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definition - Department_for_Work_and_Pensions

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Department for Work and Pensions

                   
Department for Work and Pensions
Department for Work and Pensions.svg
Logo of the Department for Work and Pensions
Department overview
Formed 2001
Preceding Department Department for Education and Skills
Department of Social Security
Jurisdiction United Kingdom
Headquarters London
Annual budget £174.3 billion (social security benefits), £7.6 billion (current) & £200 million (capital) in 2011-12 [1] [2]
Minister responsible Iain Duncan Smith MP, Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
Department executive Robert Devereux, Permanent Secretary
Child agencies Jobcentre Plus
The Pension, Disability and Carers Service
Website
www.dwp.gov.uk
United Kingdom
Coat of Arms of the UK Government

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the United Kingdom

Constitution

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The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) is the largest government department in the United Kingdom.

Contents

  History

Created on June 8, 2001 (the date co-incident with the election into government of the Labour party [3] ).

The department was created by merging the DSS, The Employment Service and those of the policy groups previously a part of the DfEE specifically with concerns of Employment policy and International issues in addition to the Opportunity and Diversity group's responsibilities toward disability. [4][5]

  Budget

The total annual budget of the DWP in 2011-12 is £151.6 billion, representing approximately 28% of total UK Government spending. The DWP spends a far greater share of national wealth than any other department in Britain, by a wide margin.

  Role

The department was initially tasked at its inception [6] specifically with creating Jobcentre Plus and the Pensions service from the remains of the Employment service and the Benefits agency. [4] The department is therefore responsible for welfare and pension policy.[7] Its key aims are

to help its customers become financially independent and to help reduce child poverty.[8]

  Ministers

The DWP Ministers are :[9]

Minister Rank Portfolio
The Rt Hon Iain Duncan Smith MP Secretary of State Overall responsibility
The Rt Hon Chris Grayling MP Minister of State Employment
Steve Webb MP Minister of State Pensions
Maria Miller MP Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State Disabled people
Lord Freud Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State Welfare reform
Key Conservative
Liberal Democrat

The Permanent Secretary is Robert Devereux.

  Structure

The Department for Work and Pensions has three operational organisations:[10]

Until 2011 Jobcentre Plus and The Pension, Disability and Carers Service were executive agencies of the department. They are now operated wholly from within the department, with the names continuing as brand identifiers.

  DWP buildings at Quarry Hill, Leeds (known locally as 'The Pink Palace' and 'The Kremlin')

The department's public bodies include:[11]

DWP has corporate buildings in London, Leeds, Blackpool, Newcastle upon Tyne, Warrington and Sheffield. The two agencies, Jobcentre Plus and the Pension, Disability and Carers Service, operate through a network of around 1,000 Jobcentres, contact centres and benefit processing centres across the UK.

After the departure of John Suffolk as Government Chief Information Officer (CIO) in November 2010,[12] the current CIO of the Department for Work and Pensions, Joe Harley, was picked to replace him.[13]

  Research

The DWP is a major commissioner of external social science research, with the objective of providing the evidence base needed to inform departmental strategy, policy-making and delivery.[14] The DWP has developed and uses various microsimulation and other models, including the Policy Simulation Model (for appraisal of policy options), Pensim2 (to create projections of pension entitlements up to 2100) and Inform (to produce the Department's benefit caseload forecasts). Datasets held include the LLMDB and the Family Resources Survey.

  Devolution and parity

Employment, health and safety, and social security policy are reserved matters in Scotland.[15]

Northern Ireland has parity with Great Britain in three areas:

Policy in these areas is technically devolved but, in practice, follows policy set by Parliament to provide consistency across the United Kingdom.[16] Employment and health and safety policy are fully devolved.

The DWP's main counterparts in Northern Ireland are:

  Cost

The total annual budget of the DWP in 2011-12 is £151.6 billion, representing approximately 28% of total UK Government spending.[17]

A report of February 2012 stated that a sum amounting to billions of pounds of money payable through possible benefit claims had not been claimed. In 2009-2010 the Dept stated £1.95 billion job-seekers allowance, £2 billion income support and employment and support allowance, £2.4 billion in council tax, £2.8bn in pension credit and £3.1 billion for housing benefit; in total £12.25 billion had not been claimed. [18]

  See also

  References

  1. ^ Budget 2011. London: HM Treasury. 2011. p. 93. http://cdn.hm-treasury.gov.uk/2011budget_complete.pdf. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Budget 2011. London: HM Treasury. 2011. p. 48. http://cdn.hm-treasury.gov.uk/2011budget_complete.pdf. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  3. ^ E Carmel & T Papadopoulos. "The New governance of Social Security in Britain". University of Bath. https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:DKEqxqNH2t8J:people.bath.ac.uk/hsstp/TP-Publications/EC-TP-New-Governance-of-Soc-Sec_2003.pdf+&hl=en&gl=uk&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShkDSp2DVGV4c92RLl3WqCnOB0axFiOhP6seva9uK60G2pnMs8_aMUnFdd5GqAxEJYYUCRfMSnG4XUPCP4Hj9ONDJCajh5wd2npqT4W3d3PlS2PCvnoFLzEiCyjzRmH-u_Wpc2C&sig=AHIEtbRc022TLSrX9LOVDlmgm6M8wGCr8Q. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  4. ^ a b Dept. of Social Security. "Resource Accounts 2000-2001". rightsnet.org. https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:mlqt7_ipH38J:www.rightsnet.org.uk/pdfs/welfarestate2002.doc+&hl=en&gl=uk&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESh7bLf8tmycUrzt2eQ3jll6Vff17zOPob_6yHShSxllh6n3iFqBHTMlVT_BJGsantqYTK_k5DxBG7kwqM7cItkhaj7IGVl38PgjNHvp8t8jwu4GpxdMsY4ljC3pY2QuacNK-n8G&sig=AHIEtbQgD9kJCfc8zYlsL1vUnt3i8EbazQ&pli=1. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  5. ^ European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions Retrieved 2012-06-06
  6. ^ secondary reference - oxforddictionaries Retrieved 2012-06-06
  7. ^ Department for Work and Pensions: About DWP
  8. ^ Cabinet Office List of Government Departments and Ministers: Department for Work and Pensions
  9. ^ Cabinet Office List of Government Departments and Ministers: Department for Work and Pensions
  10. ^ Department for Work and Pensions: Customer delivery
  11. ^ Department for Work and Pensions: DWP sponsored public bodies
  12. ^ "John Suffolk to leave as Government CIO - a blow to G-Cloud, innovation and radical reform?". Computerworld UK. 16 November 2010. http://blogs.computerworlduk.com/the-tony-collins-blog/2010/11/john-suffolk-to-leave-as-government-cio---a-blow-to-innovation/index.htm. 
  13. ^ "Joe Harley expected to be new Government CIO". Computerworld UK. 20 January 2011. http://blogs.computerworlduk.com/the-tony-collins-blog/2011/01/new-government-cio-expected-to-be-joe-harley/index.htm. 
  14. ^ Department for Work and Pensions: Research, analysis and statistics
  15. ^ Scotland Act 1998, Schedule 5, Heads F&H
  16. ^ Northern Ireland Act 1998, Part VIII, Social security, child support and pensions
  17. ^ News Distribution Service Retrieved September 2011
  18. ^ BBC 23 February 2012 report Retrieved 2012-07-08

  External links

   
               

 

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