1.eruption on the skin occurring as a symptom of a disease
1.(MeSH)Diseases in which skin eruptions or rashes are a prominent manifestation. Classically, six such diseases were described with similar rashes; they were numbered in the order in which they were reported. Only the fourth (Duke's disease), fifth (ERYTHEMA INFECTIOSUM), and sixth (EXANTHEMA SUBITUM) numeric designations survive as occasional synonyms in current terminology.
ExanthemEx*an"them (?), n. Same as Exanthema.
definition of Wikipedia
Exanthem (n.) [MeSH]
rougeur cutanée éruptive (fr)[Classe]
|Classification and external resources|
|ICD-9||034, 055-057, 782.1|
An exanthem (from Greek "exanthema", a breaking out) is a widespread rash usually occurring in children. Exanthems can be caused by toxins or drugs, microorganisms, or can result from autoimmune disease.
It can be contrasted with an enanthem.
The four viral exanthema have much in common, and are often studied together as a class. They include:
|(rubeola) measles||"first disease"||measles virus|
|rubella, ("German Measles") identified in 1881.||"third disease"||rubella virus|
|erythema infectiosum, identified as a distinct condition in 1896.||"fifth disease"||parvovirus B19|
|roseola infantum||"sixth disease"||HHV-6 and HHV-7|
Scarlet fever, or "second disease", is associated with the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes. (Measles and scarlet fever were distinguished in the 17th century.) Fourth disease, a condition whose existence is not widely accepted today, was described in 1900 and is postulated to be related to Staphylococcus aureus.
Many other common viruses apart from the ones mentioned above can also produce an exanthem as part of their presentation, though they are not considered part of the classic numbered list:
|This dermatology article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
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