1.anything serving as a representation of a person's thinking by means of symbolic marks
2.(computer science) a computer file that contains text (and possibly formatting instructions) using seven-bit ASCII characters
3.a written account of ownership or obligation
4.(jurisprudence)writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature)
1.support or supply with references"Can you document your claims?"
2.record in detail"The parents documented every step of their child's development"
documentdoc"u*ment (dŏk"�*m�nt), n. [LL. documentum, fr. docere to teach: cf. F. document. See Docile.]
1. That which is taught or authoritatively set forth; precept; instruction; dogma. [Obs.]
Learners should not be too much crowded with a heap or multitude of documents or ideas at one time. I. Watts.
2. An example for instruction or warning. [Obs.]
They were forth with stoned to death, as a document to others. Sir W. Raleigh.
3. An original or official paper relied upon as the basis, proof, or support of anything else; -- in its most extended sense, including any writing, book, or other instrument conveying information in the case; any material substance on which the thoughts of men are represented by any species of conventional mark or symbol.
Saint Luke . . . collected them from such documents and testimonies as he . . . judged to be authentic. Paley.
DocumentDoc"u*ment, v. t.
1. To teach; to school. [Obs.]
I am finely documented by my own daughter. Dryden.
2. To furnish with documents or papers necessary to establish facts or give information; as, a a ship should be documented according to the directions of law.
definition of Wikipedia
audiovisual document • automated document managing • commercial document • customs document • document acquisition • document bill • document facsimile telegraphy • document for discussion at a sitting • document forger • document indexing • document management • document of payment • document retrieval • document storage • electronic document • electronic document management • historical document • identity document • legal document • mortgage document • official document • parliamentary document • single document • transport document • written document
anonymous document • archival document • audiovisual document • composite document • document analysis • document architecture • document base • document circulation • Document filing and retrieval • document image processing • document life-cycle • document processing • document product management • document retrieval software • document storage and retrieval • document structure • host document • physical document processing • primary document • public service document • secondary document
audio-visual document • customs document • document acquisition • document for discussion at a sitting • document indexing • document management • document retrieval • document storage • electronic document • identity document • official document • parliamentary document • single document • transport document
1954 Convention Travel Document • A document listing 324 Arabic names, aliases , and nationalities • A document listing 324 Arabic names, aliases, and nationalities • Act (document) • ActiveX Document • Ancient document • Automated Document Factory • Automatic Document Feeder • Berlin Document Center • Bilali Document • Birch bark document • Birch-bark document • Burn notice (document) • Capability Development Document • Clinical Document Architecture • Commission (document) • Common Technical Document • Comparison of document interfaces • Comparison of document markup languages • Comparison of layout engines (Document Object Model) • Compound Document Format • Compound document • Concise International Chemical Assessment Document • Continuity of Care Document • Crimen sollicitationis (document) • Cross Enterprise Document Sharing • Damascus Document • Design Document Listing • Development Plan Document • Document (album) • Document 1 • Document 1 (album) • Document 12-571-3570 • Document 4 • Document 5 • Document 7 • Document 8 • Document Content Architecture • Document Definition Markup Language • Document Exploitation (DOCEX) • Document Freedom Day • Document Imaging • Document Layout Analysis • Document Management Software • Document Object Model • Document Records • Document Schema Definition Languages • Document Structure Description • Document Structuring Conventions • Document Style Semantics and Specification Language • Document Type Declaration • Document Type Definition • Document Update Markup Language • Document and Eyewitness • Document automation • Document camera • Document capture • Document capture software • Document classification • Document clustering • Document conversion • Document destruction • Document dump • Document engineering • Document examiner • Document examiner (disambiguation) • Document file format • Document formatting • Document management system • Document mode • Document modelling • Document of Identity • Document of Identity (Australia) • Document of the Dead • Document preparation • Document preparation system • Document processing • Document processing system • Document processor • Document retrieval • Document review • Document server • Document storage reduction • Document theft • Document warehouse • Document! X • Document-Centric • Document-based question • Document-centric XML processing • Document-oriented database • Document-term matrix • Draft document • Drug Industry Document Archive • Eat the Document • Electronic Common Technical Document • Electronic Document Professional • Electronic Document System • Electronic Document and Records Management System • Electronic document • Element Definition Document • Employment Authorization Document • Estonian temporary travel document • Estonian travel document for refugees • Evince document viewer • Examination support document • False document • Form (document) • Four Document Hypothesis • Franchise Disclosure Document • Get (divorce document) • Gilchrist Document • Global Document Type Identifier • Graphical document • Green Book (Tibetan document) • Halloween document • Here document • High-level document • Historical document • Identity document • Identity document forgery • Integrated Document Management • Interface Control Document • Iraq document leak 18 September 2004 • Kairos Document • Killian document • Legal document assistant • List of document markup languages • Living document • Low-level document • Lumens document camera • MES Hybrid Document Systems • Machine Readable Travel Document • Makkah Document • Mandgelis Document • Marketing Requirements Document • Merchant Mariner's Document • Microsoft Document Imaging Format • Microsoft Office Document Imaging • Microsoft Office Document Scanning • Mobile document access • Montreux Document • Multi-document summarization • Multiple document interface • National Agenda Document Project • Northeast Document Conservation Center • ODD (One Document Does it all) • One-Sheet Document • Open Document Architecture • Open Document Fellowship • Open Document Format Alliance • Outsourced document processing • Palestinian Prisoners' Document • Penmachno Document • Polyptych (document) • Portable Document Format • Product requirements document • Project initiation document • Q document • Questioned document examination • Refugee travel document • Ruby Document format • School Teachers' Pay and Conditions Document • Self-authenticating document • Senate Document • Signing of the Document of the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence • Single document interface • Software design document • Sound Document • Source document • Structured document • Sung Document • Supervised document classification • Symbolics Document Examiner • System Reference Document • System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval • Tabbed document interface • The @tached Document • The Attached Document • The Damascus Document • The Shanghai Document • Transaction document • Travel document • Turnaround document • US Identity Document • Ukrainian Travel Document of a Child • United Nations Document Codes • United States government document search tools • Unsupervised document classification • User requirements document • Uttering a forged document • Valid XML document • Visa (document) • Vision document • Web Integration Compound Document • Web document • Wedge Document • Will (document) • World Summit Outcome Document • X12 Document List
case file; document; paper; record[ClasseHyper.]
document (n.) [jurisprudence]
document (n.) [jurisprudence]
mathématiques appliquées (fr)[Classe]
high technology; high-tech; hi-tech; high tech[ClasseParExt.]
abstract entity, abstraction[Hyper.]
communicate, intercommunicate - communicate, pass, pass along, pass on, put across, put across/over - commune, communicate - communicate - communicate - communicate, convey, transmit - communicational - document - document, papers, written document - document, text file - document[Dérivé]
appliquer son esprit à des connaissances (fr)[DomaineCollocation]
document (v. tr.)
proof, substantiation, validation - documentation, support - affirmation - check, confirmation, substantiation, verification - confirmation - certification, corroboration, documentation - affirmable, assertable - collateral, confirmative, confirmatory, confirming, corroborative, corroboratory, substantiating, substantiative, validating, validatory, verificatory, verifying - sustainable - affirm, confirm, corroborate, substantiate, support, sustain - document - bear out, confirm, corroborate, substantiate, support, underpin, uphold - documental, documentary - attest, certify, demonstrate, evidence, manifest - corroborate, validate[Dérivé]
document (v. tr.)
émission de télévision (fr)[Classe]
(cassette recorder; tape deck; tape recorder)[termes liés]
(emcee; compere; question master; quizmaster; question-master; quiz-master), (ringmaster; presenter; anchorwoman; radiobroadcaster; radiocaster; telecaster; anchor; anchorman; anchorperson), (channel; television channel; TV channel)[termes liés]
preserve, save, save up - application package, application program, computer software, package, software, software package, software program, software system - film, flick, motion picture, motion-picture show, movie, moving picture, moving-picture show, pic, picture, picture show[Hyper.]
document (v. tr.)
|→||book trade • facsimile • information medium • school textbook • supplying of documents|
|↘||atlas • audio-visual document • biography • case study • commentary on a law • comparative study • conference proceedings • correspondence • dictionary • dictionary of abbreviations • documentary tool • electronic document • encyclopaedia • form • graphic illustration [V4.1] • grey literature • guide • historical account • incunabula [V4.1] • manifesto [V4.1] • manuscript [V4.1] • microform • monograph • multilingual dictionary • newspaper • official document • papal act • periodical publication • plan [V4.1] • press communiqué • publication • quote • report • speech • thesis • yearbook|
The term document has multiple meanings in ordinary language and in scholarship. WordNet 3.1. lists four meanings (October 2011):
In Library and information science and in documentation science is "document" considered a basic theoretical construct. It is everything which may be preserved or represented in order to serve as evidence for some purpose. The classical example provided by Suzanne Briet is an antelope: "An antelope running wild on the plains of Africa should not be considered a document, she rules. But if it were to be captured, taken to a zoo and made an object of study, it has been made into a document. It has become physical evidence being used by those who study it. Indeed, scholarly articles written about the antelope are secondary documents, since the antelope itself is the primary document." (Quoted from Buckland, 1998 ). (This view has been seen as an early expression of what now is known as actor–network theory).
The concept of document has been defined as “any concrete or symbolic indication, preserved or recorded, for reconstructing or for proving a phenomenon, whether physical or mental" (Briet, 1951, 7; here quoted from Buckland, 1991).
A much cited article asked "what is a document" and concluded this way: “The evolving notion of ‘‘document’’ among Otlet, Briet, Schürmeyer, and the other documentalists increasingly emphasized whatever functioned as a document rather than traditional physical forms of documents. The shift to digital technology would seem to make this distinction even more important. Levy’s thoughtful analyses have shown that an emphasis on the technology of digital documents has impeded our understanding of digital documents as documents (e.g., Levy, 1994). A conventional document, such as a mail message or a technical report, exists physically in digital technology as a string of bits, as does everything else in a digital environment. As an object of study, it has been made into a document. It has become physical evidence by those who study it.
There are accepted standards for specific applications in various fields, such as:
Such standard documents can be created based on a template.
The page layout of a document is the manner in which information is graphically arranged in the document space (e.g., on a page). If the appearance of the document is of concern, page layout is generally the responsibility of a graphic designer. Typography deals with the design of letter and symbol forms, as well as their physical arrangement in the document (see typesetting). Information design focuses on the effective communication of information, especially in industrial documents and public signs. Simple text documents may not require a visual design and may be handled by an author, clerk or transcriber. Forms may require a visual design for the initial fields, but not to fill out the forms.
Traditionally, the medium of a document was paper and the information was applied to it as ink, either by hand (to make a hand-written document) or by a mechanical process (such as a printing press or, more recently, a laser printer).
Through time, documents have also been written with ink on papyrus (starting in ancient Egypt) or parchment; scratched as runes on stone using a sharp apparatus; stamped or cut into clay and then baked to make clay tablets (e.g., in the Sumerian and other Mesopotamian civilisations). The paper, papyrus or parchment might be rolled up as a scroll or cut into sheets and bound into a book. Today short documents might also consist of sheets of paper stapled together.
Modern electronic means of storing and displaying documents include:
Digital documents usually have to adhere to a specific file format in order to be useful.
That documents cannot be defined by their transmission medium
Documents in all forms are frequently found to be material evidence in criminal and civil proceedings. The forensic analysis of such a document falls under the scope of questioned document examination. For the purpose of cataloging and managing the large number of documents that may be produced in the course of a law suit, Bates numbering is often applied to all documents so that each document has a unique, aribitrary identifying number.
Other related articles:
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