definition of Wikipedia
Elections of the Republic of China (ROC) gives information on election and election results in the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) with effective control over Taiwan Area since 1949. The Republic of China elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a four year term by the people. Prior to 2007, the Legislative Yuan (Lifa Yuan 立法院) had 225 members, 168 members elected for a three year term in multi-seat constituencies, 8 members representing the aboriginals, 41 members elected by proportional representation and 8 members representing the overseas Chinese elected by proportional representation. Amid 70% public support, the Legislative Yuan voted 217-1 on August 23, 2004 for a package of amendments to:
The new electoral system will include 73 plurality seats (one for each electoral district), 6 seats for aboriginals, with the remaining 34 seats to be filled from party lists. Every county has a minimum of 1 electoral district, thereby guaranteed at least one seat in the legislature, while party lists for the proportionally represented seats must be half women. Members for this 34 party lists seats shall be elected from the lists of political parties in proportion to the number of votes won by each party that obtains at least 5 percent of the total vote on the Free Area of the Republic of China (中華民國自由地區).
|Kuomintang||Ma Ying-jeou (incumbent)||Wu Den-yih||6,891,139||51.60%|
|Democratic Progressive Party||Tsai Ing-wen||Su Jia-chyuan||6,093,578||45.63%|
|People First Party||James Soong Chu-yu||Lin Ruey-shiung||369,588||2.77%|
|Parties (alliances)||constituency + Aboriginal||Party block||Votes||%||Total
|People First Party||1||0||2||2||722,089||5.49||1||3||2|
|Non-Partisan Solidarity Union||2||1||0||0||148,105||3||2||1|
|Democratic Progressive Party||27||14||13||1||4,556,526||34.62||27||40||13|
|Taiwan Solidarity Union||0||0||3||3||1,178,896||8.96||0||3||3|
|Source: Central Election Commission|
|Kuomintang||Ma Ying-jeou||Vincent Siew Wan-chang||7,659,014||58.45%|
|Democratic Progressive Party||Frank Hsieh Chang-ting||Su Tseng-chang||5,444,949||41.55%|
|Party list||Total seats|
|People First Party co-nomination||5||3||-||8|
|New Party endorsement||2||-||5||2|
|Non-Partisan Solidarity Union||239,317||2.4||-1.2||3||68,527||0.7||0||8||3.6||3||2.7||-0.9|
|People First Party||28,254||0.3||-13.3||1||-||-||-||20||8.9||1||0.9||-8.0|
|Democratic Progressive Party||3,775,352||38.2||+2.5||13||3,610,106||36.9||14||90||40.0||27||23.9||-16.1|
|Taiwan Solidarity Union||93,840||0.9||-6.9||0||344,887||3.5||0||7||3.1||0||0||-3.1|
|Taiwan Constitution Association||3,926||<0.1||0||30,315||0.3||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Green Party Taiwan||14,767||0.1||0||58,473||0.6||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Taiwan Farmers' Party||8,681||<0.1||0||57,144||0.6||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Third Society Party||10,057||0.1||0||45,594||0.5||0||1||0.4||0||0||-0.4|
|Parties in favor of the amendments||249|
|Democratic Progressive Party||1,647,791||42.52||127|
|___ Chinese People's Party||41,940||1.08||3|
|___ Peasant Party||15,516||0.40||1|
|___ Civil Party||8,609||0.22||1|
|Parties not in favor of the amendments||51|
|Taiwan Solidarity Union||273,147||7.05||21|
|People First Party||236,716||6.11||18|
|___ 150 persons union led by Jhang Ya Jhong||65,081||1.68||5|
|Non-Partisan Solidarity Union||25,162||0.65||2|
|Taiwan Independence Party||11,500||0.30||1|
|___ 20 persons union led by Wang Ting Sing||7,499||0.19||1|
|Total (turnout )||300|
NB: Does not include the 1948 election held in the Republic of China before the fall of mainland China to the communist government of the People's Republic of China. The terms of those elected from mainland seats lasted until December 31, 1991.
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