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Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.
Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !
Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.
|Bill Hayden in May 1990.|
|21st Governor-General of Australia|
16 February 1989 – 16 February 1996
|Preceded by||Sir Ninian Stephen|
|Succeeded by||Sir William Deane|
|Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade|
11 March 1983 – 17 August 1988
|Prime Minister||Bob Hawke|
|Preceded by||Tony Street|
|Succeeded by||Gareth Evans|
|Treasurer of Australia|
6 June 1975 – 11 November 1975
|Prime Minister||Gough Whitlam|
|Preceded by||Jim Cairns|
|Succeeded by||Phillip Lynch|
|Minister for Social Security|
19 December 1972 – 6 June 1975
|Prime Minister||Gough Whitlam|
|Preceded by||Lance Barnard|
|Succeeded by||John Wheeldon|
|Member of the Australian Parliament
9 December 1961 – 8 October 1988
|Preceded by||Donald Cameron|
|Succeeded by||Les Scott|
|Born||23 January 1933|
|Alma mater||University of Queensland|
William George "Bill" Hayden AC (born 23 January 1933) was the 21st Governor-General of Australia. Prior to this, he represented the Australian Labor Party in parliament; he was a minister in the government of Gough Whitlam, and later became Leader of the Opposition, narrowly losing the 1980 federal election to the Malcolm Fraser-led Liberal/National coalition.
Bill Hayden was born in Brisbane, the son of an Irish American sailor. He was educated at Brisbane State High School and served in the Queensland Police Force from 1953 to 1961. He furthered his education through private study, completing an economics degree at the University of Queensland. Prior to the 1970s he was a self-described democratic socialist.
He became active in the Labor Party, and in the 1961 federal election he surprised everyone, including himself, by winning the House of Representatives seat of Oxley, defeating Don Cameron, the Minister for Health in the Menzies Liberal government. Hayden's win was part of a 15-seat swing to Labor that nearly brought down the Menzies government.
Hayden was a diligent member of parliament and in 1969 he was elected to the Opposition front bench. When Labor under Gough Whitlam won the 1972 election, Hayden became Minister for Social Security, and in that capacity introduced the single mothers pension and Medibank, Australia's first system of universal health insurance. On 6 June 1975 he succeeded Jim Cairns as Treasurer, a position he held until the Whitlam Government was dismissed by the Governor-General, Sir John Kerr, on 11 November 1975. Labor was severely defeated in an election held a month later; Hayden was left as the only Labor MP from Queensland. He tried to oust Whitlam as leader, but failed.
When Labor lost the 1977 election, Whitlam retired as leader and Hayden was elected to succeed him. His political views had become slightly more moderate, and he advocated economic policies which encompassed the private sector and the American alliance. At the 1980 election he significantly improved Labor's position, but narrowly failed to topple Malcolm Fraser's Liberal government. He did, however, manage to more than halve Fraser's majority, from 48 seats to 21. At this election the popular union leader Bob Hawke, known to harbour leadership ambitions, was elected to Parliament.
By 1982 it was evident that prime minister Fraser was manoeuvring to call an early election. Hawke began mobilising his supporters to challenge Hayden's leadership. On 16 July Hayden narrowly defeated Hawke's challenge in a party ballot, but Hawke continued to plot against Hayden. In December Labor failed to win the vital Flinders by-election, further raising doubts about Hayden's ability to win an election.
On 3 February 1983, in a meeting in Brisbane, Hayden's closest supporters told him that he must resign. He reluctantly accepted their advice. Hawke was then elected leader unopposed. Later that morning, unaware of the events in Brisbane, Fraser in Canberra called a snap election for 5 March. Fraser had been well aware of the infighting within Labor, and wished to call an election before the party could replace Hayden with Hawke. He only discovered later that Hayden had resigned literally hours before the writs were dropped. At a press conference that afternoon Hayden, still chagrined, said that "a drover's dog could lead the Labor Party to victory at the present time". Labor under Hawke won the 1983 election, and Hayden became Minister for Foreign Affairs, a position he held until 1988.
As Foreign Minister, Hayden advocated closer integration between Australia and its Asian neighbours. In a 1983 interview, he stated: "Australia is changing. We're an anomaly as a European country in this part of the world. There's already a large and growing Asian population in Australia and it is inevitable in my view that Australia will become a Eurasian country over the next century or two. Australian Asians and Europeans will marry another and a new race will emerge: I happen to think that's desirable." Asiaweek, 19 August 1983.
After the 1987 federal election Hawke offered Hayden the post of Governor-General as some consolation for his stepping down as leader and not having the chance to become the Prime Minister. The Queen of Australia's appointment of Hayden as the next Governor-General to succeed Sir Ninian Stephen was publicly announced in mid-1988, and within three months he left parliament and severed all connections with the Labor Party. He assumed the post in early 1989, and served with discretion and distinction during the somewhat chaotic transition from the Hawke government to the Keating government in December 1991. As a mark of respect for the service Hayden had rendered to the Australian Crown, the usual term of five years for a Governor-General was extended to seven years.
Early in his term, he was appointed Companion of the Order of Australia to fulfil the Governor-General's role as Chancellor and Principal Companion of the Order. He had previously said he would never accept any honours.
Hayden's 1996 autobiography indicates that after he left office in 1996 he was still irritated his treatment from some sections of the Labor Party. The book suggests that he had an animosity towards Paul Keating, whom he believed to have helped engineer the 1983 leadership change. By the late 1990s Hayden joined the board of Quadrant, a well-known Australian monthly cultural and public policy magazine. In the debate preceding the 1999 republic referendum, he rejected the specific proposal and sided with the monarchists, stating he only supported direct election of a president.
Since retirement from the position of Governor-General, Hayden has continued to contribute to public policy discussion in Australia. While on the board of Quadrant, he took time to lend personal support to the publication and wrote a tribute to its editor P.P. McGuinness on his death in 2008. He has also continued to write opinion and comment pieces for other magazines and newspapers in Australia about current social, economic and political issues including foreign affairs.
By virtue of being Governor-General, he was the Chancellor of the Order of Australia and its Principal Companion (AC).
He received an Honorary Doctorate of Laws from the University of Queensland in 1990 for his distinguished contributions to Australian life. He was appointed to the Order of St John Australia and also received the Gwanghwa Medal of the Korean Order of Diplomatic Merit.
In 2007 at the 45th State Conference of the Queensland Branch of the Australian Labor Party, Bill Hayden was made a Life Member of the party.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Bill Hayden|
|Minister for Social Security
Sir Ninian Stephen
|Governor-General of Australia
Sir William Deane
|Parliament of Australia|
|Member for Oxley
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Australian Labor Party