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Countdown (game show)

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Countdown
GenreGame show
Created byArmand Jammot
Directed byDerek Hallworth
Presented byRichard Whiteley
(1982 - 2005)
Des Lynam
(2005 - 2006)
Des O'Connor
(2007 - 2008)
Jeff Stelling
(2009 - present)
StarringCarol Vorderman
(1982 - 2008)
Rachel Riley
(2009 - present)
Susie Dent
(1992 - present)
Theme music composerAlan Hawkshaw
Country of origin United Kingdom
Language(s)English
No. of series62
(Original series)
13
(Champion of Champions)
2
(Countdown Masters)
1
(Celebrity series)
No. of episodes5040 (as of 30 November 2009)
(Original series) (inc. specials)[1]
121
(Champion of Champions)
104
(Countdown Masters)
8
(Celebrity series)
Production
Producer(s)Yorkshire Television
(now brandedITV Studios)
Damian Eadie
Camera setupMultiple-camera setup
Running time24 minutes
(1982 - 2001)
36 minutes
(2001 - present)
Broadcast
Original channelChannel 4
Picture formatPAL (576i)
Original run2 November 1982 - present
(Original series)
15 October 1984 - present
(Champion of Champions)
3 April 1989 - 25 March 1991
(Countdown Masters)
23 April 1998 - 18 June 1998
(Celebrity series)
External links
Official website

Countdown is a British game show made by ITV Studios and broadcast on Channel 4. Since mid-January 2009 it has been presented by Jeff Stelling, assisted by Rachel Riley, with regular lexicographer Susie Dent. It was the first programme aired on Channel 4, and over fifty series have been broadcast since its debut on 2 November 1982. With over 4,000 episodes, it is one of the longest-running game shows in the world. The original French version Des chiffres et des lettres has been running on French television continuously since 1965.

The programme was presented by Richard Whiteley for over twenty years, until his death in June 2005. His position was taken over by Des Lynam, who retired from the show in December 2006 and was replaced by Des O'Connor on 2 January 2007. Both O'Connor and Carol Vorderman, the show's co-host who had been on the programme since it began, left the show in December 2008.

A celebrity guest features in every programme, and provides a brief interlude before the first advertisement break. The two contestants in each episode compete in three disciplines: eleven letters rounds, in which the contestants attempt to make the longest word from nine randomly chosen letters; three numbers rounds, in which the contestants must use arithmetic to make a random target number from six other numbers; and the conundrum, a buzzer round in which the contestants try to be first to solve a nine-letter anagram. During the series heats, the winning contestant returns the next day until he or she loses or has accumulated eight wins. The best contestants are invited back for the series finals, which are decided in knockout format. Contestants of exceptional skill have received national media coverage, and the programme as a whole is widely recognised and parodied within British culture.

Contents

History

Origins

Countdown is based on the French game show Des chiffres et des lettres (Numbers and Letters), created by Armand Jammot. The format was brought to Britain by Marcel Stellman, a Belgian record executive, who had watched the French show and believed it could be popular overseas. Yorkshire Television purchased the format and commissioned a series of eight shows under the title Calendar Countdown, which were to be part of their regional news programme Calendar. As the presenter of Calendar, Richard Whiteley was the natural choice to present Calendar Countdown - his daily appearances on both shows earned him the nickname "Twice Nightly".[2] These shows were only broadcast in the Yorkshire area.[3]

Richard "Twice Nightly" Whiteley, Countdown's original presenter.
An additional pilot episode was made, with a refined format, although it was never broadcast.[4] A new British television channel, Channel 4, was due to launch in November 1982, and bought the newly-renamed Countdown on the strength of this additional episode.[4] Countdown was the first programme to be broadcast on the new channel.[5]
As the countdown to a brand new channel ends, a brand new Countdown begins.
Richard Whiteley introducing the first Channel 4 episode of Countdown.[6]

Presenters

Calendar Countdown was presented by Richard Whiteley, with Cathy Hytner and Denise McFarland-Cruickshanks managing the numbers and letters rounds respectively.[7] When Countdown was commissioned for Channel 4 the number of hostesses expanded further: Cathy Hytner and Beverley Isherwood selected the letters and numbers tiles respectively, and calculations in the numbers rounds were checked by Linda Barrett or Carol Vorderman.[8] Vorderman, a Cambridge graduate and member of Mensa,[9] was appointed as one of the numbers experts after responding to an advertisement in a national newspaper which asked for a young woman who would like to become a game show hostess; unlike almost any other game show hostess of the time, however, the advertisement also made it clear that the applicants' appearance would be less important than their being a talented mathematician.[10] Gradually the tasks performed by the extra presenters were taken over by Carol Vorderman, whose role within the show essentially became that of co-presenter.[11]

Whiteley's successor Des Lynam stands by the famous board with co-host Carol Vorderman.

The show was briefly taken off air following Whiteley's death from pneumonia in June 2005, but reappeared in October 2005 with Des Lynam as the main presenter.[12] On 30 September 2006, Lynam said that he had decided to leave the programme after Christmas 2006.[13]

Lynam's departure was due to travel requirements for the demanding filming schedule, with the show recorded in Leeds and Lynam living 250 miles away in Worthing, West Sussex. Channel 4 had tried an extra programme on Saturday in early 2006 which Lynam had agreed to, subject to part of the filming schedule being moved nearer to his home. However, viewers reacted angrily to the idea of the show leaving Leeds[13] and, when Lynam found out that a move would cause considerable disruption for many of the programme's camera crew, he decided to leave.[14]

On 7 November 2006, it was announced that Des O'Connor would succeed Lynam as host.[15] Lynam's final show as Countdown presenter was broadcast on 22 December 2006. O'Connor first presented Countdown at the start of 2007.

Note: the numbers board and the letters board are both the same board and turn around for the appropriate round, as of the new series.

The other studio mainstay is Dictionary Corner, which houses a lexicographer and that week's celebrity guest (AKA "GoD" or "Guardian of the Dictionaries"). Initially farmer & broadcaster Ted Moult was on hand for verification. The role of the lexicographer is to verify the words offered by the contestants (see Letters round rules) and point out any longer or otherwise interesting words available. The lexicographer is aided in finding these words by the show's producers, Michael Wylie (until his death in November 2008) and Damian Eadie.[16] The production team is insistent, however, that no computer program is used in this role, and that the words suggested in Dictionary Corner have been found manually.

Many lexicographers have appeared over the years, but since her debut in 1992, Susie Dent has become synonymous with the role, and has now made over a thousand appearances.[17] The celebrity guest, sometimes known as the "Dictionary Dweller", also contributes words, and provides a short interlude at the end of the first section of the show. Dwellers have included Jo Brand, Martin Jarvis, Richard Digance, Geoffrey Durham, Gyles Brandreth, Ken Bruce and John Sergeant providing poems, anecdotes, puzzles and magic tricks.[18]Alison Heard replaced Susie Dent over the winter of 2007–08, whilst Dent was on maternity leave; however, Susie Dent returned to Countdown on 6 February 2008.

O'Connor's successor Jeff Stelling and new co-host Rachel Riley, pictured in front of the Countdown clock.

It was announced in July 2008 that Des O'Connor would be stepping down as host from the end of the current series in December 2008. In the same month it became apparent that long-serving presenter and number-cruncher Carol Vorderman would also leave the gameshow at the same time.[19]

On 21 November 2008, Jeff Stelling was confirmed as the new host, with Oxford graduate Rachel Riley in the Vorderman role. Riley has since become known for her stylish outfits worn on the show.[20]

Character

Countdown quickly established cult status within British television[21] – an image which it maintains today,[22] despite numerous changes of rules and personnel. The programme's audience comprises mainly students, housewives and pensioners,[21] owing to the "teatime" broadcast slot and inclusive appeal of its format and presentation.[22] Countdown has been one of Channel 4's most-watched programmes for over twenty years, but has never won a major television award.[23] In its mid-afternoon broadcast slot, the show draws about 1.7 million viewers every day — around half a million fewer than with Richard Whiteley presenting[24] — and the Series 54 final, on 26 May 2006, attracted 2.5 million viewers.[25] Up to 2 million viewers had watched the show daily in its previous 4:15 p.m. slot. The drop in viewers following the scheduling change, coupled with the show's perceived educational benefits, even caused Labour MP Jonathan Shaw to table a motion in the UK Parliament, requesting that the show be returned to its later time.[26] Minor scheduling changes have subsequently seen the show move from 3:15 to 3:30 to 3:25.

A Countdown teapot is awarded to any contestant who wins a game.
File:Countdown (Game Show) studio.JPG
The current studio after the end of the game

In keeping with the show's friendly nature, contestants compete not for money but the Countdown winner's teapot (first introduced in December 1998), which is custom-made and can only be obtained by winning a game on the programme.[27] The prize for the series winner is a leather-bound copy of the twenty-volume Oxford English Dictionary, worth GB£4,000.[28] David Acton winner of Series 31 opted for a CD-ROM version of the dictionaries, not wanting to accept leather-bound books owing to his strict veganism, and he donated the monetary difference to charity.[29]

Since 2006, the series champion also receives the Richard Whiteley Memorial Trophy, in memory of the show's original presenter.

The former studio before the start of the game

Though the style and colour scheme of the set have changed many times (and the show itself moved to Manchester, after more than 25 years in Leeds), the clock has always provided the centrepiece and, like the clock music composed by Alan Hawkshaw, is an enduring and well-recognised feature of Countdown. Executive producer John Meade once commissioned Hawkshaw to revise the music for extra intensity; after hundreds of complaints from viewers, the old tune was reinstated.[30]

25th anniversary celebrations

The first episode of Countdown was repeated on 1 October 2007 on More4 and on 2 November 2007 on Channel 4, as part of Channel 4 at 25, a season of celebratory Channel 4 programmes as it celebrated its 25th birthday.

On 2 November 2007, Countdown celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary and aired a special 'birthday episode'. The two players were 2006 winner Conor Travers and 2002 winner Chris Wills. However, for the rounds, VIP guests selected the letters and numbers.[citation needed] Guests included Gordon Brown, Amir Khan and Richard Attenborough. A statement from the French TV network France Télévisions was read out on air by Carol Vorderman to commend Channel 4 on its success of Countdown.

Departures of Vorderman and O'Connor

On 23 July 2008, it was announced that O'Connor would be leaving the show at the end of the 59th series in December 2008 to concentrate on other projects.[31]

ITV Productions announced on 25 July 2008 that Carol Vorderman would also be leaving at the end of the same series.[19]

Vorderman had been willing to accept a 33% salary decrease in line with a 33% budget cut being imposed on the show, but felt she was 'forced' to leave after being asked to accept a 90% pay cut. Her agent, John Miles, claims Vorderman had been told the show had survived the death of host Richard Whiteley in 2005 and could "easily survive without you."[32]

The early favourite in the betting to replace Des O'Connor, Rory Bremner, ruled himself out. Later reports suggested Alexander Armstrong[33] and Jeff Stelling[34] as potential hosts, although Armstrong later revealed he had refused the job.[35] Anthea Turner, Ulrika Johnson, and Myleene Klass were all linked with Vorderman's job;[36] however, Channel 4 then began to search for a previously unknown male or female arithmetician with "charm and charisma". Eventually, on 21 November 2008, after O'Connor and Vorderman had finished filming, it was confirmed that Stelling and Oxford maths graduate Rachel Riley would join the show,[37] with Susie Dent continuing as resident lexicographer.

Format

Countdown has occupied a tea-time broadcast slot since its inception. Currently an episode lasts around 45 minutes including advertising breaks. During the normal series, the winner of each game returns for the next day's show. If a player wins eight games, he is declared an "octochamp" and retires until the series finals. At the end of the series, the eight players with most wins (or the highest total score in the event of a tie) are invited back to compete in the series finals. They are seeded in a knockout tournament, with the first seed playing the eighth seed, the second playing the seventh, and so on. The winner of this knockout, which culminates in the Grand Final, becomes the series champion. Each series lasts around six months, with about 125 episodes.[38]

Approximately every four series, a Champion of Champions tournament takes place. For this, sixteen of the best players to have appeared since the previous Championship are invited back for another knockout tournament. The producer, former contestant Damian Eadie, decides which players to include, but typically the tournament includes the series winners and other note-worthy contestants.[39] Series 33 was designated a "Supreme Championship", in which 56 of the best contestants from all the previous series returned for another knockout tournament. Series 10 champion Harvey Freeman was declared Supreme Champion after beating Allan Saldanha in the final.[40] There are also occasional special episodes, in which past contestants return for themed matches. For example, David Acton and Kenneth Michie returned for a rematch of their Series 31 final, while brothers and former contestants Sanjay and Sandeep Mazumder played off against each other on 20 December 2004.[41]

The game is split into three sections, separated by advertising breaks. The first two sections each contain four letters rounds and a numbers round, while the last section has three letters rounds, a numbers round and a final "Conundrum". At the end of the first two sections, Stelling poses an anagram with a cryptic clue for the viewers at home, called the Teatime Teaser - the solution is revealed at the start of the next section. When the Teatime Teaser was first introduced, the anagrams were seven letters long, but have since been extended to eight.

Letters round

Letter tiles are arranged face-down into two piles; one all consonants, the other vowels. The contestant picks a pile, and Riley reveals the top tile from that pile and places it on the board. A selection of nine tiles is generated in this way, and must contain at least three vowels and four consonants.[42] Then, the clock is started and both contestants have thirty seconds to come up with the longest word they can make from the available letters. Each letter may be used only as often as it appears in the selection.[42] The frequencies of the letters within each pile are weighted according to their frequency in natural English, in the same manner as Scrabble. For example, there are many Ns and Rs in the consonant pile, but only one Q.[43]

Contestants write down the words they have found during the round, in case they have the same one. After the thirty seconds are up, the players declare the length of their chosen word, with the player who selected the letters declaring first. If either player has not written their word down in time, he or she must declare this also. The words are then revealed. If either player has not written their word down, that is revealed first; otherwise, the shorter word is shown first. Only the contestant with the longer word scores points; both score in the event of a tie. One point is scored per letter, except for nine-lettered words, which score double points. If a contestant offers an invalid word then they score no points. If the second player reveals the same word as the first, this must be proved by showing the word to the other contestant. Finally, Dictionary Corner reveals the best word they could find from the selection, aided by the production team.[44]

Any word which appears in the Oxford Dictionary of English is allowable,[45] as well as some inflections. Standard inflections of nouns and verbs - for example, escapes, escaped and escaping - are accepted even though not explicitly stated in the dictionary. Comparative and superlative forms of monosyllabic adjectives - for example, greater and greatest - are valid although these too are not explicitly stated. For longer adjectives, the inflections must be stated explicitly.[46] However, some words given in the dictionary are not permitted: proper nouns (Kurdistan), hyphenated words (re-embark), some plurals of mass noun (mankinds), and words that occur only in combination - for example, mistle is invalid as it is used only in mistle thrush. Also, only British spelling is permitted - American spellings and inflections, such as flavor and signaled, are invalid.[42]

Example:
Contestant One chooses five consonants, then three vowels, then another consonant.
Selection is:
G Y H D N O E U R.
Contestant One declares 7, while Contestant Two declares 8.
Contestant One reveals younger, but Contestant Two has hydrogen and scores eight points. Contestant One receives no points for this round.
Dictionary Corner note greyhound, which would have scored eighteen points, since nine letter words score double.

Numbers round

One contestant selects six of twenty-four shuffled tiles. The tiles are arranged into two groups: four "large numbers" (25, 50, 75 and 100) and the remainder "small numbers", which comprise two each of the numbers 1 to 10. The contestant dictates how many large numbers are in the selection; anywhere from none to all four. A random three-digit target is generated by an electronic machine, affectionately known as "CECIL" (which stands for Countdown Electronic Computer In Leeds).[47] The contestants then have thirty seconds to get as near to the target as possible by combining the six numbers selected with addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.[42]Not all numbers need to be used. A number can be used as many times as it appears. Decimals and fractions are not allowed - only integers may be used at any stage of the calculation.[42]

Points are awarded for the closest solution, and again both contestants score if the solutions are equally close. 10 points are given for an exact answer, 7 points for a non-exact solution up to 5 from the target, and 5 points for a solution between 6 and 10 from the target. If neither contestant can get within 10, no points are awarded.

Example:
Contestant One requests two large numbers and four small numbers.
Selection is:
75, 50, 2, 3, 8, 7.
Randomly generated target is:
812.
Contestant One declares 813, while Contestant Two declares 815.
Contestant One is closer and so reveals: 75 + 50 - 8 = 117. 117 × 7 - (3 × 2) = 813, which scores seven points.
Rachel Riley notes: 50 + 8 = 58. 7 × 2 × 58 = 812, which would have scored ten points.

For some games, there are many ways to reach the target exactly - the example target above could also be reached by 7 × (75 + 50 + 2 - 8 - 3) = 812. However not all games are solvable, and for some selections it is impossible even to get within 10. There is a tactical element in selecting how many large numbers to include. One large and five small numbers is the most popular selection,[48] despite two large numbers giving the best chance of the game being solvable exactly.[49] Selections with zero or four large numbers are generally considered the hardest.[49]

Conundrum

The final round of the game is the "Countdown Conundrum". A board revolves to reveal the "conundrum" - a nine-lettered anagram, usually arranged into the form of two condensed words (see example). The contestants have thirty seconds to find the word. The first contestant to buzz with the correct answer (the champion rings in with a bell, while the challenger rings in with a buzzer) is awarded ten points, but each contestant may guess only once. If neither contestant guesses correctly, the presenter used to ask if anyone in the audience knew the word, and if so, chose someone to shout it out. (This was stopped temporarily in 2009, because of difficulties with camera angles in the new studio layout.) Once a contestant guesses correctly or the time expires, a second board rotates to reveal the answer. Each conundrum is designed to have only one solution but if, unintentionally, the conundrum has two answers (e.g. CARTHORSE and ORCHESTRA) then either is accepted.[50]

A "crucial Countdown conundrum" occurs if, before the conundrum, the leading contestant is ahead by ten points or fewer. The studio lights are dimmed and the first contestant to answer correctly wins the game. If the scores are level after the conundrum, additional conundrums are used until the match is decided.[51]

Example:
Conundrum is revealed:
C H I N A L U N G.
Contestant One buzzes, and says launching, which scores 10 points.

Evolution

The rules of Countdown are derived from those of Des chiffres et des lettres. Perhaps the biggest difference is the length of the round; DCedL's number rounds are each 45 seconds long to Countdown's 30 (letters are still 30 seconds and DUELS are as long as contestants require). DCedL has an alternative two rounds, called "duels", in which players compete to solve a mental arithmetic problem, extract two themed words, or spell a rare word. Other minor discrepancies include a different numbers scoring system (9 points for an exact solution, or 6 points for the closest inexact solution in DCedL) and the proportion of letters to numbers rounds (11 to 3 in Countdown, 8 to 4 in DCedL).[52]

The pilot episode followed significantly different rules from the current ones. Most noticeably, only eight letters were selected for each letters round. If two contestants offered a word of the same length, or an equally close solution to a numbers game, then only the contestant who made the selection for that round was awarded points. Also, only five points were given for an exact numbers solution, three for a solution within 5, and one point for the closer solution, no matter how far away.[53]

Until the end of Series 21, if the two contestants had equal scores after the first conundrum, the match was considered a draw and they both returned for the next show.[54] A significant change in the format occurred in September 2001, when the show was expanded from nine rounds and 30 minutes to the current fifteen rounds and 45 minutes.[55] The older format was split into two halves, each having three letters and one numbers game, with the conundrum at the end of the second half. When the format was expanded to fifteen rounds, Richard Whiteley continued to refer jokingly to the three segments of the show as "halves". Under the old format, Grand Finals were specially extended shows of fourteen rounds,[56] but now all shows follow the same format.[57]

The rules regarding which words are permitted have changed with time. American spelling was allowed until 2002,[58] and more unspecified inflections were assumed to be valid.[59]

In September 2007 a new feature was added to the show in which, during a brief pause in the game after round nine, Susie Dent explains the origin of a word or phrase which she has been researching. For the short time Susie was on maternity leave this addition was not continued; however, when she returned on Wednesday 6 February 2008, she continued the feature once again.

Notable contestants

Since Countdown's debut in 1982, there have been over 5,000 televised games and 62 complete series. There have also been thirteen Champion of Champions tournaments, with the most recent starting in January 2009.[40]

Several of Countdown's most successful contestants have received national media coverage. Teenager Julian Fell set a record score of 146 in December 2002.[60] More recently, fourteen-year-old Conor Travers became the youngest series champion in the show's history[61][62][63], and 11 year old Kai Laddiman became the youngest octochamp for 20 years.

In July 2009, Andrew Hulme, an economics student at the University of Warwick, broke the record for the highest octochamp score. He amassed 930 points over 8 games.

At eight years old, Tanmay Dixit was one of the youngest players ever to appear on the show when he achieved two wins in March 2005.[64] He also received press attention for his offerings in the letters round, which included fannies and farted.[65] Three former contestants have returned to Countdown as part of the production team: Michael Wylie, Mark Nyman (as producer, and occasional lexicographer in Dictionary Corner) and Damian Eadie (the current series producer).

In 1998, sixteen celebrities were invited to play Celebrity Countdown, a series of eight games broadcast every Thursday evening over the course of eight weeks.[66] The celebrities included Whiteley's successor Des Lynam, who beat Siân Lloyd.[67] The highest and lowest scores were posted in the same game when Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall beat Jilly Goolden 47-9.[67]

Richard Whiteley and Carol Vorderman competed in another special episode on Christmas Day 1997. For this game, the presenter's chair was taken by William G. Stewart, the host of fellow Channel 4 game show Fifteen to One. Susie Dent took over Vorderman's duties, and Mark Nyman occupied Dictionary Corner.[67] The game was close-fought, and decided only by the crucial Countdown conundrum mistletoe which Vorderman solved in two seconds.[68]

Contestants who have or had become notable for other reasons include Nuts magazine editor-at-large Pete Cashmore, rugby player Ayoola Erinle, footballer Neil MacKenzie, musician Jon Marsh, musician Nick Saloman, and comedian Alex Horne.

In popular culture

The letters of the infamous round in which both contestants declared the word wankers.

Countdown is often referenced and parodied in British culture.

Assorted allusions

The Doctor Who episode "Bad Wolf" (2005) mentions a futuristic version of Countdown, in which the goal is to stop a bomb from exploding in 30 seconds. It was referenced again in a later series in "Last of the Time Lords" (2007), where Professor Docherty expresses a keen fondness for the show and how it "hasn't been the same since Des took over - either of them".

In the 2002 film About a Boy, protagonist Will Freeman is a regular viewer of Countdown.[69] Fairport Convention guitarist Simon Nicol named one of his solo records Consonant Please, Carol, echoing one of the show's most famous catchphrases.

Outtakes

Countdown has also generated a number of popular outtakes, with the letters producing the occasional word that was deemed unsuitable for the original broadcast. A round in which Dictionary Corner offered the word gobshite featured in TV's Finest Failures in 2001,[70] and in one episode, contestants Gino Corr and Lawrence Pearse both declared the word wankers. This was edited out of the programme but has since appeared on many outtakes shows.[71][72] When contestant Charlie Reams declared "wankers" on the 21 October 2008 edition, the declaration was kept in but the word itself was bleeped. Other incidents with only marginally rude words (including wanker, singular) have made it into the programme as they appeared, such as those with Tanmay Dixit referenced above, and a clip from a 2001 episode in which the word fart appeared on the letters board, which also featured on 100 Greatest TV Moments from Hell.[73]

Humour

The programme is mentioned in an episode of Irish sitcom Father Ted entitled "The Old Grey Whistle Theft,"[74] Still Game (in the episode "Kill Wullie") and is also referenced in the very first episode of Little Britain from 2003.[75] BBC impression sketch show, Dead Ringers, parodies Countdown numerous times, and another television programme, The Big Breakfast, parodied Countdown in a feature called "Countdown Under".[76] Comedy show A Bit of Fry and Laurie further lampooned Countdown in a sketch entitled Countdown to Hell. Fry played Richard Whiteley, while Gyles Brandreth got the word sloblock — an anagram of bollocks.[77] The show also has a fleeting reference in British sitcom The Office when Chris 'Finchy' Finch attempts to insult temporary worker Ricky when he explains he had a job to pay for his studies. Finchy states that it probably was 'professor in charge of watching Countdown every day', commenting on its student audience, and referring to the fact anyone watching Countdown during its 'hometime' time slot cannot be out at work.

The format of the show has been parodied on Have I Got News for You. In 1999, when Richard was a guest, the numbers game was copied along with the famous clock music and at the end of the show was a conundrum, the conundrum was "PHANIOILS", to which the answer was IAN HISLOP. In 2004, when Carol was a guest one of the usual rounds was replaced with a conundrum round based on the week's news. When Carol hosted the show in 2006, one of the rounds was the "Spinning Conundrum Numbers Round", altering the "Spinning Headlines" round, by adding a number to a picture relating to the week's news, then at the end of the round the 6 numbers from the picture were used for a numbers game.

Richard Whiteley was the victim of a practical joke while presenting the show. The contestants and rounds had been planted as part of a "Gotcha!", a regular prank feature on the light entertainment show Noel's House Party. In the prank, the two contestants missed the word "something" from the letters OMETHINGS, and from another selection, both of the contestants declared "I've got diarrhoea" referring to the selection. In the numbers round that followed, the male contestant "answered" the puzzle by reading out the numbers. Whiteley did not uncover the joke until House Party presenter Noel Edmonds appeared on the set, having revealed the unusually short conundrum of HOGCAT to be "gotcha" at the end of the programme.[78]

It was also referred to on Harry Hill's TV Burp twice. The first time it was referred to was when "Dev" (Coronation Street) made a sound like the countdown end of thirty seconds time. The second time was when the competition "Where Has The Knitted Character Been This Week?" had the answer: On Rachel Riley's chair.

Transmissions

Series

SeriesStart dateEnd dateEpisodes
Regular
1
2 November 1982
16 December 1982
27
2
5 April 1983
2 July 1983
53
3
19 September 1983
15 December 1983
52
4
2 April 1984
28 June 1984
52
Champion of Champions
I
15 October 1984
23 October 1984
7
Regular
5
24 October 1984
21 December 1984
43
6
7 January 1985
21 March 1985
54
7
14 October 1985
20 December 1985
50
8
6 January 1986
27 March 1986
59
Champion of Champions
II
31 March 1986
8 April 1986
7
Regular
9
9 April 1986
3 June 1986
40
10
13 October 1986
19 December 1986
50
11
2 February 1987
10 April 1987
50
12
13 April 1987
19 June 1987
50
Champion of Champions
III
22 June 1987
30 June 1987
7
Regular
13
1 July 1987
28 August 1987
43
14
5 October 1987
25 December 1987
63
15
11 April 1988
17 June 1988
50
16
20 June 1988
2 September 1988
55
Champion of Champions
IV
2 January 1989
10 January 1989
7
Regular
17
11 January 1989
17 March 1989
48
18
10 July 1989
13 October 1989
70
19
1 January 1990
30 March 1990
65
20
2 July 1990
28 September 1990
65
Champion of Champions
V
31 December 1990
8 January 1991
7
Regular
21
9 January 1991
29 March 1991
58
22
1 July 1991
27 September 1991
65
23
30 December 1991
27 March 1992
65
24
29 June 1992
25 September 1992
65
Champion of Champions
VI
4 January 1993
12 January 1993
7
Regular
25
13 January 1993
2 April 1993
58
26
5 July 1993
1 October 1993
65
27
3 January 1994
1 April 1994
65
28
4 July 1994
30 September 1994
65
Champion of Champions
VII
2 January 1995
10 January 1995
7
Regular
29
11 January 1995
31 March 1995
58
30
3 July 1995
29 September 1995
65
31
1 January 1996
29 March 1996
65
32
1 July 1996
27 September 1996
65
Champion of Champions
VIII
30 September 1996
8 October 1996
7
Supreme Championship
33
9 October 1996
20 December 1996
53
Regular
34
30 December 1996
28 March 1997
65
35
31 March 1997
27 June 1997
65
36
30 June 1997
26 September 1997
65
37
29 September 1997
19 December 1997
60
Champion of Champions
IX
29 December 1997
16 January 1998
15
Regular
38
19 January 1998
26 June 1998
115
39
29 June 1998
25 December 1998
130
40
28 December 1998
25 June 1999
130
41
28 June 1999
25 December 1999
121
Champion of Champions
X
27 December 1999
31 December 1999
5
Regular
42
3 January 2000
23 June 2000
119
43
26 June 2000
25 December 2000
114
44
26 December 2000
29 June 2001
131
45
2 July 2001
21 September 2001
43
46
24 September 2001
25 December 2001
67
47
26 December 2001
28 June 2002
127
48
1 July 2002
20 December 2002
110
Champion of Champions
XI
6 January 2003
24 January 2003
15
Regular
49
27 January 2003
27 June 2003
107
50
30 June 2003
19 December 2003
103
51
5 January 2004
25 June 2004
114
52
28 June 2004
17 December 2004
112
53
4 January 2005
1 July 2005
119
54
31 October 2005
26 May 2006
153
Champion of Champions
XII
29 May 2006
16 June 2006
15
Regular
55
19 June 2006
22 December 2006
135
56
2 January 2007
22 June 2007
120
57
25 June 2007
21 December 2007
126
58
2 January 2008
20 June 2008
119
59
23 June 2008
12 December 2008
105
Champion of Champions
XIII
12 January 2009
30 January 2009
15
Regular
60
2 February 2009
19 June 2009
96
61
22 June 2009
18 December 2009
110
62
11 January 2010
??
??

Masters series

SeriesStart dateEnd dateEpisodes
1
3 April 1989
26 March 1990
52
2
2 April 1990
25 March 1991
52

Other

Countdown at Christmas

Date
25 December 1997

Celebrity

SeriesStart dateEnd dateEpisodes
1
23 April 1998
18 June 1998
8

Specials

Date
26 May 2003
25 July 2003
4 August 2003
18 August 2003
25 August 2003
2 September 2003
3 September 2003
8 September 2003
9 September 2003
10 September 2003
11 September 2003
12 September 2003
15 March 2004
19 March 2004
14 June 2004
26 July 2004
2 August 2004
13 August 2004
23 August 2004
30 August 2004
20 December 2004
25 March 2005
30 May 2005

Spanish and Galician versions

As of 1991[citation needed] , a Spanish version of this show was released: Cifras y Letras (numbers and letters). The show was originally presented by Elisenda Roca, along with a word expert and mathematician. As this show progressed, a second version of the same show was also produced, which covered Latin American Spanish. The current Peninsular Spanish edition is presented by Paco Lodeiro.

Shortly after this, a Galician version was also released: Cifras e Letras, differing from the above only in the fact that it used Galician instead of Spanish, and a studio design variation.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ BBC.co.uk obituary for Richard Whiteley - URL accessed 24/06/06.
  3. ^ Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 9–15.
  4. ^ a b Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 20.
  5. ^ IMDB.com on Countdown trivia - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  6. ^ UK Game Shows on Countdown's first episode - URL accessed 26/06/06.
  7. ^ Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 17–18.
  8. ^ UK Game Shows on the five-presenter system - URL accessed 24/06/06.
  9. ^ IMDB on Vorderman's Cambridge graduation and Mensa membership - URL accessed 08/07/06.
  10. ^ Scotland on Sunday on the advertisement to which Vorderman responded - URL accessed 06/07/06.
  11. ^ Independent.co.uk on viewer dissatisfaction with Vorderman's expanded role - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  12. ^ BBC.co.uk on Des Lynam as the new presenter of Countdown - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  13. ^ a b BBC.co.uk on Lynam leaving the programme - URL accessed 30/09/06.
  14. ^ The Sun Countdown's Des quits show - URL accessed 30/09/06.
  15. ^ BBC News on Des O'Connor succeeding Des Lynam as host - URL accessed 13/11/2006.
  16. ^ "Channel4.com". http://www.channel4.com/community/showcards/C/Countdown_-_Richard_Whiteley2.html. 
  17. ^ .The Countdown Page on lexicographers].
  18. ^ Countdown: Spreading The Word, (Granada Media, 2001), p. 119–131.
  19. ^ a b "Carol Vorderman quits Countdown". BBC. 2008-07-25. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7526290.stm. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  20. ^ "news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7675710.stm". BBC News. 21 November 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7675710.stm. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  21. ^ a b Scotsman.com on Countdown establishing cult status
  22. ^ a b BBC.co.uk Richard Whiteley obituary on the show's audience and cult status. URL accessed 24/06/06.
  23. ^ Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001), p. 74.
  24. ^ DailyRecord.co.uk on viewing figures.
  25. ^ UKGameshows.com on Series 54 final viewing figures - URL accessed 10/07/06.
  26. ^ Jonathan Shaw's official website, detailing his parliamentary motion - URL accessed 10/07/06.
  27. ^ Nebagram.co.uk on the prizes - page accessed 24/06/06.
  28. ^ Amazon.co.uk on the leather-bound Oxford English Dictionary - page accessed 24/06/06.
  29. ^ Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 147.
  30. ^ Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 33.
  31. ^ Fletcher, Alex (2008-07-23). "O'Connor quits as 'Countdown' host". Digital Spy. http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/tv/a114453/oconnor-quits-as-countdown-host.html. Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  32. ^ "Vorderman 'forced' to quit quiz". BBC. 2008-07-26. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7527091.stm. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  33. ^ "The Independent, 18 October 2008.". http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/films/news/countdown-conundrum-solved-965462.html. 
  34. ^ "The Guardian, 14 October 2008.". http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2008/oct/14/channel4-television1. 
  35. ^ "Armstrong turns down 'Countdown' job". The Independent, 18 October 2008.. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/tv/news/armstrong-turns-down-countdown-job-980252.html. 
  36. ^ "BBC News, 28 July 2008.". 28 July 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7528510.stm. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  37. ^ "BBC News, 28 July 2008.". 21 November 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7675710.stm. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  38. ^ Countdown: Spreading The Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 87.
  39. ^ The Countdown Page Julian Fell's Countdown "experience" - URL accessed 24/06/06.
  40. ^ a b Countdown: Spreading The Word (Granada Media, 2001), p. 220.
  41. ^ The Countdown Page list of special episodes and their themes - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  42. ^ a b c d e Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 24.
  43. ^ The Countdown Corral on letter frequencies - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  44. ^ UK Game Shows on production team aid - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  45. ^ The Countdown Page on dictionaries - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  46. ^ The Oxford Dictionary of English (2005, Oxford University Press), p. xvii.
  47. ^ UK Game Shows on game equipment - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  48. ^ Countdown Statistics on the frequency of each numbers games' selection - URL accessed 19/06/06.
  49. ^ a b Crossword Tools on analysis of the numbers game - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  50. ^ Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 26.
  51. ^ The Countdown Page game recap involving a tie-break conundrum - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  52. ^ cybercl.free.fr rules of Des Chiffres et des Lettres (in French) - URL accessed 07/07/06.
  53. ^ Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001), p. 18.
  54. ^ Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001), p. 133.
  55. ^ The Countdown Page showing the expanded format - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  56. ^ The Countdown Page showing a fourteen-round final - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  57. ^ The Countdown Page showing a fifteen-round final - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  58. ^ New Oxford Dictionary of English Guidelines on the change in rules regarding American spelling - URL accessed 21/06/06.
  59. ^ The Countdown Page series final recap in which dominater was deemed valid - URL accessed 20/06/06.
  60. ^ The Countdown Page on Julian Fell's record score - URL accessed 25/06/06.
  61. ^ Daily Mail on Conor Travers - URL accessed 25/06/06.
  62. ^ The Independent on Conor Travers - URL accessed 21/06/06.
  63. ^ The Guardian on Conor Travers - URL accessed 21/06/06.
  64. ^ Daily Mail on Tanmay Dixit - URL accessed 25/06/06.
  65. ^ Sky.com on Tanmay Dixit - URL accessed 21/06/06.
  66. ^ Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 34.
  67. ^ a b c The Countdown Page on Celebrity Countdown - URL accessed 25/06/06.
  68. ^ The Countdown Page recap of Whiteley vs. Vorderman Christmas special - URL accessed 25/06/06.
  69. ^ IMDB About a Boy movie connections page - URL accessed 18/06/06.
  70. ^ IMDB TV's Finest Failures movie connections page - URL accessed 21/06/06.
  71. ^ Snopes on the wankers incident - URL accessed 21/06/06.
  72. ^ Telegraph.co.uk on the wankers incident - URL accessed 20/07/06.
  73. ^ IMDB 100 Greatest TV Moments from Hell movie connections page - URL accessed 19/06/06.
  74. ^ IMDB Father Ted movie connections - URL accessed 21/06/06.
  75. ^ IMDB Little Britain movie connections page - URL accessed 21/06/06.
  76. ^ UK Game Shows list of game show spoofs - URL accessed 21/06/06.
  77. ^ Countdown to Hell transcript - URL accessed 23/06/06.
  78. ^ Channel 4 Community webchat with Richard Whiteley, explaining his Gotcha! - URL accessed 21/06/06.
  • Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) ISBN 0233999760

External links

 

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