From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In enzymology, a benzoin aldolase (EC 126.96.36.199) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction
- 2-hydroxy-1,2-diphenylethanone 2 benzaldehyde
Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 2-hydroxy-1,2-diphenylethanone, and one product, benzaldehyde.
This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the aldehyde-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-hydroxy-1,2-diphenylethanone benzaldehyde-lyase (benzaldehyde-forming). Other names in common use include benzaldehyde lyase, and 2-hydroxy-1,2-diphenylethanone benzaldehyde-lyase. It employs one cofactor, thiamin diphosphate.
As of late 2007, 3 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2AG0, 2AG1, and 2UZ1.
- Gonzalez B, Vicuna R (1989). [Expression error: Missing operand for > "Benzaldehyde lyase, a novel thiamine PPi-requiring enzyme, from Pseudomonas fluorescens biovar I"]. J. Bacteriol. 171: 2401–5. PMID 2496105.