Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans
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|Princess Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans|
|Duchess Consort of Savoy|
|Spouse||Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy|
|House||House of Savoy|
House of Orléans
|Father||Gaston de France, Duke of Orléans|
|Mother||Marguerite of Lorraine|
|Born||13 October 1648|
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
|Died||14 January 1664 (aged 15)|
Royal Palace of Turin, Savoy, Italy
Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans, Duchess Consort of Savoy (13 October 1648 – 14 January 1664) French princess born at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Île-de-France to Gaston, Duke of Orléans and Marguerite of Lorraine.
Her parents, deeply in love, had 5 children overall. After her birth, three sisters and a brother would follow:
- Marguerite Louise d'Orléans ( 28 July 1645 – 17 September 1721) married Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and had issue;
- Élisabeth Marguerite d'Orléans (26 December 1646, Paris – 17 March 1696, Versailles), Duchess of Alençon (who signed her name Isabelle); She went on to marry Louis Joseph, Duke of Guise at Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 15 May 1667;
- Jean Gaston d'Orléans (17 August 1650, Paris – 10 August 1652, Paris), Duke of Valois; Died in infancy;
- Marie Anne d'Orléans (9 November 1652, Paris – 17 August 1695, Blois); Died in infancy but was known as Mademoiselle de Chartres.
Marguerite Louise also had a much older half sister:
- Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans ( 29 May 1627 – 5 April 1693). Known at court as La Grande Mademoiselle, she was the daughter of Gaston and his first wife, Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier, and was the richest heiress of her time. In her memoirs, Anne Marie Louise recounts her distress when, at the last minute, Louis XIV refused to let her marry the Duke of Lauzun. The duchess died childless, and her fortune went to Louis XIV. Anne Marie Louise was also a key figure in the Fronde.
Gaston de France 1634.jpg
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At the court of her cousin, Louis XIV of France, she was known as Mademoiselle de Valois which was derived from one of her fathers ducal titles. On 4 March 1663 she was married by proxy wedding to Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy the son of Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and her aunt, Princess Christine Marie of France. The proxy marriage was carried out at the Palais du Louvre in Paris. Françoise died at the Royal Palace of Turin without issue.
|Ancestors of Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans|
Titles and Styles
- 13 October 1648 – 4 March 1663 Her Royal Highness Princess Françoise Madeleine, Mademoiselle de Valois
- 4 March 1663 – 14 January 1664 Her Royal Highness the Grand Duchess of Tuscany.
- Dethan, Georges. La vie de Gaston d'Orléans. Paris: Ed. de Fallois, 1992.
- Pitts, Vincent J. La Grande Mademoiselle at the Court of France: 1627-1693. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2000.
|Titles and Succession|