park has play equipment, 3 picnic shelters, grills, tennis courts, basketball court, and softball/baseball field.
  • Westside Community Center — Located at 1100 W. Franklin St., the center offers a police substation, library branch, health clinic, youth programs, rooms for rent, and also a park that includes play equipment, a grill, picnic shelter, walking track, and basketball court.

  Economy

Anderson's economy revolves around manufacturing. Anderson has over 230 manufacturers, including 22 international companies. In the county, Anderson has a thriving business climate. The top major industries in Anderson include manufacturers of automotive products, metal products, industrial machinery, plastics, publishing, and textiles. Two industries that many times interconnect are the plastic and automotive sectors. There are more than 27 BMW suppliers in the Upstate, which is recognized internationally as an automotive supplier hub. The plastic industry has a strong presence in the Upstate with 244 plastic companies located within the 10 counties of the state's northwest corner. Anderson County, in particular, has 11 automotive suppliers and is a major player in the plastic industry, with 27 plastic companies located within its borders. It has one unionized company in the area – Anderson is a growing area in the form of economics.

  Hospitals

  Front view of AnMed Health Medical Center.

AnMed health is not only one of the top employers in the county, but also the primary care network for Anderson. AnMed Health Medical Center is the main medical facility, offering all the amenities of a standard hospital, as well as a heart and vascular center, and stroke/neurological center. Located two and a half miles north of the facility is the AnMed Health Campus which includes a women's and children's hospital, minor care, cancer center, speech and occupational therapy, and more. The AnMed Rehabilitation Hospital is located between the two facilities.

In addition to these three network hospitals, AnMed also operates a number of smaller facilities throughout the city and county that range from a free clinic and minor care to doctor's offices.

  Education

The city of Anderson is served by the Anderson County School System (specifically, Anderson School District Five). The school district has twelve elementary schools, five middle schools, and two high schools. A new middle school is to be built soon. The purpose for the new middle school is to relieve overcrowding at McCants Middle School. The school district is refurbishing Concord, Homeland Park, Centerville, Midway, and Varennes Elementary Schools.

Elementary schools:

  • Calhoun Academy of the Arts
  • Centerville Elementary
  • Concord Elementary
  • Flat Rock Elementary
  • Homeland Park Elementary
  • McLees Elementary
  • Midway Elementary
  • Nevitt Forest Elementary
  • New Prospect Elementary
  • North Pointe Elementary (Still under construction)
  • Varennes Elementary
  • Whitehall Elementary

Middle schools:

  • Lakeside Middle School
  • McCants Middle School
  • Southwood Middle School
  • Robert Anderson Middle School
  • Glen View Middle School

High schools:

Private schools:

  • Anderson Christian School
  • Boulevard Child Enrichment Center
  • Day Star School
  • First Presbyterian Church Dayschool
  • Grace Kindergarten
  • Montessori School of Anderson
  • Oakwood Christian School
  • New Covenant School
  • St Joseph Catholic School
  • Temple Christian Academy
  • West Anderson Christian Academy

Early childhood schools:

  • West Market
  • South Fant

Swim Centers

  • District 5
    • Sheppard
    • Hudgens, open until recently, has been condemned for destruction and closed

  Higher education

  Front entrance to AU on South Boulevard following remodeling in 2006.

There are five colleges and one technical college within a 30-mile (48 km) radius of Anderson:

  Transportation

  Airport

Anderson is served by Anderson County Regional Airport (IATA: AND, ICAO: KAND). The airport is 3 miles (4.8 km) away from Anderson and has 2 runways; runway 5/23 is 6,000 feet (1,800 m) and runway 17/35 is 5,000 feet (1,500 m). The airport also has helipads. The airport has no control tower but is able to accommodate regional jet aircraft. In addition, the airport has a small terminal.

  Roads and highways

Anderson has five signed exits on I-85, currently the city's only freeway. Several notable highways pass through the city, including U.S. Route 76 and U.S. Route 178 co-signed along Clemson Boulevard, also known as SC-Bus 28, and U.S. Route 29 leading to Hartwell to the south and Greenville to the north.

In 2011, construction began on a new east-west connector which is approximately three miles long between Clemson Boulevard and South Carolina Highway 81.[7] On August 16, 2010, the connector was voted to have four lanes with turn and bike lanes with a completion date set in October 2012.[8]

  Public transit

Anderson has four bus routes (Blue, Green, Red, and Gold) that travel to most major areas of the city, running every hour.[9] and also receives service from Clemson Area Transit (CATS) via the 4U route.[10] The city uses both newer hybrid buses and older style trolleys resembling Anderson's old streetcars. Inter-city bus travel is available through Greyhound Lines, located on West Whitner Street near downtown.

Though the city still doesn't have as extensive a transit system as more modern cities, it is making plans to expand its ventures. The city is currently trying to acquire a full time office space for a downtown bus transfer center. There is also the potential for growth in the future, including a new line connecting Belton to Anderson.

  Anderson Mall

Anderson Mall is Anderson's largest shopping center. It opened in 1972 and has undergone many expansions. It currently has more than 76 specialty stores thanks to a renovation completed in 2008. The mall is owned by Simon Property Group and anchored by Sears, Belk, Dillards, and JC Penney. Dillards recently opened at the mall in the Fall of 2008 as part of the renovation project. The project also closed the Goody's outparcel store. The front of the mall was also remodeled with Books-A-Million relocating to this area, along with several other stores and Brioso Pasta.

  Shopping

Anderson is one of the premier shopping centers in The Upstate. Locally owned stores such as Grady's Great Outdoors and McAuley's Boutique as well as big box stores occupy Anderson, mainly on Clemson Boulevard. Midtown Park is a new shopping center which opened in 2008 that features Kohl's, Dick's Sporting Goods, Staples, AT&T, Hardee's, and Ulta. Other major shopping centers in Anderson include Anderson Mall, North Pointe Centre, Anderson Station, and two WalMart shopping centers.

The Anderson Jockey Lot is also a well known shopping area located on US 29 about 7.5 miles from the heart of the city. The Jockey Lot is a flea market operating on 65 acres with enough spots inside and out for over 1,500 vendors. It operates on 65 acres of land and is open Friday, Saturday, and Sunday.[11]

  Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 625
1870 1,432 129.1%
1880 1,850 29.2%
1890 3,018 63.1%
1900 5,498 82.2%
1910 9,654 75.6%
1920 10,570 9.5%
1930 14,383 36.1%
1940 19,424 35.0%
1950 19,770 1.8%
1960 41,316 109.0%
1970 27,556 −33.3%
1980 27,546 0%
1990 26,184 −4.9%
2000 25,514 −2.6%
2010 26,686 4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 25,514 people, 10,641 households, and 6,299 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,843.7 people per square mile (711.8/km²). There were 12,068 housing units at an average density of 872.1 per square mile (336.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.12% White, 34.01% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.78% Asian American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population.

There were 10,641 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 82.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over there were 77.5 males.

Anderson is the central city of an urbanized area with a total population of 70,530 (2000 census). This urban area is within the larger Greenville-Spartanburg metropolitan statistical area.

  Government

Anderson is governed using the mayor-council system. The Mayor is elected at-large. The city council consists of eight members. Six are elected from districts and the other two are elected at large.

  Notable residents

  Sister cities

Anderson has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International.

  References

  External links

   
               

 

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