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definition - Georgia Dome

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Georgia Dome

                   
Georgia Dome
Georgia Dome.svg
NewGeorgiaDome.JPG
Location 1 Georgia Dome Drive Northwest
Atlanta, Georgia 30313-1591
Coordinates 33°45′27″N 84°24′3″W / 33.7575°N 84.40083°W / 33.7575; -84.40083Coordinates: 33°45′27″N 84°24′3″W / 33.7575°N 84.40083°W / 33.7575; -84.40083
Broke ground November 22, 1989
Opened September 6, 1992
Owner State of Georgia
Operator Georgia World Congress Center Authority
Surface Astroturf 1992–2002
FieldTurf 2003–present
Construction cost US$214 million
($354 million in 2012 dollars[1])
Architect Heery International; Rosser FABRAP International; and Thompson, Ventulett, Stainback & Associates (TVS)
Project Manager Barton-Malow[2]
Structural engineer Weidlinger Associates[2]
General Contractor Beers/Georgia Dome Team[2]
Capacity Football: 71,228
Georgia State football: 28,155[3]
Basketball: 26,000[4]
Tenants
Atlanta Falcons (NFL) (1992–present)
Atlanta Hawks (NBA) (1997–1999)
Georgia State Panthers (NCAA) (2010–present)
Chick-fil-A Bowl (NCAA) (1992–present)
WrestleMania XXVII (WWE) (2011)
SEC Men's Basketball Tournament (1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2014)
SEC Championship Game (1994–present)
NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship (2002, 2007, 2013)

The Georgia Dome is a domed stadium located in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, between downtown to the east and Vine City to the west. It is primarily the home stadium for the NFL Atlanta Falcons and the NCAA Division I FCS Georgia State Panthers football team. It is owned and operated by the State of Georgia as part of the Georgia World Congress Center Authority. The Georgia Dome was the largest domed structure in the world until 1999, when London's Millennium Dome was completed.

The Dome is accessible by rail via MARTA's Blue and Green lines, which service the nearby Dome/GWCC/Philips Arena/CNN Center and Vine City stations.

It is the 11th-oldest stadium in the NFL – 16 other venues that were hosting NFL teams at the time of the Dome's opening have either since closed or merely lost their NFL tenants.

Contents

  Construction

The Georgia Dome was completed in 1992 at a cost of $214 million (US), which came from the Georgia General Assembly, making it one of the largest state-funded construction projects in state history. It seats 71,228 for football, and can hold approximately: 75,000 for concerts, 53,000 for basketball when the dome is fully open and 40,000 for basketball and gymnastics when the dome is sectioned off (one half closed off by a large curtain). For Georgia State football games, the dome is configured with 28,155 seats, with only the bulk of the lower level plus the club-level seats available for sale.[3][5] The record for overall attendance at the Georgia Dome is 75,892 for the 2008 SEC Championship Game in football.[citation needed][6][dead link]

The structure is located on 9.19 acres (3.72 ha) of land; the dome has a height of 270.67 feet (82.50 m), a structure length of 745.75 feet (227.30 m), a structure width of 606.96 feet (185.00 m), and a total floor area of 102,149.51 square feet (9,490.000 m2). The dome is the largest cable-supported dome in the world. Its roof is made of teflon-coated fiberglass fabric (which is strong and lightweight) and has an area of 374,584.08 square feet (34,800.000 m2). From its completion until the December 31, 1999 opening of the 20-acre (8.1 ha) Millennium Dome in London, it was the largest hooked domed structure of any type in the world, but still remains the largest indoor sporting facility in the United States.

  Surface

The Georgia Dome originally used AstroTurf artificial surface for its football events. In 2003, Arthur Blank, the new owner of Atlanta Falcons, funded the new state-of-the-art FieldTurf artificial surface system.[7]

  Renovations

In 2006, the Atlanta Falcons and the Georgia World Congress Center Authority announced a $300 million renovation to the Georgia Dome. The project was separated into two stages. The first stage, which took place before the 2007 NFL season, focused on updating the premium seating areas, including the creation of eight 'super-suites' as well as an owners' club.[8] In 2008, the exterior of the stadium was repainted from its original color scheme to match the Falcons' team colors, and the stadium's original teal seats were replaced with red seats in the 100 and 300 levels and black seats in the Verizon Wireless Club Level (200 Level). The entrance gates and concourses were also renovated and updated before the 2008 football season.[9][10] Additionally, in 2009 the two video screens in both endzones were relocated to a new exterior monument sign on Northside Drive. The interior endzones each received a new and considerably wider High Definition replacement video screen that significantly enhances views of replays and provides for state-of-the-art graphics and digital presentations. That year also saw the installation of a completely new sound system, replacing the previous one that was nearly twenty years old.

  Major weather-related issues

Three years after the completion of the dome, the integrity of its roof became an issue. During a Falcons pre-season game in August 1995, a severe rainstorm caused water to pool up on the fabric, tearing part of the material and causing a section of the roof to fall into the stadium. The storm was intense enough that the roof panels could be seen moving during the game, and the water and roof material later fell with enough force to smash seats in the upper decks and knock holes in concrete floors. Fortunately, no one was injured during the incident, because the collapse occurred after fans left the stadium. The roof was eventually repaired in a way that prevented similar incidents from occurring in the future.[11][12]

In the 2008 Atlanta tornado outbreak on March 14, 2008, during the 2008 SEC Men's Basketball Tournament, a tornado ripped two holes in the dome during the AlabamaMississippi State quarterfinal game, which delayed the game for one hour and three minutes. The quarterfinal game to follow between the Kentucky Wildcats and Georgia Bulldogs was postponed to the following day.[12] The resulting damage forced the rest of the tournament to be moved to the Alexander Memorial Coliseum at Georgia Tech.[13]

  Events hosted

  The Georgia Dome prior to the 2006 Chick-fil-A Bowl

  Football

The Dome is home to the NFL's Atlanta Falcons, the NCAA Division I Georgia State Panthers of Georgia State University, the annual host (since 1998) to FCS Classic football game between Florida A&M University and another HBCU opponent (Southern in 2011 and Tennessee State University in prior years), and the annual host to the Southeastern Conference Football Championship Game, Chick-fil-A Bowl (formerly known as The Chick-fil-a Peach Bowl and The Peach Bowl) post-season college football games, and since 2004 the FIRST World Championships. The stadium also hosted Super Bowl XXVIII in 1994 and Super Bowl XXXIV in 2000.

The Georgia Dome also annually hosted the Georgia High School Association football semi-finals until 2007 and now hosts the GHSA state championship games for all classifications at the Dome.[14]

As a result of damage done to the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina, the Sugar Bowl game between the West Virginia Mountaineers and the Georgia Bulldogs was played at the Georgia Dome on January 2, 2006, the first time "the South's Biggest Bowl Game" was ever played outside the state of Louisiana. The Sugar Bowl finished a string of three football games in four days that started with the Chick-fil-A Peach Bowl between LSU and Miami (Florida) and an NFL game between the Falcons and the Carolina Panthers two days later. The Georgia Dome is now the alternative site for the Sugar Bowl in future cases where the Superdome cannot host due to weather or other reasons.[15]

  Basketball

The Georgia Dome will host the 75th Anniversary of the NCAA Men's Final Four in 2013. The Dome has previously hosted the NCAA Final Four Men's Basketball National Championship in 2002 and 2007 along with regional semifinals and finals in 2001, 2004, 2006 and 2012 and NCAA Women's Final Four in 2003. It was also one of two homes, along with Alexander Memorial Coliseum, for the NBA's Atlanta Hawks during the construction of Philips Arena from 1997 to 1999, as well as hosting basketball.[16] While playing at the Georgia Dome on March 27, 1998, the Atlanta Hawks set a then-NBA single-game attendance record with 62,046 fans. The SEC Men's Basketball Tournament has been held at the Georgia Dome during ten seasons, most recently in 2011 and is set to return to the Dome in 2014.

  Additional events

  Olympics

For the 1996 Summer Olympics, one-half of the arena hosted the basketball competitions (including final) while the other half hosted the artistic gymnastics events as well as team handball (men's final) .[17][18]

  Wrestling

  WrestleMania XXVII took place at the Georgia Dome.

The Dome has been host to many WCW Monday Nitro and WWE Raw live events, including the memorable championship bout between Goldberg and Hulk Hogan on July 6, 1998. The Georgia Dome also hosted WWE's WrestleMania XXVII on April 3, 2011 which featured the return of Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson to Wrestlemania for the first time since Wrestlemania XX.

  Soccer

The stadium was an official candidate venue for hosting matches as part of the United States' 2022 FIFA World Cup bid. Qatar was selected over the United States to host the 2022 World Cup.[19]

On June 24, 2009, the dome hosted its first ever soccer match between Mexico and Venezuela. The dome held an attendance of 51,115 fans. Precision Turf of Lilburn laid 4-by-8 foot grass sections over the dome's FieldTurf.[20] Subsequently, on July 22, 2009, the Dome hosted an exhibition match between A.C. Milan of Italian Serie A league and Club América of Mexican Primera División league as part of the World Football Challenge.[21] On July 28, 2010, Club América revisited the Dome in a friendly against Manchester City from the English Premier League.[22]

On February 9, 2011, Mexico and Bosnia and Herzegovina played a friendly match in front of 50,507 fans.[23][24]

  Other events

The Professional Bull Riders' premier bull riding tour, the Built Ford Tough Series, visited the Georgia Dome from 2003–2005, and again in 2007 and 2012.

The USHRA Monster Jam series comes to the Georgia Dome every January for their winter season kickoff show. It's known as the "Super Bowl of Motorsports" and it has become one of the biggest stops Monster Jam makes in North America.

From 2004–10, the Georgia Dome played host to the World Championship of the FIRST Robotics Competition. Over 300 teams from around the world qualify annually to compete in the championship held in mid-April. The FIRST LEGO League World Festival and FIRST Tech Challenge Championship also occurred at the same time, in different areas of the Dome. The Championship has moved to the Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis, Missouri for the 2011 competition season.

It is also the site of the Drum Corps International Southeastern Championship each summer.

The stadium is used as the "home" of the New York Hawks, the fictional team in the USA Network series Necessary Roughness, which utilizes Georgia Film, Music & Digital Entertainment Office tax credits to film in the Atlanta area.

In January 2012, the Georgia Dome hosted the Passion conference, drawing in 44,000+ Christian college students and young adults from across the United States and the world. Passion previously held conferences simultaneously in Philips Arena and the Georgia World Congress Center in 2010 and 2011. The 2013 conference will also be held at the Georgia Dome and is expected to draw over 70,000.

  The interior of the Georgia Dome prior to the 2008 Chick-fil-A College Kickoff

  Facilities

In 2008 the Georgia Dome started showing safety videos before games, presented by Deltalina, flight attendant "mascot" of Delta Air Lines. The videos were a takeoff on Delta's massively popular "Deltalina" inflight safety videos. The videos' theme was "Delta Safety First".[25][26]

  See also

Media related to Georgia Dome at Wikimedia Commons

  References

  1. ^ Staff. Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2012. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 22, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c http://www.columbia.edu/cu/gsapp/BT/DOMES/GEORGIA/g-cable.html
  3. ^ a b "Georgia Dome". Georgia State Athletics. http://www.georgiastatesports.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=12700&ATCLID=205155221. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  4. ^ 2008 SEC Men's Basketball Tournament
  5. ^ "Georgia Dome Seating Chart" (PDF). Georgia State Athletics. https://admin.xosn.com/pdf8/772544.pdf?DB_OEM_ID=12700&KEY=VDXQRKPPIXCHUCF.20110719142449. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  6. ^ http://secsports.com/index.php?s=&url_channel_id=2&url_article_id=11911&change_well_id=2[dead link]
  7. ^ Chick-fil-A Bowl Event Guide: Georgia Dome Information
  8. ^ AlantaFalcons.com: Striking changes usher in new era for Dome
  9. ^ AlantaFalcons.com: Dome, Falcons announce new renovations
  10. ^ AlantaFalcons.com: Dome Renovations Photo Album
  11. ^ Georgia Dome Is Damaged (1995)
  12. ^ a b Storm hits Georgia Dome, interrupts SEC play
  13. ^ Tornado Kills, 2 Pummels Downtown by Tim Eberly and Paul Shea for the Atlanta Journal and Constitution, March 15, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
  14. ^ Georgia High School Association Constitution and By-Laws 2008–2009, pg. 70
  15. ^ Sugar Bowl
  16. ^ The Palm Beach Post, Gators view Georgia Dome as someplace like home
  17. ^ 1996 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. p. 540.
  18. ^ 1996 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 3. pp. 451, 456.
  19. ^ Federation, United States Soccer (2009-04-23). "The Official Site of U.S. Soccer – Federation Services". http://www.ussoccer.com/articles/viewArticle.jsp_14155776.html. Retrieved 2009-05-09. [dead link]
  20. ^ Georgia Dome converting to grass….for soccer
  21. ^ http://soccernet-assets.espn.go.com/report?id=276254&cc=5901&league=GLOBAL.WORLD_FOOTBALL_CHALLENGE
  22. ^ http://www.gadome.com/events/2010_aisc_soccer.html
  23. ^ http://www.ajc.com/sports/mexico-will-play-a-785761.html
  24. ^ "Bosnia vs. Mexico Ends with Mexico Win". CBS News. February 9, 2011. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/02/09/sportsline/main7335133.shtml. 
  25. ^ "DELTALINA WAGS HER FINGER AT THE DOME", "Peach Buzz", Access Atlanta (Atlanta Journal-Constitution), September 24, 2008
  26. ^ "Delta, Official Airline of the Atlanta Falcons", Delta Air Lines, September 26, 2008

  External links

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium
Home of the
Atlanta Falcons

1992 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Omni Coliseum
Home of the
Atlanta Hawks

1997–1999
Succeeded by
Philips Arena
Preceded by
Legion Field
Home of the
SEC Championship Game

1994 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium
Home of the
Chick-fil-A Bowl

1992 – present
Succeeded by
current
Preceded by
Louisiana Superdome
Home of the
Sugar Bowl

2006
Succeeded by
Louisiana Superdome
Preceded by

H.H.H. Metrodome
RCA Dome
Louisiana Superdome
NCAA Men's Division I
Basketball Tournament
Finals Venue

2002
2007
2013
Succeeded by

Louisiana Superdome
Alamodome
Cowboys Stadium
Preceded by
Rose Bowl
Pro Player Stadium
Host of the Super Bowl
XXVIII 1994
XXXIV 2000
Succeeded by
Joe Robbie Stadium
Raymond James Stadium
Preceded by
University of Phoenix Stadium
Host of WrestleMania XXVII
2011
Succeeded by
Sun Life Stadium
   
               

 

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