» 
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

definitions - Eta

eta (n.)

1.the 7th letter of the Greek alphabet

ETA (n.)

1.a terrorist organization organized in 1959 by student activists who were dissatisfied with the moderate nationalism of the traditional Basque party; want to create an independent homeland in Spain's western Pyrenees"in 1968 ETA launched a campaign ..."

   Advertizing ▼

definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - Eta

   Advertizing ▼

phrases

-1964/1985 Affinità-Divergenze fra il Compagno Togliatti e Noi – Del Conseguimento della Maggiore Età • Alla mia età (album) • Alla mia età (song) • Alpha Eta Mu Beta • Alpha Eta Rho • Are'eta District • Bottom eta meson • DB Class ETA 150 • DNA polymerase eta • Dedekind eta function • Dirichlet eta function • ETA (disambiguation) • ETA SA • ETA Star Group • ETA Systems • ETA militar • ETA military • ETA political-military • ETA politico-militar • ETA político-militar • ETA – Empresa de Transporte Aéreo • ETA's 2006 ceasefire declaration • Eta Aircraft eta • Eta Andromedae • Eta Antliae • Eta Apodis • Eta Aquarii • Eta Aquariids • Eta Aquilae • Eta Arae • Eta Arietis • Eta Aurigae • Eta Boeriu • Eta Bootis • Eta Boötis • Eta Cancri • Eta Canis Majoris • Eta Canis Minoris • Eta Capricorni • Eta Carinae • Eta Carinids • Eta Cassiopeiae • Eta Centauri • Eta Cephei • Eta Ceti • Eta Columbae • Eta Corvi • Eta Crucis • Eta Cygni • Eta Draconis • Eta Eridani • Eta Funayama Sword • Eta Gamma Delta • Eta Geminorum • Eta Iota Sigma • Eta Kappa Nu • Eta Leonis • Eta Lyrae • Eta Ophiuchi • Eta Orionis • Eta Pegasi • Eta Persei • Eta Piscium • Eta Sagittarii • Eta Scorpii • Eta Sculptoris • Eta Scuti • Eta Serpentis • Eta Sigma Phi • Eta Telescopii • Eta Trianguli Australis • Eta Tucanae • Eta Ursae Maioris • Eta Ursae Majoris • Eta Ursae Minoris • Eta Virginis • Eta Volantis • Eta function • Eta function (disambiguation) • Eta meson • Gamma Nu Eta • Helduen Alfabetatze eta Berreuskalduntzerako Erakundea • Kappa Eta Kappa • La mia poca grande età • Lambda Pi Eta • Lancia Eta-30/50HP • List of ETA attacks • Non ho l'età • Phi Eta Kappa • Phi Eta Sigma • Phi Rho Eta • Sigma Eta Chi • Top eta meson • Weierstrass eta function • Zeta Omega Eta • Zeta Phi Eta

analogical dictionary



Wikipedia

Eta

                   
Eta uc lc.svg
Greek alphabet
Αα Alpha Νν Nu
Ββ Beta Ξξ Xi
Γγ Gamma Οο Omicron
Δδ Delta Ππ Pi
Εε Epsilon Ρρ Rho
Ζζ Zeta Σσς Sigma
Ηη Eta Ττ Tau
Θθ Theta Υυ Upsilon
Ιι Iota Φφ Phi
Κκ Kappa Χχ Chi
Λλ Lambda Ψψ Psi
Μμ Mu Ωω Omega
History
Archaic local variants
  • Digamma
  • Heta
  • San
  • Koppa
  • Sampi
  • Tsan
Numerals
Greek letter Stigma.svg (6)
Greek Koppa lamedh-shaped.svg (90)
Sampi.svg (900)
In other languages
Scientific symbols

Eta (uppercase Η, lowercase η) Greek: ἦτα) is the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet. Originally denoting a consonant /h/, its sound value in the classical Attic dialect of Ancient Greek was a long vowel [ɛː], raised to [i] in medieval Greek, a process known as iotacism.

In the system of Greek numerals it has a value of 8. It was derived from the Phoenician letter heth Phoenician heth.svg. Letters that arose from Eta include the Latin H and the Cyrillic letter И.

Contents

  History

  Consonant h

  Eta (Heta) in the function of /h/ on the ostrakon of Megacles, son of Hippocrates, 487 BC. Inscription: ΜΕΓΑΚLES HIΠΠΟΚRATOS. On display in the Ancient Agora Museum in Athens, housed in the Stoa of Attalus.
  Eta in the function of /h/ on an Attic red-figured calyx-krater, 515 BC. Amongst the depicted figures are Hermes and Hypnos. Inscriptions: HERMES - HYPNOS.

The letter shape H was originally used in most Greek dialects to represent the sound /h/, a voiceless glottal fricative. In this function, it was borrowed in the 8th century BC by the Etruscan and other Old Italic alphabets, which were based on the Euboean form of the Greek alphabet. This ultimately gave rise to the Latin alphabet with its letter H.

  Long e

In the East Ionic dialect, however, the sound /h/ disappeared by the sixth century BC, and the letter was re-used initially to represent a development of a long vowel /aː/, which later merged in East Ionic with /ɛː/ instead.[1] In 403 BC, Athens took over the Ionian spelling system and with it the vocalic use of H (even though it still also had the /h/ sound itself at that time). This later became the standard orthography in all of Greece.

Other regional variants of the Greek alphabet (epichoric alphabets), in dialects that still preserved the sound /h/, employed various glyph shapes for consonantal Heta side by side with the new vocalic Eta for some time. One of them was a tack-like shape, looking like the left half of an H. This system was first used in the southern Italian colonies of Heracleia and Tarentum. When Greek orthography was codified by grammarians in the Hellenistic era, they used a diacritic symbol derived from this half-H shape to signal the presence of /h/, and added as its counterpart a reverse-shaped diacritic to denote absence of /h/. These symbols were the origin of the rough breathing and smooth breathing diacritics that became part of classical Greek orthography.[2] The tack symbol has been reintroduced into modern scholarly representation of archaic Greek writing under the name of Heta.

  Iotacism

During the time of post-classical Koiné Greek, the /ɛː/ sound represented by eta was raised and merged with several other formerly distinct vowels (iotacism). Thus in Modern Greek, Eta is pronounced [ˈita] and represents the sound /i/ (a close front unrounded vowel). It shares this function with several other letters (ι, υ) and digraphs (ει, οι), which are all pronounced alike (see iotacism).

  Cyrillic script

Eta was also borrowed with the sound value of [i] into the Cyrillic script, where it gave rise to the Cyrillic letter И.

  Uses

  Letter

In Modern Greek the letter, pronounced [ˈita], represents a close front unrounded vowel, /i/. In Classical Greek, it represented a long open-mid front unrounded vowel, /ɛː/.

  Symbol

  Upper case

The upper-case letter Η is used as a symbol in textual criticism for the Alexandrian text-type (from Hesychius, its once-supposed editor).

In chemistry, the letter H as symbol of enthalpy sometimes is said to be a Greek eta, but since enthalpy comes from ἐνθάλπος, which begins in a smooth breathing and epsilon, it is more likely a Latin H for 'heat'.

  Lower case

The lower-case letter η is used as a symbol in:

  References

  1. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995). New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin (illustrated ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 10–20. ISBN 0-19-508345-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=IeHmqKY2BqoC. 
  2. ^ Nick Nicholas (2003), "Greek /h/"
   
               

 

All translations of Eta


sensagent's content

  • definitions
  • synonyms
  • antonyms
  • encyclopedia

Dictionary and translator for handheld

⇨ New : sensagent is now available on your handheld

   Advertising ▼

sensagent's office

Shortkey or widget. Free.

Windows Shortkey: sensagent. Free.

Vista Widget : sensagent. Free.

Webmaster Solution

Alexandria

A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !

Try here  or   get the code

SensagentBox

With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.

Business solution

Improve your site content

Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.

Crawl products or adds

Get XML access to reach the best products.

Index images and define metadata

Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.


Please, email us to describe your idea.

WordGame

The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.

Lettris

Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.

boggle

Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).

Copyrights

The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.

Translation

Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

last searches on the dictionary :

5613 online visitors

computed in 0.156s

I would like to report:
section :
a spelling or a grammatical mistake
an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc.)
a copyright violation
an error
a missing statement
other
please precise:

Advertize

Partnership

Company informations

My account

login

registration

   Advertising ▼

Sandoz Submariner 40mm, Swiss ETA Movement WR100m Sapphire Crystal Men’s Watch (139.0 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Classes Eta 7750 7753 316L Stainless Steel Daytona Chronograph Watch case (109.0 USD)

Commercial use of this term

NOS Eterna Matic 1000 Automatic Swiss Watch Datejust ETA 5 Star (199.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Hamilton Khaki Field Automatic Watch Vintage 9721B Swiss ETA 2824-2 Black Dial (294.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Parts for movement eta 2824-2 automatic watch swiss made (10.5 USD)

Commercial use of this term

VINTAGE TITONI AIRMASTER 2836-2 25J STEEL SWISS ETA DAY DATE AUTOMATIC MEN WATCH (165.0 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Renato Vulcan Blue Face Limited Edition 33/360 (ETA 251.272 22 Jewels) NEW!!!!! (250.0 USD)

Commercial use of this term

"Fortis" ~25J Rare cal.Eta 2824-2 Date Diver Automatic Flieger Swiss Wristwatch (397.79 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Parts for movement eta 2824-2 automatic watch swiss made 2 (7.5 USD)

Commercial use of this term

SWI LIMITED EDITION SWISS WATCH INTERNATIONAL A9240 CALIBER-ETA 2834-2 W/ WINDER (600.0 USD)

Commercial use of this term

SANDOZ ETA SWISS STAINLESS STEEL DAYDATE 25 JEWELS 2834 AUTOMATIC MEN WATCH (200.0 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Handmade men's 47mm PVD Swiss Unitas ETA 6497 Skull dial with matching wood box (299.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

ANDROID DIVEMASTER ENFORCER Swiss ETA 2824 Auto Ltd. Edition (Great Condition) (290.0 USD)

Commercial use of this term

NEW Invicta Subaqua Noma V Swiss Made COSC ETA Chrono Skeletonized 500M Diver (399.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Invicta Men's 5629 Reserve Bolt Swiss ETA Chronograph Black Ion Plated SS Watch (259.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

U.S. NAVY UDT SEALs TYPE-II (ETA 2824 ) AUTOMATIC DIVERS WATCH (425.0 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Invicta Mens Reserve Grand Arsenal Swiss Made ETA A07 Automatic 25 Jewels Watch (499.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Invicta 5511 Subaqua Noma III Swiss ETA Chrono Mens Watch (249.0 USD)

Commercial use of this term

Birks 50s Vintage Bauhaus Style Gold Plated 17j ETA 2890 for Parts/Restoration (22.99 USD)

Commercial use of this term