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  • plural of cherry (noun)

definitions - Cherries

cherry (adj.)

1.of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies

cherry (n.)

1.a red the color of ripe cherries

2.wood of any of various cherry trees especially the black cherry

3.(biology)a red fruit with a single hard stone

4.(ellipsis)any of numerous trees and shrubs producing a small fleshy round fruit with a single hard stone; many also produce a valuable hardwood

Cherry (n.)

1.(MeSH)A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.;Nuts from which almond oil is pressed.;Prunus armeniaca L. is the source of apricots.;A tree which is the source of cherry fruit.;Prunus persica (L.) Batsch is the source of peaches.;A tree that is the source of apricot fruit.;Prunus persica (L.) Batsch is the source of peach fruit.

Cherries (n.)

1.(MeSH)A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.;Nuts from which almond oil is pressed.;Prunus armeniaca L. is the source of apricots.;A tree which is the source of cherry fruit.;Prunus persica (L.) Batsch is the source of peaches.;A tree that is the source of apricot fruit.;Prunus persica (L.) Batsch is the source of peach fruit.

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Merriam Webster

CherryCher"ry (chĕr"r�), n. [OE. chery, for cherys, fr. F. cerise (cf. AS. cyrs cherry), fr. LL. ceresia, fr. L. cerasus Cherry tree, Gr. keraso`s, perh. fr. ke`ras horn, from the hardness of the wood.]
1. (Bot.) A tree or shrub of the genus Prunus (Which also includes the plum) bearing a fleshy drupe with a bony stone; (a) The common garden cherry (Prunus Cerasus), of which several hundred varieties are cultivated for the fruit, some of which are, the begarreau, blackheart, black Tartarian, oxheart, morelle or morello, May-duke (corrupted from Médoc in France). (b) The wild cherry; as, Prunus serotina (wild black cherry), valued for its timber; Prunus Virginiana (choke cherry), an American shrub which bears astringent fruit; Prunus avium and Prunus Padus, European trees (bird cherry).

2. The fruit of the cherry tree, a drupe of various colors and flavors.

3. The timber of the cherry tree, esp. of the black cherry, used in cabinetmaking, etc.

4. A peculiar shade of red, like that of a cherry.

Barbadoes cherry. See under Barbadoes. -- Cherry bird (Zoöl.), an American bird; the cedar bird; -- so called from its fondness for cherries. -- Cherry bounce, cherry brandy and sugar. -- Cherry brandy, brandy in which cherries have been steeped. -- Cherry laurel (Bot.), an evergreen shrub (Prunus Lauro-cerasus) common in shrubberies, the poisonous leaves of which have a flavor like that of bitter almonds. -- Cherry pepper (Bot.), a species of Capsicum (Capsicum cerasiforme), with small, scarlet, intensely piquant cherry-shaped fruit. -- Cherry pit. (a) A child's play, in which cherries are thrown into a hole. Shak. (b) A cherry stone. -- Cherry rum, rum in which cherries have been steeped. -- Cherry sucker (Zoöl.), the European spotted flycatcher (Musicapa grisola); -- called also cherry chopper cherry snipe. -- Cherry tree, a tree that bears cherries. -- Ground cherry, Winter cherry, See Alkekengi.

CherryCher"ry (chĕr"r�), a. Like a red cherry in color; ruddy; blooming; as, a cherry lip; cherry cheeks.

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definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - Cherries

see also - Cherries


-1909 Cherry Mine disaster • 2xl cherry hinton hall project • African cherry orange • Al Loses His Cherry • Bing cherry • Bitter cherry • Black Cherry (Kumi Koda album) • Black Cherry (song) • Black Horse and the Cherry Tree • Black Stone Cherry • Blair Cherry • Cherry (disambiguation) • Cherry (keyboards) • Cherry 2000 • Cherry Ames • Cherry Bakewell • Cherry Bar • Cherry Beach • Cherry Bikini • Cherry Blossom (candy) • Cherry Blossom 10-Mile Run • Cherry Blossoms • Cherry Bowl • Cherry Brook, Connecticut • Cherry Burton • Cherry Capital Airport • Cherry County, Nebraska • Cherry Creek (California) • Cherry Creek (town), New York • Cherry Creek (village), New York • Cherry Creek Golf Links • Cherry Creek High School • Cherry Creek Range • Cherry Creek School District • Cherry Creek Shopping Center • Cherry Creek, Columbus, Ohio • Cherry Creek, Denver • Cherry Creek, Nevada • Cherry Creek, New York • Cherry Falls • Cherry Fork, Ohio • Cherry Girl/Unmei • Cherry Grove Township, Goodhue County, Minnesota • Cherry Grove Township, Michigan • Cherry Grove Township, Warren County, Pennsylvania • Cherry Grove, New York • Cherry Grove, Ohio • Cherry Grove, Oregon • Cherry Grove, Washington • Cherry Grove, West Virginia • Cherry Hill (NJT station) • Cherry Hill Gang • Cherry Hill High School East • Cherry Hill High School West • Cherry Hill Mall, New Jersey • Cherry Hill Public Schools • Cherry Hill Rookies • Cherry Hills Country Club • Cherry Hills Village, Colorado • Cherry Hinton • Cherry Island • Cherry Island Range Rear Light • Cherry Jones • Cherry Keane • Cherry Kearton • Cherry Lake • Cherry Lane Theatre • Cherry Lips • Cherry Mash • Cherry Monroe • Cherry Orchard • Cherry Orchard F.C. • Cherry Patch Ranch • Cherry Petals Fall Like Teardrops • Cherry Pie (album) • Cherry Pink (and Apple Blossom White) • Cherry Pink And Apple Blossom White • Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White • Cherry Popstar • Cherry Poptart (comics) • Cherry Potter • Cherry Red • Cherry Ridge Township, Wayne County, Pennsylvania • Cherry Ripe • Cherry Ripe (numbers station) • Cherry River • Cherry Run • Cherry Run, West Virginia • Cherry Silverberry • Cherry Smith • Cherry Street • Cherry Street (Manhattan) • Cherry Street, Hong Kong • Cherry Township, Butler County, Pennsylvania • Cherry Township, Pennsylvania • Cherry Township, St. Louis County, Minnesota • Cherry Township, Sullivan County, Pennsylvania • Cherry Tree Hill, Saint Andrew, Barbados • Cherry Tree railway station • Cherry Tree, Oklahoma • Cherry Tree, Pennsylvania • Cherry Valley (town), New York • Cherry Valley (village), New York • Cherry Valley Township, Michigan • Cherry Valley massacre • Cherry Valley, Arkansas • Cherry Valley, California • Cherry Valley, Illinois • Cherry Valley, New York • Cherry Valley, Pennsylvania • Cherry Valley, Prince Edward County, Ontario • Cherry Vanilla • Cherry Wilder • Cherry Willingham • Cherry Willingham Community School • Cherry Willingham Comprehensive School • Cherry Willingham Secondary School • Cherry blossom • Cherry picker • Cherry picking • Cherry pie • Cherry pie (disambiguation) • Cherry silverberry • Cherry tomato • Cherry, Cherry Coupe • Cherry, Illinois • Cherry-laurel • Cherry-picking tax avoidance • Coca-Cola Black Cherry Vanilla • Colestown Cemetery, Cherry Hill Township, New Jersey • Colin Cherry • Cut leaf ground cherry • Cut leaf ground-cherry • Cut-leaf ground cherry • Cut-leaf ground-cherry • Cutleaf ground cherry • Cutleaf ground-cherry • Célena Cherry • Dan Cherry • David A. Cherry • Deron Cherry • Dick Cherry • Domino Cherry • Don Cherry • Don Cherry (ice hockey) • Don Cherry (jazz) • Don Cherry (singer/golfer) • Dwarf Cherry • Evans Cherry • Fire cherry • Fort Cherry School District • Francis Cherry • Fred Cherry • Gladys Cherry • Golden cherry • Golden-cherry • Ground-cherry • Homebrew (Neneh Cherry album) • International Cherry Blossom Festival • Jean Cherry Drummond, 16th Baroness Strange • Jim Cherry • John D. Cherry • John F. Cherry • John R. Cherry III • Johnson Blair Cherry • Live and Kicking (Eagle-Eye Cherry album) • Marasca cherry • Maraschino cherry • Mark Cherry • Matt Cherry • Morello cherry • My Cherry Is In Sherry • National Cherry Festival • Native cherry • Neil Cherry • Nissan Cherry • Park West and Cherry Orchard railway station • Perfect Cherry Blossom • Peruvian cherry • Peruvian ground cherry • Peruvian ground-cherry • Peruvian winter cherry • Peruvian winter-cherry • Pin cherry • R. Gregg Cherry • Rainier cherry • Red Cherry • Rock-Breaking Cherry Tree • Royal Ann cherry • Sour cherry • St. Mary's Academy (Cherry Hills Village) • Tiffany Cherry • Tony Cherry • Under the Cherry Moon • Wal Cherry • Wild Cherry • Wild Cherry (album) • Winter cherry • Winter-cherry

analogical dictionary

Wikipedia - see also



  Prunus padus, bird cherry
  Prunus avium, wild cherry, also called sweet cherry

The cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy stone fruit. The cherry fruits of commerce are usually obtained from a limited number of species, including especially cultivars of the wild cherry, Prunus avium.

The name 'cherry', often as the compound term 'cherry tree', may also be applied to many other members of the genus Prunus, or to all members of the genus as a collective term. The fruits of many of these are not cherries, and have other common names, including plum, apricot, peach, and others. The name 'cherry' is also frequently used in reference to cherry blossom.



Many cherry fruits are members of the subgenus Cerasus, which is distinguished by having the flowers in small corymbs of several together (not singly, nor in racemes), and by having a smooth fruit with only a weak groove or none along one side. The subgenus is native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with two species in America, three in Europe, and the remainder in Asia.

Other cherry fruits are members of subgenus Padus.

The majority of eating cherries are derived from either Prunus avium, the wild cherry (sometimes called the sweet cherry), or from Prunus cerasus, the sour cherry.


The list below contains many Prunus species that bear the common name cherry, but they are not necessarily members of the subgenus Cerasus, or bear edible fruit. For a complete list of species, see Prunus. Some common names listed here have historically been used for more than one species, e.g. "rock cherry" is used as an alternative common name for both P. prostrata and P. mahaleb.


  Etymology and antiquity

The native range of the wild cherry extends through most of Europe, western Asia and parts of northern Africa, and the fruit has been consumed through its range since prehistoric times. A cultivated cherry is recorded as having been brought to Rome by Lucius Licinius Lucullus from northeastern Anatolia, modern day Turkey, also known as the Pontus region, in 72 BC.[1]

A form of cherry was introduced into England at Teynham, near Sittingbourne in Kent by order of Henry VIII, who had tasted them in Flanders.[2][3][4]

The English word cherry, French cerise and Spanish cereza all come from the classical Greek (κέρασος) through the Latin cerasum, thus the ancient Roman place name Cerasus, today a city in northern Turkey Giresun from which the cherry was first exported to Europe.[5]

  Nutritional value

Cherries (sweet, edible parts)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 263 kJ (63 kcal)
Carbohydrates 16 g
- Sugars 13 g
- Dietary fibre 2 g
Fat 0.2 g
Protein 1.1 g
Vitamin C 7 mg (8%)
Iron 0.4 mg (3%)
Percentages are relative to
US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Cherries contain anthocyanins, the red pigment in berries. Cherry anthocyanins have been shown to reduce pain and inflammation in rats.[6] Anthocyanins are also potent antioxidants under active research for a variety of potential health benefits. According to a study funded by the Cherry Marketing Institute, presented at the Experimental Biology 2008 meeting in San Diego, rats that received whole tart cherry powder mixed into a high-fat diet did not gain as much weight or build up as much body fat, and their blood showed much lower levels of inflammation indicators that have been linked to heart disease and diabetes. In addition, they had significantly lower blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides than the other rats.[7]

  Wildlife value

Cherry trees also provide food for the caterpillars of several Lepidoptera. See List of Lepidoptera which feed on Prunus.


The cultivated forms are of the species wild cherry (P. avium) to which most cherry cultivars belong, and the sour cherry (P. cerasus), which is used mainly for cooking. Both species originate in Europe and western Asia; they do not cross-pollinate. Some other species, although having edible fruit, are not grown extensively for consumption, except in northern regions where the two main species will not grow. Irrigation, spraying, labor and their propensity to damage from rain and hail make cherries relatively expensive. Nonetheless, there is high demand for the fruit. Cherry is harvested by using shaker in commercial production.[8] Hand picking is also widely used to harvest the fruit to avoid damage.

  Growing season

Cherries have a very short growing season and can grow in most temperate latitudes. The peak season for cherries is in the summer. In Australia, they are usually at their peak in late December, in southern Europe in June, in North America in June, in south British Columbia (Canada) in July to mid August, and in the UK in mid July. In many parts of North America, they are among the first tree fruits to ripen.

In Orange, NSW - A cool climate cherry region, the season begins in mid November and finishes towards the end of January. Kordia is an early variety which ripens during the beginning of December, Lapins peak near the end of December, and Sweethearts appear slightly later.

  Ornamental trees

See cherry blossom and Prunus.

  Commercial production

  Worldwide cherry yield

Annual world production (as of 2007) of cultivated cherry fruit is about two million tonnes. Around 40% of world production originates in Europe and around 13% in the United States.

Top Cherry Producing Nations - 2009
(in thousand metric tons)
 Turkey 417.7
 United States 390.7
 Iran 225.0
 Italy 116.2
 Spain 96.4
 Syria 78.3
 Russia 69.0
 Romania 67.9
 Uzbekistan 67.0
 Chile 56.0
 France 53.6
 Ukraine 53.0
 Poland 50.5
 Greece 48.0
 Germany 39.5
 Lebanon 34.7
 Austria 30.3
 Serbia 29.2
 China 27.0
 Japan 18.0
 Bulgaria 17.4
 Armenia 15.0
 Canada 14.6
 Australia 13.7
 Kazakhstan 13.0
 India 12.7
 Portugal 11.2
 Albania 10.9
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.7
 Switzerland 10.2
 Moldova 9.0
 Hungary 8.1
 Morocco 7.4
 Croatia 7.1
 Azerbaijan 6.9
World Total 2,196.1
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations[9]


Major commercial cherry orchards in West Asia and Europe are in Turkey (mainly Anatolia), Italy and Spain. To a smaller extent is also grown in the Baltic States and southern Scandinavia.

  North America

In the United States, most sweet cherries are grown in Washington, California, Oregon, Wisconsin, and Michigan.[10] Important sweet cherry cultivars include Bing, Brooks, Tulare, King and Rainier. In addition, the Lambert variety is grown on the eastern side of Flathead Lake in northwestern Montana.[11] Both Oregon and Michigan provide light-colored Royal Ann (Napoleon; alternately Queen Anne) cherries for the maraschino cherry process. Most sour (also called tart) cherries are grown in Michigan, followed by Utah, New York, and Washington.[10] Additionally, native and nonnative cherries grow well in Canada (Ontario and British Columbia). Sour cherries include Nanking and Evans cherry. Traverse City, Michigan claims to be the "Cherry Capital of the World", hosting a National Cherry Festival and making the world's largest cherry pie. The specific region of northern Michigan is known for tart cherry production is referred to as the "Traverse Bay" region.


In Australia, cherries are grown in all the states except for the Northern Territory. The major producing regions are located in the temperate areas within New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania. Western Australia has limited production in the elevated parts in southwest of the state. Key production areas include Young, Orange and Bathurst in New South Wales, Wandin, the Goulburn and Murray valley areas in Victoria, the Adelaide Hills region in South Australia, and the Huon and Derwent Valleys in Tasmania.

Key commercial varieties in order of seasonality include 'Empress', 'Merchant', 'Supreme', 'Ron's seedling', 'Chelan', 'Ulster', 'Van', 'Bing', 'Stella', 'Nordwunder', 'Lapins', 'Simone', 'Regina', 'Kordia' and 'Sweetheart'. New varieties are being introduced, including the late season 'Staccato' and early season 'Sequoia'. The Australian Cherry Breeding program is developing a series of new varieties which are under testing evaluation.[12]

The New South Wales town of Young is called the "Cherry Capital of Australia" and hosts the National Cherry Festival.

  Other information

Dried cherry cultivars infused with raspberry concentrate are sold commercially under the name razzcherries.

  See also


  1. ^  "Pontus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 
  2. ^ The curious antiquary John Aubrey (1626–1697) noted in his memoranda: "Cherries were first brought into Kent tempore H. viii, who being in Flanders, and likeing the Cherries, ordered his Gardener, brought them hence, and propagated them in England." Oliver Lawson Dick, ed. (1949). Aubrey's Brief Lives. Edited from the Original Manuscripts. p. xxxv. 
  3. ^ "All the cherry gardens and orchards of Kent are said to have been stocked with the Flemish cherry from a plantation of 105 acres in Teynham, made with foreign cherries, pippins [ pippin apples ], and golden rennets [goldreinette apples], done by the fruiterer of Henry VIII." (Kent On-line: Teynham Parish)
  4. ^ The civic coat of arms of Sittingbourne with the crest of a "cherry tree fructed proper" were only granted in 1949, however.
  5. ^ A History of the Vegetable Kingdom, Page 334.
  6. ^ Tall JM, Seeram NP, Zhao C, Nair MG, Meyer RA, Raja SN, JM (Aug 2004). "Tart cherry anthocyanins suppress inflammation-induced pain behavior in rat". Behav. Brain Res. 153 (1): 181–8. DOI:10.1016/j.bbr.2003.11.011. ISSN 0166-4328. PMID 15219719. 
  7. ^ "Tart Cherries May Reduce Heart/Diabetes Risk Factors". Newswise, Retrieved on July 7, 2008.
  8. ^ Chainpure (2009-06-23). "Soul to Brain: Wow! Its Cherry Harvesting". Chainpure.com. http://www.chainpure.com/2009/06/wow-its-cherry-harvesting.html. Retrieved 2011-11-26. 
  9. ^ "FAOSTAT: ProdSTAT: Crops". Food and Agriculture Organization. 2007. http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=567. Retrieved 07-02-2009. 
  10. ^ a b Cherry Production (Report). National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. June 23, 2011. ISSN 1948-9072. http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/current/CherProd/CherProd-06-23-2011.pdf. Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  11. ^ [1] Sweet Cherries Of Flathead Lake, Retrieved on August 28, 2009
  12. ^ "ANNUAL INDUSTRY REPORT 08 • 09". Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL). http://www.horticulture.com.au/admin/assets/library/annual_reports/pdfs/PDF_File_78.pdf. 

  External links



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