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definitions - Country

country (n.)

1.rural regions

2.the country where you were born

3.the people who live in a nation or country"a statement that sums up the nation's mood" "the news was announced to the nation" "the whole country worshipped him"

4.a politically organized body of people under a single government"the state has elected a new president" "African nations" "students who had come to the nation's capitol" "the country's largest manufacturer" "an industrialized land"

5.a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography)"it was a mountainous area" "Bible country"

6.the territory occupied by a nation"he returned to the land of his birth" "he visited several European countries"

7.an area outside of cities and towns"his poetry celebrated the slower pace of life in the country"

8.having hills and crags"hilly terrain"

country (adj.)

1.of or relating to the countryside as opposed to the city"rural electrification" "rural free delivery"

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Merriam Webster

CountryCoun"try (k?n"tr?), n.; pl. Countries (-tr�z). [F. contrée, LL. contrata, fr. L. contra over against, on the opposite side. Cf. Counter, adv., Contra.]
1. A tract of land; a region; the territory of an independent nation; (as distinguished from any other region, and with a personal pronoun) the region of one's birth, permanent residence, or citizenship.

Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred. Gen. xxxxii. 9.

I might have learned this by my last exile,
that change of countries cannot change my state.
Stirling.

Many a famous realm
And country, whereof here needs no account
Milton.

2. Rural regions, as opposed to a city or town.

As they walked, on their way into the country. Mark xvi. 12 (Rev. Ver. ).

God made the covatry, and man made the town. Cowper.

Only very great men were in the habit of dividing the year between town and country. Macaulay.

3. The inhabitants or people of a state or a region; the populace; the public. Hence: (a) One's constituents. (b) The whole body of the electors of state; as, to dissolve Parliament and appeal to the country.

All the country in a general voice
Cried hate upon him.
Shak.

4. (Law) (a) A jury, as representing the citizens of a country. (b) The inhabitants of the district from which a jury is drawn.

5. (Mining.) The rock through which a vein runs.

Conclusion to the country. See under Conclusion. -- To put one's self upon the country, or To throw one's self upon the country, to appeal to one's constituents; to stand trial before a jury.

CountryCoun"try, a.
1. Pertaining to the regions remote from a city; rural; rustic; as, a country life; a country town; the country party, as opposed to city.

2. Destitute of refinement; rude; unpolished; rustic; not urbane; as, country manners.

3. Pertaining, or peculiar, to one's own country.

She, bowing herself towards him, laughing the cruel tyrant to scorn, spake in her country language. 2 Macc. vii. 27.

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definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - Country

see also - Country

phrases

-African country • Central American country • European country • North American country • South American country • all over the country • back country • country air • country and western • country borage • country bumpkin • country club • country cottage • country dance • country dancing • country doctor • country dweller • country folk • country folks • country ham • country house • country lane • country manager • country music • country of origin • country people • country road • country seat • country store • country town • country-bred • country-dance • country-style • cross country • cross-country • cross-country race • cross-country run • cross-country vehicle • in the country • industrial country • mother country • mother-country • old country • open country • up-country

-1959 in country music • 1960 in country music • 1961 in country music • 1962 in country music • 1963 in country music • 1964 in country music • 1965 in country music • 1966 in country music • 1967 in country music • 1968 in country music • 1969 in country music • 1970 in country music • 1971 in country music • 1972 in country music • 1973 in country music • 1974 in country music • 1975 in country music • 1976 in country music • 1977 in country music • 1978 in country music • 1979 in country music • 1980 in country music • 1981 in country music • 1982 in country music • 1983 in country music • 1984 in country music • 1985 in country music • 1986 in country music • 1987 in country music • 1988 in country music • 1989 in country music • 1990 in country music • 1991 in country music • 1992 in country music • 1993 in country music • 1994 in country music • 1995 in country music • 1996 in country music • 1997 in country music • 1998 in country music • 1999 in country music • 2000 in country music • 2001 in country music • 2002 in country music • 2003 in country music • 2004 in country music • 2005 in country music • Academy of Country Music • Alternative country • Beer and breweries by country • Black Country • Border country • Canyon Country, Santa Clarita, California • Capital Country • Copper Country • Country Club of Virginia • Country Club, Bronx • Country Dance • Country Dance (film) • Country Diary • Country Homes, Washington • Country Joe and the Fish • Country Liberal Party • Country Life (Show of Hands album) • Country Life Park • Country Life Park, Gauteng • Country Living • Country Music Association • Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum • Country Reports on Human Rights Practices • Country Spirit • Country View • Country View, Gauteng • Country blues • Country code • Country music • Country of My Skull • Country of origin • Country of origin labeling • Country rock • Cross Country • Cross-country skiing • Cross-country skiing at the 2002 Winter Olympics • Demographics of Georgia (country) • Developed country • Developing country • Donkey Kong Country • Donkey Kong Country (TV series) • Economy of Georgia (country) • Elvis Country (I'm 10,000 Years Old) • English country dance • FIPS country code • Fictional country • Firestone Country Club • Fly through the Country • Geography of Georgia (country) • Grammy Award for Best Country Album • Grammy Award for Best Country Song • Grammy Award for Best Male Country Vocal Performance • Han (country subdivision) • Harrowsmith Country Life • Hill Country Village, Texas • Holston Hills Country Club • How to Start Your Own Country (TV series) • I'm a Little Bit Country • ISO two-letter country codes • Imaginary country • In Country • In God's Country • Index of Georgia (country)-related articles • Lake Almanor Country Club, California • Lake Country, British Columbia • Landlocked country • Least Developed Country • Library of Congress Country Studies • Lion Rock Country Park • List of FIPS country codes • List of aircraft engine manufacturers by country • List of archaeological sites by country • List of armoured fighting vehicles by country • List of bayonets by country • List of capitals and largest cities by country • List of city listings by country • List of country and regional avifaunas • List of country rock musicians • List of department stores by country • List of digital television deployments by country • List of etymologies of country subdivision names • List of missiles by country • List of modern weapons by country • List of soft drinks by country • List of universities and colleges by country • List of years in country music • Lists by country • Lists of country-related topics • Lovecraft Country • Matrix of country subdivisions • Medinah Country Club • Miami Country Day School • Military history by country • Moscow Country Club • Munchkin Country • My Country, 'Tis of Thee • My Happiness (country song) • My Kind of Country • National capitals listed by country • Newly industrialized country • Newport Country Club • North Country (film) • North Country Trail • Nth Country Experiment • Oakmont Country Club • Olympia Fields Country Club • One country, two systems • Oregon Country Fair • Our Currency Our Country • Overseas country of France • Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement – New Country • Politics of Georgia (country) • Progressive country • Queen Elizabeth Country Park • Real Country • Ride the High Country • Riding (country subdivision) • Riviera Country Club • Royal Scottish Country Dance Society • SR West Country and Battle of Britain classes • Sahalee Country Club • Saint Elizabeth of the Hill Country Catholic Church • San Diego Country Estates, California • Savannah Country Day School • Scottish country dance • Socialism in One Country • Southern Hills Country Club • Staunton Country Park • Strathclyde Country Park • Strathmore-Vanderbilt Country Club • Supreme Court cases involving Jehovah's Witnesses by country • Table of voting systems by country • The Albion Country Band • The Big Country • The Country Bears • The Country Girl • The Country Girls • The Country Wife • The Country of Blinds • The Day the Country Died • The Far Country • The Gate to Women's Country • The Real New Fall LP (Formerly Country on the Click) • This Country is Yours • Town and Country, Washington • Up-Country People's Front • Visalia Country Club • Wandong Country Music Festival • Weald Country Park • West Country • Westport Country Playhouse • Winterthur Museum and Country Estate

analogical dictionary




country (n.)





geography[Domaine]

GeographicArea[Domaine]

region[Hyper.]

areal[Dérivé]

country (n.)




factotum[Domaine]

LandArea[Domaine]

rough, unsmooth[Similaire]

country (n.)


Wikipedia

Country

                   
  European topographical map
  Same map as above, but showing sovereign states widely accepted by the UN instead of topographies

A country is a region legally identified as a distinct entity in political geography. A country may be an independent sovereign state or one that is occupied by another state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division, or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated peoples with distinct political characteristics. Regardless of the physical geography, in the modern internationally accepted legal definition as defined by the League of Nations in 1937 and reaffirmed by the United Nations in 1945, a resident of a country is subject to the independent exercise of legal jurisdiction.

Sometimes the word country is used to refer both to sovereign states and to other political entities,[1][2][3] while other times it refers only to states.[4] For example, the CIA World Factbook uses the word in its "Country name" field to refer to "a wide variety of dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, uninhabited islands, and other entities in addition to the traditional countries or independent states".[5]

Contents

  Etymology and usage

The word country has developed from the Late Latin contra meaning "against", used in the sense of "that which lies against, or opposite to, the view", i.e. the landscape spread out to the view. From this came the Late Latin term contrata, which became the modern Italian contrada. The term appears in the Vulgate version of Matthew 12:30 "Qui non est mecum, contra me est: et qui non congregat mihi, spargit. (He who is not with me is against me, and he who does not gather with me scatters.) In many ways this defined the agonistic world view of the early Christian identity in Europe.[6] From this new theological World view several different senses of the term developed in Middle English from the 13th century, all reflecting a sense of either opposition, or occupation.[7]

In English the word has increasingly become associated with political divisions, so that one sense, associated with the indefinite article – "a country" – is now a synonym for state, or a former sovereign state, in the sense of sovereign territory or "district, native land".[8] Areas much smaller than a political state may be called by names such as the West Country in England, the Black Country (a heavily industrialized part of England), "Constable Country" (a part of East Anglia painted by John Constable), the "big country" (used in various contexts of the American West), "coal country" (used of parts of the US and elsewhere) and many other terms.[9]

The equivalent terms in French and Romance languages (pays and variants) have not carried the process of being identified with political sovereign states as far as the English "country", instead derived from, pagus, which designated the territory controlled by a medieval count, a title originally granted by the Roman Church. In many European countries the words are used for sub-divisions of the national territory, as in the German Länder, as well as a less formal term for a sovereign state. France has very many "pays" that are officially recognised at some level, and are either natural regions, like the Pays de Bray, or reflect old political or economic unities, like the Pays de la Loire. At the same time Wales, the United States, and Brazil are also "pays" in everyday French speech.

A version of "country" can be found in the modern French language as contrée, based on the word cuntrée in Old French,[9] that is used similarly to the word "pays" to define regions and unities, but can also be used to describe a political state in some particular cases. The modern Italian contrada is a word with its meaning varying locally, but usually meaning a ward or similar small division of a town, or a village or hamlet in the countryside.

  Nations

Although not sovereign states, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland (in the United Kingdom) are examples of entities that are regarded and referred to as countries.[10][11][12][13] Former states such as Bavaria (now part of Germany) and Piedmont (now part of Italy) would not normally be referred to as "countries" in contemporary English.[citation needed]

The degree of autonomy of non-sovereign countries varies widely. Some are possessions of sovereign states, as several states have overseas dependencies (such as the British Virgin Islands (GBR) and Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FRA)), with citizenry at times identical and at times distinct from their own. Such dependent territories are sometimes listed together with sovereign states on lists of countries, and may be treated as a "country of origin" in international trade, as Hong Kong is.

  Countries of the world

The term "country" is commonly used to refer to sovereign states. There is no universal agreement on the number of "countries" in the world, seeing as a number of states have disputed sovereignty status. There are 206 total states, with 193 states participating in the United Nations and 15 states whose sovereignty status is disputed. The newest state is South Sudan.[14]

  See also

  References

  1. ^ "Acts Interpretation Act 1901 - Sect 22: Meaning of certain words". Australasian Legal Information Institute. http://scaleplus.law.gov.au/ComLaw/Legislation/ActCompilation1.nsf/framelodgmentattachments/C9CB248BCF472C8BCA257664002343B3. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  2. ^ "The Kwet Koe v Minister for Immigration & Ethnic Affairs & Ors [1997] FCA 912 (8 September 1997)". Australasian Legal Information Institute. http://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/disp.pl/au/cases/cth/federal%5fct/1997/912.html. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Department of State Foreign Affairs Manual Volume 2—General" (PDF). United States Department of State. http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/84411.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  4. ^ Rosenberg, Matt. "Geography: Country, State, and Nation". http://geography.about.com/cs/politicalgeog/a/statenation.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  5. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/docs/notesanddefs.html#T. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  6. ^ John Burt Foster, Wayne Jeffrey Froman, Thresholds of western culture: identity, postcoloniality, transnationalism, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2002, p.208
  7. ^ John Simpson, Edmund Weiner, ed. "country". Oxford English Dictionary (1971 compact ed.). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-861186-2. 
  8. ^ OED, Country
  9. ^ a b John Simpson, Edmund Weiner, ed. Oxford English Dictionary (1971 compact ed.). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-861186-2. 
  10. ^ "Legal Research Guide: United Kingdom - Law Library of Congress (Library of Cong". Library of Congress website. Library of Congress. 2009-07-23. http://www.loc.gov/law/help/uk.php. Retrieved 2009-09-22. "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the collective name of four countries, England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The four separate countries were united under a single Parliament through a series of Acts of Union." 
  11. ^ "countries within a country:number10.gov.uk". 10 Downing Street website. 10 Downing Street. 2003-01-10. http://www.number10.gov.uk/Page823. Retrieved 2009-09-22. "The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland." 
  12. ^ "Commonwealth Secretariat - Geography". Commonwealth Secretariat website. Commonwealth Secretariat. 2009-09-22. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/YearbookInternal/139598/geography/. Retrieved 2009-09-22. "The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) is a union of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland." 
  13. ^ "Travelling Europe - United Kingdom". European Youth Portal. European Commission. 2009-06-29. http://europa.eu/youth/travelling_europe/index_uk_en.html. Retrieved 2009-09-22. "The United Kingdom is made up of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales." 
  14. ^ United_Nations#Membership

  Further reading

  External links

   
               

 

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