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Joanna Lumley

Joanna Lumley

Lumley in 2009
Born Joanna Lamond Lumley
(1946-05-01) 1 May 1946 (age 66)
Srinagar, Kashmir and Jammu, British India
Nationality English
Citizenship British
Occupation Actress
Years active 1957-present
Television Coronation Street
The New Avengers
Sapphire & Steel
Absolutely Fabulous
Spouse Jeremy Lloyd (1970-1970, divorced)
Stephen Barlow (1986-present)
Partner Michael Claydon (1960s)
Children Jamie Lumley
Parents James Lumley
Beatrice (neé Weir)

Joanna Lamond Lumley, OBE, FRGS (born 1 May 1946) is a British actress, voice-over artist, former-model and author, best known for her roles in British television series Absolutely Fabulous portraying Edina Monsoon's best friend, Patsy Stone, as well as parts in The New Avengers, Sapphire & Steel, and Sensitive Skin. Her distinctive voice has been supplied for animated characters, film narration, and AOL's "You have email" notification in the UK. She has spoken out as a human rights activist for Survival International and the Gurkha Justice Campaign, and is now considered a "national treasure" of Nepal because of her support. She is an advocate for a number of charities and animal welfare groups such as CIWF and Viva! She has won three BAFTA awards and a British Comedy Award.


  Early life

Joanna Lamond Lumley[1] was born on 1 May 1946 in Srinagar, in the princely state of Kashmir and Jammu, which was then part of British India. Her parents were Major James Rutherford Lumley, who served in the 6th Gurkha Rifles, a regiment of the British Indian Army,[2] and Beatrice Rose Weir. They married in 1941. After the independence of India in 1947, the Lumleys relocated back to their home country of England[citation needed]; county Kent. The family also spent time in Malaya[3] (now Malaysia).[1] Lumley was educated at St Mary's Convent School in St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex, England,[4] and afterwards attended the Lucie Clayton finishing school,[5] after being turned down by the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art at the age of 16.[6]


Lumley spent three years as a photographic model, notably for Brian Duffy by whom she was photographed with her son. She also worked as a house model for Jean Muir. Over forty years later, she participated in another photoshoot - again with her son - for Duffy as part of a retrospective of the photographer's work.[7]

Lumley appeared in an early episode of the Bruce Forsyth Show in 1966. She appeared in a UK television advertisement for Nimble bread first screened in 1969.[8]

Lumley did not receive any formal training at drama school. Her acting career began in 1969 with a small role in the film Some Girls Do and as a Bond girl in On Her Majesty's Secret Service; she played the English girl among Blofeld's 'Angels of Death' and had two lines. She went on to have a brief but memorable role in Coronation Street, in which her character turned down Ken Barlow's offer of marriage.

In the Are You Being Served? episode "His and Hers" (season 1; episode 5), she was featured as Miss French, a perfume representative. In the episode "German Week" (season 3; episode 5), she appeared as "German Lady".

She appeared as "Jessica" on the big screen in The Satanic Rites of Dracula, released in the UK on 13 January 1974, which was the last of Hammer Film's Dracula series starring Peter Cushing and Christopher Lee.

She appeared in the TV series Steptoe and Son in the episode "Loathe Story".

  Major roles

Throughout her career, she has specialised in playing upper-class parts, and her distinctive voice has reinforced this. Lumley's first major role was as Purdey in The New Avengers, a revival of the secret agent series The Avengers. Although critical reaction to the series was lukewarm, the casting of Lumley was seen[by whom?] as inspired and following the tradition of iconic Avengers actresses Honor Blackman, Diana Rigg and Linda Thorson.[citation needed]

In 1979 she appeared in another series which acquired a following: Sapphire & Steel, with David McCallum. Conceived as ITV's answer to Doctor Who, Lumley played a mysterious elemental being ('Sapphire') who, with her collaborator 'Steel', dealt with breaches in the fabric of time.

Over a decade later Lumley's career was boosted by her portrayal of the louche, solipsistic and frequently drunken fashion director Patsy Stone, companion to Jennifer Saunders' Edina Monsoon in the BBC comedy television series Absolutely Fabulous (1992–1996), (2001–2004), and (2011–2012).

Other work has included: Lovejoy as widow Victoria Cavero, a film about a journey made by her grandparents in Bhutan - In the Kingdom of the Thunder Dragon (1996) - and A Rather English Marriage (nominated for a BAFTA for Best Actress 1999) and Dr Willoughby (1999). In 1995, she provided the voice of Annie the rag doll in the animated series The Forgotten Toys. In 1999, she also provided the voice for Sims the chicken in the BAFTA award winning animated series The Foxbusters. In 2000, she co-produced a new drama series The Cazalets. She has also appeared in a TV series on Sarawak, where she spent time in her childhood. She has demonstrated her ability to go beyond stereotypical images, most notably in the monologue series of playlets Up In Town (2002), written by Hugo Blick, and focusing on a society hostess's realisation that her star is fading.[9][10]

Lumley starred as the elderly Delilah Stagg in the 2006 sitcom Jam & Jerusalem with Dawn French, Jennifer Saunders and Sue Johnston. In July 2007, she starred in the second series of the drama Sensitive Skin where she played the main character Davina Jackson. The BBC said this will be the final series of the dark comedy.[11]

She starred in David Hirson's La Bête - Comedy Theatre, London, 26 June - 28 August 2010 with David Hyde Pierce and Mark Rylance, directed by Matthew Warchus.She also starred in La Bête at the Music Box Theater, Broadway, New York which opened on the 14 October 2010.[12] She was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play, for her performance.

  Media work

As the possessor of one of the most recognised voices in the United Kingdom,[13] Lumley has gained prominence as a voice-over artist. Users of AOL in the United Kingdom are familiar with Joanna Lumley's voice. She recorded the greetings "Welcome to AOL" and "You have e-mail" for that company.[14] She also did a voice over for the BBC series Posh Nosh as a voice-over usually saying "From the Posh Nosh range (a faux product)."

She appeared as a guest host on Channel 4's The Friday Night Project, which aired on 3 August 2007.

From 2005-2006 she appeared in adverts for insurance brokers Privilege.[15]

Lumley has also appeared on the last run of ITV1's Parkinson as a guest, on 27 October 2007, discussing the subject of young girls across the UK and how they need to behave better if they hope to be successful. She was asked to write the introduction to a re-edition in November 2007 of the book called The Magic Key To Charm written by the pioneering female journalist Eileen Ascroft.[16] This is a book of tips to women, first written by Ascroft in 1938 about how to be glamorous. "I thought it was absolutely enchanting, it's how young women were told how to behave in the old days and I think it might be just coming back for a bit of a revival," she explained in the interview.

"Because, I have to say I adore our young ones and I think we have got some of the prettiest and loveliest girls in the world but I think sometimes the behaviour gets a bit bad and I think the girls let themselves down. They are so pretty and so lovely but they should behave better, I think, then they will be more successful."

In 1999 she appeared in the Comic Relief Doctor Who parody The Curse of Fatal Death as the final incarnation of the Doctor.[17] She also appeared with Jennifer Saunders, Dawn French and Sienna Miller in the French and Saunders pastiche of Mamma Mia for Comic Relief 2009 in which she played the role of Tanya (named Patsy in the spoof).[18]

In 2004 Lumley appeared as the "Woman with the Sydney Opera House Head" in Dirk Maggs's long-awaited radio adaptation of the third book of the Douglas Adams series The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.[19]

In 2005 she published her autobiography No Room for Secrets which was serialized by The Times,[20] for which she was once a regular contributor.

In September and December 2008, and April 2009 the BBC aired Joanna Lumley in the Land of the Northern Lights, a documentary about her search to see the Northern Lights in northern Norway.[21]

In May 2009 she supported the Green Party during the 2009 European Elections campaign. For Joanna Lumley, the work of Green MEPs in the European Parliament in pursuing human rights and animal rights made the Green Party "the obvious choice", and urged UK voters "to cast a positive vote for a better future by voting Green in the European Elections".[22] Lumley also appeared in literature to support changing the British electoral system from first-past-the-post to alternative vote for electing Members of Parliament to the House of Commons in the Alternative Vote referendum in 2011.[23]

In 2009 she portrayed a rock star, believed to be dead for 35 years, but more predominantly, her twin, in the "Counter Culture Blues" episode of the British television mystery series Lewis (known in the U.S. as Inspector Lewis).[24]

In 2010 she donated £1,000 to Caroline Lucas's campaign to become the first Green MP during the 2010 General Election campaign.[25]

In 2010 Lumley was Executive Producer and Presenter of Joanna Lumley's Nile, where she journeys down the Nile from source to sea, for ITV.[26] This was broadcast in four parts on ITV1 beginning April 12, 2010. Lumley traveled again for ITV in 2011, this time visiting Greece for a four part series titled Joanna Lumley’s Greek Odyssey. The series aired on ITV1 beginning 13 October.[27]


As an activist, Lumley is best known for her support for Gurkhas, the exiled Tibetan people and government, the Kondha indigenous people of India, and the Prospect Burma charity, which offers grants to Burmese students, for whom she broadcast a BBC Radio 4 charity appeal in 2001.[28] Her father was a decorated Gurkha officer who fought in WW2.

  Gurkha Justice Campaign

  Lumley with David Cameron, Bob Russell, and the Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg celebrating the Gurkha vote against the government

In 2008 she became the public face of a campaign to provide all Gurkha veterans who served in the British Army before 1997 the right to settle in Britain. Those serving after 1997 had already been granted permission, but the UK Government has not extended the offer to all of the Gurkhas, who are natives of Nepal. They have served Britain for more than 200 years with over 50,000 dying in service, and 13 have been awarded the Victoria Cross. On 20 November 2008, Lumley led a large all-party group including Gurkhas starting from Parliament Square to 10 Downing Street with a petition signed by 250,000 people. She supports the Gurkha Justice Campaign.[29] On 24 April 2009, she stated that she was "ashamed" of the UK administration's decision to affix five criteria to the Gurkhas' right to settle in the UK. With the support of both Opposition parties and Labour rebel MPs on 29 April 2009, a Liberal Democrat motion that all Gurkhas be offered an equal right of residence was passed, allowing Gurkhas who served before 1997 residence in the UK.[30][31][32] Following the Government defeat, the Minister for Immigration Phil Woolas announced that a further review would be completed by the middle of July.

On 5 May Lumley said that she had received private assurances of support from a senior member of the Royal Family,[33] and attended a meeting with British Prime Minister Gordon Brown at 10 Downing Street the following day. Afterwards, she described the meeting as "extremely positive", and praised Mr Brown, saying, "I trust him. I rely on him. And I know that he has now taken this matter into his own hands and so today is a very good day."[34]

However, on the day following the meeting with Brown, five Gurkha veterans who had applied for residency in the United Kingdom received letters telling them that their appeals had been rejected - many saw this as a betrayal, despite the fact that for the letters to have been received immediately following the meeting they must have been sent previous to it. Ms Lumley confronted Phil Woolas at the BBC Westminster studios about the issue and, after pursuing him around the studio, the pair held an impromptu press conference in which she pressured him into agreeing to further talks over the issue.[35]

Following a Commons Home Affairs Committee meeting in which talks were held between campaigners, the Ministry of Defence and the Home Office on 19 May, Gordon Brown announced to the House of Commons on 20 May that the Home Secretary Jacqui Smith would make a statement on the issue the following day.[36] Ms Smith subsequently announced that all Gurkha veterans who had served four years or more in the British Army before 1997 would be allowed to settle in Britain.[37]

As a result of her campaigning skills, there were calls for Joanna Lumley to stand as a Member of Parliament at the forthcoming general election. However, she has dismissed the suggestion.[38] During an appearance on Friday Night with Jonathan Ross on 29 May, she reiterated that she had no desire to run for election to the House of Commons.

In July 2009, Lumley went on a visit to Nepal, upon her arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport she was greeted by crowds of Gurkha supporters, Lumley said in a statement, "I feel so humbled by the fact I'm going to meet so many ex-Gurkhas and their families, and see where they are and how they live."[39] Whilst there, Lumley was hailed 'Daughter of Nepal' by the crowds of fans at the airport.[40]

In August 2010, Lumley teamed up with British food company Sharwood's to help develop a limited edition Mango Chutney with Kashmiri Chilli, an ingredient from her birthplace. Sharwood’s will donate 10p from each jar sold to the Gurkha Welfare Trust.[41]

  Work for Survival International

Lumley has long been a supporter of Survival International and the cause of indigenous rights, and narrated Survival's documentary, Mine: story of a sacred mountain.[42][43] The film tells the story of the remote Dongria Kondha tribe in India and their battle to stop a vast bauxite mine from destroying their land and way of life. In defense of the Dongria, she has said,

"It greatly disturbs me that a British company will be responsible for the destruction of these wonderful people. I urge the public to support the Dongria, who simply want to be allowed to live in peace. Unlike so many of India's rural poor, the Dongria actually live very well in the Niyamgiri hills, and it's a terrible irony that what Vedanta is proposing to do in the name of 'development' will actually destroy this completely self-sufficient people."[44]

Lumley also contributed her writing for the book We Are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples, released in October 2009 with profits going in support of Survival.[45] A collection of photographs, statements from tribal people and essays from international authors, the book explores the richness of the cultures of indigenous peoples around the world and the risks to their existence. In her essay for the book, Lumley speaks of the Dongria way of life and the threats they face in the name of corporate interests, and calls for action to stop such decisions.[46]

  Patron of Tree Aid

Lumley has been a patron of the UK charity Tree Aid,[47] since 1993. Tree Aid is a charity which enables communities in Africa's drylands to fight poverty and become self-reliant, while improving the environment.

  Patron of PENHA

Joanna Lumley is also a patron of the Pastoral and Environmental Network in the Horn of Africa, or PENHA.[48][clarification needed]. PENHA is an international NGO, founded in 1989 and based on the commitment of professionals and development workers from the Horn of Africa to address issues of pastoral concerns from a regional prospective. Lumley's commitment to support the pastoral communities of the Horn of Africa is of paramount importance to PENHA.

  Personal life

Following her rise to fame, Lumley revealed that she had been an unmarried mother during the 1960s when it was socially unacceptable; her son, James, was born in 1967. James Lumley's natural father is the photographer Michael Claydon and is of Anglo Indian ethnicity. The first of her two subsequent marriages was to comedy writer Jeremy Lloyd (Are You Being Served? see early career). In 1986, she married conductor Stephen Barlow; they live in London. They also have a house near the village of Penpont in Southern Scotland.[5][49]

Lumley was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1995. She is also a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (FRGS). She was made an honorary Doctor of Letters by the University of Kent in July 1994.[50] In 2006, she was awarded an honorary degree from the University of St. Andrews and in July 2008, she was also awarded an honorary doctorate from Queen's University Belfast.[citation needed]

Alongside her work for the Gurkhas, Lumley is a supporter of many charities, including Suffolk Family Carers and Kids for Kids. She has been a vegetarian for forty years,[51] and a keen supporter of animal rights charities, including CIWF and Viva!. She has donated signed books for the literacy and international development charity Book Aid International. She is patron of the Born Free Foundation and passionate about the Free Tibet campaign. Other charities supported include Mind, ActionAid and SANE.[52]

Lumley was named an Honorary Patron of the University Philosophical Society, Trinity College, Dublin.[citation needed]

Lumley supports the Burma Campaign UK, an NGO that aims to stop the oppression of the Burmese people by the military regime.[citation needed]

  Film and TV credits

Year Title Role Notes
1969 Some Girls Do Uncredited
On Her Majesty's Secret Service The English Girl
1970 The Breaking of Bumbo Susie
Games That Lovers Play Fanny Hill
Tam-Lin Georgia
1971 The House That Dripped Blood Uncredited
1973 Don't Just Lie There, Say Something! Giselle Parkyn
The Satanic Rites of Dracula Jessica Van Helsing
1982 Trail of the Pink Panther Marie Jouvet
1983 Curse of the Pink Panther Countess Chandra
1989 Shirley Valentine Marjorie Majors
1995 Innocent Lies Lady Helena Graves
1996 James and the Giant Peach Aunt Spiker
1997 Prince Valiant Morgan le Fay
1999 Parting Shots Freda
Mad Cows Gillian
2000 Maybe Baby Sheila
Whispers: An Elephant's Tale Half Tusk (voice)
2001 The Cat's Meow Elinor Glyn
2003 Standing Room Only Last in Line Short film
2004 EuroTrip Hostel Clerk
Ella Enchanted Dame Olga
2005 The Magic Roundabout Ermintrude
Corpse Bride Maudeline Everglot
2006 Dolls Madame Muscat Short film
2009 Boogie Woogie Alfreda Rhinegold
2011 Late Bloomers Charlotte
2012 This Beautiful Fantastic TBA In production
Year Title Role Notes
1969 The Wednesday Play Elsie Engelfield 1 episode
1971 It's Awfully Bad For Your Eyes, Darling Samantha Ryder-Ross TV series
1972 Steptoe and Son Bunty 1 episode 'Loathe Story'
1973 Coronation Street Elaine Perkins 8 episodes
1973-75 Are You Being Served? Miss French/German Lady 2 episodes 'His and Hers', 'German Week'
1976 The Cuckoo Waltz Harriet Paulden 1 episode 'Babysitter'
1976-77 The New Avengers Purdey 26 episodes. BAFTA win - "Special Award" (2000)
1979 The Plank Hitchhiker
1979-82 Sapphire & Steel Sapphire 34 episodes
1981-85 The Kenny Everett Television Show Various 5 episodes
1982 The Weather in the Streets Kate TV film
1984 Mistral's Daughter Lally Longbridge TV mini-series
The Glory Boys Helen TV film
Oxbridge Blues Gigi 1 episode 'That Was Tory'
1986 The Two Ronnies Miss Dibley 1 episode
1990 A Ghost in Monte Carlo Lady Drayton TV film
1991 A Perfect Hero Loretta Stone TV miniseries
1992 Lovejoy Victoria Cavero 3 episodes

2001-2004 2011-

Absolutely Fabulous Patsy Stone 37 episodes. British Comedy Award win - "Best Comedy Actress" (1993)
BAFTA win - "Best Light Entertainment Performance" (1993)
BAFTA win - "Best Comedy Performance" (1995)
BAFTA nomination - "Best Comedy Performance" (1996)
BAFTA nomination - "Best Comedy Performance" (1997)
BAFTA nomination - "Best Comedy Performance" (2002)
1993 Cluedo Mrs. Peacock 6 episodes
1994 Girl Friday TV series
1994-95 Class Act Kate Swift 14 episodes
1995 Cold Comfort Farm Mrs. Mary Smiling TV film
The Forgotten Toys Annie (voice) Animated series
1996 Roseanne Patsy Stone 1 episode 'Satan, Darling'
1998 The Tale of Sweeney Todd Mrs. Lovett TV film
Coming Home Diana Carey-Lewis TV serial
A Rather English Marriage Liz Franks TV film. BAFTA nomination - "Best Actress"
1999 Alice in Wonderland Tiger Lily TV film
Nancherrow Diana Carey-Lewis TV film
Foxbusters Sims (voice) Animation series
Dr Willoughby Donna Sinclair 1 series of 6 episodes
1999 Doctor Who Comic Relief Thirteenth Doctor Doctor Who Comic Relief special: The Curse of Fatal Death
2000 Mirrorball Jackie Riviera Pilot
2002 Up In Town Madison Blakelock TV series. British Comedy Award nomination - "Best Comedy Actress"
2004, 2009 Marple Dolly Bantry 2 episodes 'The Body in the Library' & 'The Mirror Crack'd from Side to Side'
2005-07 Sensitive Skin Davina Jackson 12 episodes
2006–2008 Jam & Jerusalem Delilah Stagg 6 episodes
2009 Lewis Esme Ford 1 episode 'Counter Culture Blues'
2010 Mistresses Vivienne Roden 4 episodes
Year Title Role
2008 Joanna Lumley in the Land of the Northern Lights Herself
Ian Fleming: Where Bond Began Herself
2009 Joanna Lumley Catwoman Herself
2010 Joanna Lumley's Nile Herself
2011 Joanna Lumley's Greek Odyssey Herself



  As author

  • Peacocks and Commas: Best of the "Spectator" Competitions (1983) - Editor
  • Stare Back and Smile: Memoirs (1989) - Memoir
  • Forces Sweethearts
  • Girl Friday (1994)
  • In the Kingdom of the Thunder Dragon (1997)
  • No Room for Secrets (2005) - Memoir
  • Absolutely (2011) - Memoir

She has also narrated a number of audiobooks and provided forewords for works by other authors.

  As subject

  • Joanna Lumley — The Biography by Tim Ewbank and Stafford Hildred; an unauthorised biography.


  1. ^ a b Family detective: Joanna Lumley Barratt, Nick (2007-08-04). "Family Detective : Joanna Lumley". The Daily Telegraph. p. W16. 
  2. ^ "Joanna Lumley: I'll quit Britain if there is no justice for Gurkhas". The Daily Telegraph (London). 19 September 2008. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/celebritynews/2988869/Joanna-Lumley-Ill-quit-Britain-if-there-is-no-justice-for-Gurkhas.html. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  3. ^ BBC Learning English 2007 http://downloads.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/teachingenglish/watchandlisten/te_ent_lumley.pdf
  4. ^ Russell, Rosalind; Miller, Compton (3 April 2001). "Live near the main Rhodes". London Evening Standard. http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/home/article-912552-live-near-the-main-rhodes.do. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  5. ^ a b From the world's most glamorous single mother to Gurkha warrior, Joanna Lumley reveals all in her colourful biography | Mail Online
  6. ^ Joanna Lumley profile: She's nobody's Patsy - Scotsman.com News
  7. ^ Adams, Stephen (2010-01-08). "1960s photographer Brian Duffy picks up camera 30 years on". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/culturenews/6951311/1960s-photographer-Brian-Duffy-picks-up-camera-30-years-on.html. Retrieved 2012-01-15. 
  8. ^ Sweney, Mark (2006-09-14). "Nimble Builds on Heritage". London: The Guardian (MediaGuardian). http://media.guardian.co.uk/advertising/story/0,,1871716,00.html. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  9. ^ Joanna through the looking glass - Telegraph
  10. ^ You have to laugh, don't you? - Telegraph
  11. ^ "The renewed Avenger". The Times (London). 25 June 2007. http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/tv_and_radio/article1975786.ece. 
  12. ^ "La Bête Will Play Broadway's Music Box Theatre" 24 May 2010, Paybill.com
  13. ^ Bio at IMDb
  14. ^ McVeigh, Tracy (2009-05-09). "Joanna Lumley: Never mess with an old Avenger". The Observer. Guardian Media Group. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/may/10/profile-joanna-lumley-gurkhas-rights. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  15. ^ Peter York on Ads: You have to have Joanna Lumley to be posh - Media, News - The Independent
  16. ^ Kilkelly, Daniel (October 27, 2007). "Joanna Lumley wants girls to behave better". Digital Spy. http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/showbiz/news/a78627/joanna-lumley-wants-girls-to-behave-better.html. 
  17. ^ Jackson, Trevor (24 October 2003). "G'day Daleks! An Australian to play the part of Doctor Who?". ABC Tasmania. http://www.abc.net.au/tasmania/stories/s974394.htm. 
  18. ^ "French and Saunders parody 'Mamma Mia!' for Comic Relief". Hello! Magazine. 2009-03-12. http://www.hellomagazine.com/celebrities/2009/03/12/mamma-mia-red-nose/. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  19. ^ Smith, Neil (2004-09-21). "Hitchhiker's Guide back on the air". BBC News. BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3666506.stm. Retrieved 2012-01-15. 
  20. ^ Absolute Secret The Times. 4 March 2005
  21. ^ Joanna Lumley chills in the Land of Northern Lights The Times. 6 September 2008
  22. ^ Morris, Nigel (2009-05-28). "Lumley goes Green in European elections". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/lumley-goes-green-in-european-elections-1691811.html. Retrieved 2012-01-17. ""I urge you to cast a positive vote for a better future by voting Green in the European elections,"" 
  23. ^ "Benjamin Zephaniah 'airbrushed from Yes to AV leaflets'". BBC News. 3 April 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-12950712. 
  24. ^ Holmwood, Leigh (2009-04-14). "TV ratings: Joanna Lumley in Lewis watched by 6 million". The Guardian (Guardian News and Media Limited). http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2009/apr/14/lewis-joanna-lumley. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  25. ^ [1] The Guardian, "Joanna Lumley: 'I'm a happy person. But injustice I loathe'" 3 April 2010
  26. ^ "Joanna Lumley’s Nile". Tiger Aspect Productions. 2010-04-12. http://www.tigeraspect.co.uk/?p=3916#more-3916. Retrieved 2012-01-17. 
  27. ^ Richards, Sam (2011-10-13). "Joanna Lumley’s Greek Odyssey". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/8820396/Joanna-Lumleys-Greek-Odyssey.html. Retrieved 2012-01-15. "Joanna Lumley returns for a new travelogue and this time she's in Greece." 
  28. ^ Prospect Burma - Joanna Lumley appeals on behalf of Prospect Burma
  29. ^ "About the Gurkha Justice Campaign: Campaign Organisers" Gurkha Justice web site
  30. ^ "Fury over Gurkha settlement plan". BBC News. 24 April 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8014265.stm. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  31. ^ "Lib Dems challenge Gurkha ruling". BBC News. 26 April 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8019745.stm. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  32. ^ "BBC "Brown defeated over Gurkha rules"". BBC News. 29 April 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/8023882.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-29. 
  33. ^ "No 10 denies Lumley 'Gurkha snub'". BBC News. 5 May 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/8034131.stm. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  34. ^ "Lumley 'trusts' Brown on Gurkhas". BBC News. 6 May 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/8036036.stm. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  35. ^ "Lumley in public clash on Gurkhas". BBC News. 7 May 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/8037181.stm. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  36. ^ "Gurkhas in Britain: a timeline of their campaign to stay". London: Daily Telegraph. 21 May 2009. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/politics/defence/5360033/Gurkhas-in-Britain-a-timeline-of-their-campaign-to-stay.html. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  37. ^ "Gurkhas win right to settle in UK". BBC News. 21 May 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/8060607.stm. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  38. ^ McDowell, Lindy (23 May 2009). "How Joanna Lumley is leading the charge". Belfast Telegraph. http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/opinion/columnists/lindy-mcdowell/lindy-mcdowell-how-joanna--lumley--is-leading-the-charge-14312324.html. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  39. ^ "Lumley mobbed by crowds in Nepal". BBC News. 26 July 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8169319.stm. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  40. ^ Jolly, Joanna (26 July 2009). "Lumley greeted as 'daughter of Nepal'". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8169641.stm. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  41. ^ "Joanna Lumley creates chutney to help the Gurkhas". BBC News. 5 August 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-10880687. 
  42. ^ Mine: Story of a Sacred Mountain, IMDb
  43. ^ London protesters vow to stop British mine and destruction of tribe in India, Survival International
  44. ^ Joanna Lumley narrates new film about remote tribe, Survival International
  45. ^ Survival International - We Are One
  46. ^ Eede, Joanna (2009). We are One: A Celebration of Tribal Peoples. Quadrille Publishing. ISBN 1-84400-729-4. 
  47. ^ Info Tree Aid web site
  48. ^ [2] PENHA web site
  49. ^ "Star billing for sleepy hollow". The Times (London). 8 May 2005. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/scotland/article519326.ece. 
  50. ^ "Honorary graduates 1990-99" University of Kent web site
  51. ^ Barton, Laura (31 August 2009). "Joanna Lumley: 'I don't make a very good goddess'". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/2009/aug/31/joanna-lumley-interview. Retrieved 27 March 2010. 
  52. ^ "Joanna Lumley's Charity Work, Events and Causes" Look to the Stars

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The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.


Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.


Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).


The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.


Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

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