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  • plural of correction (noun)

definitions - Corrections

corrections (n.)

1.the social control of offenders through a system of imprisonment and rehabilitation and probation and parole

2.the department of local government that is responsible for managing the treatment of convicted offenders"for a career in corrections turn to the web site of the New Jersey Department of Corrections"

correction (n.)

1.the act of offering an improvement to replace a mistake; setting right

2.treatment of a specific defect"the correction of his vision with eye glasses"

3.the act of punishing"the offenders deserved the harsh discipline they received"

4.a drop in stock market activity or stock prices following a period of increases"market runups are invariably followed by a correction"

5.something substituted for an error

6.a rebuke for making a mistake

7.a quantity that is added or subtracted in order to increase the accuracy of a scientific measure

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Merriam Webster

CorrectionCor*rec"tion (k?r-r?k"sh?n), n. [L. correctio: cf. F. correction.]
1. The act of correcting, or making that right which was wrong; change for the better; amendment; rectification, as of an erroneous statement.

The due correction of swearing, rioting, neglect of God's word, and other scandalouss vices. Strype.

2. The act of reproving or punishing, or that which is intended to rectify or to cure faults; punishment; discipline; chastisement.

Correction and instruction must both work
Ere this rude beast will profit.

3. That which is substituted in the place of what is wrong; an emendation; as, the corrections on a proof sheet should be set in the margin.

4. Abatement of noxious qualities; the counteraction of what is inconvenient or hurtful in its effects; as, the correction of acidity in the stomach.

5. An allowance made for inaccuracy in an instrument; as, chronometer correction; compass correction.

Correction line (Surv.), a parallel used as a new base line in laying out township in the government lands of the United States. The adoption at certain intervals of a correction line is necessitated by the convergence of of meridians, and the statute requirement that the townships must be squares. -- House of correction, a house where disorderly persons are confined; a bridewell. -- Under correction, subject to correction; admitting the possibility of error.

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definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - Corrections

see also - Corrections

correction (n.)

correct, emend, grade, look over, look through, mark, right


-Ahtanum View Corrections Center • Ak Department of Corrections • Alabama Department of Corrections • Alaska Department of Corrections • Arizona Department of Corrections • Atmospheric corrections • Auckland Region Women's Corrections Facility • Bangkok Corrections Museum • Bureau of Corrections (Philippines) • California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation • Clallam Bay Corrections Center • Colorado Department of Corrections • Community Based Corrections • Connecticut Department of Corrections • Corrections (disambiguation) • Corrections (film) • Corrections Association of New Zealand • Corrections Corporation of America • Corrections Victoria • Corrections officer • Coyote Ridge Corrections Center • D.C. Department of Corrections • Delaware Department of Corrections • Department of Corrections • Department of Corrections (Guam) • Department of Corrections (New Zealand) • Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation • Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation of Puerto Rico • Department of juvenile corrections • District of Columbia Department of Corrections • Florida Department of Corrections • Georgia Department of Corrections • Guam Department of Corrections • Idaho Department Of Juvenile Corrections • Idaho Juvenile Corrections • Idaho Juvenile Corrections Centers • Idaho department of juvenile corrections • Illinois Department of Corrections • International Corrections and Prisons Association • Iowa Department of Corrections • Kansas Department of Corrections • Kentucky Department of Corrections • Maine Department of Corrections • Maryland Department of Corrections • Massachusetts Department of Corrections • Michigan Department of Corrections • Minnesota Department of Corrections • Mississippi Department of Corrections • Missouri Department of Corrections • Montana Department of Corrections • N.J. Department of Corrections • National Institute of Corrections • National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center • Nevada Department of Corrections • New Hampshire Department of Corrections • New Jersey Department of Corrections • New Mexico Corrections Department • New Mexico Department of Corrections • New Zealand Minister of Corrections • North Dakota Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation • Nyc Department of Corrections • Oklahoma Commissioner of Charities and Corrections • Oklahoma Department of Corrections • Olympic Corrections Center • Oregon Department of Corrections • Pennsylvania Department of Corrections • Puerto Rico Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation • Rhode Island Department of Corrections • Rotary Museum of Police and Corrections • Ryder Report (Detention and Corrections in Iraq) • South Carolina Department of Corrections • State of New Jersey Department of Corrections • Stock market corrections • Tennessee Corrections Department • Tennessee Department of Corrections • Texas Department of Corrections • Texas Dept. of Corrections • The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation • The Corrections • The Corrections (band) • Twin Rivers Corrections Center • United States Army Corrections Command • United States Army Corrections Facility-Europe • Utah Department of Corrections • Vermont Department of Corrections • Virginia Department of Corrections • WV Division of Corrections • Washington State Department of Corrections • West Virginia Division of Corrections • Wisconsin Department of Corrections

-Arkansas Department of Correction • Arthur Storey and the Department of Historical Correction • Atmospheric correction • Bessel's correction • Bolometric Correction • Bonferroni correction • Chinese correction • City of New York Correction Department • City of New York Department of Correction • Color correction • Concatenated error correction codes • Connecticut Department of Correction • Continuity correction • Correction (newspaper) • Correction (novel) • Correction centres in Jordan • Correction fluid • Correction for attenuation • Correction paper • Correction tape • Cunningham correction factor • Davidson correction • Delaware Department of Correction • Digital room correction • Dioptric correction • End correction • Error correction mode • Error correction model • Error detection and correction • Error-correction • FX.25 Forward Error Correction • Flat-field correction • Forward error correction • Fraternal correction • Gamma correction • House of Correction • Idaho Department of Correction • Indiana Department of Correction • Infinity correction • Jura water correction • K correction • Kentucky Department of Correction • Langer correction • Light-time correction • List of United States state correction agencies • Maine Department of Correction • Maryland House of Correction • Massachusetts Department of Correction • Mississippi Department of Correction • Montana Department of Correction • New Mexico Correction Department • New Mexico Department of Correction • New York City Correction Department • New York City Department of Correction • Nonoblique correction • North Carolina Department of Correction • Nyc Department of Correction • Oblique correction • Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction • Optical proximity correction • Pitch correction • Position Correction • Power-factor correction • Prism correction • Reed–Solomon error correction • Senate Bill S. 1221 and House Bill H.R. 1392 – Medicare Prompt Pay Correction Act • String-to-string correction problem • Surrey House of Correction • Tennessee Commissioner of Correction • Tennessee Department of Correction • Texas Department of Correction • The Department of Correction • Time base correction • Timebase correction • Vermont Department of Correction • Yardville Youth Correction and Reception Center • Yates' correction for continuity

analogical dictionary




group action[Hyper.]

corrections (n.)



correction (n.)



  The Huntsville Unit of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice in Huntsville, Texas is a prison, a component of a correctional system
  Qur'anic education for offenders at the Central Jail Faisalabad in Faisalabad, Pakistan

In criminal justice, particularly in North America, correction, corrections, and correctional, are umbrella terms describing a variety of functions typically carried out by government agencies, and involving the punishment, treatment, and supervision of persons who have been convicted of crimes.[1] These functions commonly include imprisonment, parole and probation.[2] A typical correctional institution is a prison. A correctional system, also known as a penal system, thus refers to a network of agencies that administer a jurisdiction's prisons and community-based programs like parole and probation boards;[3] this system is part of the larger criminal justice system, which additionally includes police, prosecution and courts.[4] Jurisdictions throughout Canada and the US have ministries or departments, respectively, of corrections, correctional services, or similarly named agencies.

Corrections is also the name of a field of academic study concerned with the theories, policies, and programs pertaining to the practice of corrections. Its object of study includes personnel training and management as well as the experiences of those on the other side of the fence — the unwilling subjects of the correctional process.[1] Stohr and colleagues write that "Earlier scholars were more honest, calling what we now call corrections by the name penology, which means the study of punishment for crime."[5]

The terminology change in US academia from "penology" to "corrections" occurred in the 1950s and 1960s, and it was driven by a new philosophy emphasizing rehabilitation. It was accompanied by concrete changes in some prisons, like giving more privileges to inmates, and attempting to instill a more communal atmosphere. At least nominally, most prisons became correctional institutions, and guards became correctional officers.[6] Although the corrections-related terminology continued thereafter in US correctional practice, the philosophical view on offenders' treatment took an opposite turn in the 1980s, when the "get tough" program was labeled by academics as "The New Penology".[7]



Sentences imposed upon offenders range from probation to serving time in prison. At one time, corporal punishment was also added as a condition of a sentence. In Canada, until 1972, the Criminal Code legislated that courts could impose a form of whipping on male offenders, to be administered on up to three occasions, but did not limit the number of strokes. Whipping of female offenders was not allowed. The whipping could be inflicted using a strap, cat-o'-nine-tails, or a paddle unless specified by the court.[8] The move to abolish corporal punishment in the Canadian penal system coincided with several reforms and a change from the Reform Institutions label to Corrections or Correctional.

Intermediate sanctions include sentences to a halfway house or community service program, home confinement, and electronic monitoring, but also financial sanctions like fines, forfeiture, and restitution; these are sometimes applied in combination.[9]


The use of sanctions, which can be either positive (rewarding) or negative (punishment) is the basis of all criminal theory, along with the main goals of social control, and deterrence of deviant behavior.

Many facilities operating in the United States adhere to particular correctional theories. Although often heavily modified, these theories determine the nature of the facilities' design and security operations. The two primary theories used today are the more traditional Remote Supervision[citation needed] and the more contemporary direct supervision model.[10] In the Remote Supervision Model, officers observe the inmate population from remote positions, e.g., towers or secure desk areas. The Direct Supervision Model positions prison officers within the inmate population, creating a more pronounced presence.

  See also

  Juvenile corrections


  1. ^ a b Mary Stohr; Anthony Walsh; Craig Hemmens (2008). Corrections: A Text/Reader. Sage. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-4129-3773-3. 
  2. ^ Bryan A. Garner, editor, Black's Law Dictionary, 9th ed., West Group, 2009, ISBN 978-0-314-19949-2, OCLC 420487111 0-314-19949-7, p. 396 (or p. 424 depending on the volume[clarification needed])
  3. ^ Correctional system is defined as "a network of governmental agencies that administer a jurisdiction's prisons and parole system" in Bryan A. Garner, editor, Black's Law Dictionary, 9th ed., West Group, 2009, ISBN 0-314-19949-7, p. 396, which does not define "penal system".
    The post-1940 US penal system is described as "comprised of prisons, reformatories, parole, probation, juvenile courts [?], local jails, and a declining number of workhouses", and with added detail that "However the main focus of the system was on expanding and differentiating prisons, parole and probation" in Thomas G. Blomberg; Karol Lucken (2010). American penology: a history of control. Transaction Publishers. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-202-36334-9. http://books.google.com/books?id=Bcu2lfSlUGkC&pg=PA110. 
    Stohr et al., p. 1 distinguish prisons from community-based correctional programs like parole and probation.
  4. ^ Michael Cavadino; James Dignan (2007). The Penal System: An Introduction. SAGE Publications. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-4129-2946-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=CTbLquL1bYYC&pg=PA1. 
  5. ^ Mary Stohr; Anthony Walsh; Craig Hemmens (2008). Corrections: A Text/Reader. Sage. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-4129-3773-3. 
  6. ^ John T. Whitehead; Mark Jones; Michael Braswell (2008). Exploring Corrections in America (2 ed.). Elsevier. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-59345-512-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=HXAspHay2RUC&pg=PA8. 
  7. ^ John T. Whitehead; Mark Jones; Michael Braswell (2008). Exploring Corrections in America (2 ed.). Elsevier. pp. 8 and 54. ISBN 978-1-59345-512-5. 
  8. ^ Abolition of Corporal Punishment 1972, Correctional Service of Canada
  9. ^ Gail A. Caputo (2004). Intermediate sanctions in corrections. University of North Texas Press. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-57441-186-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=lctP2rtSOooC&pg=PA28. 
  10. ^ Peter M. Carlson; Judith Simon Garrett (2008). Prison and Jail Administration: Practice and Theory. Jones & Bartlett Learning. pp. 46–47. ISBN 978-0-7637-2862-5. http://books.google.com/books?id=SPwgJWOS4CIC&pg=PA46. 

  Further reading

  • Mary Stohr; Anthony Walsh; Craig Hemmens (2008). Corrections: A Text/Reader. Sage. ISBN 978-1-4129-3773-3. 
  • Todd R. Clear; George F. Cole; Michael D. Reisig (2010). American Corrections (9 ed.). Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-0-495-80748-3. 



Correction may refer to:

  See also



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