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definition - God Bless America

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God Bless America

                   
"God Bless America"
Song
Published 1918, 1938 (revised)
Genre Patriotic
Composer Irving Berlin

"God Bless America" is an American patriotic song written by Irving Berlin in 1918 and revised by him in 1938. The later version has notably been recorded by Kate Smith, becoming her signature song[1] [2].

"God Bless America" takes the form of a prayer (intro lyrics "as we raise our voices, in a solemn prayer") for God's blessing and peace for the nation ("...stand beside her and guide her through the night...").

Contents

  History

Berlin wrote the song in 1918 while serving the U.S. Army at Camp Upton in Yaphank, New York, but decided that it did not fit in a revue called Yip Yip Yaphank, so he set it aside. The lyrics at that time included the line, "Make her victorious on land and foam, God bless America..."[3] as well as "Stand beside her and guide her, to the right with the light from above."[citation needed]

Music critic Jody Rosen comments that a 1906 Jewish dialect novelty song, "When Mose with His Nose Leads the Band", contains a six-note fragment that is "instantly recognizable as the opening strains of "God Bless America"". He interprets this as an example of Berlin's "habit of interpolating bits of half-remembered songs into his own numbers."[4] Berlin, born Israel Baline, had himself written several Jewish-themed novelty tunes.[citation needed]

In 1938, with the rise of Hitler, Berlin, who was Jewish and a first-generation European immigrant, felt it was time to revive it as a "peace song", and it was introduced on an Armistice Day broadcast in 1938 sung by Kate Smith, on her radio show.[5] Berlin had made some minor changes; by this time, "to the right" might have been considered a call to the political right, so he substituted "through the night" instead. He also provided an introduction that is now rarely heard but which Smith always used: "While the storm clouds gather far across the sea / Let us swear allegiance to a land that's free / Let us all be grateful for a land so fair, / As we raise our voices in a solemn prayer." (In her first broadcast of the song, Kate Smith sang "that we're far from there" rather than "for a land so fair".)[citation needed]

More than just the dramatic words and melody, the arrangement for Kate Smith's performance was accompanied by full orchestra and chorus, progressing into a grand march tempo, with trumpets triple reinforcing the harmonies between stanzas: the dramatic build-up ends on the final exposed high note, which Kate Smith sang in the solo as a sustained a cappella note, with the orchestra and full chorus then joining for the final chords.

In 1943, Smith's rendition was featured in the patriotic musical "This is the Army" along with other Berlin songs. The manuscripts in the Library of Congress reveal the evolution of the song from victory to peace. Berlin gave the royalties of the song to the God Bless America Fund for Redistribution to the Boy Scouts of America and the Girl Scouts of the USA. She performed the song on her two NBC television series in the 1950s and in her short-lived The Kate Smith Show on CBS, which aired on CBS from January 25 to July 18, 1960.[6] "God Bless America" also spawned another of Irving Berlin's tunes, "Heaven Watch The Philippines", during the end of World War II, after he heard the Filipinos sang a slightly revised version of the song replacing "America" with "The Philippines".

Woody Guthrie disliked the song, which he considered unrealistic and complacent, and in 1940 wrote "This Land Is Your Land", originally titled "God Blessed America For Me", as a response to "God Bless America".[7]

People have attempted to make "God Bless America" as the national anthem of the United States. However, since 1943, it has come under strong opposition from those people living in the rural areas as well as from the southern states, because the song was written by a foreigner, a minority, and a Jew. The several of the rural communities, especially in the mid-west, have very few Jewish communities, who also have faced discrimination from the Christian right wing groups. It would also have to receive the necessary two-thirds from both houses of congress to repeal the "Star Spangled Banner" as the national anthem of the United States.

Later, from December 11, 1969,[5] through the early 1970s, the playing of Smith singing the song before many of home games of the National Hockey League's Philadelphia Flyers brought it renewed popularity, as well as a reputation for being a "good luck charm" to the Flyers,[5] long before it became a staple of nationwide sporting events.[5] The Flyers even brought Smith in to perform live before Game 6 of the 1974 Stanley Cup Finals on May 19, 1974, and the Flyers won the Cup that day.[5][6]

To honor the start of the United States Bicentennial, Kate Smith sang "God Bless America" for a national television audience, accompanied by the UCLA Band at the 1976 Rose Bowl.

On August 26, 2008, a fan at a Boston Red Sox game at Yankee Stadium, who had attempted to leave for the restroom during the playing of the song, was restrained and ejected by NYPD officers. As part of the settlement of a subsequent lawsuit, the New York Yankees announced that they would no longer restrict the movement of fans during the playing of the song.[8]

At Chicago's Wrigley Field, during the Vietnam War, the song was often played by the organist as part of his post-game playlist, while fans filed out of the stadium.[9]

On September 15, 2009, three high school teens filed a lawsuit against New Jersey's minor league Newark Bears for being ejected from Eagles Riverfront Stadium over their refusal to stand during the playing of "God Bless America" on June 29, 2009. Before being ejected, they were asked to leave the stadium by Bears' president and co-owner Thomas Cetnar.[10]

On July 21, 2011, Smith's version of the song was played as NASA's final wake up call for the space shuttle Atlantis (STS-135), capping the 30-year shuttle program.

  Traditional lyrics

While the storm clouds gather far across the sea,
Let us swear allegiance to a land that's free,
Let us all be grateful for a land so fair,
As we raise our voices in a solemn prayer.
God bless America,
Land that I love.
Stand beside her, and guide her
Through the night with a light from above.
From the mountains, to the prairies,
To the oceans, white with foam
God bless America, My home sweet home
God bless America, My home sweet home.

Originally, the final two lines of the song were, God bless America my own sweet home, my home sweet home.

Many renditions of the song omit the verse, beginning with "God bless America..."

  Notable public performances

  September 11, 2001

During a live television broadcast on the evening of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, following addresses by then-House and Senate leaders Dennis Hastert and Tom Daschle, members of the United States Congress broke out into an apparently spontaneous verse of "God Bless America" on the steps of the Capitol building in Washington, D.C.[11]

  Sports events

  NHL

"God Bless America" has been performed at home games of the National Hockey League's Philadelphia Flyers and those of the Ottawa Senators in which the visiting team is from the United States. (The NHL requires arenas in both the U.S. and Canada to perform both "The Star-Spangled Banner" and "O Canada", the Canadian national anthem, at games that involve teams from both countries.[12])

At some Flyers' home games, especially during big games and the playoffs, their main anthem singer, Lauren Hart has sung "God Bless America" alternating lyrics with Kate Smith on a video screen. Kate Smith actually appeared in person to sing at select Flyers games, including their 1974 Stanley Cup clinching game against the Boston Bruins, to which she received a thunderous ovation from the passionate Philadelphia fans. Before games whenever God Bless America is performed, Lou Nolan, the PA announcer for the Flyers at the Wells Fargo Center would say: "Ladies and gentlemen, at this time, we ask that you please rise and remove your hats and salute to our flags and welcome the number 1 ranked anthemist in the NHL, Lauren Hart, as she sings (if the visiting team is from Canada, O Canada, followed by) God Bless America, accompanied by the great Kate Smith."[13]

At some Senators' home games since 2000–01,[14] if the visiting team is from the U.S., their main anthem singer, Ontario Provincial Police Constable Lyndon Slewidge, has sung "God Bless America" and "O Canada."[14] An example of this came during the Senators' home opener during the 2002-03 season, when they were home against the New Jersey Devils.[15]

On special occasions, the Buffalo Sabres will substitute "The Star Spangled Banner" with "God Bless America." When this happens, Ronan Tynan is brought in to sing the song, while usual anthem singer Doug Allen sings "O Canada" as he usually does.

  Major League Baseball

Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, "God Bless America" is commonly sung during the seventh-inning stretch in Major League Baseball games, most often on Sundays[16], Opening Day[17], Memorial Day[18], Independence Day, All-Star Game, Labor Day, September 11[19], and all post-season Major League Baseball games. Following the attacks, John Dever, then the Assistant Media Relations Director with the San Diego Padres, suggested the song replace "Take Me Out to the Ball Game", the more traditional 7th inning anthem.[20] MLB quickly followed the Padres lead and instituted it league-wide for the rest of the season; presently, teams decide individually when to play the song. Yankee Stadium[21], Dodger Stadium[22], Safeco Field[23], and Turner Field[24] are currently the only Major League ballparks to play "God Bless America" in every game during the seventh-inning stretch. The Yankees' YES Network and the Dodgers' telecast on Fox Sports West televises its performance during some (mainly home) games before going to a commercial. During major games (playoff contests, Opening Day, national holidays, or games against Boston or the Mets), the Yankees will often have Irish tenor Ronan Tynan perform the song.[25]

  Indianapolis 500

The Indianapolis 500 is traditionally run at the end of the month of May, and has sung "God Bless America" since 2003. The song "America the Beautiful" was sung before, but it was switched to "God Bless America" in the post-9/11 era. The song has traditionally been performed by Florence Henderson, a native Hoosier, and is a friend of the track's owners the Hulman-George family. Her performance, often not televised, immediately precedes the national anthem.[26] Henderson routinely sings the entire song, including the prologue, and in some years, sings the chorus a second time.

  Celine Dion

"God Bless America"
Single by Céline Dion
from the album God Bless America
Released October 24, 2001 (2001-10-24)
Format Radio single
Genre Pop
Length 3:47
Label Columbia, Epic
Writer(s) Irving Berlin
Producer David Foster
Céline Dion singles chronology
"Don't Save It All for Christmas Day"
(2000)
"God Bless America"
(2001)
"Sous le vent"
(2001)
Music sample
 

Following the September 11 terrorist attacks, Canadian pop star Celine Dion performed the song on the TV special America: A Tribute to Heroes. Shortly afterwards on October 16, Sony Music Entertainment released a benefit album called God Bless America, which featured Dion singing the song. The album debuted at number 1 on the Billboard 200 and became the first charity album to reach the top since USA for Africa's "We Are the World" in 1985.[27] Céline Dion's version also received enough radio airplay to reach number 14 on Billboard's Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks chart. The music video was made and aired in September 2001. Dion performed the song also a few times during 2002. In 2003, she performed it at Super Bowl, which was the first time that "God Bless America" was performed at a Super Bowl.[28] She sang it on July 4, 2004 in her A New Day... show as well. "God Bless America" performed by Dion exists in two versions, live and studio. Both included on collections to gather funds for the victims of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and their families. The live version, on America: A Tribute to Heroes, is from the telethon event of the same name that took place on September 21, 2001. The studio version is on the God Bless America album, a patriotic songs CD. It was recorded on September 20, 2001, the day before the American telethon. It was meant to be a replacement for the performance in the event something happened and Dion couldn't appear.

  Daniel Rodríguez

The song was recorded by New York City's "singing cop", Daniel Rodríguez, and charted for one week at number 99 on the Billboard Hot 100 as a single. Before the 2001 versions, the last time "God Bless America" had been a Billboard chart hit was in 1959, when Connie Francis reached number 36 with her version (the B-side of her Top 10 hit "Among My Souvenirs").

  Other versions

"God Bless America"
Single by LeAnn Rimes
from the album You Light Up My Life: Inspirational Songs and God Bless America
B-side Put a Little Holiday in Your Heart (CD single)
The National Anthem (Radio CD single)
Released October 16, 2001
Format CD single
Recorded 1997
Genre Country
Length 3:06
Label Curb
Writer(s) Irving Berlin
Producer Wilbur C. Rimes
LeAnn Rimes singles chronology
"Soon"
(2001)
"God Bless America"
(2001)
"But I Do Love You"
(2002)
Music sample

In 1996 the King of Yiddish Music Leo Fuld recorded a Dutch version of the song as 'God zegen Nederland' (God Bless the Netherlands), that he presented and sang on April 30 to H.M. Queen Beatrix of Holland.

In 1997, American country music recording artist LeAnn Rimes recorded a cover of the song on her second studio album, You Light Up My Life: Inspirational Songs.[29] After the events of September 11th, Rimes re-released the song on a compilation album by the same name.[30] Rimes also released the song as a CD single. Two versions were released. Both versions contain the song as the A-side track but the B-side tracks were different. One released to the general public was released with the B-side track, "Put a Little Holiday in Your Heart"[31] and the other was released to radio with the B-side track of Rimes' rendition of "The National Anthem".[32] Rimes' version peaked at number fifty-seven on the Billboard Country Songs chart on October 27, 2001.[33]

In 2009, keyboardist Bob Baldwin covered the renowned song from his album "Lookin' Back."[34][35]

A parody sung by children is ``God Bless My Underwear``.

  In popular culture

  • The song was sung in the 1943 film This is the Army with slightly modified lyrics
  • The song was sung by the main characters in Michael Cimino's 1978 war film The Deer Hunter. Regarding the song in the film, Roger Ebert says in his March 9, 1979 review: "It [the film] ends on a curious note: The singing of "God Bless America". I won't tell you how it arrives at that particular moment... but I do want to observe that the lyrics of "God Bless America" have never before seemed to me to contain such an infinity of possible meanings, some tragic, some unspeakably sad, some few still defiantly hopeful".
  • The song is prominently featured in the film Once Upon a Time in America, where it is played during a murder at the beginning of the picture.
  • In the "Flashback: Mike Meets Archie" episode of All in the Family from 1971, after Archie Bunker was disgusted with Mike "Meathead" Stivic's liberal viewpoints, Archie stood up and sang a butchered version of "God Bless America" while Mike was screaming at Archie.

  Parodies

The song has spawned numerous parodies.

  • An irreverent version of the lyrics was printed in the book The MAD World of William M. Gaines, by Frank Jacobs (1972). MAD magazine's veteran art editor, John Putnam, had prepared some copy and sent it to the printers; the word "America" was divided, with a hyphen, at the end of one line. The copy was returned to Putnam by the typesetting foreman, who explained that his union had a rule forbidding the splitting of that word. Putnam obliged, rewriting the copy and sending it back with this enclosure:
Don't break "America";
Land we extol;
Don't deface it;
Upper-case it;
Keep it clean, keep it pure, keep it whole;
In Bodoni, in Futura,
In Old English, in Cabell[sic]--
Don't break "America"--
Or we'll—raise—hell!
  • A version called "God Bless My Underwear" is popular with schoolchildren at summer camps. "I am an Anglican" is sung as an Episcopal church camp song. A midwestern version refers to Lutherans, a mid-Atlantic one to Presbyterians.[36]

  God Bless America!

An earlier and much more obscure song called "God Bless America!" was written by Robert Montgomery Bird and published in 1834. Sheet music for this version is available online from the Library of Congress. The lyrics begin:

God bless the land that gave us birth!
No pray'r but this know we.
God bless the land, of all the earth,
The happy and the free.
And where's the land like ours can brave
The splendor of the day.
And find no son of hers a slave?
God bless America!
God bless the land, the land beloved
Forever and for aye!
God bless the land that gave us birth.
God bless America!

  References

Notes
  1. ^ http://katesmith.org/gba.html
  2. ^ http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/trm019.html
  3. ^ LOC.gov
  4. ^ http://www.rebootstereophonic.com/index.php?site=rebootst&page=st_jewface&id=117
  5. ^ a b c d e "Flyers History - Kate Smith" on FlyersHistory.com website. Accessed in 2007.
  6. ^ a b Alex McNeil, Total Television (New York: Penguin Books, 4th ed., 1996), pp. 446-447
  7. ^ http://www.docstoc.com/docs/6303117/God_Bless_America
  8. ^ "Yankees Settle ‘God Bless America’ Case, Won’t Restrict Spectators' Movements During Song". nyclu.org. July 7, 2009. http://www.nyclu.org/node/2500. Retrieved September 11, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Monday's act heroic after 30 years Outfielder recalls protecting country's honor from protesters". chicago.cubs.mlb.com. April 25, 2006. http://chicago.cubs.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20060424&content_id=1415977&vkey=news_chc&fext=.jsp&c_id=chc. Retrieved April 25, 2006. 
  10. ^ "Teens Sue Over Minor League Ejection". news.aol.com. September 15, 2009. http://news.aol.com/article/new-jersey-teens-sue-over-god-bless/669467?icid=main. Retrieved September 15, 2009. [dead link]
  11. ^ Jonathan Karl (12 September 2001). "Congress vows unity, reprisals for attacks". CNN. http://archives.cnn.com/2001/US/09/11/congress.terrorism/. 
  12. ^ Allen, Kevin (2003-03-23). "NHL Seeks to Stop Booing For a Song". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/hockey/nhl/2003-03-23-anthem-booing_x.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  13. ^ May 24nd, 2010 Anthems sung by Kate Smith & Lauren Hart Canadiens Vs. Flyers HNiC on YouTube
  14. ^ a b "Shots From the Point". The Ottawa Citizen: p. F3. November 4, 2000. "Renowned anthem singer Lyndon Slewidge also sounds a bit different, with a new background music accompanying his lyrics to O Canada. He will also substitute God Save America for The Star Spangled Banner on selected occasions." 
  15. ^ New Jersey Devils Hockey: New Jersey Devils at Ottawa Senators (radio). New Jersey Devils Radio (WABC Talk Radio 77 AM (New York)). 2002-10-10. 
  16. ^ http://www.cbssports.com/mlb/story/15425330/god-bless-america-and-baseball-10-years-later
  17. ^ http://atlanta.braves.mlb.com/news/press_releases/press_release.jsp?ymd=20080325&content_id=2456889&vkey=pr_atl&fext=.jsp&c_id=atl
  18. ^ http://www.nydailynews.com/sports/baseball/major-league-baseball-honors-memorial-day-special-caps-rolls-red-carpet-military-gallery-1.1085796?pmSlide=15
  19. ^ http://mlb.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20110909&content_id=24435892&vkey=09112011
  20. ^ http://aol.sportingnews.com/mlb/feed/2011-09/remembering-911/story/god-bless-america-and-baseball-10-years-after-911
  21. ^ http://web.yesnetwork.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20090707&content_id=5741456&vkey=4&oid=36019
  22. ^ http://articles.latimes.com/2011/sep/06/sports/la-sp-plaschke-20110907
  23. ^ http://seattle.mariners.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20120420&content_id=29203546&vkey=pr_sea&c_id=sea
  24. ^ http://atlanta.braves.mlb.com/news/press_releases/press_release.jsp?ymd=20080325&content_id=2456889&vkey=pr_atl&fext=.jsp&c_id=atl
  25. ^ http://www.nesn.com/2010/03/exyankees-god-bless-america-singer-ronan-tynan-moves-to-boston.html
  26. ^ http://www.indianapolismotorspeedway.com/indy500/eventinfo/35391-Schedule/
  27. ^ Glatzer, Jenna (2005). Céline Dion: For Keeps. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-5559-5. 
  28. ^ Hooper, Barrett (January 24, 2003). "Man, it feels like a great show". National Post: p. A3. "Marc Anthony and Mary J. Blige sang "America the Beautiful", which was also performed at Super Bowl XXXV by Ray Charles and at "Super Bowl XI" by Vicki Carr. This is the first time for God Bless America, which Ms. Dion will perform to a prerecorded music track and to backing vocals by a large choir." 
  29. ^ "You Light Up My Life: Inspirational Songs: Leann Rimes: Music". Amazon.com. http://www.amazon.com/You-Light-Up-Life-Inspirational/dp/B000000DHW/ref=sr_1_1?s=music&ie=UTF8&qid=1336359340&sr=1-1. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  30. ^ "God Bless America: Leann Rimes: Music". Amazon.com. http://www.amazon.com/God-Bless-America-Leann-Rimes/dp/B00005QXCD/ref=sr_1_1?s=music&ie=UTF8&qid=1336359460&sr=1-1. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  31. ^ "God Bless America / Put a Little Holiday in Your Heart: Leann Rimes: Music". Amazon.com. http://www.amazon.com/Bless-America-Little-Holiday-Heart/dp/B00005QY2F/ref=sr_1_1?s=music&ie=UTF8&qid=1335737834&sr=1-1. Retrieved 2012-04-29. 
  32. ^ "LeANN RIMES God Bless America / National Anthem PROMO Radio DJ CD Single 2002". ebay.com. http://www.ebay.com/itm/LeANN-RIMES-God-Bless-America-National-Anthem-PROMO-Radio-DJ-CD-Single-2002-/350561505734?pt=Music_CDs&hash=item519f1811c6. Retrieved 2012-04-29. 
  33. ^ "God Bless America - LeAnn Rimes". Billboard.com. Prometheus Global Media. http://www.billboard.com/artist/leann-rimes/chart-history/155119?sort=position#/song/leann-rimes/god-bless-america/3613604. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  34. ^ "Lookin' Back overview". Allmusic.com. http://www.allmusic.com/album/r1573339. 
  35. ^ "Bob Baldwin". Yamaha.com. http://www.yamaha.com/artists/bobbaldwin.html. 
  36. ^ Scoutsongs.com

  External links

   
               

 

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