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A drawer is a component of a piece of furniture that is most often shaped as a short, wide topless box and is used for storage. It is generally part of another, larger piece of furniture—such as a dresser—and may be pulled out from it partway or most of the way to access its contents.
Wooden drawers are often designed so that the front face is complete and the end grain from the side pieces does not show. The corners may be dovetailed for additional strength or of aesthetics, and a half-blind dovetail joint may be used for the front corners to hide the joint. To attach the bottom piece of the drawer, a groove may be cut in the four vertical pieces to insert the bottom of the drawer.
Most commonly, either one or two knobs, handles, or drawer pulls are attached to the front face of the drawer to facilitate pulling it out from its enclosure. In some cases, drawers may have another mechanism by which to pull it, including holes cut in the front face or a hollowed-out area to insert the fingers on the bottom side of the front face of the drawer.
Most older or inexpensive pieces of furniture and cabinets use wooden sliders, upon which the drawer slides as it is opened or closed. Wood slides can be lubricated with paraffin wax. Newer furniture and cabinets may use plastic friction slides, or more elaborate bearings slide, which will provide smoother operation with less binding. There are different types of bearing slides, such as linear ball-bearing slides, roller bearing slides, progressive action slides. Modern drawer slides are usually categorized in how they are mounted, including center mount, side mount, bottom mount and european mount drawer slides. Drawer slides are intended for use varying from light to heavy drawers and thus contain load ratings ranging from 75–450 pounds (34–204 kg). A load rating of 100 pounds (45 kg) is considered typical.
Drawer slides often have a mechanism to keep the drawer from accidentally being pulled fully from its enclosure.
Drawers are often incorporated in other pieces of furniture. The following pieces of furniture are comprised entirely of drawers or incorporate drawers.
- Chest of drawers (also dresser or bureau), used to store clothing.
- Standalone tool chest, used to store tools.
- Countertop, drawers are often incorporated under a counter, for storing kitchen utensils.
- Desks often include drawers for storage.
- File cabinet