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definition - Lai Chau province

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Lai Chau province

Lai Chau province
Tỉnh Lai Châu
—  Province  —
Location of Lai Châu within Vietnam
Coordinates: 22°0′N 103°0′E / 22°N 103°E / 22; 103Coordinates: 22°0′N 103°0′E / 22°N 103°E / 22; 103
Country  Vietnam
Region Northwest
Capital Lai Châu
 • People's Council Chair Lỳ Khai Phà
 • People's Committee Chair Lò Văn Giàng
 • Total 9,059.4 km2 (3,497.9 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 330,500
 • Density 36/km2 (94/sq mi)
 • Ethnicities Thai, H'Mông, Vietnamese, Giáy, Dao
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Calling code 23
ISO 3166 code VN-01
Website laichau.gov.vn

Lai Châu (About this sound listen) is a province in northwestern Vietnam. Lai Chau province is the most sparsely populated in Vietnam. It shares a border with China. It once was a province of the Lan Xang kingdom, then switched ownership to Vietnam during the French Colonial period.[1] It became part of the Northwest Autonomous Area of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 1955 to 1975, when Lai Châu province is formed. Điện Biên province is carved out of Lai Châu in 2004.



Lai Châu is divided into one town (Lai Châu) and five districts:


  A bridge in Lai Chau province

Lai Châu has long been the poorest province in Vietnam. It is also the least industrialised province. In 1974, the industrial output of Hanoi - the richest province in North Vietnam at that time - was 47 times as high as that of Lai Châu.[2] The province became even more backward after the more industrialised south was separated to become Điện Biên Province. In 2007, Hanoi’s industrial output (before its merger with Hà Tây Province) was 93 times that of Lai Châu.[3] Industrial output has, however, grown rapidly in recent years, more than tripling between 2000 and 2007, making the fastest growing sector in the province compared to an agriculture and forestry sector that has grown by less than 50% and a service sector that has more than doubled in the same time.[3] Industrial products include liquor, bricks, cement and electricity. Industrial output in 2007 was 476.6bn VND, accounting for 28.9% of the province's economy, compared to only 16.5% in 2000.

Lai Châu's main agricultural products (in 2007) are rice (99900t), maize (35000t), cassava (48900t) and tea (16532t). The production of rice and maize tripled since 2000, while the output of cassava and tea has been increasing by around 40% and 120%.[3] Tea from Lai Châu is sold to other provinces in Vietnam and also exported to other countries.

Lai Châu has a relatively large forestry sector with an output of 176.3bn VND in 2007. It has, however, been far overtaken by the agricultural, industrial and service sectors and contributed little to recent growth. It has grown by only 1.66% in 2007 and 1.69% in 2006, after declining by almost 19% between 2000 and 2005.[3]

There are plans to exploit rare earth elements in Lai Châu. Vietnam's central government signed an agreement in October 2010 to supply Japan with rare earth elements[4] in Lai Châu Province.[5] This is part of Japan's efforts to diversify its supply of rare earth and decrease its dependence on imports from China.

Lai Châu’s economy grew by 14.56% in 2007, 12.3% in 2006 and 50.75% between 2000 and 2005.[3]



  A building in Lai Chau Town

National Road 4 connects Lai Châu to Lào Cai Province, National Road 12 to Điện Biên province and National Road 32 to Yên Bái Province. There is also a road to Gejiu in China. There is neither an airport nor a railway in the province.

Road transport has grown rapidly in recent years. Freight traffic increased from 1 million tons.km in 2000 to 21.3 tons.km in 2007, while passenger traffic increased from 4.4 to 16.7 million passenger km.[3]

Road infrastructure is still not very developed. Only 19.36% of the roads in the province are paved and only 10.53% of respondents to a survey of local businesses think that road quality is good or very good.[6]


As of 2007, there 22,100 telephone subscribers in Lai Châu, a significant increase from the 14,200 in the previous year.[3] Only 35.59% of the respondents to a survey assessed telecommunications quality as good or very good, the lowest value among all the provinces in Vietnam.[6]


  • Annual average temperature: 23 degrees Celsius.
  • Annual average rainfall: 2.5 m.


  1. ^ http://www.zum.de/whkmla/histatlas/seasia/haxlaos.html
  2. ^ Beresford, Melanie (2003): Economic Transition, Uneven Development, and the Impact of Reform on Regional Inequality, in Luong, Hy V. (ed.): Postwar Vietnam: dynamics of a transforming society. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield
  3. ^ a b c d e f g General Statistics Office (2009): Socio-economical Statistical Data of 63 Provinces and Cities. Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi
  4. ^ "Rare earths supply deal between Japan and Vietnam". BBC News. 31 October 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-11661330. Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  5. ^ "Vietnam signs major nuclear pacts". AlJazeera. 31 October 2010. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2010/10/2010103191334878158.html. Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Vietnam Provincial Competitiveness Index 2009

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