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1.of or relating to or made from a ceramic"a ceramic dish"
1.an artifact made of hard brittle material produced from nonmetallic minerals by firing at high temperatures
2.the art of making and decorating pottery
CeramicCe*ram"ic (?), a. [Gr. �, fr. � earthenware. Cf. Keramic.] Of or pertaining to pottery; relating to the art of making earthenware; as, ceramic products; ceramic ornaments for ceilings.
American Ceramic Society • Asbestos-Ceramic • Central glass and ceramic Research institute • Ceramic Hello • Ceramic Matrix Composite • Ceramic art • Ceramic capacitor • Ceramic chemistry • Ceramic colorants • Ceramic compound • Ceramic decal • Ceramic discharge metal halide lamp • Ceramic engineering • Ceramic engineers • Ceramic flux • Ceramic foam • Ceramic forming techniques • Ceramic glaze • Ceramic heat cell • Ceramic houses • Ceramic knife • Ceramic magnet • Ceramic magnets • Ceramic materials • Ceramic membrane • Ceramic molding • Ceramic petrography • Ceramic petrology • Ceramic plate • Ceramic products cluster • Ceramic raw materials • Ceramic resonator • Ceramic tile cutter • Ceramic water filter • Ceramic water filters • Ceramic, North Carolina • Comb Ceramic culture • Emile Henry (ceramic) • Fine Art and Ceramic Museum • Gardiner Museum of Ceramic Art • Glass-ceramic • Glass-ceramic-to-metal seals • High temperature co-fired ceramic • Jingdezhen Ceramic Institute • Jordan Ceramic Industries • Keith Murray (ceramic artist) • Kyushu Ceramic Museum • La Bisbal Ceramic School • Linear Ceramic culture • List of Korean ceramic artists and sculptors • List of Korean ceramic artists and sculptures • Low temperature co-fired ceramic • Lunac (alloy and trans-ceramic coatings) • Moche Portrait Ceramic • Multilayer ceramic capacitor • National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts • Orton Ceramic Foundation • Pit Ceramic culture • Pitchers (ceramic material) • Protonic ceramic fuel cell • Roberto (Ceramic Duck) • SS Ceramic (1913) • Salt ceramic • Schein–Joseph International Museum of Ceramic Art • Seokbong Ceramic Museum • Unicast ceramic molding process • Vacuum ceramic filter
relatif à (fr)[Classe...]
céramique, porcelaine (fr)[Classe]
céramique (fr)[termes liés]
qualificatif de substance ou matériau (fr)[DomaineDescription]
céramique (fr)[termes liés]
instrument - implemental, instrumental, subservient - ceramic, ceramics - ceramic - ceramicist, ceramist, potter, thrower - ceramic, earthenware, made of ceramic, made of earthenware, made of pottery, pottery[Dérivé]
ce que l'on pratique (fr)[ClasseParExt...]
art; artistic creation; artistic production[ClasseHyper.]
fabricant d'objets en terre (fr)[Classe]
creation, creative activity - end result, end-result, final result, final score, outcome, result, resultant, termination, upshot - artificer, artisan, craftsman, craftswoman, journeyman, tradesman[Hyper.]
céramique (fr)[termes liés]
A ceramic is an inorganic, nonmetallic solid prepared by the action of heat and subsequent cooling. Ceramic materials may have a crystalline or partly crystalline structure, or may be amorphous (e.g., a glass). Because most common ceramics are crystalline, the definition of ceramic is often restricted to inorganic crystalline materials, as opposed to the noncrystalline glasses.
The earliest ceramics were pottery objects or 27,000 year old figurines made from clay, either by itself or mixed with other materials, hardened in fire. Later ceramics were glazed and fired to create a colored, smooth surface. Ceramics now include domestic, industrial and building products and art objects. In the 20th century, new ceramic materials were developed for use in advanced ceramic engineering; for example, in semiconductors.
The word "ceramic" comes from the Greek word κεραμικός (keramikos), "of pottery" or "for pottery", from κέραμος (keramos), "potter's clay, tile, pottery". The earliest mention of the root "ceram-" is the Mycenaean Greek ke-ra-me-we, "workers of ceramics", written in Linear b syllabic script. "Ceramic" may be used as an adjective describing a material, product or process; or as a singular noun, or, more commonly, as a plural noun, "ceramics".
For convenience, ceramic products are usually divided into four sectors; these are shown below with some examples:
Technical ceramics can also be classified into three distinct material categories:
Each one of these classes can develop unique material properties because ceramics tend to be crystalline.
A ceramic material is an inorganic, non-metallic, often crystalline oxide, nitride or carbide material. Some elements, such as carbon or silicon, may be considered ceramics. Ceramic materials are brittle, hard, strong in compression, weak in shearing and tension. They withstand chemical erosion that occurs in other materials subjected to acidic or caustic environments. Ceramics generally can withstand very high temperatures, such as temperatures that range from 1,000 °C to 1,600 °C (1,800 °F to 3,000 °F). A glass is often not understood as a ceramic because of its amorphous (noncrystalline) character. However, glass making involves several steps of the ceramic process and its mechanical properties are similar to ceramic materials.
Traditional ceramic raw materials include clay minerals such as kaolinite, whereas more recent materials include aluminium oxide, more commonly known as alumina. The modern ceramic materials, which are classified as advanced ceramics, include silicon carbide and tungsten carbide. Both are valued for their abrasion resistance, and hence find use in applications such as the wear plates of crushing equipment in mining operations. Advanced ceramics are also used in the medicine, electrical and electronics industries.
Crystalline ceramic materials are not amenable to a great range of processing. Methods for dealing with them tend to fall into one of two categories – either make the ceramic in the desired shape, by reaction in situ, or by "forming" powders into the desired shape, and then sintering to form a solid body. Ceramic forming techniques include shaping by hand (sometimes including a rotation process called "throwing"), slip casting, tape casting (used for making very thin ceramic capacitors, e.g.), injection molding, dry pressing, and other variations. Details of these processes are described in the two books listed below. A few methods use a hybrid between the two approaches.
Noncrystalline ceramics, being glasses, tend to be formed from melts. The glass is shaped when either fully molten, by casting, or when in a state of toffee-like viscosity, by methods such as blowing to a mold. If later heat treatments cause this glass to become partly crystalline, the resulting material is known as a glass-ceramic, widely used as cooktop.
Ceramic artifacts are an important role in archaeology for understanding the culture, technology and behavior of peoples of the past. They are among the most common artifacts to be found at an archaeological site, generally in the form of small fragments of broken pottery called sherds. Processing of collected shreds can be consistent with two main types of analysis: technical and traditional.
Traditional analysis involves sorting ceramic artifacts, shreds and larger fragments into specific types based on style, composition, manufacturing, and morphology. By creating these typologies it is possible to distinguish between different cultural styles, the purpose of the ceramic and technological state of the people among other conclusions.In addition, by looking at stylistic changes of ceramics over time is it possible to separate (seriate) the ceramics into distinct diagnostic groups (assemblages). A comparison of ceramic artifacts with known dated assemblages allows for a chronological assignment of these pieces.
The technical approach to ceramic analysis involves a finer examination of the composition of ceramic artifacts and sherds to determine the source of the material and through this the possible manufacturing site. Two main areas to examine in this process are the clay composition and the temper used in the ceramics manufacture process. Temper is a material added to the clay which aids in the heating and expansion process of firing to produce better quality ceramics. Types of temper include shell pieces, granite fragments, and ground sherd pieces called grog. Temper is usually identified a microscopy of the temper material. Clay identification is determined by a process of refiring the clay and assigning a color to it using Munsell Soil Color notation. By identifying both the clay and temper composition and geographically locating a region where both are known to occur a material source assignment can be made. From the source assignment of the artifact further investigations can be made into the site of manufacture.
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