Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

definition - Drug_policy_of_Portugal

definition of Wikipedia

   Advertizing ▼


Drug policy of Portugal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

The drug policy of Portugal regards drug abuse as a matter of public health.

Under Portuguese law, there are no criminal penalties for the personal use of any drug.[1][2] Drug abusers are dealt with by administrative and therapeutic means.[3][4][5]



In 2001, Portugal became the first European country to abolish all criminal penalties for personal drug possession. In addition, drug users were to be targeted with therapy rather than prison sentences.[6]


Individuals found in possession of small quantities of drugs are issued summons. The drugs are confiscated, and the suspect is interviewed by a dissuasion commission including a civil servant, a psychiatrist, and an attorney.[7][8] Based on the patterns of drug use, the individual may be subject to fines, therapy, or probation.[citation needed]

Drug trafficking remains illegal and is prosecuted.[7]


Research commissioned by the libertarian Cato Institute, which advocates decriminalization,[9] and led by Glenn Greenwald, found that in the five years after the start of decriminalization, illegal drug use by teenagers had declined, the rate of HIV infections among drug users had dropped, deaths related to heroin and similar drugs had been cut by more than half, and the number of people seeking treatment for drug addiction had doubled, while usage in the EU continued to increase, including in states with "hard-line drug policies."[3]

However, Peter Reuther, a professor of criminology and public policy at the University of Maryland, College Park, while conceding that Portuguese decriminalization met its central goal of stopping the rise in drug use, suggests that the heroin usage rates and related deaths may have been due to the cyclical nature of drug epidemics.[10]

Since Portugal's policy reform in 2001, the rates of overdoses and HIV cases have been reduced significantly.[11][12][13]

See also

External links


  1. ^ "Portugal legalises drug use". BBC News. 7 July 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/823257.stm. Retrieved 21 August 2009. 
  2. ^ Greenwald, Glenn (14 March 2009). "The success of drug decriminalization in Portugal". Salon.com. http://www.salon.com/opinion/greenwald/2009/03/14/portugal/index.html. Retrieved 21 August 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Greenwald, Glenn; Peter Reuter, Tim Lynch (3 April 2009). "Lessons for Creating Fair and Successful Drug Policies". Drug Decriminalization in Portugal. Cato Institute. http://www.cato.org/pubs/wtpapers/greenwald_whitepaper.pdf. Retrieved 21 August 2009. 
  4. ^ Gillespie, Nick. "Drug Decriminalization in Portugal". Reason 2009 (July). http://www.reason.com/news/show/133856.html. Retrieved 24 August 2009. 
  5. ^ Easton, Mark (1 July 2009). "How Portugal treats drug addicts". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/thereporters/markeaston/2009/07/how_portugal_treats_drug_addic.html. Retrieved 24 August 2009. 
  6. ^ Kristof, Nicholas (19 August 2009). "Priority Test: Health Care or Prisons?". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/20/opinion/20kristof.html. Retrieved 21 August 2009. 
  7. ^ a b United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2009) (PDF). Confronting unintended consequences: Drug control and the criminal black market. United Nations. 174. ISBN 978-92-1-148240-9. http://www.unodc.org/documents/wdr/WDR_2009/WDR2009_eng_web.pdf. 
  8. ^ Hammond, Claudia (18 June 2009). "Lisbon's light-touch drugs policy". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/from_our_own_correspondent/8106689.stm. Retrieved 24 August 2009. 
  9. ^ "Drug War", Cato Institute
  10. ^ Szalavitz, Maia (26 April 2009). "Drugs in Portugal: Did Decriminalization Work?". TIME. http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1893946,00.html. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  11. ^ Vastag, Brian (7 April 2009). "5 Years After: Portugal's Drug Decriminalization Policy Shows Positive Results". Scientific American. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=portugal-drug-decriminalization. Retrieved 23 August 2009. 
  12. ^ Oswald, Rachel (6 April 2009). "Portugal's drug decriminalization 'bizarrely underappreciated': Greenwald". The Raw Story. http://rawstory.com/news/2008/Portugals_drug_decriminalization_bizarrely_underappreciated_Greenwald_0406.html. Retrieved 24 August 2009. 
  13. ^ Hughes, Caitlin; Alex Stevens (2007). "Briefing Paper Fourteen". The Effects of Decriminalization of Drug Use in Portugal. Oxford: Beckley Foundation. http://www.idpc.net/php-bin/documents/BFDPP_BP_14_EffectsOfDecriminalisation_EN.pdf.pdf. Retrieved 24 August 2009. 


All translations of Drug_policy_of_Portugal

sensagent's content

  • definitions
  • synonyms
  • antonyms
  • encyclopedia

Dictionary and translator for handheld

⇨ New : sensagent is now available on your handheld

   Advertising ▼

sensagent's office

Shortkey or widget. Free.

Windows Shortkey: sensagent. Free.

Vista Widget : sensagent. Free.

Webmaster Solution


A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !

Try here  or   get the code


With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.

Business solution

Improve your site content

Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.

Crawl products or adds

Get XML access to reach the best products.

Index images and define metadata

Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.

Please, email us to describe your idea.


The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.


Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.


Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).


The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.


Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

last searches on the dictionary :

5493 online visitors

computed in 0.047s

I would like to report:
section :
a spelling or a grammatical mistake
an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc.)
a copyright violation
an error
a missing statement
please precise:



Company informations

My account



   Advertising ▼