Sonatas for Violin and Piano (Grieg)
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- Violin Sonata No. 1 in F major, Op. 8 was written in Copenhagen in 1865.
- Violin Sonata No. 2 in G major, Op. 13 was written in Oslo (then Christiania) in 1867.
- Violin Sonata No. 3 in C minor, Op. 45 was completed while Grieg was living in Troldhaugen in 1887.
Violin Sonata No 3 in C minor, Op.45
The third Violin Sonata in C minor remains the most popular out of three works, and has established itself in the standard repertoire. The work was also a personal favorite of Grieg's. Grieg was an accomplished pianist; the sonata premiered with Grieg himself at the piano with well-known violinist Adolf Brodsky in Leipzig. To a certain extent Grieg built on Norwegian folk melodies and rhythms in this three-movement sonata. However, for Grieg the 2nd sonata was the "Norwegian" sonata whereas he used to name the 3rd as "the one with the broader horizon".
The first movement is characterized by its bold and heroic opening theme, which comes back later in the piece. It ends with thunderous C minor chords. The second movement opens with a serene piano solo with a lyrical melodic line. In the middle section, Grieg uses a playful dance tune. The third movement opens strikingly fast. In the middle section of the movement, the violin takes up a passionate melody on top of a swirling accompaniment in the piano. Towards the end, the opening material comes back, and the piece comes to a furious finish.
- ^ Oelmann, Klaus Henning (1993): Edvard Grieg - Versuch einer Orientierung. Egelsbach Köln New York: Verlag Hänsel-Hohenhausen 1993, pp. 117, 366-373