Doctor of both laws
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A Doctor of Canon and Civil Law, from the Latin doctor utriusque iuris, or iuris utriusque doctor, or doctor iuris utriusque ("doctor of both laws") is a scholar who has acquired a doctorate in both civil law and church law. The degree was common among Catholic and German scholars of the Middle Ages and early modern times, but is less so today. In unique circumstances, ex-President of the U.S. Grover Cleveland was given the J.U.D. as an honorary degree by the Augustinian College of St. Thomas of Villanova in 1902.
The degree can be abbreviated in many ways: JUD, IUD, DUJ, JUDr., DUI, DJU, Dr.iur.utr., DIU, UJD or UID.
Doctors of Civil and Canon Law
- Arregui Yarza, Antonio, Metropolitan Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Guayaquil, Ecuador
- Cafardi, Nicholas P., Dean emeritus and Professor of Law of the Duquesne University School of Law (USA)
- Carafa, Pierluigi (iuniore), Cardinal, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Dean of the College of Cardinals
- Pietro Gasparri, Cardinal, Secretary of State
- Listecki, Jerome Edward, Archbishop of Milwaukee (USA)
- Mario Francesco Pompedda, Cardinal, Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
- Alessandro Verde, Cardinal, Archpriest of the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore (Italy)