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Art Garfunkel

                   
Art Garfunkel

Garfunkel in concert in Dublin, Ireland, circa 1981.
Background information
Birth name Arthur Ira Garfunkel
Born (1941-11-05) November 5, 1941 (age 70)
Forest Hills, New York City, U.S.
Genres Folk rock, soft rock, rock, pop
Occupations Musician, singer-songwriter, actor, poet
Instruments Vocals, guitar, piano, violin
Years active 1956–present
Labels Atco, Columbia
Associated acts Simon & Garfunkel
Website Official site

Arthur Ira "Art" Garfunkel (born November 5, 1941) is a Grammy-award winning American singer-songwriter, a poet, and a Golden Globe winning actor. He was also half of the folk duo Simon & Garfunkel, which split in 1970, at the height of their popularity.

Highlights of his solo music career include a top 10 hit, three top 20 hits, six top 40 hits, 14 Adult Contemporary top 30 singles, five Adult Contemporary number ones, two UK number ones and a People's Choice Award. Through his solo and collaborative work, Garfunkel has earned six Grammys, including the Lifetime Achievement Award.[1] In 1990, he and former musical partner Paul Simon were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Contents

  Early life and career

Art Garfunkel was born in Forest Hills, Queens, New York City, the son of housewife Rose and traveling salesman Jacob "Jack" Garfunkel on November 5, 1941. Art has two siblings; the older one named Jules and the younger one named Jerome, who was an actor in his earlier years in Dayton, Ohio,[2] before becoming a travelling menswear salesman.[3][4][5] He is Jewish. His paternal grandparents emigrated from Iași in Romania. His cousin on his mother's side is founder of 'N Sync and the Backstreet Boys, Lou Pearlman.[6][7][8] Garfunkel attended the Forest Hills High School. According to the Across America DVD, Garfunkel's love for singing "came in the first grade. When we were lined up in size order, and after everyone else had left, I'd stay behind and enjoy the echo sound of the stairwell tiles and sing 'Unchained Melody' and 'You'll Never Walk Alone', learning to love this goose-bumps song from the tender age of five." Later, Garfunkel's father bought him a wire recorder and from then on, Garfunkel spent his afternoons singing, recording and playing it back, so he could listen for flaws and learn how to improve.

At his bar mitzvah in 1954, Garfunkel performed as a cantor performing over four hours of his repertoire to his family.[9] As a young teen, Garfunkel was struck with a lung infection, leading to a love for basketball. He explained in a 1998 Interview: "In the summer of ’55, I had a lung infection. I couldn’t run around, but I love basketball and there was a hoop nearby. Much of the summer I spent methodically hitting 96, 98 foul shots out of 100. Then 102! I never played on a team after Junior High School. Just 3 against 3, half court pick up games in the schoolyard."[10] He met his future singing partner Paul Simon in the sixth grade – PS 164, Queens, when they were both cast in the elementary school graduation play, Alice In Wonderland.[11] It has been said by Garfunkel that Simon first became interested in singing after hearing Garfunkel sing a rendition of Nat King Cole's "Too Young" in a school talent show.

Between 1956 and 1962, the two had performed together as "Tom & Jerry", occasionally performing at school dances. Their idols were The Everly Brothers, whom they imitated in their use of close two-part vocal harmony. In 1957, Simon and Garfunkel recorded the song "Hey, Schoolgirl" under the name Tom & Jerry, given to them by their label Big Records. The single reached number forty-nine on the pop charts. Garfunkel ("Tom Graph") chose his nickname because he liked to track, or "graph" hits, on the pop charts.[12] He also released some singles as a solo artist under the name Artie Garr, a shortened version of his name. In interviews, Garfunkel has noted himself how these early singles distinguished him as a folk-styled crooner,[citation needed] with songs like "Beat Love" and "Dream Alone" (both released 1959).

After graduating from Forest Hills High School, Garfunkel studied at Columbia College at Columbia University in Manhattan in the early 1960s, where he was a brother in the Alpha Epsilon Pi fraternity.[13] Garfunkel was a team member in tennis, skiing, fencing, and bowling at the college.[10] He was also a member of the all-male a cappella group on campus, the Columbia Kingsmen.[14] In 1962, Garfunkel earned a Bachelor of Arts degree majoring in art history, followed by a master's degree in mathematics, while Simon attended Queens College. Garfunkel also completed coursework toward a doctorate in Mathematics Education at Teachers College, Columbia University during the peak of Simon and Garfunkel's commercial success.[15]

  Simon & Garfunkel

  A red vinyl promotional copy of Simon & Garfunkel's single "I Am a Rock", from 1966.

In 1963, he and Simon reformed their duo under their own names as "Simon and Garfunkel" and released their first album, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. on Columbia Records in October 1964. It was not a critical success, and the duo subsequently split again. The next year, producer Tom Wilson lifted the song "The Sounds of Silence" from the record, dubbed an electric backing onto it,[16] and released it as a single that went to #1 on the Billboard pop charts.

Simon had gone to England in 1965 after the initial failure of Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M., pursuing a solo career. But he returned to the US to reunite with Garfunkel after "The Sounds of Silence" had started to enjoy commercial success, and went on to become one of the most popular acts of the 1960s. Together they recorded four more influential albums, Sounds of Silence; Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme; Bookends; and the hugely successful Bridge over Troubled Water. Simon and Garfunkel also contributed extensively to the soundtrack of the 1967 Mike Nichols film The Graduate (starring Dustin Hoffman and Anne Bancroft). While writing "Mrs. Robinson", Simon originally toyed with the title "Mrs. Roosevelt."[17] When Garfunkel reported this indecision over the song's name to the director, Nichols replied, "Don't be ridiculous! We're making a movie here! It's Mrs. Robinson!"[18] Simon and Garfunkel returned to England in the Fall of 1968 and did a concert appearance at Kraft Hall which was broadcast on the BBC, and also featured Art's solo performance of "For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her", which received a standing ovation.

While Garfunkel was not a song-writer per se, he did write the poem "Canticle" as a re-write of Simon's "Side of A Hill" from his debut album, for "Scarborough Fair/Canticle".[19] He also worked as the vocal arranger for the duo, working out who the songs would be sung by and how each song was produced. He is also credited as having written the arrangement on "The Boxer", and creating the Audio montage, "Voices Of The Old People" on "Bookends". Citing personal differences and divergence in career interests, they split following the release of their most critically acclaimed album, Bridge over Troubled Water, in 1970.

Both Simon and Garfunkel pursued solo projects after the duo released their popular album Bridge over Troubled Water. Occasionally they would reunite, as in 1975 for their Top Ten single "My Little Town", which Simon originally wrote for Garfunkel, claiming Garfunkel's solo output was lacking "bite." The song was included on their respective solo albums; Paul Simon's Still Crazy After All These Years, and Garfunkel's Breakaway. Contrary to popular belief, the song is not at all autobiographical of Simon's early life in New York City, but of Garfunkel's childhood in Queens.[20] In 1981, they got together again for the famous concert in Central Park, followed by a world tour and an aborted reunion album Think Too Much, which was eventually released (without Garfunkel) as Hearts and Bones.

Together, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990.

In 2003, the two reunited again when they received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. This reunion led to a US tour—the acclaimed "Old Friends" concert series—followed by a 2004 international encore, which culminated in a free concert at the Colosseum in Rome. That final concert drew 600,000 people.[21]

  1970–75: Hiatus and first album

During a three-year hiatus after Simon & Garfunkel's break-up, Garfunkel starred in two Mike Nichols films, Catch-22 and Carnal Knowledge. He also spent late 1971 to early 1972 working as a mathematics teacher at Litchfield Private School, in Connecticut (by request of his fiancée Linda Marie Grossman).[10]

However, in late 1972, with Simon & Garfunkel having released their Greatest Hits album, Garfunkel felt ready to return to his musical career. His first album was 1973's Angel Clare, which contained "All I Know" along with "I Shall Sing" and "Travelling Boy" as singles. The album was received with mixed reviews, reaching no.5 in the U.S. In 1974, Garfunkel released the hit record, "Second Avenue".

On his next album, 1975 Breakaway, Garfunkel briefly reunited with Paul Simon for the 1975 hit "My Little Town". The album also included the singles "Breakaway" (B-Side: "Disney Girls") and "I Only Have Eyes For You" (a 1934 song written by Harry Warren),[22] which is noted as being Garfunkel's first UK Number One.

  1976–1979: Diversity and disaster

In 1976, Garfunkel recorded background and duet vocals for several artists, including Stephen Bishop's Careless album, James Taylor's In The Pocket album and J.D. Souther's Black Rose album. Also, beginning in December 1976, right through until September 1977, Garfunkel worked on his next album.

Garfunkel's next release was the 1978 album, Watermark (US #19, UK #26), which upon initial release, failed to make an impression on the public. Its main single, "Crying In My Sleep" ("Mr. Shuck 'N' Jive") (UK #25) failed to reach the US Top 40, but after a two-month hiatus where it was taken off the market, it was re-released in January 1978, with Garfunkel's cover of Sam Cooke's "(What a) Wonderful World" (B-Side: "Wooden Planes"), which reached #1 on the Adult Contemporary chart and #17 pop, as the new single. Paul Simon and mutual friend James Taylor had contributed backing vocals to the song, making the song a huge hit on the US A.C. charts.

Garfunkel's last release of the 1970s was the 1979 album, Fate For Breakfast (US #67, UK #2), was his first US flop album. the album first single, "In A Little While (I'll Be On My Way)" (B-Side: "And I Know") (US AC #12) failed to break the top forty, as did his second single, "Since I Don't Have You" (B-Side: "When Someone Doesn't Want You") (US #53, US AC #5, UK #38). But in the UK the album was a huge success, scoring a number one hit with "Bright Eyes" (B-Side: "Sail on a Rainbow") (US AC #29, UK #1) (a song written by Mike Batt). A version of "Bright Eyes" also appeared in the movie (based on the famous novel) Watership Down. However, tragedy struck at this time when his longtime girlfriend, Laurie Bird, committed suicide in June 1979, at their Manhattan apartment, just three months after the album's release in March. Garfunkel later admitted that the incident left him in a deep depression for most of the 1980s, hence the lack of musical output during the majority of the decade.

  1980–95: Depression and disappearance

Garfunkel's next album was a low point in his career. The 1981 album, Scissors Cut (US #113, UK #51) (dedicated to Laurie Bird), contained three singles, "A Heart in New York" (B-Side: "Is This Love") (US #66, US AC #10), "Scissors Cut" and "Hang On In", with the latter two failing to chart.

Following disappointing sales of Scissors Cut, Garfunkel reunited with Simon for The Concert in Central Park and a world tour. They had disagreements during the tour. In 1984 Stereo Review Magazine reported that Simon mixed out Garfunkel's voice from a new album, initially slated to be a Simon and Garfunkel studio reunion, but ultimately released as a Simon solo album (Hearts and Bones). In 1986, Garfunkel played the part of the butcher on the Mike Batt concept album The Hunting Of The Snark. Garfunkel again left the music scene during which time his father died, leading further into depression. But in the fall of 1985 he met his future wife, Kathryn (Kim) Cermack. Garfunkel's retirement lasted a full seven years, until his 1988 album, Lefty (US, #134), which produced three singles, "So Much in Love" (US #76 AC #11), "When A Man Loves A Woman," and "This Is The Moment."

Garfunkel released his first compilation album in 1984, The Art Garfunkel Album (UK #12), never released in the US,[23] which contained the minor hit "Sometimes When I'm Dreaming" (UK #77, US AC #25). This was followed by 1988 Garfunkel and 1993 Up 'til Now, neither of which received significant critical or commercial success.

  1996–2006: Resurgence

His live 1996 concert Across America (UK #35), recorded at the registry hall on Ellis Island features musical guests James Taylor, Garfunkel's wife, Kim, and his son James.[24]

Garfunkel performed the theme song for the 1991 television series, Brooklyn Bridge, and "The Ballad of Buster Baxter" for a 1998 episode of the children's educational television series Arthur, where he was depicted as a singing/narrator moose.[25] Garfunkel's performance of Monty Python member Eric Idle's "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" was used in the end credits of the 1997 film As Good as It Gets.

In 2003, Garfunkel made his debut as a songwriter on his Everything Waits to Be Noticed album. Teaming up with singer-songwriters Maia Sharp and Buddy Mondlock, the album contained several songs which were originally poems written by Garfunkel. The album is recognized as his first effort at songwriting since his teenage years with Tom & Jerry.

In 2003, Simon and Garfunkel reunited again for a successful world tour that extended into 2004.[26] In 2005, his song "Sometimes When I'm Dreaming" from The Art Garfunkel Album (1984) (written by Mike Batt) was re-recorded by ex-ABBA singer Agnetha Fältskog on her album My Colouring Book.

In 2006, Garfunkel signed with Rhino Records (revived Atco Records), and his first Rhino/Atco album Some Enchanted Evening was released in America on January 30, 2007.[27] The album was a dedicated celebration of pop standards of Garfunkel's childhood. In late February 2007 during a German television interview to promote the new album, he expressed interest in reuniting with Paul Simon on a new Simon and Garfunkel album.[citation needed]

  2006–12: Recent events

In 2009, Garfunkel appeared as himself on the HBO television show Flight of the Conchords episode entitled "Prime Minister."

He continued to tour in 2009 with four musicians and his son.[28]

On February 13, 2009, Simon and his band re-opened New York's legendary Beacon Theatre, which had been closed for seven months for a renovation. As an encore, Simon brought out "my old friend," Art Garfunkel. They sang three songs: "Sound of Silence", "The Boxer", and "Old Friends".

On April 2, 2009, the duo announced a tour of Australia, New Zealand and Japan for June/July 2009.[29] On October 29–30, they participated together in the 25th anniversary of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame concerts at New York's Madison Square Garden. Other artists on the bill included Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band; U2; Metallica; Aretha Franklin; Stevie Wonder, and Crosby, Stills & Nash.[30]

In March 2010, Simon & Garfunkel announced a 13-date spring tour, to kick off in April with a performance at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival. Most performances were scheduled for Canada, with four shows in the upper Midwest of the US. According to a press release, the set list would focus on their classic catalog, as well as songs from each of their solo careers.[31] On June 17, 2010, Simon & Garfunkel canceled the tour, earlier rescheduled for July 2010, now postponed indefinitely as Garfunkel continues to recover from a vocal cord paresis.[32]

In November 2010, Garfunkel said that, having quit smoking two and a half months before, he was recovering from paresis, and would be touring in 2011.[33]

  Voice classification

Garfunkel's voice has been noted as changing over the past four decades, but virtually unnoticeably until his late fifties, when his voice began to lower after years of smoking. Garfunkel has been noted as being a natural voiced tenor who can lower his voice to a G2 on the keyboard (baritone range) and, as heard on the first chorus of "Bridge Over Troubled Water" as high as Ab4, and up to an Eb5 on his 1973 rendition of "Old Man" (though this is falsetto).

Garfunkel has suggested his next album will have songs that are more vocal based.[citation needed]

  Acting career

Garfunkel pursued an acting career in the early 1970s, appearing in two Mike Nichols films: Catch-22 (1970), in which he played the 19-year old naive Lieutenant Nately, and Carnal Knowledge (1971), in which he played the idealistic Sandy. His role as Sandy won him a Golden Globe nomination for Best Supporting Actor in 1972.

He later appeared in Nicolas Roeg's Bad Timing (1980) as Alex Linden, an American psychiatrist who serves as the film's main antagonist. The film received the Toronto Film Festival's highest honour, the People's Choice Award, in 1980 and the London Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director.

He appeared in Good to Go (1986) directed by Blain Novak, starring as a Washington, D.C. journalist who struggles to clear his name after being framed for rape and murder. Garfunkel then appeared in the medical crime drama Boxing Helena (1993), directed by Jennifer Lynch, as Dr. Lawrence Augustine.

Garfunkel's most recent film is The Rebound (2010), directed by Bart Freundlich, playing Harry Finklestein, the slightly senile and comedic relieving father of the film's main character, played by Justin Bartha.

Garfunkel has said he turned down numerous film offers in the 1970s. He reportedly turned down the role of Billy Pilgrim in the adaption of Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse-Five and the role of Tom Hagen in The Godfather in the same year (1972). According to the response of this matter recently issued on his official website, Garfunkel has not ever turned down the role of Tom Hagen in The Godfather.[citation needed]

  Poetry career

Garfunkel, an avid reader and bibliophile, has admitted that the Garfunkel household was not a literary family, but it was not until his entrance to Columbia College in 1959, that he began to "read a million books and became a reader". It was through this he began an interest in poetry.[citation needed]

Garfunkel's poetic career began in 1981, while on the Simon & Garfunkel 1981-1982 tour in Switzerland, he was riding a motorcycle and began writing a poem describing the countryside. In 1989, Still Water, Garfunkel's collection of prose poetry was released to acclaim.[citation needed] Topics included his depression over the loss of his father; Laurie Bird, his companion who committed suicide; the friendship of Paul Simon; and the joy of returning to music.[citation needed]

He reportedly has plans to release a second book in the near future.[citation needed]

  Personal life

Garfunkel married Linda Marie Grossman (b. 1944), an architect [34] in 1972; they divorced in 1975. He has claimed that the marriage was turbulent and ended bitterly. Garfunkel has never spoken to her since and claims he never loved her.[35]

He was also romantically involved with actress and photographer Laurie Bird from March 1974 (when he was 32 and she was 20) until her suicide in 1979.[36] According to a 1986 interview, Art said about his relationship with Laurie Bird "I asked myself constantly why I didn't marry her, because surely she was the apple of my eye. She was everything I was looking for in a woman. But I was very hurt by my first marriage, so as far as marriage to Laurie was concerned, I was extra scared. I was heartbroken. It laid me low. I used to get very sad when the sun went down. The nights were very lonely for me."[citation needed]

Garfunkel had a brief affair with actress Penny Marshall in the mid 1980s and credits her with helping him through his depression. Their friendship stayed strong even after the relationship's end. Garfunkel would later say of Marshall, "Everything changed. Penny is a sweet human being who can bring anybody down to earth. We had a lot of laughs, great sex and a ton of party nights".[37]

In fall of 1985, Garfunkel met former model Kathryn (Kim) Cermak (born May 25th, 1958) while shooting Good To Go. They married on 18 September 1988. The two have been married for over twenty years.

The two have two children, James, born 15 December 1990, and Beau Daniel, born 5 October 2005 via a surrogate mother.[38]

Garfunkel is an avid reader and bibliophile; his website contains a year-by-year listing of every book he has read since 1968.[39] Currently the list contains more than 1,000 books. He has also read the entire Random House Dictionary.

Garfunkel is a huge fan of the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, having twice read his book Confessions (according to his library, the book was the first and thousandth book he'd read).

Garfunkel has undertaken several cross-continental walks in his lifetime, writing poetry along the way. In the early 1980s, he walked across Japan in a matter of weeks.[40] From 1983 to 1997, Garfunkel walked across America,[41] taking 40 excursions to complete the route from New York City to the Pacific coast of Washington. In May 1998, Garfunkel began an incremented walk across Europe.[42]

His all-time favorite pop song is The Beatles' "Here, There and Everywhere" and his all-time favorite album is Rumours by Fleetwood Mac. When asked about his musical preferences, he answered, "I have a very sure-footed sense of what I like, and exactly how much I like it. Give me two listenings of a song, and I can tell you exactly how it sits with me, and...I know my musical taste. I know my ears, I know what I respond to."[43]

Garfunkel has been arrested twice for the possession of cannabis: once in early 2004 and again in August 2005.[44]

Garfunkel is the brother of Jerome Garfunkel, the former member of the American (ANSI) and International (ISO) Committees who wrote the specification for the COBOL programming language. His older brother Jules B. Garfunkel was a United States Navy Veteran and financial analyst who died on September 17, 2006 in Sofia, Bulgaria.

Garfunkel is 6'0 (1.83 m), which is a large contrast to Paul Simon's 5'3 (1.60 m).[43]

Art Garfunkel is left-handed and is a multi-instrumentalist: he plays guitar, piano, and violin.

  Nominations

  Awards

  Work on Broadway

  Discography

  Filmography

Year Film Role Notes
1970 Catch-22 Lieutenant Edward J. Nately III Debut Screen Role
1971 Carnal Knowledge Dr. Sandy Kaufman Nomination for Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture
1980 Bad Timing Dr. Alex Linden Winner of the 1980 People's Choice Award
1986 Good To Go S.D. Blass Out Of Print
1993 Boxing Helena Dr. Lawrence Augustine
1998 54 Himself Cameo
2000 Longshot Himself Cameo
2010 The Rebound Harry Finklestein Most Recent Performance

  References

  1. ^ "Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Archived from the original on 4 December 2009. http://www.grammy.com/GRAMMY_Awards/Winners/Results.aspx. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  2. ^ Pete Fornatale (November 22, 2007). Simon and Garfunkel's Bookends. St. Martin's Press. ASIN 1594864276. ISBN 978-1-59486-427-8. http://books.google.de/books?id=3xrGR7hYesYC&pg=PT24&dq=Jacob+%22Jack%22+Garfunkel. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  3. ^ Horan, Tom (February 17, 2007). "Garfunkel's ageless art". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/rockandjazzmusic/3663214/Garfunkel%27s-ageless-art.html. Retrieved April 25, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Celebrities' moms are stars for a day". Miami Herald. May 14, 1989. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=MH&p_text_direct-0=0EB33C7F03AF8302&p_field_direct-0=document_id. 
  5. ^ Martin Douglas (August 14, 1991). "About New York; Just Simon in the Park, to Garfunkel's Disappointment". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1991/08/14/nyregion/about-new-york-just-simon-in-the-park-to-garfunkel-s-disappointment.html. Retrieved June 2, 2009. ""Soon, he and Paul Simon, two sons of Forest Hills, Queens, who became bards of the 60's, would stride to the shimmering center of a vast Central Park stage, and a generation growing overweight and apart would for a few fleeting hours feel forever young."" 
  6. ^ "Art Garfunkel's Feelin' Groovy Again". Canadian Jewish News. Art Garfunkel's official website. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/cjn.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Art's Sake: Is Garfunkel headed to Scarborough Fair? No, the Rock and Roll Hall of Famer is going to Har Zion". Jewish Exponent. Art Garfunkel's official website. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/exponent.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  8. ^ "The Art of Garfunkel". Dayton Daily News. Art Garfunkel's official website. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/dayton.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  9. ^ Tom Horan. "Garfunkel's ageless art". The Daily Telegraph. Art Garfunkel's official website. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/telegraph07.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c "1998 website interview". Art Garfunkel's official website. 1998. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/may1998.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  11. ^ Eliot, Marc (2010). Paul Simon: A Life. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-43363-8. 
  12. ^ "The Talk of the Town [interview with Simon & Garfunkel]". The New Yorker: p. 25. September 2, 1967. 
  13. ^ "Some of our more famous alumni". Alpha Epsilon Pi. http://undergrad.aepialpha.org/alumni.php. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  14. ^ Xfinity. "Ivy League Celebrities." Accessed December 1, 2011. http://xfinity.comcast.net/slideshow/entertainment-ivyleague/8/.
  15. ^ Jan Herman (February 6, 1977). "TV Makes You Famous; Rock'n Roll Makes You Rich". Gannett News Service. Art Garfunkel's official website. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/gannett.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  16. ^ Bruce Eder. "Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M.—Allmusic". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. http://allmusic.com/album/wednesday-morning-3-am-r17998/review. Retrieved 2011-05-04. 
  17. ^ "Mrs. Robinson by Simon & Garfunkel". Songfacts. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. http://www.songfacts.com/detail.php?id=1283. Retrieved 2011-05-04. 
  18. ^ David Fricke, in the leaflet accompaniment to the Simon and Garfunkel 1997 album "Old Friends"
  19. ^ "Paul Simon". Official Website of Paul Simon. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. http://www.paul-simon.info/. Retrieved 2011-05-04. 
  20. ^ "The Boy in the Bubble" by Patrick Humphries, page 96.
  21. ^ Paul Simon News on Yahoo! Music[dead link]
  22. ^ I Only Have Eyes For You (1975 version)
  23. ^ "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. 2001-09-11. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/cds/artgar.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  24. ^ "Simon and Garfunkel the sound". Jgarfunkel.com. http://www.jgarfunkel.com. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  25. ^ Artgarfunkel.com[dead link]
  26. ^ By Steve Knopper (2004-08-09). "Simon Garfunkel Conquer | Music News". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/simon-garfunkel-conquer-20040809. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  27. ^ http://www.rhino.com/rzine/pressrelease.lasso?PRID=455
  28. ^ "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. 2001-09-11. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/concerts.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  29. ^ "Australia and New Zealand snare the world's only confirmed concerts for Simon & Garfunkel in 2009". http://www.simonandgarfunkel.com/news.html. 
  30. ^ "The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame celebrates its 25th anniversary with two groundbreaking concerts". http://www.simonandgarfunkel.com/news.html. 
  31. ^ "Simon and Garfunkel Confirm Spring North American Tour". http://www.rollingstone.com/rockdaily/index.php/2010/03/08/simon-garfunkel-confirm-spring-north-american-tour/. 
  32. ^ "Simon & Garfunkel Cancel Summer Tour". Billboard. Archived from the original on 18 June 2010. http://www.billboard.com/#/events/simon-garfunkel-cancel-summer-tour-1004099106.story. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  33. ^ By Andy Greene (2010-11-05). "Art Garfunkel Plans Return of Simon Garfunkel As His Voice Mends | Music News". Rolling Stone. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/news/51942/231353. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  34. ^ http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,878085,00.html
  35. ^ "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/telegraph.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  36. ^ "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/chrono/1975-1979.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  37. ^ "Artgarfunkel.com". Artgarfunkel.com. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/articles/dailymail2.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  38. ^ By KC Baker (2005-12-07). "Baker, KC, "Art Garfunkel a Father Again at 64"". People.com. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,26334,1138395,00.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  39. ^ "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. 2001-09-11. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/library/list1.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  40. ^ "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/poems/america/quotes.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  41. ^ "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/poems/america/route.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  42. ^ "Official Website". Art Garfunkel. http://www.artgarfunkel.com/poems/eurowalk/ireland.html. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  43. ^ a b IMDb.com
  44. ^ Garfunkel arrested over marijuana possession. 31 August 2005. ABC News Online[dead link]

  Sources

  • Art Garfunkel (August 1989). Still Water: Prose Poems. Dutton and Dial. ASIN 0525247955. ISBN 978-0-525-24795-1. 
  • Mitchell S. Cohen (1977). Simon & Garfunkel: A Biography in Words & Pictures. Sire Books. 
  • Patrick Humphries (August 1983). Bookends: The Simon and Garfunkel Story. Proteus. ISBN 978-0-86276-063-2. 
  • John Svenson (November 15, 1984). Simon and Garfunkel: A Musical Autobiography. W.H.Allen. ISBN 978-0-491-03490-6. 
  • Robert Matthew-Walker (1984). Simon and Garfunkel. Hippocrene Books. ISBN 978-0-88254-729-9. 
  • Joseph Morella; Patricia Barey (October 1991). Simon and Garfunkel: Old Friends : A Dual Biography (1st ed.). Carol Publishing Corporation. ISBN 978-1-55972-089-2. 
  • Victoria Kingston (May 1997). Simon & Garfunkel: The Definitive Biography. Trans-Atlantic Publications. ISBN 978-0-330-34970-3. 
  • Pete Fornatale (October 30, 2007). Simon & Garfunkel's Bookends (1st ed.). Rodale Books. ASIN 1594864276. ISBN 978-1-59486-427-8. 

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