Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese
Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy Norwegian Persian Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Serbian Slovak Slovenian Spanish Swedish Thai Turkish Vietnamese

definition - Jogye Order

definition of Wikipedia

   Advertizing ▼


Jogye Order

Jogye Order

Kyong Ho Seong-Wu, 75th Patriarch
Korean name
Hangul 조계종
Hanja 曹溪宗
Revised Romanization Jogye-jong
McCune–Reischauer Chogye-chong

The Jogye Order, officially the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism (대한불교조계종, 大韓佛敎 曹溪宗) is the representative order of traditional Korean Buddhism with roots that date back 1,200 years to Unified Silla National Master Doui, who brought Seon (known as Zen in the West) and the practice taught by the Sixth Patriarch, Huineng, from China about 820 C.E.

In 1994, the Jogye order managed 1,725 temples, 10,056 clerics and had 9,125,991 adherents.[1]



In 826, the "Nine Mountains of Seon" adopted the name Jogye, which is the Cantonese village where Patriarch Huineng's home temple is located. They all were instrumental in the development of the nation during Unified Silla and thereafter. During Goryeo, National Masters Bojo Jinul and Taego Bou led major Seon movements. The Jogye Order was thus established as the representative Seon order until the persecution of the Joseon Dynasty.

For nearly 500 years, however, Buddhism was repressed in favor of Confucianism. During the reign of Joseon King Sejong (r. 1418-1450), two sects were formed, one of all the doctrinal schools and another of all the Seon schools. These were then temporarily disbanded under the reign of King Yonsangun (r. 1494-1506), resulting in great confusion. However, during the Hideyoshi invasions of the late 16th century, National Masters Seosan and Samyeong raised armies that protected the nation which improved the situation of Buddhism for a time. However it was not until the political reforms of 1895 that monks were permitted in the cities again. Then in 1899, under the leadership of Seon Master Gyeongheo (1849-1912), monks petitioned from Haeinsa Temple to reestablish the traditions and the philosophical basis for a reconstructed Buddhist order. Eventually, the Wonjong and Imjejong (Linji) orders were founded, and attempts were made to revive the doctrinal schools and to reestablish activities in the cities, but these movements were soon suppressed during the Japanese occupation, which began in 1910.

Leading resistance and liberation fighters against the occupying forces included such famous monks as Yongsong and Manhae, and efforts continued to keep Korean Buddhist traditions alive. In 1921 the Sonhakwon Seon Meditation Center was established and in 1929, a Monks’ Conference of Joseon Buddhism was held. In 1937, a movement for the establishment of a Central Headquarters began which was successful with the building of the Main Buddha Hall of Jogyesa Temple in Seoul in 1938. Finally in 1941 the Joseon Buddhism Jogye Order which was distinctly Korean and free from Japanese influence, was established. This was the first legal Buddhist order in modern Korea and the precursor of today's Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism. Following liberation from Japan in 1945, Seon monks who had preserved and cherished Korean Buddhist traditions began a purification drive to re-establish the traditional celibate orders and take back the temples from married priest, a remnant of the Japanese Occupation. Finally, in 1955 the Jogye Order was established centered around celibate monks; however, as a result of mediation between the elder monks and the government, already-married priests were also included.

On April 11, 1962 Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism was officially established with three main goals: training and education; sutra translation into Korean from Chinese characters; and propagation. These goals continue to guide the Jogye Order today as well. It was in 1947-1949 that a group of monks at Bongamsa Temple began a movement advocating "Living According to the Teachings of the Buddha" and this provided the opportunity for the establishment of fundamental principles and traditions as well as the accepted ceremonies of the order.

  Conflicts with the Lee Myung-bak government

The Jogye Order has faced a lot of conflicts with the current government led by President Lee Myung-bak, a conservative Presbyterian Christian. The government is at odds with the Jogye Order by the decreasing of Temple Stay fundings, the lack of government recognition of the Buddhist Lantern Festival, and neglecting Jogye-affiliated temple names in the new address system.[2]

  Head temples

The numerous temples of the Jogye order are arranged under 24 "head temples." The head temples each oversee a district (gyogu), containing a large number of subordinate temples.[1]

1. Jogyesa: Gyeonji-dong, Jongno-gu, central Seoul.
2. Yongjusa: Taean-eup, Hwaseong, southern Gyeonggi-do.
3. Sinheungsa: Seorak-dong, Sokcho, eastern Gangwon-do.
4. Woljeongsa: Jinbu-myeon, Pyeongchang County, central Gangwon-do.
5. Beopjusa: Naesongni-myeon, Boeun County, Chungcheongbuk-do.
6. Magoksa : Sagok-myeon, Gongju, Chungcheongnam-do.
7. Sudeoksa: Deoksan-myeon, Yesan County, Chungcheongnam-do.
8. Jikjisa : Daehang-myeon, Gimcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
9. Donghwasa: Dohak-dong, Dong-gu, Daegu.
10. Eunhaesa: Cheongtong-myeon, Yeongcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
11. Bulguksa: Jinhyeon-dong, Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do
12. Haeinsa: Gaya-myeon, Hapcheon County, Gyeongsangnam-do.
13. Ssanggyesa: Hwagae-myeon, Hadong County, Gyeongsangnam-do.
14. Beomeosa: Cheongnyong-dong, Geumjeong-gu, Busan.
15. Tongdosa: Habuk-myeon, Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.
16. Gounsa : Danchon-myeon, Uiseong County, Gyeongsangbuk-do.
17. Geumsansa: Geumsan-myeon, Gimje, Jeollabuk-do.
18. Baekyangsa: Bukha-myeon, Jangseong County, Jeollanam-do.
19. Hwaeomsa: Masan-myeon, Gurye County, Jeollanam-do.
20. Songgwangsa: Songgwang-myeon, Suncheon, Jeollanam-do.
21. Daeheungsa: Samsan-myeon, Haenam County, Jeollanam-do.
22. Gwaneumsa: Ara-dong, Jeju-si, Jeju-do.
23. Seonunsa: Asan-myeon, Gochang County, Jeollabuk-do.
24. Bongseonsa: Jinjeop-eup, Namyangju, Gyeonggi-do.


  1. ^ Seung Sahn (d. 2004) is said to be the 78th in his line of Jogye patriarchs, and the first Korean Seon master to travel to the West. "Kwan Um School of Zen website". http://www.kwanumzen.com/. Retrieved 2006-03-29. 
  2. ^ This list is drawn from the official Jogye Order website. "List of Head temples". http://eng.buddhism.or.kr/content/20021104/200211041036409948.asp. Retrieved 2006-03-29. 
  3. ^ This is drawn primarily from the official Jogye Order website. "?". http://www.koreanbuddhism.net/jokb/content_list.asp?cat_seq=69. 
  4. ^ This is drawn primarily from the official Jogye Order website. "?". http://www.koreanbuddhism.net/jokb/content_list.asp?cat_seq=69. 
  1. ^ Grayson, James Huntley (2002). Korea: a religious history. Psychology Press. pp. 190. ISBN 978-0-7007-1605-0. 
  2. ^ Hwang (황), Yun-jeong (윤정) (2011-07-19). "불교계-정부 화해무드 다시 급랭하나" (in Korean). Yonhap News. http://www.yonhapnews.co.kr/bulletin/2011/07/19/0200000000AKR20110719130800005.HTML. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 

  See also

  External links



All translations of Jogye Order

sensagent's content

  • definitions
  • synonyms
  • antonyms
  • encyclopedia

Dictionary and translator for handheld

⇨ New : sensagent is now available on your handheld

   Advertising ▼

sensagent's office

Shortkey or widget. Free.

Windows Shortkey: sensagent. Free.

Vista Widget : sensagent. Free.

Webmaster Solution


A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !

Try here  or   get the code


With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.

Business solution

Improve your site content

Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.

Crawl products or adds

Get XML access to reach the best products.

Index images and define metadata

Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.

Please, email us to describe your idea.


The English word games are:
○   Anagrams
○   Wildcard, crossword
○   Lettris
○   Boggle.


Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.


Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !

English dictionary
Main references

Most English definitions are provided by WordNet .
English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID).
English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU).


The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata.
The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search.
The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent.


Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.

last searches on the dictionary :

4242 online visitors

computed in 0.062s

I would like to report:
section :
a spelling or a grammatical mistake
an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc.)
a copyright violation
an error
a missing statement
please precise:



Company informations

My account



   Advertising ▼