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definition - Japonic_languages

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Japonic languages

                   
Japonic
Geographic
distribution:
Japan
Linguistic classification: isolate or Altaic (see Japanese language classification)
Subdivisions:
? Gaya (Kara)
Japanese dialects-en.png
The Japonic languages

The Japonic language family includes the Japanese language spoken on the main islands of Japan as well as the Ryukyuan languages spoken in the Ryukyu Islands. The family is widely accepted by linguists, and the term "Japonic languages" was coined by Leon Serafim.[1] The common ancestral language is known as "Proto-Japonic".[2] The essential feature of this classification is that the first split in the family resulted in the separation of all dialects of Japanese from all varieties of Ryukyuan. According to Shiro Hattori, this separation occurred during the Yamato period (250–710).[3]

Scholarly discussions about the origin of Japonic languages present an unresolved set of related issues.[4] The clearest connections seem to be with toponyms in southern Korea which may be in Gaya (Kara) or other scarcely attested languages.[5]

Contents

  Members

The Japonic (or Japanese–Ryukyuan) languages are:

  Classification

The relationship of the Japonic (or Japanese-Ryukyuan) languages to other languages and language families is controversial. There are numerous hypotheses, none of which is generally accepted.

  Notes

  1. ^ Shimabukuro, Moriyo. (2007). The Accentual History of the Japanese and Ryukyuan Languages: a Reconstruction, p. 1.
  2. ^ Miyake, Marc Hideo. (2008). Old Japanese: a Phonetic Reconstruction. p. 66. at Google Books
  3. ^ Heinrich, Patrick. "What leaves a mark should no longer stain: Progressive erasure and reversing language shift activities in the Ryukyu Islands," First International Small Island Cultures Conference at Kagoshima University, Centre for the Pacific Islands, February 7–10, 2005; citing Shiro Hattori. (1954) Gengo nendaigaku sunawachi goi tokeigaku no hoho ni tsuite ("Concerning the Method of Glottochronology and Lexicostatistics"), Gengo kenkyu (Journal of the Linguistic Society of Japan), Vols. 26/27.
  4. ^ Blench, Roger M. (2008). Archaeology and language, Vol. 2 , p. 201. at Google Books
  5. ^ Christopher I. Beckwith, Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present (Princeton University Press, 2009: ISBN 978-0-691-13589-2), p. 105.

  References

  External links

   
               

 

All translations of Japonic_languages


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