Karl, Grand Duke of Baden
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His father was Karl Ludwig of Baden, the heir to the Margraviate of Baden, which was raised to a grand duchy after the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. His mother was Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt, the daughter of Ludwig IX of Hesse-Darmstadt. He was the brother-in-law of the rulers of Bavaria, Russia and Sweden. His eldest sister Karoline was the queen consort of Maximilian I of Bavaria, his second eldest sister Luise was the Empress consort of Alexander I of Russia and his third eldest sister Friederike was the queen consort of Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden.
Events that occurred during his reign
- The end of Napoléon I's rule and the Congress of Vienna, which confirmed the territorial gains Baden had made during the Napoleonic era.
- 1818 The passing of a new, liberal constitution
- The height of Friedrich Weinbrenner's career
- 1817 The start of the administration of the Rhine by Johann Gottfried Tulla
- The premiere of the velocipede by Karl Drais
Marriage and family
Hereditary Prince Karl married Stéphanie de Beauharnais (August 28, 1789 – January 29, 1860), daughter of Claude de Beauharnais and the adopted daughter of Napoléon I of France in Paris on April 8, 1806. Their children:
- Luise (June 5, 1811 – July 19, 1854) married her first cousin Gustav of Sweden (November 9, 1799 – August 4, 1877) on November 9, 1830.
- Unnamed son (September 29, 1812 – October 16, 1812)
- Josephine (October 21, 1813 – June 19, 1900) married Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (September 7, 1811 – June 2, 1885) on October 21, 1834.
- Alexander (May 1, 1816 – May 8, 1817)
- Marie (October 11, 1817 – October 17, 1888) married William Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton (February 15, 1811 – July 15, 1863) on February 23, 1843
As Grand Duke Karl did not have any surviving male children, upon his death he was succeeded by his uncle Ludwig I. It has been speculated that the foundling Kaspar Hauser was his son, and therefore the actual hereditary prince, a claim now established as false.
Karl, Grand Duke of BadenBorn: July 8 1786 Died: December 8 1818
|Grand Duke of Baden|