Islam in the Philippines
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- This article is about the religion of Islam in the Philippines. For the Muslim ethnic group, see Moro (ethnic group).
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Islam is the oldest recorded monotheistic religion in the Philippines. Islam reached the Philippines between the 12th and 14th century with the arrival of Arab traders from Saudi Arabia and their followers from several sultanate governments in the Malay Archipelago. Today Muslims form 5% to 10% of the Philippine population, while the majority of the population are Roman Catholic, some ethnic groups are Protestant, non-religious, Buddhist, Animist and Hindus.
In 1380 Karim ul' Makhdum the first Arabian Islamic missionary reached the Sulu Archipelago and Jolo in the Philippines and established Islam in the country. In 1390 the Minangkabau's Prince Rajah Baguinda and his followers preached Islam on the islands. The Sheik Karimal Makdum Mosque was the first mosque established in the Philippines on Simunul in Mindanao in the 14th century. Subsequent settlements by Arab missionaries traveling to Malaysia and Indonesia helped strenghtened Islam in the Philippines and each settlements was governed by a Datu, Rajah and a Sultan. Islamic provinces founded in the Philippines included the Sultanate of Maguindanao, Sultanate of Sulu and other parts of the southern Philippines.
Moro (similar to 'Moors') is the appellation inherited from the Spaniards, for Filipino muslims and tribal groups. The Moros seeks to establish an independent Islamic province in the Mindanao and Visayas region. The term Bangsamoro a combination of the Old Malay-Spanish language word Moro inherited from al-Andalus in Spain. A significant amount of Moro rebellion occurred during the Philippine-American War in 1899. Conflicts and rebellion has continued in the Philippines beginning from the pre-colonial period and right up to the present.
Islam has seen a significant growth in the Philippines since the end of World War II. Filipino Muslim communities has built many new mosques and religious schools in the 21st century, and hajj pilgrimages have increased.
The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) is the region of the Philippines that is composed of all the Philippines' predominantly Muslim provinces, namely: Basilan (except Isabela City), Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi, and the Islamic City of Marawi. It is the only region that has its own government. The regional capital is at Cotabato City, although this city is outside of its jurisdiction.
- Fil-Mus Foundation
- Islam and Muslims in the Philippines
- Pinoymuslim - The first Filipino language translation of the meaning of the Qur'an by Ustad Badie Saliao, Ustad Amin Rodríguez and other Filipino Muslim teachers and scholars in Saudi Arabia.