Kingsnorth power station
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaCoordinates:
|Kingsnorth power station|
Kingsnorth power station shown within Kent
|OS grid reference|
|Operator:||Central Electricity Generating Board|
|Fuel:||Coal-fired 1,985 MW|
Kingsnorth power station is a dual-fired coal and oil power station on the Hoo Peninsula at Medway in Kent, South East England. The four-unit station is owned and operated by energy firm E.ON UK, and has a generating capacity of 1,940 megawatts. It is capable of operating on either coal or oil though in practice oil is used only as a secondary fuel or for startup. It is also capable of co-firing biofuel, up to a maximum of 10% of the station's fuel mix. Under EU pollution regulations it is due to close by 2016, but a replacement power station, also coal-fired, is planned by owners E.ON. The proposed replacement has attracted substantial public protests and criticism, including the 2008 Camp for Climate Action.
The station was constructed between 1963 and 1973 by the then Central Electricity Generating Board. From 1975 to the early 1980s, Kingsnorth was linked to the London power grid by HVDC Kingsnorth, one of the few examples of high-voltage direct current transmission then in use.
Kingsnorth has been opted out of the European Union's Large Combustion Plants Directive, which means it will only be allowed to run for up to 20,000 hours after 1 January 2008 (around 2 and a half years' continuous running) and must close by 31 December 2015.
On the evening of January 2, 2010, a fire broke out in one of the pump rooms of the power station. The fire was put out by fifteen fire engines and five specialist units, though the building was badly damaged and had to be shut down.
As a replacement for the four old Kingsnorth units, in October 2006 E.ON proposed the construction of two new coal-fired units, Kingsnorth Units 5 and 6. E.ON currently propose constructing two new 800 MW supercritical coal-fired power units on the site, to be operational "as early as 2012". If completed, this would be the first new coal powered plant in the UK since the completion of the Drax power station in 1986.
E.ON expects the supercritical units to reduce carbon dioxide emissions per unit of electricity by around 20%, as compared to the existing subcritical plant. E.ON also says the new units will be "capture ready" to allow the option of retrofitting with carbon capture and storage (CCS). Their environmental statement reads:
"CCS will be considered as an option...subject to the process of CCS being allowed by law and incentivised by a suitable framework and technological hurdles for the process being overcome"
On 31 March 2008 E.ON announced that the new Kingsnorth power station would be used in a bid for the Government's carbon capture and storage competition. In addition E.ON proposed that the planning decision should be delayed until after the Government has completed its consultation on CCS.
On 30 June 2008 it was announced that Kingsnorth project had proceeded to the next stage of the competition (prequalification) with three other competitors.
On 7 October 2009 E.ON postponed the replacement until at least 2016.
The building of ‘Kingsnorth 2’ has come under much criticism from many groups including:
- Christian Aid who note that the emissions from the plant will be over 10 times the annual emissions from Rwanda
- The Royal Society
- The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
- World Development Movement.
- The WWF
- The CPRE
Climate scientist and head of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies James E. Hansen condemned the building of new coal power stations within carbon capture, stating: In the face of such threats [from climate change] it is madness to propose a new generation of power plants based on burning coal, which is the dirtiest and most polluting of all the fossil fuels. We need a moratorium on the construction of coal-fired power plants and we must phase out the existing ones within two decades He is however more accepting of coal with CCS stating that Coal could still be a long-term energy source for power plants, if the carbon dioxide is captured and sequestered underground.
Greenpeace is sceptical that CCS technology is viable.
Criticism comes from the large greenhouse gas emissions associated with burning coal and its effect on the atmosphere and global warming. Much of the criticism[who?] comes from the inefficiencies of coal power plants compared to gas power plants, particularly combined heat and power plants.
Greenpeace - October 2007
Six Greenpeace protesters were arrested for breaking in to the power station, climbing the 200 meter smokestack, painting the word Gordon on the chimney and causing an estimated £30,000 damage. At their subsequent trial they admitted trying to shut the station down but argued that they were legally justified because they were trying to prevent climate change from causing greater damage to property elsewhere around the world. Evidence was heard from David Cameron's environment adviser Zac Goldsmith, and an Inuit leader from Greenland, both saying that climate change was already seriously affecting life around the world. The six were acquitted after arguing that they were legally justified in their actions to prevent climate change from causing greater damage to property around the world. It was the first case where preventing property damage caused by climate change has been used as part of a "lawful excuse" defence in court.
In December 2008 Greenpeace received a letter from the Crown Prosecution Service revealing that the Attorney-General was close to referring the case of the Kingsnorth Six to the Court of Appeal in an effort to remove the defence of ‘lawful excuse' from activists. Also in December the New York Times listed the acquittal in its annual list of the most influential ideas that will change our lives
Climate Camp - August 2008
The 2008 Camp for Climate Action was held near the power station and 50 people were arrested trying to break into the site. Some of the tactics used by police during the demonstration have been the subject of complaints, a judicial review, and mainstream media criticism.
Occupation - October 2008
On 29 October 2008, Greenpeace activists occupied part of the power station after accessing the site using boats including the Rainbow Warrior. There was an hour-long stand-off with security staff before they boarded the plant's jetty and demonstrated while others set up camp on a concrete island owned by E.ON. Protesters projected campaign messages on the building, and then on a bulldozer brought in by the company to block the image, until the early hours of the following morning when they were served with a high court injunction.
Taken off-line for four hours - November 2008
On 28 November 2008 a lone protester entered the plant undetected and shut down unit 2, one of the station's 500 MW turbines, leaving a message reading "no new coal". The turbine was offline for four hours.
Greenpeace - June 2009
- ^ a b E.ON UK - Kingsnorth
- ^ "Generation - Oil". E.ON UK. http://www.eon-uk.com/generation/oil.aspx.
- ^ "The Role of Coal in Electricity Generation". Association of Electricity Producers. http://www.berr.gov.uk/files/file37586.pdf.
- ^ "Firefighters tackle blaze at Kingsnorth power station". BBC News. 2010-01-03. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/kent/8438204.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-03.
- ^ (PDF) Proposed Replacement Coal-fired Units for Kingsnorth Power Station. Environmental statement. E.ON UK. pp. v. http://www.eon-uk.com/images/Environmental_Statement_Kingsnorth.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-04.
- ^ a b (PDF) Proposed Replacement Coal-fired Units for Kingsnorth Power Station. Environmental statement. E.ON UK. pp. 2. http://www.eon-uk.com/images/Environmental_Statement_Kingsnorth.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-04.
- ^ "E.ON enters UK Government's carbon capture and storage competition. Press release". E.ON UK. 2008-03-31. http://pressreleases.eon-uk.com/blogs//eonukpressreleases/archive/2008/03/31/E.ON-enters-UK-Government_2700_s-Carbon-Capture-and-Storage-competition.aspx. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- ^ "CCS Demonstration Competition". Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform. http://www.berr.gov.uk/energy/sources/sustainable/carbon-abatement-tech/ccs-demo/page40961.html. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- ^ "CCS Demonstration Prequalification". Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform. 2008-06-30. http://nds.coi.gov.uk/environment/fullDetail.asp?ReleaseID=372398&NewsAreaID=2&NavigatedFromDepartment=True. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- ^ . 2009-03-24. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/5045154/Can-Ed-Miliband-stop-the-lights-going-out.html. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- ^ "Without commercial carbon capture, it's 'game over', E.ON boss tells government". The Guardian. 2007-03-17. http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2009/mar/17/eon-carbon-capture-kingsnorth. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- ^ "Kingsnorth power station plans shelved by E.ON". Guardian. 2009-10-07. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/oct/07/eon-cancels-kingsnorth-power-station. Retrieved 2009-10-07.
- ^ "Take action of Kingsnorth". Chirstian Aid. 2008-02-06. http://www.christianaid.org.uk/stoppoverty/climatechange/stories/Take_action_on_Kingsnorth.aspx. Retrieved 2008-03-22. [dead link]
- ^ "The new coal rush". Greenpeace. 2007-04-30. http://www.greenpeace.org.uk/blog/climate/the-new-coal-rush. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- ^ "Dear Secretary of State". 2008-04-01. http://royalsociety.org/downloaddoc.asp?id=5183. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- ^ "That’s what you call action". RSPB. 2008-03-14. http://blogs.rspb.org.uk/news/archive/2008/03/14/That_2700_s-what-you-call-action.aspx. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- ^ "Government must stop new Kingsnorth coal- fired power plant". World Development Movement. 2008-01-03. http://www.wdm.org.uk/news/kingsnorth03012008.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- ^ "Kingsnorth power station decision bodes badly for climate". WWF. 2008-01-03. http://www.wwf.org.uk/news/n_0000004665.asp. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- ^ "Rainbow Warrior". CPRE Kent. -2008-10-27. http://www.cprekent.org.uk/read-article.php?id=172. Retrieved 2009-05-27.
- ^ "Climate scientist they could not silence". The Times Online. 2008-02-10. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/environment/article3341039.ece. Retrieved 2008-03-04.
- ^ "Special interests are the one big obstacle". The Times Online. 2007-03-12. http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/columnists/article1499726.ece. Retrieved 2008-03-19.
- ^ "Won't Kingsnorth use carbon capture and storage technology?". Greenpeace. 2008-02-18. http://www.greenpeace.org.uk/blog/climate/wont-kingsnorth-use-ccs-technology-20080218. Retrieved 2008-03-22.
- ^ "Kingsnorth trial: Coal protesters cleared of criminal damage to chimney". 2008-10-06. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2008/sep/10/activists.carbonemissions.
- ^ "8th annual year in ideas - Climate-Change Defense". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/14/magazine/14Ideas-Section2-A-t-004.html?_r=1.
- ^ "Kent power station protest: Over 50 environmental activists arrested". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2530714/Kent-power-station-protest-Over-50-environmental-activists-arrested.html.
- ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/jun/21/kingsnorth-protester-arrests-video-complaint
- ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/georgemonbiot/2009/jun/22/kingsnorth-fit-police-surveillance
- ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1194602/Pictured-The-shocking-moment-police-officer-grabs-female-climate-change-protester-throat.html
- ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/politics/lawandorder/5596190/Protesters-arrested-for-challenging-police-officers-without-badge-numbers-lodge-formal-complaint.html
- ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/kent/8112537.stm
- ^ "Vigil ends". Greenpeace. http://www.greenpeace.org.uk/blog/climate/vigil-ends-20081030.
- ^ No new coal - the calling card of the 'green Banksy' who breached fortress Kingsnorth, The Guardian, 11 December 2008
- ^ 
- ^ 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Kingsnorth Power Station|
- Kingsnorth power station - General information on Kingsnorth Power Station, including references to the Nature Reserve, one of the few of its kind in the region.
- No new coal - a lobby group opposing the replacement planned by E.ON