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Boldmere

                   

Coordinates: 52°32′N 1°50′W / 52.54°N 1.83°W / 52.54; -1.83

Boldmere
Boldmere Road houses - geograph.org.uk - 974870.jpg
Boldmere Road
West Midlands
Boldmere

 Boldmere shown within the West Midlands
OS grid reference SP109940
Metropolitan borough Birmingham
Metropolitan county West Midlands
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SUTTON COLDFIELD
Postcode district B73
Dialling code 0121
Police West Midlands
Fire West Midlands
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Sutton Coldfield
List of places: UK • England • West Midlands

Boldmere is a residential area of Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham, England. It is bordered by New Oscott, Sutton Park, Wylde Green and Erdington, and is in the ward of Sutton Vesey.[1]

Contents

  History

  Toponymy

"Boldmere" is a corruption of the word "Baldmoor", coming from the Middle English bald (meaning "a white patch") and the Anglo-Saxon moor (meaning "boggy land"). Therefore, Boldmere literally means a "bald moor"; a treeless patch. Bald (meaning "bold") was also a personal name used by the Anglo-Saxons.[2]

  Name history

At the time of John Speed's 1610 atlas The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine, Boldmere was known as Cofield Wast.[3] The area was described as "an open, wild and windy expanse, covered with gorse".[4]

The United Kingdom Census of 1841 refers to the area as Baldmoor Lake, which was once a body of water south of the Chester Road. The lake has also been known as Bowen Pool, Baldmoor, and Bolemore Lake,[2] though no lake is shown on Speed's map of 1610 (nor on other later maps). The census did, however, list a dwelling on the Chester Road as "Lake House".[3] There is, however, a Lakehouse Road and Baldmoor Lake Road in the area.[5][6]

By 1856, the area had become known as The Coldfield, a name which lasted at least until the introduction of the railway.[7]

  Expansion

On introduction of the 1825 Inclosure Act, the area saw little expansion due to common land becoming privately owned.[3] The 1841 census listed eight families in the area, including agricultural workers, a painter, an Irish carrier, and a wire drawer.[2] It is likely that the latter worked at Penns Mill,[2] a nearby wire mill run by the Webster family (with Baron Dickinson Webster's business involvements including the transatlantic telegraph cable).

Boldmere did expand, however, upon the introduction of the London and North Western Railway. Two stations opened in the region at Wylde Green and Chester Road, in 1862 and 1863 respectively.[8][9]

A second housing boom occurred in the 1930s, with both private and council housing being built.

  Administration

In 1857, Boldmere was designated as a ecclesiastical parish, formed from the parish of St Michael in Sutton Coldfield.[10] When Sutton Coldfield was reorganised in 1885 (under the Municipal Corporations Act 1882), Boldmere was created as a ward, before being divided into Boldmere West and Boldmere East in 1935.[10]

Boldmere is now part of the unparished area of Sutton Coldfield, and is in the Sutton Vesey electoral ward.[1]

  Geography

  Boldmere Gate, providing access to Sutton Park on the north boundary of Boldmere

Boldmere is triangular in shape and roughly bounded on the north by Sutton Park, on the east by the Cross-City railway line and on the south-west by Chester Road. Boldmere Gate provides access to Sutton Park.

The main shopping centre of Boldmere is at the northern end of Boldmere Road, which runs north-south through the centre of Boldmere. The collection of shops at the southern end of Boldmere Road is known locally as Little Boldmere.[2]

Gibbet Hill, in the north-west of the area, is named after the gibbet from which Edward Allport was hanged for the murder of London silk dyer John Johnson in the area on 28 March 1729.[7] Although this site is no longer referred to as Gibbet Hill, and was undeveloped until (at least) 1906,[7] the toponomy has survived in the name of Gibbet Hill Wood; an area which Birmingham City Council have identified as "an area of potential archaeological importance" due to "surviving archaeological remains".[11]

  Location in context

  Economy

Boldmere is well-served with shops, banks, hair dressers, pubs and restaurants. There are also a post office[12] and a public library.[13]

  Industry

  A view of the north-east end of Powells Pool – the slipway is visible in the foreground

In the 18th century, Powell's Pool (then known as New Forge Pool) near Boldmere Gate was the site of the mill used by John Wyatt to experiment with mechanised cotton spinning.[2] Along with Lewis Paul, he developed the roller spinning machine and the flyer-and-bobbin system (Paul patented the former on 24 June 1738). In 1750, the mill was used by William Powell to manufacture spades (using locally-grown ash wood for the handles). It is believed that the first steel garden fork was manufactured at the mill.[2] The building was later used to produce steel for the production of pen nibs.[2] The Ordnance Survey's First Series map (1834) identifies a forge in this area,[14] of which John Willets (a forgeman), John Page (a spade maker), and John Harris (a saw maker) have all been identified as proprietors.[7]

The mill was demolished some time after 1936, after lying unused and dilapidated for a number of years. Although none of the building's structure remains, a waterfall (providing a spillway to Powell's Pool) is now sited where the millrace was located.[2]

  Transport

Boldmere's main roads are Jockey Road (A453), Chester Road (A452) and Boldmere Road (B4142). Boldmere is served by Wylde Green and Chester Road railway stations, both on the Cross-City railway line, which runs between Lichfield Trent Valley and Redditch (via Birmingham New Street).

Boldmere is served by a number of National Express West Midlands bus services, including routes 66,[15] 111,[16] 377,[17] and 451.[18]

  Places of worship

  St Michael's Church

The churches in the area are St Michael's (Church of England),[19] St Nicholas's (Roman Catholic),[20] Chester Road Baptist Church,[21] Boldmere Methodist Church,[22] and Wylde Green United Reformed Church.[23] St Nicholas's Church was preceded by a chapel that was designed by Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin and which opened in 1841.[24] These churches take their name from Cardinal Nicholas Wiseman.[24]

The ring of bells at St Michael's church are noted as being one of the few rings in Birmingham still in existence that were produced before the introduction of scientific bell tuning in the 1890s (John Taylor & Co installed Birmingham's first harmonic ring at St. Barnabas' Church, Erdington in 1906). The bells' 18th-19th century tonal quality is rare as most pre-scientific bells in Birmingham have been recast by the Taylor or Whitechapel foundries.[2]

In 1964, St Michael's church was partially destroyed by fire, with only the tower and south aisle surviving. The building's reconstruction was not without controversy, particularly due to the unconventional use of Staffordshire blue brick.[2]

  Education

Educational facilities in the area include Boldmere Infant and Nursery School,[25] Boldmere Junior School,[26] St Nicholas Catholic Primary School,[27] and Boldmere Adult Education Centre.[28]

In 1848, Reverend W K Riland Bedford worked towards opening Boldmere National School for Girls and Infants. The building served as Boldmere's Anglican church until the opening of St Michael's in 1857, and is now a health clinic.[2]

  Leisure

  Culture

Boldmere is home to Highbury Little Theatre, a community theatre organisation.[29]

  Sport

Boldmere St Michaels football club, a member of the Midland Football Alliance, is located in the area.[30] Boldmere Swimming Club was formerly based at Powell's Pool in Sutton Park (near Boldmere Gate), but moved to Erdington Baths in 1925 then to Wyndley Swimming Baths in 1971,[31] a year after its opening.[32] A memorial to members of the club who lost their lives in World War I was designed by Benjamin Creswick, and now stands inside the centre.

Boldmere Golf Course is located on the northern edge of Boldmere, and hosts Europe's longest-running pro-am golfing competition.[33] The annual Great Midlands Fun Run uses Boldmere Gate as the entrance to Sutton Park.[34]

  Famous residents

Hazel Court, a British actress known for her appearances in horror films of the 1950s and 60s, lived in the area and attended Boldmere School and Highclare College.[35]

  References

  1. ^ a b "Area: Sutton Vesey (Ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office of National Statistics. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadAreaSearch.do?a=7&i=1001&m=0&s=1264770994213&enc=1&areaSearchText=B73+5EZ&areaSearchType=14&extendedList=false&searchAreas=. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Dargue, William (18 January 2009). "Boldmere, Little Boldmere". A History of Birmingham Places & Placenames. http://billdargue.jimdo.com/placenames-gazetteer-a-to-y/places-b/boldmere/. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c "Boldmere". History of Sutton Coldfield. 13 August 2008. http://atod.suttoncoldfieldatoz.com/B.html. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  4. ^ Williams, K.J. (November 1994). A History of Boldmere. BIGinINK. ISBN 0-948025-13-1. 
  5. ^ "Parish Boundaries". Catholic Church of St Nicholas – Boldmere. 21 March 2004. http://www.stnicholasboldmere.co.uk/ourstandard.asp?pageid=44. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  6. ^ McCarthy, Nick (19 December 2009). "Gay abuse Erdington man handed Birmingham's first ASBI". Birmingham Mail. Trinity Mirror Midlands. http://www.birminghammail.net/news/birmingham-news/2009/12/19/gay-abuse-erdington-man-handed-birmingham-s-first-asbi-97319-25426436/. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d Higgins, Yvonne (15 August 2000). "Maps as a Source for Local and Family History Research". Family History Research. http://users.powernet.co.uk/bold/Gene/mapsresearch.html. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  8. ^ Doherty, Andrew (2010). "Wylde Green Station". Operational Stations. Rail Around Birmingham. http://www.railaroundbirmingham.co.uk/Stations/wylde_green.php. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  9. ^ Doherty, Andrew (2010). "Chester Road Station". Operational Stations. Rail Around Birmingham. http://www.railaroundbirmingham.co.uk/Stations/chester_road.php. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  10. ^ a b L. F. Salzman, ed. (1947). "The borough of Sutton Coldfield". A History of the County of Warwick. 4 (Hemlingford Hundred ed.). pp. 230–245. 
  11. ^ "Sutton Vesey". Ward Information. Birmingham City Council. http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/suttonvesey. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  12. ^ "Sutton Directory". Leisure and Tourism. Birmingham City Council. http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/cs/Satellite/suttondirectory?packedargs=website%3D1&rendermode=live#po. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  13. ^ "Boldmere Library". Leisure and Tourism. Birmingham City Council. http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/boldmerelibrary. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  14. ^ . First Series (1:63360 scale). London: Ordnance Survey. 1834. pp. Sheet 62. 
  15. ^ "Bus Timetable: 66A Ladywood - Sutton Coldfield via Birmingham". National Express West Midlands. National Express Group. 2010. http://www.travelwm.co.uk/bus-information/busTimetableBusTimes/66A/66A_Ladywood_-_Sutton_Coldfield_via_Birmingham/2_a__bs__66AWMT/birmingham,sutton. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  16. ^ "Bus Timetable: 111 Erdington - Sutton Coldfield via Boldmere Road". National Express West Midlands. National Express Group. 2010. http://www.travelwm.co.uk/bus-information/busTimetableBusTimes/111/111_Erdington_-_Sutton_Coldfield_via_Boldmere_Road/3_a__bs__111AWMT/birmingham,sutton. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  17. ^ "Bus Timetable: 377 Sutton Coldfield - Walsall via Streetly". National Express West Midlands. National Express Group. 2010. http://www.travelwm.co.uk/bus-information/busTimetableBusTimes/377/377_Sutton_Coldfield_-_Walsall_via_Streetly/3_a__bs__377AWMT/birmingham,walsall. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  18. ^ "Bus Timetable: 451 Sutton Coldfield - West Bromwich via Scott Arms". National Express West Midlands. National Express Group. 2010. http://www.travelwm.co.uk/bus-information/busTimetableBusTimes/451/451_Sutton_Coldfield_-_West_Bromwich_via_Scott_Arms/3_a__bs__451WMT/birmingham,west. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  19. ^ "Where?". St Michael's Boldmere. http://www.stmichaels.org.uk/where.aspx. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  20. ^ "Contact". Catholic Church of St Nicholas - Boldmere. http://stnicholasboldmere.co.uk/page09.asp. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  21. ^ "How to Find Us". Chester Road Baptist Church. http://www.chesterroadbc.org.uk/contact-us/how-to-find-us/. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  22. ^ "Contact / Address". Boldmere Methodist Church. http://www.boldmeremethodistchurch.org/. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  23. ^ "Contact Information". Wylde Green United Reformed Church. 2009. http://www.wyldegreenurc.org.uk/#Contact%20Information. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  24. ^ a b "Abbreviated History of the Parish". Catholic Church of St Nicholas - Boldmere. http://www.stnicholasboldmere.co.uk/ourstandard.asp?pageid=48. Retrieved 31 January 2010. 
  25. ^ "Contact Us". Boldmere Infant and Nursery School. January 2010. http://web.boldmere-inf.bham.sch.uk/contactus1.htm. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  26. ^ "Boldmere Junior School". League Tables. BBC. 7 December 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/bsp/hi/education/06/school_tables/primary_schools/html/330_2401.stm. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  27. ^ "Contact Us". St Nicholas Catholic Primary School. http://www.stnicholassutton.org.uk/ourstandard.asp?pageid=96. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  28. ^ "Cofield Road, Sutton Coldfield – Boldmere Centre". Planning and Environment. Birmingham City Council. 24 February 2004. http://old.birmingham.gov.uk/epislive/bccfinalrep.nsf/fe26c59da7950f8d80256bfa00499cf3/0d2d88157d6a760a80256e690038ca60/$FILE/Cofield%20Road,%20Sutton%20Coldfield%20-%20Boldmere%20Centre.pdf. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  29. ^ "Location and Contacts". Highbury Little Theatre. 23 July 2008. http://homepages.tesco.net/~whitlock/ahlt/contactlocation.html. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  30. ^ "Find Us". Boldmere St Michaels F.C.. 16 September 2009. http://www.themikes.co.uk/find_us.html. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  31. ^ "All About Boldmere Swimming Club". Boldmere Swimming Club. 2009. http://www.boldmereswimmingclub.co.uk/history.php. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  32. ^ "Wyndley Leisure Centre". Sport and Leisure. Birmingham City Council. http://www.leisure.birmingham.gov.uk/sites/Wyndley/wyndley.htm. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  33. ^ "Boldmere Golf Club". GolfToday. Nexus Internet. 2010. http://www.golftoday.co.uk/clubhouse/coursedir/warwickshire/boldmere.html. Retrieved 29 January 2010. 
  34. ^ "8.5 Mile Course". Great Midlands Fun Run. 2009. http://www.greatmidlandsfunrun.com/gen-info/fun-run-course.aspx. Retrieved 29 January 2010. [dead link]
  35. ^ Brady, Emma (18 April 2008). "Hollywood or Bust for City's Scream Queen". Birmingham Post. Trinity Mirror. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-177970876.html. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 

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