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Jalandhar

                   
Jalandhar
—  city  —
Punjab
Jalandhar
Coordinates: 31°19′32″N 75°34′45″E / 31.3256°N 75.5792°E / 31.3256; 75.5792Coordinates: 31°19′32″N 75°34′45″E / 31.3256°N 75.5792°E / 31.3256; 75.5792
Country India
State Punjab
District Jalandhar
Government
 • Divisional Commissioner S. R. Ladhar
Area
 • Total 3,401 km2 (1,313 sq mi)
Elevation 228 m (748 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 903,491
 • Density 270/km2 (690/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 144 001
Telephone code 91-181
Vehicle registration PB 08

Jalandhar is a city in Jalandhar District in the state of Punjab, India and municipal corporation in Jalandhar district. It is located 144 km northwest of the state capital, Chandigarh. It was known as Prasthala at the time of the Mahabharta and as Jullundur in British India.

Jalandhar has 2nd largest selling of vehicles in the State.

Contents

  History

Jalandhar is another name of Lord Shiva. Jalandhar and Multan are the oldest surviving cities of the Punjab region, with historical references as far back as A.D. 100.[1] The Jalandhar Doab (the region surrounding the city between the Beas and Sutlej rivers) also marked the easternmost territory of the empire of Alexander the Great. He erected giant altars in this area to mark the eastern most extent of his empire and also founded a city named Alexandria in the vicinity and left many Macedonian veterans there.[citation needed]

  Ancient history

In ancient time, the district or Kingdom of Jalandhar comprised the whole of the Upper Doabas from the Ravi to the Satluj. According to the Padama Purana, as quoted by General Conningham the country takes its name from the great Daitya King Danava Jalandhara the son of the Ganga by Ocean.

The whole of Punjab and the area of present Jalandhar District was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. Harappa and Mohenjodaro are the sites where remains of the Indus Valley Civilization have been found extensively. The archaeological exploration made during the recent years have pushed the antiquity of the Jalandhar District of the Harappa period. On the basis of surface exploration, the following new sites have been bought on the Archaeological map of India and the traces of the self-same people as at Harappa and Mohenjodaro have also been detected in Jalandhar District.

From the evidence mentioned above, it is established that the whole of the Jalandhar District was a part of the vast areas covered under the Indus Valley Civilization during the early period of history. This civilization developed prior to the Aryan Civilization in this region.

The excavations done and the places which is given above in the Jalandhar District have revealed the imprints of Harrapa culture in east Punjab the earlier two important sites i.e. (Harappa and Mohanjodaro) being in Pakistan. Rare and unique archaeological objects have been found in Nagar (Tehsil Phillaur) in Jalandhar District. The earliest known cities in India were in the Valley of the river Indus. The remains of a number of different settlements have been discovered by archaeologists. These are scattered over an area of thousand miles. The two biggest cities were Mohenjodaro and Harappa. These cities were inhabited from 2300 to 1700 BC.

The earliest historical mention of Jalandhar occur in the region of Kanishka, the Kushan King of northern India in whose time a council of Buddhists theologians was held near Jalandhar about 100 AD to collect and arrange the sacred writings of Buddhism and to bring about reconciliation between its various sects.

In the 7th Century, when the famous Chinese traveller and pilgrim Hiuen Tsang visited India during the reign of Harsha Vardhana, the Kingdom of Jalandhar or Trigartta under Raja Utito (Whom Alexender Cunningham identifies with the Rajput Raja Attar Chandra). It was said to have extended 167 miles (about 268 km) from east to west and 133 miles (about 213 km) from north to south, thus including the hill states of Chamba, Mandi and Suket (Himachal Pardesh) and Satadru or Sirhind in the plains. Raja Utito was a tributary of Harsh Vardhana. The Rajput Rajas appear to have continued to rule over the country right up to the 12th century, interrupted some time or the other, but their capital was Jalandhar and Kangra formed and important stronghold.

According to Chinese pilgrim Famine, who traveled India in the seventh century AD, there were so many Vihars and Maths of Buddhism in India. In the Jalandhar District, there were as many as 50 Vihars and Maths of Buddhism. The Buddhism religion was adopted by a large number of people.

From the later half of the tenth century up to AD 1019, the district was included in the Shahi Kingdom of the Punjab and Jalandhar was an important city in the region.

  Middle Ages

AD 1296-1316- During the reign of Ala-Ud-din Khilji, is one of the numerous Mughal invasions, the invaders under Dua were defeated near Jalandhar by Ulugh Khan and Zafar Khan in AD 1297

AD 1398- In consequence of the sack of Delhi by Timur, the house of Tughlok had fallen

AD 1416- Malik Tughan assassinated the Governor of Sirhind, but was driven into the hills of Malik Daud and Zirak Khan.

AD 1417- Malik Tughan returned with a considerable army and besieged Sirhing, Zirak Khan was sent against him by Khizr Khan (AD 1414-1421) of Delhi, and on his approach be retreated towards the hills. He was then, it is stated, allowed to retain possession of Jalandhar

AD 1419- Tarikh-I-Mubarak Shahi mentions Tughan, Raja of the Turk-bachrhas of Jalandhar, as aiding Sultan Shah Lodhi, Governor of Sirhind and uncle of Behloi Lodhi, against a pretender, who had assumed the name of Sarang Khan and raised a rebellion in the mountain of Bajwara near Hoshiarpur, which were then depended on Jalandhar.

AD 1420- Tudhan again revelled against Khzir Khan besieged Sirhind, and overran the country as far as Mansurpur and Payal. Malik-Khair-ud-din was sent against him from Delhi and was joined at Samana by the forces of Zirak Khan, and Tughan retreated, crossing the Satluj, at Ludhiana. But the river being low, the royal forces followed on which he fled into the country of Jasrath KhoKhar, and his wife was given to Zirak Khan

AD 1421 Zirak Khan, the then Governor of Jalandhar was obliged to withdraw into the fort of Jalandhar, on the approach of Jasrath Khokhar, who after a year recorded the river and marched against him. He next besieged Sultan Shah Lodhi in Sirhind, but on the approach of the new Emperor Mubarak Shah raised the siege and released Zirak Khan at Ludhiana

AD 1431-31- Jasrath defeated Malik Sikandar on the Be n near Jalandhar, took him prisoner and afterwards laid seize to Lohare, he retreated and Nasrat Khan was placed incharge of Lohare and Jalandhar. In August 1432, Jasrath returned and attacked him, but was defeated. In the Muharram of September 1432, Malik Allah Dad Lodhi, who was sent to relieve Nasrat Khan was attacked by Jasrath near Jalandhar.

AD 1441- Muhammad Shah confirmed Bahlol Lodhi of Sirhind in the Governorship of Lahore and Dipalpur and sent him against Jasrath. But Behlol Lodhi came into terms with the Khokhar Chief, revolted and remained independent and finally in AD 1450 became sovereign of Delhi.

AD 1445- 51India was split into a number of independent states at the time of Alauddin Alam Shah. The Sultanate of Delhi had long before the rise of the Sayyids been considerably diminished in its size and strength. At that time, Sarang Khan in the Bist Jalandhar Doab created disturbances, which has to be crushed under the personal direction of the Sultan.

AD 1524- On Babar’s fourth invasion of India in the year, he gave Jalandhar and Sultanpur in Jagir to Daulat Khan Lodhi as whose instigation he had come.

AD 1540- Humayun was expelled by Sher Shah. His retreat was covered at Jalandhar by his brother, Mirza Hindal, who was finally obliged to retire before the Afghans, who crossed the Beas at Sultanpur.

AD 1555- On Himayun’s return in this year, Bairam Khan was sent against an Afghan detachment at Hariana in the Hoshiarpur District and after driving it back on Jalandhar, he advanced and occupied the surrounding country.

AD 1556-1605- On the defeat of Sikandar Sur at Sirhind and his flight to the hills, Shah Abu Maali was sent to the Jalandhar to hold him in check. But instead of staying there, he advanced to Lahore and thus gave Sikandar Sur an opportunity of collecting of army and making another effort to secure his throne. In consequence, Akbar was sent incharge of Barian Khan to the Punjab. After receiving the submission of the Raja of the Kangra, Akbar took up his residence at Jalandhar, where among others, Kamal Khan, a grandnephew of Jasrath Khokhar waited on him and was well received. Akbar now called to the east of meet Hemu, and during his absence, Sikandar Sur defeated Khizr Khan, Governor of Lahore, at Chamiari. Barian Khan, who had been appointed Khan Khanan of Akbar’s accession in 1560, and had been virtual sovereign 441lost his power and withdrew with the avowed intention of proceeding to Macca. On this way, however, irritated at some further events, he changed hi intention, and going to Dipalpur, he collected troops and prepared to attack Jalandhar. He advanced by way of Tihara, where a party of his friends under Wala Beg was defeated, by Abdulla Khan, Mughal. Shortly after, he himself was brought to action and beaten by AtgahKhan on 23 Augest 1560, at Gunachaur, near Rahon. During Akbar’s reign, copper coin were minted at Jalandhar and his minister Todar Mal, made settlement of land revenue in Jalandhar Doab. Guru Arjan Dev founded the town of Katarpur in 1539.

AD 1605- Shortly after the accession of Jahangir, hi son Khusro revelled and leaving Agra, withdrew to Lahore via Delhi. He was besienging the citadel of Lahore when heard of the Emperor’s advance guard at Sultanpur, and at once marched for the Bea. When he reached Bhairowal, on that river, the imperical forces had already crossed and battle took place in which he was defeated. During Jahangir’s reign(1605–27), Jalandhar Doab received special attention because of Nurjahan’s attachment with Nurmahal. She had been brought up there and among other things, she got a big Serai built there.

AD 1627-1658- Under Jahangir’s successor, Shah Jahan, the Serai and Dakani was built on high road between the Delhi and Lahore. Many villages were founded. The new town of Phillaur dates from the reign of Shah Jahan, when its site, then covered with ruins, was selected for on of the Serai on the imperial road from Delhi to Lahore.

AD 1632- Guru Teg Bahadur was married to Mata Gujri daughter of Lal Chand, Khatri of Kartarpur on 15 Asuj 1689 Bikram.

AD 1634- The battle of Kartarpur was fought between Mughal troops and Guru Hargobind. The imperial troops were routed and both Painda Khan and Kala Khan were killed.During the rest of the 17th Century, Jalandhar remained firmly attacked to the Delhi Empire. With the death of Aurangzeb in 1707. Mughal Empire began to lotter.

AD 1710- Banda Bahadur received appeals from the peasants of the Jalandhar Doab to help them against the Mughal Faujdar, Shams Khan of Jalandhar. The news of Banda’s return was enough to put heart into the Sikhs and they rose to throw off the yoke of Mughals. Shams Khan was defeated in Rahon.

AD 1716- The capture and execution of Banda Bahadur and his followers in the year 1716, and the persecution of the Sikhs that followed, completely crushed them. But the Sikhs were temporarily subdued.

AD 1738- 39- After the invasion of Nadir Shah during which he put Nurmahal to ransom, the Sikhs again appeared in arms. But after a temporary success, they were defeated by Adina-Beg, who had been appointed Governor (Faujdar) of the Jalandhar Doab.

AD 1748- Adina-Beg and the leaders of the more important Sikh confederacies were also appossed to Nadir Shah who was finally defeated in 1748 near

Sirhind by Muin-ul-Mulk (popularly known as Mir Mannu ), the son of the grand Wazir, and obliged to evacuate the Punjab

AD 1748–1752- Mir Mannu became a governor of Punjab and ruled from 1748 to 1752, retaining Adina Beg as his Deputy in the Jalandhar Doab. Jassa Singh Ramgharia in 1752 took service with Adina Beg and with all the leaders of the Confederacy, except one, Tara Singh, helped him to defeated the Ahluwalias, Kanayas and Sukerchakias at Makhowal. Adina Beg is said by one account to have given him charge of the large tract in the Jalandhar Doab of which the subsequently became master.

AD 1755- After the death of Mir Mannu in 1752, the Governorship of Lahore was held by his widow Murad Begum on the part of Afghan King till 1755, when she was treacherously seized by her son-in-law, the Wazir of Delhi. This led to the fourth invasion of Ahmad Shah, during which he plundered Nurmahal and slaughtered its inhabitants.

AD 1756- Adina-Beg with the assistance of Jassa Singh Ahluwalia took possession of Jalandhar and defeated the Afghan General Sarbuland Khan, who had been left in charge. On his back to Kabul, Ahmad Shah had pillaged and brunt Kartarpur.

AD 1757- During the year, the Sikhs under Badbhag Singh, with the connivance of Adina Beg, in the revenue treated Jalandhar similarly. But though supported by Sikhs, Adina Beg found his position precarious and called in the assistance of the Maratha leader, Regoba. The Marathas expelled the Afghans and occupied the whole of Punjab. In 1758 Adina Beg was made the Governor of Punjab and died at the end of the year, leaving no son to succeed him.

AD 1759- The era of Sikh Confederacies (Misls) which succeeded that of foreign domination had begun in the Doab in this year, immediately after the death of Adina Beg. There were twelve Misls, i.e. (1) The Nakais, (2) The Nishanwalias, (3) The Kanayas (4) The Sukrchakias (5) The Shahids (6) The Bhagins (7) The Phulkians (8) The Ahluwalias (9) The Rmagharias (10) The Faizullapurias or Sinhgpurias (11) The Karora Singhias and (12) Dallewalias. The Kanahayas from some time held a large tract in the upper part of the Doab, from which they had been ousted by the Ramgharias. Sukerchakia in the person of Ranjit Singh, became master of whole upper Doab. The connection of the Bhangis Misl with Jalandhar was almost equally sight. Lehna Singh, the Principal leader of one branch of this Confederacy was a native of Mustfapur, a village, near Kartarpur in the Jalandhar District.

AD 1760- Tara Singh Gheba captured Dakhni in this year from Sharf-ud-din, an Afghan of Jalandhar. After that he marched towards the east of the Jalandhar and fixed his residence there.

AD 1761- Ahmad Shah invaded India for the fifth time, drove out the Marathas and at the Battle of Panipat destroyed forever their chance of being again masters of the Punjab,. He returned to Kabul laeving Buland Khan, Governor of Lahore and Zain Khan, Governor of Sihind. By the time, the Sikhs were so strong that they began to built forts all over the Country. They defeated Khwaja Ubed, who was command at Lahore.

AD 1762- Karora Singh, one of the founder of the Karora Singhias Misl was a Virk Jat (some say a Khatri) and belonged originally to the Faizullapiria confederacy. He made himself independent and took possession of Hariana and Sham Churasi in the Hoshiarpur District and had also lands in the north of the Jalandhar, where the confederacies continued to be represented by the Sardars of Laroya and Naugaja in Jalandhar, and of Sirhal Kazian, in Nawashahr. He was killed and was succeed by Sardar Baghel Singh who retuned to the Punjab and acquired the country about Talwan in south-west of Phillaur Tehsil. Amad Shah Abdali appeared for the sixth time and falling on the combined Sikh forces near village Kup (district Sangrur) where they were engaged in hostilities with Zian Khan inflicted on them the most terrible defeated they had ever experienced. This holocaust of 5 February 1762, ios Known to the Sikhs as the Vada Ghallughara ( the great massacre). Howerver, when Ahmad Shah had gone back to Kabul, leaving Saadat Khan, Government of Jalandhar, the Sikhs came together again. They defeated and slew Zain Khan near Sirhind in December 1763. This victory established Sikh independence.

AD 1764-67- Though Ahmed Shah returned in 1764 and again in 1767 when he made the Katoch Rajput Chief, Ghamand Chand Governor of jalandhar,he did not recover any substantial power and as far as the Jalandhar Doaba is concerned, Afgan sovereignty, even in name, ended in the latter year.

AD 1772- The Dallewalia chif was on inimate terms with the Phulkian family of Patiala as Bibi Chand Kaur, daughter of Raja Amar Singh of that state was married to his son, Dasondha Singh. The Dallewalia Chief along with others chiefs, came to the assistance of Amar Singh, when the latter`s half brother Himmat Singh, had rebelled.

AD 1776- The Ahluwalias, Kanhayas and Sukerchakias attacked the Ramgarhias, took all the country and drove Jassa Singh across the Sutluj, where he remained for seven years.

AD 1778- When the Raja had been defeated by Sardar Jassa Singh Ramgarhia, Tara Singh was one of the Chiefs who hastened to his help. Another ally from Jalandhar Doaba was Bibi Rajinder of Phagwara. Hari Singh originally belonged to the Dallewalia confederacy.

AD 1781- On the death if Raja Amar Singh, the Dallewalia Chief backup the rebellion of Sardar Mahan Singh against Raja Sahib Singh who was the brother of Bibi Chand Kaur, Tara Singh`s daughter-in-law. But he soon deserted the rebal Sardar who was then obliged to surrender.

AD 1783- The Kanhayas had grown too powerful to please the Sukerchakias and the latter in alliance Jassa Singh who after some fighting, recovered his old territory.

AD 1803- Jassa Singh Ramgarhia died in 1803 and was succeeded by his son, Jodh Singh. In 1805 Jodh Singh assisted Lord Lake when he entered the Doab in pursuit of Jaswant Rao Holker, who plundered fifty of Ramgarhia villages.

AD 1807- Ranjit Singh crossed the Satluj and attacked the Rajput fort of Nariangarh in the Ambala District. Tara Singh Gheba, accompanied him got ill and died on his own way home during the siege. His death was kept secret while the body was sent in all hast to Rahon to which he belonged. According to J.D. Cunningham, Tara Singh Gheba`s widow, Rani Rattan Kaur " equaled the sister of the Raja of Patiala in spirit and she is described to have girded up her garment and to have fought, sword in hand, on the Jalandhar Doaba had been absorbed into the dominon of Ranjit Singh and made over to Dewan Mohkam Chand.

AD 1809-1811- The Karora Singhias lost Talwan, with Shergarh and Hariana to Ranjit Singh. The Faizullapuria Misl came under Maharaja Ranjit Singh rule. In September 1811, Diwan Mohkam Chand on the part of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, supported by Ramgarhia and Ahluwalias Chiefs, took Jalandhar and other forts as Bulandpur, about 5 km north of Jalandhar and Patti at Hoshiarpur District and obliged Sardar Budh Singh to fly for safety to Ludhiana.

AD 1814-1819- Diwan Mohkam Chand died in October 1814 and was succeeded by Moti Ram. After the death of Jodh Singh in 1816, his family began to quarrel and Ranjit Singh being asked to arbitrate, took the possession of Ramgarhia Misl. Moti Ram held the appointment till he was made the governor of Kashmir and in his place Jalandhar was taken by his son Kirpa Ram.

AD 1839- Maharaja Ranjit Singh died.

AD 1845–46- In the first Anglo Sikh War (1845–46), the Jalandhar Doab was not scene of any remarkable military event. The army of Sardar Ranjodh Singh Majithia marched through Doab was joined by the troops of Ahluwalia Chief. The crossed the Satluj at Phllaur on 17 January 1846 and after a temporary success at Badowal, were totally defeated by sir Henry Smith at Aliwal eleven days later and driven across the Sutlej at Chug, 3 km sough of Talwan. The sikhs retreated to Phillaur and disappeared. After the battle, the main body of English army market for Sobraon, while Brigadier Wheeler crossed the river in pursuit of the Sikhs also near Talwan and advanced to Phillaur and occupied the fort, the keys of which had been made over to him at Talwan by Chaudhari Kutb-ud-din, who for this service got a pension and afterwords a grand of waste land, where the village of the Kutbiwal now stands, From Phillaur, the English marched to Jalandhar. The country between Sutlej and Beas was ceded to the British.

  Early modern period

AD 1846- John Lawrance was appointed commission of the Jalandhar Doaba on its annexation in 1846. Cantonements were built at Jalandhar, Phillaur, Nakodar and Kartarpur.

AD 1857- When the great uprising of 1857 occurred, the 6th light Cavalry, the 36th and 61st Native Infantry and some Native Artiliary were staitioned at Jalandhar. Brigadier Hartley was in command. But was succeeded by Brigadier M.C. Johnstone before the actual outbrake occurred at Jalandhar. The Civil officers were the Commissioners, Major Lake, The Deputy Commissioner, Captain Frington, the Assistant Commissioner, S.S. Hoggand the extra Commissioner G.Knox N.P. the Namdhari, papurly called Kuka Movement was started by Baba Ram Singh of village Bhaini Sahib in Ludhiana district. And assembly of his followers was called at Bhaini Sahib on the Baisakhi day in 1857. The five Sikhs who were administrated on the occasion included Bhai Sadhu Singh of village Durgapur in the Nawashahr tehsil. Phillaur was occupied by the 3rd Native Infantry during the great appriding of 1857, when the news of the outbreak at Meerut arrived, on 12 May 1857, Major Lake was not at Headquarters, but Captain Farrigtion was present at a council heald by Brigadier Heartly, at which it was determined to secure Phillaur and to establish Relegraph communication with it. The native troops had been replaced by 150 man of the 8 foot, by the next morning. Randhir Singh the raja of Kapurthala with his brother Bikram Singh proceeded to Jalandhar with the all troops he could collect and remained there for whole of the summer. On 7 June 1857, a fire broke out in the Cantonments. When the officers, went down to extinguish the fire, they were fired on by the native troops. Many of them were wounded. Next morning, the rebel troops left Jalandhar in two parties. One went off in an orderly manner towards Hoshiarpur, and marching about 208 km. in 54 hours, made good it escape along the hills. The second and large party made for Phillour where they reached the same morning. Here they were joined by the third Native Infantry and crossed the river followed by the pursuers. On 10 June, the pursuit ceased at Dehlon and 8th Foot return to Ludhiana by the evening and thence to Jalandhar, where it afterwards joint General Nickolsons moveable column and assisted in disarming the 33rd and 35th Native Infantry regiments at Phillour on June 25. The forces at Jalandhar was strengthened by 300 Tiwana Horse under the command of Sher Mohamad Khan.

AD 1869- The railway line from Beas to Jalandhar was opened in 1869 and was completed up to Phillour by the next year. The Doab was linked to the rest of the punjab by the railway bridges, constructed over the Beas in 1869 and over the Sutlej in 1870.

AD 1900- The sixteenth session of the Indian National Congress was held at Lahore in December 1900. Delegates from Jalandhar District also attended this session. The Punjab Land Alienation Act, 1900 saved the agricultural land from passing to the money lenders but it did not solve the problem of rural indebtedness.

AD 1913-15- With headquarters of San Francisco (USA), the Ghadar Party was formed in 1913 to liberate India by force. From among the Ghadrites, which disembarked from the ship Kamagata Maru (which arrived at Budge Budge on 21 September 1914) 32 belonged to district Jalandhar. Of these, 14 were imprisoned and 3 killed in the police firing. Those killed were, Inder Singh of village Sidhu or Sidhupur, Arjan Singh of village Dhada (Tehsil Jalandhar) and Lachhman Singh (village not known). From among the passengers arrive by the ship Tosa Maru at Calcutta on 19 Oct. 1914, Diwan Chand of Nakodar was put under house arrest. Barkat Ali and Jalal Khan of Village Apra, Tehsil Phillaur nad Rehmat Ali of Jalandhar put under house arrest. Bhag Singh of village Chamiara (Tehsil Jalandhar) who arrived by the ship Edgware on 7 March 1915 was put under house arrest. Out of the seven passangers who arrived by the ship Austerley on 9 March 1915, Bhagwan Singh of village Phalpota (Tehsil Phillaur), Daleepa of village Jamsher (Tehsil Jalandhar), Jagta of village Raipur, Labu of village Barwa (tehsil nawanshahr) and Miran Baksh of village Sharkpur Doaba (tehsil Nakodar) were immediately arrested. In spite of Governments precautions and internments, many of the Ghadarites were able to reach Punjab. They exhorted the people to rise but not with much success. The Ghadarites were suppressed with a heavy hand. A large number of them were rounded up and were tried by special tribunals constituted under the Defense of India Act, 1915.

AD 1917-19- With a view of stimulate political activity, the District Congress Committee was formed in 1917. It was affiliated to the Punjab Provincial Congress Committee. The Delegates of the District Congress Committee, Jalandhar attended the Provincial Political Conference held at Lahore in 1917. The Rowlatt Act was passed in March 1919, but public meetings, against the Act. As a mark of protest, Gandhiji announced general hartal on March 30, which date was subsequently changed to April 6. Gandhiji call to Satyagrah met with a tremendous response all over the Punjab and in protest meetings were held at Jalandhar and other district, where resolutions were passed against the oppressive Act. The annual session of the Punjab Provincial Conference was held at Jalandhar on 2April 1919 to spread the massage of the Indian National Congress in every corner of the province.

AD 1920-22- The Khilafat Movement was started in the district in early 1920 to bring pressure upon British to change her policy towards Turkey. Gandhiji extended sympathy and support to this movement. Gandhiji had faith in the professed goodwill of the British Government when he joined the Indian politics. But the Rowlatt Act and Jallian wala Bagh incident shattered his faith. In alliance with the Khilafat leaders he started the Non-Co-Operative Movement. Shiromani Gurudwara Parbandhak Committee was formed in November1920 to undertake the management of all gurudawaras and other Sikh religious institutions. A public meeting was held at Jalandhar on 23February 1921 under the auspices of Nankana Sahib Holocaust, which occurred on 20 February wee condemned . The Seditious Meetings Act was applied to the Jalandhar District soon after Col. C.H.Buck was appointed Deputy Commissioner, Jalandhar in February 1921.A resolution of protest against the application of the Act was passed by the Municipal Committee, Jalandhar The District was declared ‘Proclaimed Area’ under the Seditious meetings Act. This was done by Government without consulting the popular ministers appointed under the government of India Act,1921.

A conference was held at Jalandhar on 6 February which decided to set up a National University for Women at Jalandhar. Under this decision, a collage for women, viz. Kana Maha Vidyalaya was established in March 1921. A Tum Tum Ekka Association was formed at Jalandhar in march 9121 and its members stopped the practice of payment of two paise t Policeman at the time of leaving the Ekka stands and vowed not to carry any policeman free of charge.

Gandhiji visited Jalandhar on 8 March 1921. About the middle of April 1921, a Charkha (spinning wheel ) Club was formed At Jalandhar with about 25 girls and women as members. Lala Lajpat Rai visited Jalandhar on17 August 1921 and also on 17 November in the same year. Under the auspices of the Khilafat Committee, Jalandhar, a meeting was held at Jalandhar on 18 September 1921 in which people were exhorted to carry on the Non-co-operation Movement vigorously.

AD 1929- Bhagat Singh of village Khatkar Kalan (Jalandhar) and his associate, Batukeshwar Datt, each threw a bomb in the Assembly Hall in Delhi on April 1929, for which they were arrested and brought to the Central Jail, Lahore.

AD 1930-31- The Civil Disobedience Movement was started in the country after the declaration of complete independence as its goal by the Indian National Congress during the Lahore Session in December 1929.

To break the Salt Laws, Gandhiji started Dandi March on 12 Mach 1930. The Government took repercussion measures to put down the movement. The congress was declared an illegal organization and a number of persons from Jalandhar District were thrown into jails.

Under the Gandhiji Irwin Pact dated 5 March 1931, Gandhiji along with all the political prisoners was released and the Civil Disobedience Movement was called off. Bhagat Singh and his two comrades, Raj Guru and Sukhdev were convicted in the Lahore conspiracy case and were hanged on 23 March 1931. Their bodies were secretly cremated by the police near Husainiwal (near Firozpur), on the right bank of the Satluj.

AD 1942- The Congress working committee passed a resolution demanding immediate complete and unconditional withdrawal of the British from India. In this year, the Quit India Movement was started by the Congress. Gandhiji and all members of the congress working committee along with a large number of persons were arrested on 9 August 1942.

AD 1947- The British Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act in July 1947 and India became Independent of 15 August 1947. The achievement of Independence was celebrated in the district, as in the rest of the country with great enthusiasm which was, however, marred by the communal riots and exodus of minority communities from both sides of the border, consequent upon the partition of the country.

  Capital of Punjab

Jalandhar was the capital of Punjab from India's independence (1947) until Chandigarh was built.

  Geography

The city has a humid subtropical climate with cool winters and hot summers. Summers last from April to June and winters from November to February. Temperatures in the summer vary from average highs of around 48 °C (118 °F) to average lows of around 25 °C (77 °F). Winter temperatures vary from highs of 19 °C (66 °F) to lows of −5 °C (23 °F). The climate is dry on the whole, except during the brief southwest monsoon season during July and August. The average annual rainfall is about 70 cm.

Climate data for Jalandhar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
21.6
(70.9)
26.0
(78.8)
34.5
(94.1)
39.4
(102.9)
38.2
(100.8)
34.1
(93.4)
33.1
(91.6)
32.6
(90.7)
31.5
(88.7)
27.2
(81.0)
22.3
(72.1)
29.99
(85.99)
Average low °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
8.6
(47.5)
13.2
(55.8)
19.0
(66.2)
23.8
(74.8)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
25.8
(78.4)
21.8
(71.2)
18.3
(64.9)
12.1
(53.8)
7.2
(45.0)
17.19
(62.95)
Precipitation mm (inches) 10.7
(0.421)
16.7
(0.657)
32.8
(1.291)
15.2
(0.598)
20.4
(0.803)
69.7
(2.744)
155.2
(6.11)
183.6
(7.228)
60.0
(2.362)
1.5
(0.059)
3.5
(0.138)
9.7
(0.382)
579
(22.8)
Source: Delhi Tourism

  Economy

Jalandhar is considered to be the BEST CITY OF PUNJAB. It is the most cleanest and less populated city of Punjab. Jalandhar has numerous hospitals, including Ruby Nelson Memorial Hospital of Seventh-Day-Adventis, Akal Eye Hospital, Mahajan Eye Hospital, Thind Eye Hospital, Patel Hospital, Tagore Hospital, Lajwanti Hospital, Oxford Hospital, Pruthi Hospital, Guru Nanak Mission Hospital, Ruby Hospital, and Ghai Hospital. Although each hospital has its own identity, Akal Eye Hospital, Mahajan Eye Hospital and Thind Eye Hospital are on the world map for their Lasik treatments.

Upmarket localities include Master Mota Singh Nagar, Model Town, Jawahar Nagar, Udham Singh Nagar & Guru Teg Bahadur Nagar.

  About Jalandhar

Jalandhar is situated at a very good place. Jalandhar is located on the intensively irrigated plain between the Beas and Sutlej rivers. The city, which has major road and rail connections, is amarket for agricultural products. Jalandhar city is hub of industries. .Jalandhar is also the world's biggest manufacturer of leather tool pouches, Sports goods and aprons; major American and European customers buy from factories in Jalandhar. Along with it is also a hub of manufacturing of Hand Tools in India. It is the biggest supplier of sports material in the world. Jalandhar was a hub of the Gandhi government's green revolution of India in the early 1960s. Dr. Dilbag Singh Athwal, a renowned scientist in plant breeding, developed India's first high-yield wheat, Kalyan. The wheat he named after his native village Kalyanpur, 6 miles (9.7 km) southwest of Jalandhar. Later, Dr. Athwal headed the International Rice Research Institute and the International Agricultural Development Service. Dr. Athwal took early retirement from his position as senior vice president Rockefeller Institute. The village Kalyanpur (now part of Jalandhar) has produced prominent scientists including Dr. Raghbir Singh, Dr. Rajbir Kaur, and Dr. Iqbal Singh Athwal. Jalandhar also has an electrical goods industry. Manufacturers like Hazel India, Standard Switchgears and Apex Electricals are located in Jalandhar. An international sports market is situated in Jalandhar.

Major sports brands such as Spartan, BAS Vampire, Bhaseen's Baspo, JJ Jonex, Freewill Sports, NIVIA Football, Syndicate Sports etc. come from this part of the world.

Jalandhar is also known for thrust bearings and ball bearings; brands such as BKE, IBI and KKK belong to the city.

Spartan is considered to be the best quality bat in cricket which was made from Jalandhar.

  How to reach Jalandhar

One can visit Jalandhar through various means of transport. Those are as follows -

  By Air

There is no airport in Jalandhar. The nearest airport is Raja Sansi airport in Amritsar, 83 km away.The airport is well connected by other parts of the Country by regular flights. The Raja Sansi International Airport at Amritsar is located about 11 km from the city centre. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Singapore as well as London and Birmingham and Toronto. The airport now handles as many as forty-eight flights every week up from the occasional, intermittent ones some years ago. British airways, Malaysia Airlines, Phuket Airlines, Tajakistan Airlines, Uzbek Airways and Air-India are also lining up to fly here.

  By Rail

Railways has linked jalandhar with other cities in the way that it has become really easy to reach jalandhar. Jalandhar City Railway Station is an important station on the Delhi-Amritsar Railway line. It is connected with direct trains to Delhi(375 km), Calcutta, Mumbai, Puri, Nagpur, Jammu Tawi and Deluxe Express to Mumbai,Shatabadi Express to Delhi, Utkal Express to Puri and Howrah Mail to Calcutta.

Railway Enquiry Northern Railway, Jalandhar-144001 Phone: 0181-131, 2456366, 2456367, 2456072.

  By Road

There is a vast network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal, Delhi, Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh, U.P., Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.

  Commerce

Jalandhar ranks second in India in the rate of urbanisation and has the highest density of population at 598 persons per square km, as per the 1991 census. The reason for this is growing industrialisation. Jalandhar is the media and mass communication hub of the region having the regional headquarters of the national television and radio channels. Most of India's sports goods are exported to the United Kingdom, The United States of America, Germany, France and Australia. Rough estimates suggest that today Jalandhar has more than one hundred major industries and about 20,000 small-scale industries with a most conservative estimate of an annual turnover of approximately Rs 450 crores The industry is mainly concentrated in Jalandhar and Meerut. The Indian sports goods industry manufactures 318 items. The Indian sports goods industry is a highly labour intensive industry which provides employment to the weaker sections of society and also employs a large number of women. The sports goods industry in India has witnessed a phenomenal growth over the past five decades and now occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and export.

  List of Malls in Jalandhar

  Interior of Viva Collage Mall, Jalandhar

Jalandhar has highest number of malls in the State. Some of them are:

  • The Galleria
  • Viva Collage Mall
  • Sarb Multiplex
  • Splendor Shagun
  • Emaar MGF Mall of Jalandhar
  • Ansal Plaza
  • PPR Mall
  • Big C
  • Reliance Jewel & Reliance Footprint & The LG Store & Sagar Ratna
  • Eminent Mall
  • Easyday Mall
  • Best Price (Bharti Walmart)
  • Naaz Shooping Center
  • Centrum Joti Mall
  • Ritu Wear's Big Life
  • The Metropolitan
  • CnM (ChunMun)
  • MBD Neopolis
  • City Square
  • vishal mega mart
  • v-mart

  Places to visit in Jalandhar

Jalandhar city have many places to visit making Jalandhar one of the most attractive places to visit in Punjab. Places which are considered as 'the gems of the city' are described as follows :

  • Devi Talab Mandir
  • Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid
  • Shiv Mandhir
  • Sodal Mandir
  • Tulsi Mandir
  • Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi
  • Singh Sabha Gurdwara-Model Town
  • Gita Mandir
  • Gurdwara Talhan Sahib
  • St Mary's Cathedral Church ( Jalandhar Cantt. )

  Places of Interests and fun

  • Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Museum Khatkar Kalan
  • Company Bagh
  • Niku Park, Model Town
  • Rangla Punjab
  • Haveli
  • Pushpa Gujral Science City
  • Wonder Land

  Restaurants

There are many Hotels and Restaurants in Jalandhar. Some of them are:

  Sweet Shops

Jalandhar has a large number of Sweet Shops. Some of them are:

  • Krishna Sweets | Model Town
  • Lovely Sweet House | Nakodar Road
  • The Jalebi Junction | G.T. Road
  • Bikaner | Model Town
  • Bikanervala | G.T. Road

  Bakeries

A large number of Bakeries are in the city. Best of bakeries are:

  • Parkash Bakery | Model Town
  • Cake House | Model Town
  • Kaypee and Company | Civil Lines, G.T. Road
  • Ghai Bakery | Ashok Nagar
  • Patisserie | Model Town
  • Parveen Bakery | Circular Road
  • Fancy Bakery | Nakodar Road

  Demographics

The first language of most people in the city is Punjabi making it the official language of the city. Due to the welcoming and enterprising nature of Punjabis, people from different cultures are settling here, enriching the city with new languages such as Hindi, English, Rajasthani, Himachali, Marathi etc. As per the 2010 National Indian Census, the district of Jalandhar has the highest Hindu population in Punjab.

  Media

The city serves as the region's headquarters[citation needed] for newspapers, national television and radio stations. These include Punjab Kesari, Dainik Jagran, Hindustan Times, The Tribune etc.

Local radio stations include:

  Healthcare

Jalandhar has the highest number of hospitals in India.[citation needed] The city claims to have highest number of hospitals in Asia.[citation needed] Jalandhar have best hospitals in India. In city, hospital maintenance is very nice. Jalandhar hospitals are famous for Cancer treatment and surgeries, Heart treatments and surgeries etc.

List of hospitals in Jalandhar.

Name Address
Patel Hospital Prime Rose Building, Behind Skylark Hotel, Jalandhar - 144001
Pasricha Hospital and Maternity Home 221, Adarsh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Sparsh Hospital 23- A, Link Road, Jalandhar - 144003
Smt Sudarshan Memorial Adarsh Hospital Kasba Chowk Dasuya, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar - 144205
Aashirwad Hospital Hoshiarpur Road, Rama Mandi, Jalandhar - 144001
Sacred Heart Hospital G T Rd Maqsudan, G T Road, Jalandhar - 144001
New Ruby Hospital & Nursing Home Pvt Ltd 25, 26, Link Road, Lajpat Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Kidney Hospital Near Kishanpura Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
Kahlon Hospital Johan Market, Jalandhar - 144001
K.G.M. Bone Hospital K.G.M. Bone Hospital
Hans Hospital 280, Shaheed Udham Sigh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Kakkar Hospital and Maternity Home Plot No.6, Nakodar Road, Rameshwar Colony, Jalandhar - 144001
Lal Hospital Rama Mandi, Jalandhar - 144001
Lajwant Hospital Plot No.556 A, Adjoin, Radio Station, Jalandhar - 144001
Kuldip Hospital and Maternity Home 34, Shaheed Udham Singh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Kuldeep Hospital Opposite T.V. Centre, Jalandhar - 144001
Khurana Hospital 22, 107, New Market, Model Town, Jalandhar - 144003
Khosla Surgical Hospital Shaheed Udham Sigh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Indian Medical Institute and Charitable Hospital Bidhi Pur, Jalandhar - 144001
Joshi Hospital Kapurthala Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Guru Nanak Mission Hospital Guru Nanak Chowk, Lajpat Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Guru Nanak Medical Clinic Near G.N.M. Hospital, Jalandhar - 144001
Karan Hospital 193, Adarsh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Goel Surgical Hospital Milap Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
Jamu Hospital Kapurthala Road, Near Sports College, Jalandhar - 144001
Gill Hospital 36-A, Mall Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Ghai Hospital 661, Guru Teg Bahadur Nagar, Jalandhar - 144003
G.T.B. Charitable Hospital G.T.B. Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Harbir Hospital 1086, G.Garh, Jalandhar - 144001
Kashayap Hospital 1253 Dakoha, Jalandhar - 144005
HJ Singh Ranjit Hospital 58, Kapurthala Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Johal Hospital Rama Mandi, Jalandhar - 144001
Jiwan Jyoti Hospital Dilbagh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144002
Jaswant Hospital Adda Bastian, Jalandhar - 144001
Dr Sethis Holy Heart Hospital 174, Model Town, Jalandhar - 144003
J.P. Medical Centre 62-A, SUS Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Guru Har Gobind Charitable Hospital Gurudwara, Basti Sheikh, Sixth Patshahi, Jalandhar - 144001
Kaushal Sk Naveen Hospital Milap Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Chowdhary Hospital Mahavir Marg, Jalandhar - 144001
Bengali Hospital Chowk Pura, Jalandhar - 144001
Baweja Hospital Milap Chowk, Hari Singh Educational Trust Building, Jalandhar - 144001
Bawa Hospital 518, New Jawahar Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Batra Hospital Mission Compound, Jalandhar - 144001
Balbir Singhs Children Hospital 38-C, P and T Colony, Jalandhar - 144001
B.M. New Born and Child Care Centre Guru Ravi Dass Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Gulab Devi T B Hospital Near Burlton Park, Jalandhar - 144001
City Hospital and Maternity Home 213, New Jawahar Nagar, Tanda Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Bhatia Hospital 38, Mahavir Marg, Jalandhar - 144001
Chodha Hospital 8/253, New Vijay Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Chawla Children Hospital Shaheed Udham Sigh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Ashoka New Psychiatric Hospital 92, SUS Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Arjan Memorial Hospital Gulab Devi Hospital Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Amarjit Hospital 353, GTB Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Aman Cancer Hospital Khajurla Chowki, Jalandhar - 144001
Adarsh Hospital and Maternity 193, A.Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Civil Hospital Near Jyoti Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
Chanan Ram Sampla Charitable Hospital Sant Brahm Dass Marg, Kukar Pind Road, Jalandhar - 144005
E.S.I. Hospital PB Health Services, Jalandhar - 144001
Manish Khuranas Mediworld 220/1, SUS Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Dr Harinder Kaur Memorial Hospital and Maternity Home 520, New Jawahar Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Dr Darshan Hospital 231, Defence Colony, Jalandhar - 144001
Doaba Hospital 320-Lajpat Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
DMC Hospital 57, Sus Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
DhiNagara Hospital 4419-Canal Road, Dayal Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Berry Hospital Nakodar Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
Cheema Hospital Mithapur Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Bhagat Hospital Dayanand Chowk, Garha, Jalandhar - 144001
Cantt. Board General Hospital Jalandhar Cantt, Jalandhar - 144005
C.M.O Base Hospital B.S.F Campus, Jalandhar - 144001
Bowry Medical Centre 73, SUS Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Bone and Joint Centre 19, Link Road, Jalandhar - 144001
BMK Pahwa Charitable Hospital 43, Basti Nau, Jalandhar - 144001
Bhutani Children Hospital 6, Gujral Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Maharaj Aggarsain Charitable Hospital Sodal Road, Jalandhar - 144004
Civil Hospital New Building, Civil Hospital, Jalandhar - 144001
S.G.L. Charitable Hospital K 2, Roop Nagar, Garha Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Malhotra Hospital 107, Shaheed Udham Singh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Saranjit Hospital 5, Gujral Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Sant Baba Pritam Dass Memorial Charitable Hospital Randhawa, Masandan, Jalandhar - 144001
Sant Baba Nihal Singh Charitable Hospital Talhantln, Jalandhar - 144001
Saini De-Addiction Hospital 421-L, Model Town, Jalandhar - 144003
Sahara Hospital 34, Gujral Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Satnam Singh Memorial Hospital Adda Khambra, Jalandhar - 144001
Sabharwal Hospital 257-L. Model Town, Jalandhar - 144003
Satyam Hospital and Training Centre H.No.392, Adarsh Nagar, Kapurthala Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
Ruby Nelson Memorial Hospital Hospital CANTT Road, Jalandhar - 144005
Saini Hospital 421-L, Mall Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Saini Heart Centre 44, SUS Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Punjab Hospital 287, Defence Colony, Jalandhar - 144001
Punjab Artificial Limbs Centre 421-A, Dyal Nagar, B.Side Gujral Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Preet Hospital Shakti Nagar, Near Football Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
PMG Hospital 212-R, Model Town, Jalandhar - 144003
Shri Dashmesh Mission Hospital Harmamdass Pura, Jalandhar - 144001
Swami Satyanand Hospital SCO-32, Ladowali Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Vidhya Hospital New Model House, Jalandhar - 144001
Verma Hospital 11, Gujral Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Vasal Hospital Pvt Ltd 37, Kapurthala Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
Vardean Hospital 554, Mota Singh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Tyagmurti Missionary Hospital Shiv Bari Makhdoom Pura, Jalandhar - 144001
Toor Hospital Mithapur Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Satnam Memorial Charitable Hospital Near TV Tower, Nakodar Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Tagore Hospital Pvt Ltd Mahavir Marg, Banda Bahadur Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
R.B. Sewak Ram Hospital Kapurthala Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
Virk Hospital 360, Guru Teg Bahadur Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Sharda ENT Hospital 401, L.R. Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Sareen Hospital Central Town, Jalandhar - 144001
Sanjivani Hospital 74, Banda Bahadur Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Sood Hospital Adda Basti Sheikh, Jalandhar - 144001
Sikka Hospital 140, Shaheed Udham Singh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Sharma Hospital Sanjay Gandhi Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Talwar Hospital 81-R, Model Town, Jalandhar - 144003
Nanda Hospital N.J. Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Orthonova Hospital Nakodar Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Ohri Hospital Shaheed Udham Sigh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Oberoi Hospital 8, Gujral Nagar, Near T.V. Centre, Jalandhar - 144001
New Hope Infertility Research Centre 554, Mota Singh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Neuro Psychiatric Hospital 309, N.J. Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Navjiwan Hospital 39, Shivaji Park, Jalandhar - 144001
Ravi Pal Child Hospital Shaheed Udham Sigh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
National Kidney Hospital Eh-175, Opposite Session Court, Civil Lines, Jalandhar - 144001
Parkash Hospital 20, Ph.-2, Wadala, Jalandhar - 144001
Modern Hospital H.No.39, Model Town, Jalandhar - 144003
Markanda Hospital Hoshiarpur Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Military Hospital Nalwa Road, Jalandhar - 144005
Medical Education Cell Military Hospital Nalwa Road, Jalandhar - 144005
Mathra Dass Hospital Mohalli No. 6, Jalandhar - 144005
Mangat Hospital E.H.-175, Civil Lines, Jalandhar - 144001
A. V. M. Laser Hospital 9-A, Link Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Navjivan Hospital Ravi Dass Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
Rajan Memorial Hospital Gulab Devi Hospital Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Makkar Hospital 379, Adarsh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Pruthi Hospital 301, Lajpat Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Pingla Ghar Near Gulab Devi Hospital, Jalandhar - 144001
Ranjit Hospital 58, Patel Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
Ranjit Chest Hospital 58, Kapurthala Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Randhawa Hospital Maqsudan Chowk, Jalandhar - 144001
Rana Hospital 644, Model Town, Jalandhar - 144003
Oxford Hospitals Pvt. Limited 305, Lajpat Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Rajkamal Hospital Rama Mandi, Jalandhar - 144001
Pal Hospital Partap Bagh, Jalandhar - 144001
Rajan Hospital 280, Shaheed Udham Sigh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Pawan Hospital and Maternity Home 18, Gujral Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Paul Hospital Avtar Nagar Road, Jalandhar - 144001
Parmar Hospital and Maternity Home 70, Shaheed Udham Sigh Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Rattan Hospital 280, SUS Nagar, Jalandhar - 144001
Rajput Hospital Opposite Bus Stand, Jalandhar - 144001

  About Sports for which it is famous

Jalandhar is known as the home for sports. Jalandhar has highest number of stadiums in the State. A large number of sportsmen such as Cricketers, Hockey players etc. playing in the national teams as well as state level belong to Jalandhar. Jalandhar is at a leading position in every field of Sports. Cricket and Hockey are the most famous sports in Jalandhar. Mostly in all schools, Sports department is taken care of well. Mostly in all games, Jalandhar ranks in top positions.

  Cricket

People of Jalandhar are very fond of Cricket. Places such as Burlton Park are great for playing Cricket.

  Hockey

Hockey is a famous Sport in Jalandhar. Surjit Hockey Stadium is a stadium of Hockey in Jalandhar.

  Kabaddi

Kabaddi is given a lot of importance in Jalandhar. Kabaddi matches are held at Guru Gobind Singh Stadium.

  Guru Gobind Singh Stadium

It is a multi-purpose stadium in Jalandhar. It is usually used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of JCT Mills Football Club. People can be seen jogging, playing soccer, weight-lifting, etc. in the stadium most of the time. Punjab Government has started new projects at Stadium.

  Sports College

It is a Government Sports College in Jalandhar. Many of the National Sports Councils organised here. Sports Colleges are introduced for playing sports. In this College, many sports are played like Cricket, Hockey, Swimming, Volleyball, Basketball etc. There is a very big Swimming pool of 50 metres long and the pool is about 4 ft. to 30 ft. deep.

  Education

Jalandhar city is an education hub for the north India with prominent education institutes and universities like

Name Location
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar G.T.Road
Lovely Professional University G.T.Road
D. A. V. Institute of Engineering & Technology Kabir Nagar
D. A. V. College Mahatma Hans Raj Marg
Apeejay College Of Fine Art New Jawahar Nagar
Vivek Commercial College Jyoti Chowk Road
Punjab Technical University Near Devi Talab Mandir
Govt. Polytechnic For Women Ladowali Road
GNN College Bye Pass, Nakodar - Jalandhar
G. Nanak National College Main Raod, Nakodar - Jalandhar
G. Nanak Khalsa Girls College Sand Dhesian, Grya
Hans Raj Mahila Maha Vidyalaya Workshop Chowk
H.M .V. College G.T.Road
Er. J.N.Chakrabarty Regional Engineering College Jalandhar
Dr B.R.Ambedkar Regional Engineering College Post Office Suranussi
Govt. Arts And Sports College Kapurthala Chowk
Dayanand Ayurvedic Hospital G.T.Road
Guru Nanak Dev University Evening College Basti Nau
Career College Model Town Market
C.T. College Of Education Maqsudan
Bhrigu Commercial College Nc-288, Galivir Bhan
Best Commercil College Gopal Nagar
B.D.Arya Girls College 42, Haqikal Road
Apeejay Institute Of Management Ladhewali
Amrit Commercial College 45, Link Colony
Doaba College Doaba Chowk, Tanda Road
New Elit Commercial College 298, Shaheed Udham Singh Nagar
Trinity College Diocese Of Jalandhar, Bye Pass Road
St Soldier College For Women Barti Danish Gokal Riad
Sikh Missionary College M.H. Road
S.P. National College Harnamdas Pura
S.D. College Of Women N.G. Road
Republic College Pacca Bagh
Regional Engineering College Jalandhar
Govt. Training College Ladwali Road
Punjab Medical Institute 21, Guru Nagar
Guru Nanak Dev University RC Jalandhar Ladhewali
MGN College Of Education National College
National College Tanda Road
KRM Dav College Shankar Road
KMV College Tanda Road
Kasturba Girls College Partap Road
Kanya Maha Vidyalaya G.T.Road
Janta Degree College Kartarpur Road
Jagdambay Commercial College 178, Dilbagh Nagar, Ext-Grover Colony
Punjab Technical University REC Post Office

  Books Publications

The city is a big publishing house with name like MBD, Kalyani Publishers, Punjab Kesari, Daily Ajit associated with it. It also has a big book market where a variety of books can be bought or sold. This market area is known as Mai Hiran Gate or Adda Tanda Road.

Also there are many learning centres such as Institute of Banking Services (IBS).

The city has a large number of Schools with best education facilities. There are many Sports Grounds in Schools.

  Vajra Go Karting, which is also open to civilians, is a big attraction.
  Cantonment (also called Cantt) is dotted with buildings dating back to British era.


  Jalandhar Cantonment

Jalandhar Cantonment is one of the oldest contonments in India, the construction of which was started in 1848 after the first Anglo-Sikh War, when the British settled in Northern India. It figured in the 1920 Connaught Rangers mutiny when Irish soldiers replaced the Union Flag with the Irish Republic's flag. The original scope of this cantonment was limited to troops to quell disturbances from adjoining States for the maintenance of peace and order. The departure of British from India and subsequent partition of the country changed the complexion of the Cantonment. It has gained tremendous importance on account of its nearness to the border with Pakistan. The Cantonment is located between latitude 30 degree 18' and longitude 75 degree 37' on the South West and at a distance of 2 km from Cantonment Railway Station and 5 km from City Railway Station. It is situated beside Grand Trunk Road at a distance of 89 km from Amritsar and 371 km from Delhi. It covers an area of 5.87 sq.miles. It is on Amritsar-Delhi Broad Gauge Main Line. A Class-I airfield at Adampur is situated at a distance of 19 km. The airfield is linked with Jalandhar Cantonment by rail and road. Jalandhar Cantonment has traditionally housed Jalandhar Garrison. Its history dates back to 1865 when it was raised as Jalandhar Garrison by Colonel JN Bishop. In 1904 it was redesignated as Jalandhar Brigade under command of Maj Gen JAH Pollock, CB. Brig Gen REH Dyer of the notorious Jalianwala Bagh episode commanded it from 1917 to 1919. The first Indian Commander was Brig Lakwinder Singh, MBE who took over from Brig RCB Bristow, OBE in 1947.

The total area of this cantonment is 1521 hectares including civil area as per 2001 census, the total population is 40521.

  Hospitals

There are two Government Hospitals. The Cantonment General Hospital was erected by all ranks of XXIX Punjabis in memory of those of this Regiment killed during the First World War. The Military Hospital is one of the biggest in the State.

  Sports

Jalandhar is known as the town of sports. Sports materials manufactured in Jalandhar are exported to various countries. The neighboring village of Sansarpur is known as the Nursery of Hockey Players. The Cantonment is proud of producing maximum number of hockey players from Cantonment Board Schools. Sarvshri Balbir Singh, Gurdev Singh, Tarsem Singh, Harbinder Singh, Lt Col Hari Prasad Singh Kaushik and Ajit Pal Singh, all Olympians are products of these Schools.

  Hall of Prayer

There used to be a Hall of Prayers where people from all religions used to assemble and offer prayers. The building is non existent now having outlived its life. However, a small concrete column with Ashoka Emblem on top, still signifies the existence of the Hall on the Southern end of the cantonment.

  King George's Royal Military School

There is one of the oldest buildings of Jalandhar which was being used for school purposes. His Royal Highness Prince of Wales KBMC inaugurated it on 25 February 1922. The building was occupied by the SIKH and DOGRA troops during 1947. The building presently houses the headquarters of a Corps and presents a majestic look from Grand Trunk Road.

  Marketing Facilities

The Cantonment in itself is self-sufficient in marketing facilities and caters to the needs of the population residing here. It has a cantonment Bazar known as Sadar Bazar and two well stocked Canteens/Shopping Centres which meet the day to day requirements of the population. The management of the Sadar Bazar is through Cantonment Board and other institutes are run by the Army for its serving personnel and ex-servicemen.

  Educational Facilities

There are three Kendriya Vidyalayas and one Army School under the management of the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan and Army. In addition to above, there is one Girls College, One Girls Senior Secondary School and four other Schools and Colleges for boys and girls. There are number of private primary schools within the Cantonment.

  Military Dairy Farm

There is a Military Dairy Farm in approximately 650 acres of land. This institute provides dairy products for daily use of the troops and locals.

  Flower Shows

An annual flower show is held in this Cantonment from the British period. It is organised by the Cantonment Board with the help of Jalandhar Garrison. It has inspired the residents of the Cantonment as well as Jalandhar City to take greater interest in flower and plants.

  Miscellaneous Facilities

The Cantonment is proud of the following additional facilities:-

  • An Olympic size Swimming Pool.
  • One of the two Flying Clubs of the State viz Northern India Flying Club.
  • One of the three golf courses in the State.
  • The Jalandhar Club.
  • Vajra Go karting.

  Villages around Jalandhar

Ghurial, Lallian Kalan, Sansarpur, Rama-mandi, Khiala Pind, Jamsher Khas, Talhan, Salempur Masanda, Parasrampur, Gillaan, Gakhal, Nahal and Kukar Pind Patara, Sarai-khas, Aemakazi, Wariana, Haripur, Heerapur, Hailer, Rajowal, Sangalsohl,Sanghwal, Mand, Nagra, Nandanpur, Gazipur, Fateh Jalaal, Soora, Nussi, Lambra, Rasoolpur, Talwandi Bharo, Hairan, Parjian, Malian, Uggi, Chitti, Khaira Majha, Pattar Kalan, Pattarkhurd, Nangal Manoor, Mudh, Sial, Sarhali, Lammapind, Shekha, Dhogri, Chuhrowali, Duhre, Kalabakra, Daroli Kalan, Diwali, Dhina, Salempur, Talwan,Dosanjh Kalan, Jandiala, Sangha Khalsa, Bhagala, Dakoha, Dhannowali, Ladhewali, Littran, Shafipur, Chachoki, Jandusingha, Hazara,Singhpura, Daduwal, Semi, Khajurla, Bidhipur/Gopalpur, Khusropur, Takharan, Khambra, Lambra,momainwali, Sagranwali, Rajpur, Tandi, Bhogpur, Bandala, Chiheru. Village Lallian Kalan is the most known village for Shinz, an Indian type wrestling competition. Its NRI's are also participating in ongoing development throughout village.

  About People from Jalandhar

People from Jalandhar are known 'Jalandhari's'. A large number of Olympians, Wrestlers, Cricketers, Singers etc belong to Jalandhar. A large number of NRI's belong to Jalandhar.

  Notable People

Name Occupation
Bhagat Singh Freedom Fighter
Yash Chopra Producer
Vanya Mishra Winner of Miss India Femina 2012
Lawrence Durrell Expatriate British novelist, poet, dramatist, and travel writer
Sunil Dutt Actor
Kundan Lal Saigal Actor
K.S. Makhan Singer
Malkit Singh Singer
Jazzy B Singer
Sarbjit Cheema Singer
Amrish Puri Actor
Kanth Kaler Singer
Master Saleem Singer
Bahadur Singh Indian former shot putter who won gold medal
Apache Indian Singer
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq 4th Chief Martial Law Administrator and the sixth President of Pakistan
Hans Raj Hans Singer
Jagjit Singh Singer
Jasbir Jassi Singer
Diwan Bhai Abdul Hamid Revenue and Chief Minister of Kapurthala State
Hafeez Jullundhri Writer and poet
Baba Kashmira Singh Head of Sidhant Sant Samaj or Gurbani
Paul Nischal N.R.I President, first Indian candidate for the British Political Party
Swraj Paul, Baron Paul First Indian to be given title of Lord by British Government
Col. Balbir Singh Kullar Hockey Player
Varinder Singh Ghuman Bodybuilder and Wrestler
Ajit Pal Singh Hockey Player
Surjit Singh Hockey Player
Pargat Singh Hockey Player
I. K. Gujral Former Prime Minister of India
Harbhajan Singh Cricketer
Wasim Sajjad Two-time Acting President of Pakistan, Ex Chairman of Senate
Sheikh Anwarul Haq Former Chief Jistice
Mian Mohammed Sharif Surveyor General
Lala Amarnath Cricketer
Rannvijay Singh Indian Actor who acts in Bollywood and Punjabi Films and also a VJ on MTV India
Basheer Hussain Najafi One of the six Grand Ayatollahs
Sardar Swaran Singh Politician
Udham Singh (field hockey) Hockey Player
Darshan Singh (field hockey) Hockey Player
Salma Mumtaz Actress
Kartar Singh Duggal Writer
Kulwant Singh Virk Writer
Ishar Singh (poet) Poet
Sadhu Singh Hamdard Freedom fighter and Writer
Prem Parkash Writer
Ajit Saini Writer and Army General
Hasrat Writer
Gurbachan Singh Talib Writer
Gurdial Singh Writer and novelist
Chaudhry Muhammad Ali Former Prime Minister of Pakistan
Swami Shraddhanand Indian educationist and an Arya Samaj missionary
Wazir Ali Cricketer
R. Paul Dhillon Indo-Canadian journalist
Ujjal Dosanjh Canadian Politician
Arun Shourie Politician, author and journalist
Agha Sadiq Writer and poet
Dharam Singh Uppal Athlete
Balbir Singh, Sr. Hockey Player
Mandeep Singh Cricketer
Vimi Actress
Ranvir Shorey Actor

  References

  1. ^ "tourism". National Informatics Centre. http://jalandhar.nic.in/html/tourism.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-01. 
  • Dr Harjinder Singh Dilgeer, Encyclopedia of Jalandhar, 2004, published by The Sikh University Press Belgium.

The legend of Jalandhar :- http://www.ishwarnaman.org/kathagaatha%5Cjalandharandtulsi.html Tajpur

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