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definition - Grus_(constellation)

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Grus (constellation)

                   
Grus
Constellation
Grus
List of stars in Grus
Abbreviation Grus
Genitive Gruis
Pronunciation /ˈɡrʌs/, or colloquially /ˈɡrs/; genitive /ˈɡrɨs/
Symbolism the Crane
Right ascension 22 h
Declination −47°
Quadrant SQ4
Area 366 sq. deg. (45th)
Main stars 7
Bayer/Flamsteed
stars
28
Stars with planets 5
Stars brighter than 3.00m 3
Stars within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly) 1
Brightest star α Gru (Alnair) (1.73m)
Nearest star Gliese 832
(16.11 ly, 4.94 pc)
Messier objects 0
Meteor showers ?????
?????
Bordering
constellations
Piscis Austrinus
Microscopium
Indus
Tucana
Phoenix
Sculptor
Visible at latitudes between +34° and −90°.
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of October.

Grus (play /ˈɡrʌs/, or colloquially /ˈɡrs/) is a constellation in the southern sky. Its name is Latin for the crane, a species of bird. It was introduced in the late sixteenth century.

Contents

  History

The stars that form Grus were originally considered part of Piscis Austrinus (the southern fish). The Arabic name of Gamma Gruis (al-dhanab, "the tail") reflects this origins.

The stars were first defined as a separate constellation by Petrus Plancius, who created twelve new constellations based on the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman. Grus first appeared on a 35-cm diameter celestial globe published in 1597 (or 1598) in Amsterdam by Plancius with Jodocus Hondius. Its first depiction in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer's Uranometria of 1603.

An alternative name for the constellation, Phoenicopterus (Latin for flamingo), was used briefly during the early 17th century.[1]

  Equivalents

The stars that correspond to Grus cannot all be seen from China. In Chinese astronomy some of them are located in the Black Tortoise of the North (北方玄武, Běi Fāng Xuán Wǔ), while rest were placed among the Southern Asterisms (近南極星區, Jìnnánjíxīngōu) by Xu Guangqi, based on knowledge of western star charts.

  See also

  References

  External links


Coordinates: Sky map 22h 00m 00s, −47° 00′ 00″

   
               

 

All translations of Grus_(constellation)


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