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  • plural of hooter (noun)

definitions - Hooters

hooter (n.)

1.an alarm device that makes a loud warning sound

2.nocturnal bird of prey with hawk-like beak and claws and large head with front-facing eyes

3.a device on an automobile for making a warning noise

4.an acoustic device producing a loud often wailing sound as a signal or warning

5.(colloquial)informal terms for the nose

6.(colloquial)either of two soft fleshy milk-secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman

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definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - Hooters

hooter (n.) (colloquial)

beak, bosom, breast, honker, nose, nozzle, schnoz, schnozzle, snoot, snout, titty, boob  (colloquial), booby  (colloquial), knocker  (colloquial), tit  (coarse)

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see also - Hooters

hooter (n.)

mammary notify, tell, warn


analogical dictionary

Wikipedia - see also



Type Private
Industry Food Service
Founded Clearwater, Florida, U.S. (October 4, 1983)
Headquarters Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Number of locations over 455[1]
Products Burgers, Chicken Wings, Seafood, Full bar
Parent Hooters of America, Inc.
Hooters, Incorporated.
Chanticleer Holdings, Inc.
Website http://www.hooters.com/
  Hooters in Morrisville, North Carolina in February 2009.
  The interior of a Hooters Restaurant in Chattanooga, Tennessee in 2006.

Hooters is the trade name of two privately held American restaurant chains: Hooters of America, Incorporated, based in Atlanta, Georgia, and Hooters, Incorporated, based in Clearwater, Florida. The Hooters name is taken from an American slang term for female breasts. Its logo is an owl, an animal known for its "hooting" calls.

Hooters is a restaurant whose waiting staff are primarily young, attractive waitresses usually referred to simply as "Hooter Girls" whose revealing outfits and sex appeal is played up and is a primary component of the company's image. The company also employs other males/females as cooks, hosts (at some franchises), busboys, and managers.[2] The menu includes hamburgers and other sandwiches, steaks, seafood entrees, appetizers, and the restaurant's specialty, chicken wings. Almost all Hooters restaurants hold alcoholic beverage licenses to sell beer and wine, and, where local permits allow, a full liquor bar. Other offerings for sale include Hooters T-shirts, sweatshirts, and various souvenirs and curios.

Between company owned locations and franchises, there are now more than 460 Hooters throughout the United States. The company has restaurants in 44 U.S. states, the US Virgin Islands, and Guam. In addition, Hooters operates restaurants in 24 other countries.[3] The company's first overseas location was in Singapore, and other Hooters restaurants are now located in Aruba, Australia, Austria, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Germany, Guatemala, Japan, Mexico, Panama, Philippines, South Africa, South Korea, Switzerland, Taiwan and the United Kingdom. The three largest restaurants of the chain are located in Singapore, Tokyo and São Paulo.

On January 24, 2011, Chanticleer Holdings LLC of Charlotte, North Carolina and others completed the purchase of Hooters of America Inc. from the Brooks family.[4]



Hooters, Inc. began operations in Clearwater, Florida, founded by six Clearwater businessmen (Lynn Stewart, Gil DiGiannantonio, Ed Droste, Billy Ranieri, Ken Wimmer, Dennis Johnson), built on the site of a former rundown nightclub that had been purchased at a low price. The store actually opened on April 1, 1983, as an "April Fools Day" joke, because the original six owners believed that their prospect was going to fail. Indeed, so many businesses had folded in that particular location that the Hooters founders built a small "graveyard" at the front door for each that had come and gone before them.[5]

In 1984, Hugh Connerty bought the rights to Hooters from the Original Hooters 6. Robert H. Brooks and a group of Atlanta investors (operators of Hooters of America, Inc.) bought out Hugh Connerty. In 2002, Brooks bought majority control and became chairman.[6] The Clearwater-based company retained control over restaurants in the Tampa Bay Area, Chicago metropolitan area, and one in Manhattan, New York,[7] while all other locations were under the aegis of Hooters of America, which sold franchising rights to the rest of the United States and international locations.[8] Under Brooks's leadership, the collective Hooters brand expanded from one restaurant to more than 425 stores worldwide. Brooks died on July 15, 2006 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, of a heart attack.[9] Brooks' will gave most of Hooters of America Inc. to his son Coby Brooks and daughter Boni Belle Brooks.[10]

The Hooters Casino Hotel was opened February 2, 2006, off the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada, US. This hotel has 696 rooms with a 35,000-square-foot (3,300 m2) casino. The hotel is owned and operated by 155 East Tropicana, LLC. It is adjacent to the Tropicana, across the street from the MGM Grand Las Vegas. At this time it is the only Hooters facility offering lodging since a Hooters Inn motel located along Interstate 4 in Lakeland, Florida was demolished in 2007.

As part of their 25th anniversary, Hooters Magazine released its list of top Hooters Girls of all time. Among the best-known were Lynne Austin (the original Hooters Girl), the late Kelly Jo Dowd (the mother of the golfer Dakoda Dowd), Bonnie-Jill Laflin, Leeann Tweeden, and Holly Madison.[11][12]

After Brooks' death, 240 buyers showed interest in Hooters of America Inc., and 17 submitted bids, with that number being reduced to eight, and then three, before the selection of Wellspring Capital Management.[10] Chanticleer Holdings LLC, which had the right to block the sale after a $5 million loan made in 2006, did so in a December 1, 2010 letter to the court. As a result, Chanticleer and other investors bought the company.[4][13]

  Hooters Girls

  Four Hooters Girls in 2010
  Hooters Calendar Girl Melissa Poe in 2004.

The appearance of the waitresses is a main selling feature of the restaurant. A Hooters Girl is a waitress employed by the Hooters restaurant chain. The girls are recognizable by their uniform of a white tank top with the "Hootie the Owl" logo and the location name on the front paired with short nylon orange runner's shorts. Originally, the shirts were white cotton, low-cut, pulled tight, and knotted in the back to emphasize the breasts and expose the midriff.[citation needed]

Later, Hooters changed to a tight white spandex tank top and eliminated the knot-tying. The company also began using other colors and designs for their tops such as a camouflage theme on Monday ("Military Mondays"), black on Friday ("Formal Fridays"), some Sundays, for special occasions, and for important local football and basketball games, and the football uniforms of local National Football League teams during the NFL season, although this varies from state to state and by location. The remainder of the Hooters Girls uniform consists of the restaurant's brown ticket pouch (or a black one with the black uniform), tan pantyhose, white loose socks, and clean white shoes. Men who work at Hooters wear Hooters hats, t-shirts with long pants, Bermuda shorts, or attire more suitable for kitchen use.[citation needed]

Hooters approved a second uniform option for its waitresses, a white midriff-baring cropped shirt with the Hooters logo & restaurant location that appears on the tank tops emblazoned on the chest.[citation needed]

  Legal issues

  Legal history

  • In 1997, three men from the Chicago area sued Hooters after being denied employment at an Orland Park, Illinois, restaurant. Each of them was awarded $19,100. Four men who filed a similar lawsuit in Maryland received $10,350 each. The settlement allows Hooters to continue luring customers with a female staff of Hooters Girls. But the chain also agreed to create a few other support jobs, like bartenders and hosts, that must be filled without regard to sex.[14]
  • In 2001, a jury determined Hooters of Augusta Inc. willfully violated the Telephone Consumer Protection Act by sending unsolicited advertising faxes. The class-action lawsuit, brought in June 1995 by Sam Nicholson, included 1,320 others who said they received the advertising faxes from Hooters. Atlanta-based Hooters of America Inc., the local restaurant's parent company, paid out $11 million.[15] The jury determined that six faxes were sent to each plaintiff. With a $500 fine for each, that amounts to a $3,000 award per plaintiff.[16]
  • In 2004 it was found job applicants to a Hooters in West Covina, California were secretly filmed while undressing, prompting a civil suit filed against the national restaurant chain in Los Angeles Superior Court.[17] The company intends to address the incident with additional employee training.
  • In 2009, Nikolai Grushevski, a man from Corpus Christi, Texas, filed a lawsuit because Hooters would not hire him as a waiter. Grushevski and Hooters reached a confidential settlement on April 13.[18]
  • In September 2009, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission filed a lawsuit against a North Carolina charter airline (formerly Hooters Air) on behalf of Chau Nguyen, an Asian flight attendant fired three years prior after complaining only white workers were being promoted.[19]
  • In May 2010, a lawsuit was filed against Hooters in Michigan after an employee was given a job performance review and was told "that her shirt and short size could use some improvement" by two women who held positions at the headquarters in Atlanta. Michigan is the only state that includes height and weight as bounds for non-discrimination in hiring. The plaintiff alleges that the women made the offer of a free gym membership and that if she did not improve in 30 days, her employment would be terminated.[20]
  • In December 2010, as part of the settlement of Robert H. Brooks' estate, a judge in Horry County, South Carolina approved the sale of Hooters of America Inc. to Wellspring Capital Management. The decision did not prevent Charlotte, North Carolina-based Chanticleer Investors LLC from exercising "the right of first refusal" given to Chanticleer in a loan agreement with Hooters.[10]

  Legal status

In employment discrimination law in the United States, employers are generally allowed to consider characteristics that would otherwise be discriminatory if they are bona fide occupational qualifications (BFOQ). For example, a manufacturer of men's clothing may lawfully advertise for male models. Hooters has argued a BFOQ defense, which applies when the “essence of the business operation would be undermined if the business eliminated its discriminatory policy”.[18]

  Employee handbook requirements

An older version of the Hooters Employee Handbook (prior to October 2006), published in The Smoking Gun reads[21]:

Customers can go to many places for wings and beer, but it is our Hooters Girls who make our concept unique. Hooters offers its customers the look of the "All American Cheerleader, Surfer, Girl Next Door."

Female employees are required to sign that they "acknowledge and affirm" the following:

  1. My job duties require I wear the designated Hooters Girl uniform.
  2. My job duties require that I interact with and entertain the customers.
  3. The Hooters concept is based on female sex appeal and the work environment is one in which joking and entertaining conversations are commonplace.
  4. I do not find my job duties, uniform requirements, or work environment to be offensive, intimidating, hostile, or unwelcome.

  Public perception

  Public relations

Hooters has an extensive public relations campaign and has actively supported charities through its Hooters Community Endowment Fund, also known as HOO.C.E.F., a play on UNICEF. It has provided money and/or volunteers to charities such as Habitat for Humanity, The V Foundation for Cancer Research, Operation Homefront, Make-A-Wish Foundation, Special Olympics, Muscular Dystrophy Association and Stop Hunger Now.[22][23] In addition, after the 1995 death of Kelly Jo Dowd, a former Hooters Girl, Hooters calendar cover girl and later restaurant general manager, Hooters began a campaign in support of breast cancer research, with awareness of the issue being spread through the Kelly Jo Dowd Fund. By 2010 the chain raised over $2 million for the cause.[24]

In 2009 Hooters partnered with Operation Homefront to establish The Valentine Fund in honor of fallen soldier SOCS Thomas J. Valentine. The fund supports the families of US Special Forces service members and other military families. Thomas J. Valentine, a Navy SEAL troop chief, was killed during a training exercise February 13, 2008. He left behind his wife, Christina, a 16-year Hooters employee, and two young children. Hooters established a fund in Valentine’s name through Operation Homefront.[25][26]

On February 14, 2010 Hooters President and CEO Coby G. Brooks appeared in an episode of the CBS reality TV show Undercover Boss.

  Athletics and promotions

Hooters is involved in the sports world. Previous sponsorships include the Miami Hooters, a now defunct Arena Football League team. Hooters previously sponsored the USAR Hooters Pro Cup, an automobile racing series, and the NGA Pro Golf Tour, a minor league golf tour. In 1992 Hooters sponsored NASCAR driver Alan Kulwicki as he won the Winston Cup Championship, beating Bill Elliott by ten points, the closest margin in NASCAR prior to The Chase era. On April 1, 1993 Kulwicki, along with several others including Hooters Chairman Bob Brooks' son Mark were killed in a plane crash near Bristol, Tennessee. They were flying back to the track for Sunday's race after making a sponsor appearance at a Hooters in Knoxville, Tennessee.

Hooters has also licensed its name for the Hooters Road Trip PlayStation racing game as well as a Hooters Calendar mobile wallpaper application. Oasys Mobile will also be putting out several other games for mobile consumption based on the Hooters Calendar license in 2008.[27] It was also one of several real world brands that appeared in the 2011 video game Homefront.

Professional golfer John Daly is sponsored by Hooters on the PGA Tour, a deal potentially in jeopardy given his recent issues with alcohol. He also serves as a corporate spokesman. Dick Vitale, a college basketball analyst, is also a spokesman for Hooters.

Since 1986, the restaurant has issued a calendar of their girls, with signings taking place in some of their restaurants. Since 1996, Hooters has held Miss Hooters International Swimsuit Pageant, a competition of Hooters Girls from around the world; in 2010, this event took place in Hollywood, Florida. An African-American woman won the Miss Hooters pageant for the first time in 2010: LeAngela Davis of Columbus, Ohio.[28]

  See also


  1. ^ http://www.hooters.com/About.aspx
  2. ^ Kasper, Barbara; Moore, Barbara. "WAVE's Review of Hooters". Rochester NY NOW. http://www.rochesternow.org/hooters.html. Retrieved December 6, 2010.  Originally published as "Restaurant puts workers on display", Democrat and Chronicle, April 12, 1995.
  3. ^ Hooters locations
  4. ^ a b Spring, Jake (February 8, 2011). "Hooters leaves local family". The Sun News. http://www.thesunnews.com/2011/02/08/1968567/hooters-leaves-family.html. Retrieved February 8, 2011. 
  5. ^ The Original Hooters – Hooters Saga
  6. ^ "The Original Hooters-Hooters Saga". Hooters Inc.. Archived from the original on December 15, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071215120013/http://www.originalhooters.com/saga.cfm?pg=2002. Retrieved January 6, 2008. 
  7. ^ "The Original Hooters-Hooters Locations". Hooters, Inc.. Archived from the original on October 24, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071024034032/http://www.originalhooters.com/locations.cfm. Retrieved January 6, 2008. 
  8. ^ "About Hooters". Archived from the original on January 5, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080105112107/http://www.hooters.com/company/about_hooters/. Retrieved January 6, 2008. 
  9. ^ "Hooters History-2007". Hooters Inc.. Archived from the original on December 15, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071215120243/http://www.originalhooters.com/saga.cfm?pg=2007. Retrieved January 6, 2008. 
  10. ^ a b c Spring, Jake (December 3, 2010). "2 firms fight for Hooters". The Sun News. http://www.thesunnews.com/2010/12/03/1847447/2-firms-fight-for-hooters.html. Retrieved December 3, 2010. 
  11. ^ "The Top Hooters Girls of all time". Hooters Magazine. July/August 2008. pp. 100–113.
  12. ^ Hooters Hall of Fame. – accessed June 17, 2009.
  13. ^ Spring, Jake (January 20, 2011). "N.C. firm to buy Hooters". The Sun News. http://www.thesunnews.com/2011/01/20/1931043/nc-firm-to-buy-hooters.html. Retrieved January 20, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Hooters Settles Suit By Men Denied Jobs". The New York Times. October 1, 1997. http://www.nytimes.com/1997/10/01/us/hooters-settles-suit-by-men-denied-jobs.html. Retrieved October 10, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Hooters hit with $11.9 million fee". http://chronicle.augusta.com/stories/050101/bus_085-6052.000.shtml. Retrieved October 10, 2009. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Hooters faces hefty fine after losing fax lawsuit". http://chronicle.augusta.com/stories/032201/met_085-5970.000.shtml. Retrieved October 10, 2009. [dead link]
  17. ^ "More women join lawsuit against Hooters". CNN. April 9, 2004. http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/04/09/hooters/. Retrieved October 10, 2009. 
  18. ^ a b "Texas Man Settles Discrimination Lawsuit Against Hooters for Not Hiring Male Waiters". Fox News. April 21, 2009. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,517334,00.html. Retrieved October 10, 2009. 
  19. ^ "NC charter airline, formerly Hooters Air, hit with discrimination lawsuit after CEO's arrest". http://www.newser.com/article/d9at9qoo0/nc-charter-airline-formerly-hooters-air-hit-with-discrimination-lawsuit-after-ceos-arrest.html. Retrieved October 10, 2009. 
  20. ^ Clickondetroit.com
  21. ^ "So You Wanna Be A "Hooters" Girl?". The Smoking Gun. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/0915051hooters1.html. 
  22. ^ "Hooters Girls Working with Habitat for Humanity" (Press release). Hooters.com. August 25, 2005. http://www.hooters.com/news_and_events/news/2005/2005-08-25_Habitat.asp. 
  23. ^ Morabito, Greg (January 28, 2010). "Hooters Helps Haiti in Super Bowl Sunday". Eater.com. http://eater.com/archives/2010/01/28/hooter-for-haiti.php. 
  24. ^ Brandau, Mark. "Restaurants raise funds to help fight breast cancer". Nation's Restaurant News. October 12, 2010
  25. ^ "Gold Supporters". Operation Homefront. Retrieved January 26, 2012/
  26. ^ [www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/orlando-hooters-to-support-tom-valentine-fund-and-military-through-15-mile-hooters-run-across-the-city-88682732.html "Orlando Hooters to Support Tom Valentine Fund and Military through 15 Mile Hooters Run Across the City"]. PR Newswire. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
  27. ^ Oasys Mobile | A premier publisher and developer of mobile entertainment
  28. ^ News.lalate.com

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