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definition - Claire_Trevor

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Claire Trevor

                   
Claire Trevor
Born Claire Wemlinger
(1910-03-08)March 8, 1910
Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died April 8, 2000(2000-04-08) (aged 90)
Newport Beach, California, United States
Cause of death respiratory failure
Occupation Actress
Years active 1933–1987
Spouse Clark Andrews (1938-1942)
Cylos William Dunsmoore (1943 -1947) 1 son
Milton H. Bren (1948-1979) (his death)
Children Charles Dunsmoore Bren

Claire Trevor (March 8, 1910[1][2] – April 8, 2000) was an Academy Award-winning American actress. She was nicknamed the "Queen of Film Noir" because of her many appearances in "bad girl" roles in film noir and other black-and-white thrillers. She appeared in over 60 films. She won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Key Largo and was nominated for her roles in The High and the Mighty and Dead End.

Contents

  Early life

Trevor was born as Claire Wemlinger in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, New York in 1910 (some sources state 1909, 1911 or 1912),[3][4] the only child of Noel and Betty Wemlinger, a Fifth Avenue merchant tailor and his wife, and grew up in Larchmont, New York.[5] Her family was of German, Irish and French descent.

  Career

According to her biography on the website of Claire Trevor School of the Arts, "Trevor's acting career spanned more than seven decades and included successes in stage, radio, television and film. . . . [S]he often played the hard-boiled blonde, and every conceivable type of 'bad girl' role."[6]

After completing high school, Trevor began her career with six months of art classes at Columbia University and six months at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, performing in stock in the late 1920s . By 1932 she was starring on Broadway; that same year she began appearing in Brooklyn-filmed Vitaphone shorts. Her first credited film role was in the 1933 film Life in the Raw, with her feature film debut coming that same year in Jimmy and Sally (1933), with her portraying "Sally Johnson".

From 1933 through 1938, Trevor starred in 29 films, often having either the lead role or the role of heroine. In 1937, she starred with Humphrey Bogart in Dead End, which would lead to her being nominated for Best Supporting Actress. From 1937 to 1940, she appeared with Edward G. Robinson in the popular radio series Big Town, while continuing to make movies.

  Trevor in The High and the Mighty, a role that earned her an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress

By 1939, she was well established as a solid "leading lady". Some of her most memorable performances during this period were opposite John Wayne, including the classic 1939 western Stagecoach, which was Wayne's breakthrough role. She also starred opposite Wayne in Allegheny Uprising that same year, and again in 1940 in Dark Command. Over a decade later, she would again costar with Wayne, gaining her final Oscar nomination for The High and the Mighty.

Two of Trevor's memorable roles were starring opposite Dick Powell in Murder, My Sweet and with Lawrence Tierney in Born to Kill, in the latter playing a divorcee who gets more than she bargained for by falling in love with a bad boy who impulsively commits a murder. Key Largo, the following year, gave Trevor the role of Gaye Dawn, the washed-up nightclub singer and gangster's moll, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.

In 1957 she won an Emmy for her role in the Producers' Showcase episode entitled Dodsworth.[7]

Trevor moved into supporting roles in the 1950s, with her appearances becoming increasingly rare after the mid-1960s. She returned for one final theatrical film, playing Sally Field's caustic mother, Charlotte in Kiss Me Goodbye (1982). Her last film was the 1987 television movie Norman Rockwell's Breaking Home Ties. She made a special appearance at the 70th annual Academy Awards in 1998.

  Personal life

Trevor married Clark Andrews, director of her radio show, in 1938, but they divorced four years later. Her second marriage, in 1943, to Navy lieutenant Cylos William Dunsmoore produced a son, Charles. The marriage ended in divorce in 1947. The next year, Trevor married Milton Bren, a film producer with two sons from a previous marriage, and soon after moved to Newport Beach, California.

In 1978, her son Charles Dunsmoore Bren died in the crash of PSA Flight 182 in San Diego, followed by the death of her husband Milton Bren from a brain tumor in 1979. Devastated by these losses, she returned to New York for a number of years, living in a Fifth Avenue apartment and taking a few acting roles amid a busy social life. Eventually she returned to California, where she became a generous supporter of the arts.[8]

  Death

Claire Trevor died of respiratory failure in Newport Beach, April 8, 2000 at the age of 90.[9] For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Claire Trevor has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6933 Hollywood Blvd.

  Legacy

The Claire Trevor School of the Arts at the University of California, Irvine was named in Trevor's honor. Both her Oscar and Emmy statuettes are on display in the Arts Plaza there, next to the Claire Trevor Theatre.

  Filmography

Film
Year Film Role Notes
1933 Jimmy and Sally Sally Johnson
The Mad Game Jane Lee
The Last Trail Patricia Carter
Life in the Raw Judy Halloway
1934 Elinor Norton Elinor Norton
Baby Take a Bow Kay Ellison
Wild Gold Jerry Jordan
Hold That Girl Tonie Bellamy
1935 Spring Tonic Betty Ingals
Black Sheep Jeanette Foster
My Marriage Carol Barton
Navy Wife Vicky Blake
Dante's Inferno Betty McWade
1936 Career Woman Carroll Aiken
Star for a Night Nina Lind
To Mary - with Love Kitty Brant
Human Cargo Bonnie Brewster
Song and Dance Man Julia Carroll
15 Maiden Lane Jane Martin
1937 Big Town Girl Fay Loring
Second Honeymoon Marcia
One Mile from Heaven Lucy 'Tex' Warren
King of Gamblers Dixie Moore
Time Out for Romance Barbara Blanchard
Dead End Francey Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1938 Five of a Kind Christine Nelson
Valley of the Giants Lee Roberts
Walking Down Broadway Joan Bradley
The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse Jo Keller
1939 Stagecoach Dallas
I Stole a Million Laura Benson
Allegheny Uprising Janie MacDougall
1940 Dark Command Miss Mary Cloud
1941 Texas Mike King
Honky Tonk 'Gold Dust' Nelson
1942 The Adventures of Martin Eden Connie Dawson
Crossroads Michelle Allaine
Street of Chance Ruth Dillon
1943 The Woman of the Town Dora Hand
Good Luck, Mr. Yates Ruth Jones
The Desperadoes Countess Maletta
1944 Murder, My Sweet Mrs. Helen Grayle
1945 Johnny Angel Lilah 'Lily' Gustafson
1946 The Bachelor's Daughters Cynthia
Crack-Up Terry Cordell
1947 Born to Kill Helen Trent
1948 Raw Deal Pat Cameron
The Velvet Touch Marian Webster
The Babe Ruth Story Claire (Hodgson) Ruth
Key Largo Gaye Dawn Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1949 The Lucky Stiff Marguerite Seaton
1950 Borderline Madeleine Haley, aka Gladys LaRue
1951 Best of the Badmen Lily
Hard, Fast and Beautiful Millie Farley
1952 Stop, You're Killing Me Nora Marko
My Man and I Mrs. Ansel Ames
Hoodlum Empire Connie Williams
1953 The Stranger Wore a Gun Josie Sullivan
1954 The High and the Mighty May Holst Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
1955 Man Without a Star Idonee
Lucy Gallant Lady MacBeth
1956 The Mountain Marie
1958 Marjorie Morningstar Rose Morgenstern
1962 Two Weeks in Another Town Clara Kruger
1963 The Stripper Helen Baird
1965 How to Murder Your Wife Edna
1967 The Cape Town Affair Sam Williams
1982 Kiss Me Goodbye Charlotte Banning
Television
Year Title Role Notes
1953–1954 The Ford Television Theatre Felicia Crandell 2 episodes
1954–1955 Lux Video Theatre 2 episodes
1954–1956 General Electric Theater Cora Leslie 2 episodes
1955 Stage 7 1 episode
1956 Climax! 1 episode
Schlitz Playhouse of Stars 1 episode
Producers' Showcase Fran Dodsworth 1 episode
Emmy Award for Best Actress in a Drama
1956–1961 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Mary Prescott
Mrs. Meade
2 episodes
1957 Playhouse 90 Elizabeth Owen 1 episode
1959 Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse Savannah Brown 1 episode
Wagon Train C.L. Harding 1 episode
The Untouchables Kate Clark 'Ma' Barker 1 episode
1960 The United States Steel Hour 1 episode
1961 The Investigators Kitty Harper 1 episode
1962 Dr. Kildare Veronica Johnson 1 episode
1983 The Love Boat 1 episode
1987 Murder, She Wrote Judith Harlan 1 episode
Breaking Home Times Grace Porter Television movie

  References

  1. ^ Drew, William M. (1999). At the Center of the Frame: Leading Ladies of the Twenties and Thirties. Vestal Press. pp. 319. ISBN 1-879511-42-8. 
  2. ^ Hagen, Ray; Laura Wagner (2004). Killer Tomatoes: Fifteen Tough Film Dames. McFarland. pp. 222. ISBN 0-7864-1883-4. 
  3. ^ "Oscar Winner Claire Trevor Dies". highbeam.com. 2000-04-08. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-25742873.html. Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  4. ^ "Claire Trevor Biography (1909-2000)". filmreference.com. http://www.filmreference.com/film/5/Claire-Trevor.html. Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  5. ^ "Claire Trevor, 91, Versatile Actress, Dies". New York Times. 2000-04-10. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C06EFDB163EF933A25757C0A9669C8B63&n=Top%2FFeatures%2FMovies%2FNews%20and%20Features%2FObituaries. Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  6. ^ "About Claire Trevor," Claire Trevor School of the Arts, University of California, Irvine
  7. ^ The Complete Directory to Prime Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946- Present. Ballantine Books. 2003. pp. 1413. ISBN 0-345-45542-8. 
  8. ^ "Claire Trevor, 91, Versatile Actress, Dies". New York Times. 2000-04-10. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C06EFDB163EF933A25757C0A9669C8B63&n=Top%2FFeatures%2FMovies%2FNews%20and%20Features%2FObituaries. Retrieved 2009-02-20. 
  9. ^ "Claire Trevor, 91, Versatile Actress, Dies". New York Times. 2000-04-10. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C06EFDB163EF933A25757C0A9669C8B63&n=Top%2FFeatures%2FMovies%2FNews%20and%20Features%2FObituaries. Retrieved 2009-02-20. 

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