definition of Wikipedia
|Assembly||Sant'Agata Bolognese, Italy|
|Body style||2-door coupé
|Layout||Mid-engine, four-wheel drive
Mid-engine, rear wheel drive (LP550-2)
|Engine||5.0 L V10
5.2 L V10
6-speed E-Gear automated manual
|Wheelbase||2,560 mm (100.8 in)|
|Length||4,300–4,386 mm (170–172.7 in)|
|Width||1,900 mm (74.8 in)|
|Height||1,165 mm (45.9 in) (coupé)
1,184 mm (46.6 in) (spyder)
|Curb weight||1,520–1,430 kg (3,351–3,153 lb) (coupé)
1,570–1,485 kg (3,461–3,274 lb) (spyder)
Lamborghini Concept S
The Lamborghini Gallardo ( //; Italian: [ɡaʎˈʎardo]) is a sports car built by Lamborghini and its most-produced model to date, with over 10,000 built in its first seven years of production. The car is named after a famous breed of fighting bull and represented to many the smaller version of the Murcielago, a descendant of Lamborghini's Jalpa from the 1980s.
The Gallardo offers two choices of transmissions, a conventional (H-Box) six-speed manual transmission, and an advanced six-speed electro-hydraulically controlled semi-automatic robotized manual, which Lamborghini abbreviates to "E-gear". The "E-gear" allows the driver to make shifts much faster than a manual transmission would. The driver shifts up and down via paddles behind the steering wheel, but can also change into automatic mode.
For the MY2006 (launched in late 2005) Lamborghini introduced many changes to the car to counter some criticisms garnered from the press and owners. These were derived from the limited edition Gallardo SE. The exhaust system was changed to a more sporty one (including a flap to make it quieter around town), the suspension was revised and a new steering rack was fitted, the engine power was increased by 20 bhp to a maximum of 520 metric horsepower (382 kW; 513 hp), the biggest change was an overall lowering of the gearing especially in 1st to 5th. The result was a much improved car; it handled and turned better, sounded better under full throttle and the extra power and lower gearing turned an already fast car into a much faster one.
The production spyder model of the Gallardo was unveiled at the Los Angeles Auto Show in January 2006. It is considered by the company to be an entirely new model, with 520 PS (382 kW; 513 hp) and a lower-ratio six-speed manual transmission. The soft top is fully retractable.
During the 2007 Geneva Auto Show Lamoborghini debuted the Gallardo Superleggera, the name paid tribute to the construction style of the first lamborghini production model, the 350GT, designed and built by Carrozzeria Touring and its emphasis on weight reduction. The Superleggera is lighter than the base Gallardo by 100 kg (220 lb) via the use of carbon fibre panels for the rear diffuser, undertray, the rearview-mirror housings, the interior door panels, the central tunnel, engine cover; titanium wheel nuts and carbon fibre sports seats. The engine power is upgraded by 10 PS (7 kW; 10 hp) thanks improved intake, exhaust and ECU for a total of 530 PS (390 kW; 523 hp). The 6-speed E-Gear transmission was standard on US spec models with the 6-speed manual transmission offered as a no cost option.
In March 2008, Lamborghini announced that they had ceased production of the Gallardo Superleggera. During its production life, 172 were produced, with 10 in white, 34 in grey, 37 in black, 45 in yellow, 46 in orange and 1 was custom painted in pink.
Presented at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show, the Gallardo LP 560-4 is a significant refresh of the Gallardo, powered by a new 5.2 L (320 cu in) V10 engine that produces 560 PS (412 kW; 552 hp) at 8,000 rpm and 540 N·m (398 lb·ft) at 6,500 rpm of torque. Featuring "Iniezione Diretta Stratificata" direct fuel injection system to improve efficiency; fuel consumption and CO2 emissions have been reduced by 18% despite the increase in performance. It also has a new design inspired by the Murciélago LP 640 and Reventon.
The new engine, 40 PS (29 kW; 39 hp) more powerful than in the previous car, comes with two transmission choices: 6-speed manual or 6-speed E-gear, the later of which was revised to offer a Corsa mode which makes 40% quicker shifts than before and decreases traction control restrictions, a Thrust Mode launch control system was also added. Accompanied with a 20 kg (44 lb) weight reduction all the improvements add up to a claimed performance of 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.7 seconds, 0-200 km/h (120 mph) of 11.8 and a top speed of 325 km/h (202 mph).
The MSRP base price is $198,000 in the US and £147,330 (including NavTrak vehicle tracking system and delivery package) in the UK. The first US car was sold in 16th Annual Race to Erase MS charity auction for $270,000 to former True Religion Jeans co-founder/co-creator Kymberly Gold and music producer Victor Newman.
The Lamborghini Gallardo LP 560-4 Spyder was unveiled at 2008 LA Auto Show. as the replacement for of the previous Gallardo Spyder. It is the convertible model of the Gallardo LP 560-4 and as such possess all of its improvements like the new 5.2 L (320 cu in) V10 engine, improved E-gear transmission and 20 kg (44 lb) weight reduction. Performance has been improved to 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.0 seconds, 0-200 km/h (120 mph) of 13.1 and a top speed of 324 km/h (201 mph)
In March 2010, Lamborghini announced the release of the Gallardo LP 570-4 Superleggera, a lightweight and more powerful version of the Gallardo LP 560-4 in the same vein as the previous Superleggera. With carbon fiber used extensively inside and out to reduce weight to just 1,340 kg (2,954 lb) making it the lightest road-going Lamborghini in the range. The 5.2L V10 on the LP 570-4 gets a power bump over the standard Gallardo to 570 PS (419 kW; 562 hp) at 8,000 rpm. Performance has been improved to 0-100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.4 seconds, and a 325 km/h (202 mph) top speed.
In November 2010, Lamborghini announced the LP 570-4 Spyder Performante, a convertible version of the LP 570-4 Superleggera. Employing the same 570 PS (419 kW; 562 hp) 5.2L V10 and with a curb weight of 1,485 kg (3,274 lb), heavier than the coupe as usual with coupe based convertibles, the LP 570-4 Spyder Performante goes from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.9 seconds, to 200 km/h (124 mph) in 12.1 seconds and has a top speed of 324 km/h (201 mph).
The Gallardo SE is limited edition of 250 units introduced in 2005. It is distinguished from the regular Gallardo externally by having a black-roofed two-tone color scheme as well as specially-designed "Callisto" rims. It comes with a two-tone interior. All piping and stitching on the ultra-quality leather are executed in the same color as the bodywork of the car. The midsections of the seats are finished in color-coded upholstery and even the black floormats have a color coded borders. A rear-view camera is standard on the Gallardo SE, as is the multimedia and navigation system, the sport suspension and an exclusive cover. The optional E-gear transmission, came with a new function, 'thrust' mode, this feature automatically revs the car to 5,000 rpm, drops the clutch engaging all four wheels in a controlled burnout, and ensures the car performs maximum acceleration.
The Gallardo Nera is a special edition limited to 185 unit of the Gallardo, introduced at the Paris Motor Show. The car was designed to showcase the customization options available to the customer in the Ad Personam program. It features special matte black body panels, and is only available in a special shade of black, a combination of Nero Serapis and Nero Noctis. Brake calipers are painted a special silver, and the taillights are smoked to match the darker paint scheme. The interior is stitched from high-contrast black and white leather in the Q-Citura (lozenge shaped) fashion.
Limited to 250 units, This Gallardo was named after Lamborghini test driver Valentino Balboni and to his request, unlike the contemporary line-up, the Balboni is rear wheel drive, reducing the curbweight by 30 kg (66 lb) to 1,470 kg (3,241 lb). The engine was rated at 550 PS (405 kW; 542 hp). Other features include re-calibrated optional E-gear transmission, redeveloped 45% limited slip differential, full leather black upholstery with white colour strips, Polar white centre console, a stripe down the centre of the car, and a badge below the left side window bears the signature of Valentino Balboni and the production number of the car. Lamborghini claims the LP 550-2 Valentino Balboni can reach a top speed of 320 km/h (199 mph) and reach 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.9 seconds.
The Bicolore is a special edition of the Gallardo, available in both LP 560-4 and LP 550-2 trims. Released in 2010 it features a unique two-tone paint job. The car is available only in orange, yellow, silver, white or blue with a black roof with unique Skorplus alloy rims.
The LP550-2 Super Trofeo is a version of LP 550-2 Valentino Balboni for Hong Kong market. It does not include the centre stripe in the original car. It includes e-Gear transmission, Super Trofeo body kit (tail wing, front and tail diffuser, side skirts), front and side airbags, TFT screen with USB/iPod connection, GPS with Bluetooth, front axle height control.
Presented at the 2011 Turin Auto Show, the Tricolore is a special edition in a similar vein as the Bicolore; with stripe mimicking the Italian flag running thought the body of the car, meant to commemorate the 150th anniversary of Italian unification.
Presented on the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show, the Super Trofeo Stradale is a limited (150 units (3 in Taiwan)) version of LP570-4 Superleggera. Boasting a dry weight of 1,340 kg (2,954 lb), it's 30 kg (66 lb) lighter than a comparably equipped LP570-4 Superleggera. Esessentially a road version the Super Trofeo race car, equipped with the same adjustable rear spoiler that offers an aerodynamic load 3 times that of the stardard Gallardo LP 560-4 for increased dynamic stability during tight, high-speed driving. Another element taken directly from the racing version is the removable engine hood with quick-release system. The vehicle included Rosso Mars body colour, 6-speed E-gear trasmission as standard equipment. Optional equipment includes carbon-fiber ceramic brake discs, a tubular interior roll cage, 4-point safety belts and fire extinguisher, satellite navigation, with Bluetooth connection for mobile phones, an anti-theft system, and a lifting system that raises the front axle.
Taiwan model was sold with street and track versions.
The Singapore Limited Edition is a limited (10 units) version of Gallardo LP 550-2 in Singapore market, celebrating 10 years of Lamborghini's presence in Singapore. Available in black and white primary body color with red side stripes accented by a badge featuring the Merlion, it includes parts from LP570-4 Superleggera such as the front spoiler, a rear wing, a wheel set and interior trim.
It is a limited (20 units) version of Gallardo LP 550-2 in Malaysia market. Available in Blanco Monocerus (solid white), Verde Ithaca (pearl green) and Arancio Borealis (pearl orange) body color, it includes body kit from LP 570-4 Superleggera (front bumper, carbon side skirts, 4 titanium exhaust tips and a carbon fibre rear diffuser), a different interior with Alcantra and leather with bespoke stitching, 6-speed E-gear transmission.
The vehicle was unveiled in Eminent Century Sdn Bhd, the official Malaysian importer of Lamborghini cars, and JH Italia Sdn Bhd, the sole dealer, in Kuala Lumpur. The vehicle went on sale for RM868,000 before duties, road tax and insurance (RM 1,680,000 excluding insurance).
The LP 560-4 Noctis is a version of Gallardo LP 560-4 with two-tone colour schemes, for Hong Kong and China markets. Available in dark grey/silver and dark blue/silver body colour, 6-speed E-gear transmission, 19-inch alloy wheels, black leather and grey alcantara upholstery, adjustable suspension.
|Superleggera||LP 560-4||LP 560-4 Spyder||LP 550-2
rear wheel drive
|LP 570-4 Superleggera|
|Type||4,961 cc (4.961 L; 302.7 cu in) V10 40 valves DOHC||5,204 cc (5.204 L; 317.6 cu in) V10 40 valves DOHC|
|Power@rpm||500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp)@7800||520 PS (382 kW; 513 hp)@8000||530 PS (390 kW; 523 hp)@8000||560 PS (412 kW; 552 hp)@8000||550 PS (405 kW; 542 hp)@8000||570 PS (419 kW; 562 hp)@8000|
|Torque@rpm||510 N·m (376 lb·ft)@4500||510 N·m (376 lb·ft)@4250||540 N·m (398 lb·ft)@6500|
|0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) (sec)||4.2||4.0||4.3||3.8||3.7||4.0||3.9||3.4|
|0 to 200 km/h (120 mph) (sec)||14.5||13.6||14.3||12.4||11.8||13.1||?||10.2|
|1/4 mile||12.4 s @ 118 mph (190 km/h)||12.1 s @ 120 mph (190 km/h)||-||11.7 s @ 123 mph (198 km/h)||11.2 s @ 129.5 mph (208.4 km/h) (R&T)
11.9s @ 120.5 mph (193.9 km/h) (MT)
|-||11.5s @ 126.7 mph (203.9 km/h) (R&T)
11.5s @ 125.6 mph (202.1 km/h)
|Top speed||309 km/h (192 mph)||315 km/h (196 mph)||315 km/h (196 mph)||315 km/h (196 mph)||325 km/h (202 mph)||324 km/h (201 mph)||320 km/h (200 mph)||325 km/h (202 mph)|
In 2007, the Gallardo was entered in FIA GT3 Championship, built with help from German motorsport specialists Reiter Engineering, who previously made the Murcielago R-GT and the Diablo GTR Super Trophy racers. All the extra aerodynamics were bolt-on parts, conforming with cost-effective regulations that meant the finished car had to closely resemble its road-going counterpart. Brembo racing brakes and OZ Racing wheels were also added. It remained All-Wheel-Drive. It produced 520 metric horsepower (382 kW; 513 hp) @ 7800rpm and 510 newton metres (376 lb·ft) @ 4500 rpm of torque.
The Gallardo was entered by privateers to the GT300 class of the Japanese SUPER GT Championship, car had to conform to rather different regulations. It could produce no more than 300PS (295 bhp/224 kW) and must be Rear-Wheel-Drive. The power is limited by air restrictors placed in the engine bay. The gearbox is a sequential 6-Speed twin-clutch setup. The rules regarding aerodynamics are far looser than those in FIA GT, meaning the SUPER GT car has more advanced aero, including a much bigger rear wing. It took a while to be competitive, only being consistently at the top this 2009 season.
In May 2009 Lamborghini introduced what it calls the 'Fastest one-make series in the world', featuring the Gallardo LP 560-4 Super Trofeo, a race-prepared version of the newer Gallardo LP560-4. The series supported European race series such as Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft (DTM), FIA GT Series and the World Touring Car Championship (WTCC), featuring 18 races overall and having a 30-car grid consisting of privateer teams as well as Lamborghini dealer teams and one factory team featuring guest drivers. The Super Trofeo race car is based on the Gallardo LP 560-4 sports car, but with a reworked chassis and a direct injection V10 engine rated at 570 PS (419 kW; 562 hp) with higher compression ratio of 12.5:1, variable valve timing. The car has dry weight of 1,300 kg (2,900 lb). E-gear transmission is standard. The race car and parts package cost €200,000 (US$284,300) plus tax, available via Lamborghini dealerships, with support and parts sales trackside.
West Racing campaigned an LP560 GT in the GT class of the American Le Mans Series for certain races of the 2011 season. However, as of July, 2011, the team announced that they were developing a new car and by implication would no longer race the LP560.
In December 2004, two L140 Gallardos were donated to the Italian police in honour of the force's 152nd anniversary, one came from Automobili Lamborghini SpA while a second was donated by an independent organization.
The Gallardo Police Cars are used by the traffic police (Polizia Stradale) during emergencies and alarm situations on the Salerno-Reggio Calabria highway, also under the powers of the special safety operative which is already being employed along that tract of highway and, above all, for the transport of body organs destined for transplantation.
In October 2008, a private ceremony was held at the Viminale Palace where Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. donated the newest Gallardo, the LP560-4, to the head of the Italian State Police, Prefect Antonio Manganelli. The new Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 Polizia will replace its predecessor to fulfill roles with the Lazio Highway Police Department.
Yellow L140 Gallardos have been "temporary" police cars for the Metropolitan Police in London, England, one in 2005 and one in 2006, for specific publicity events. The 2006 vehicle was seen at the start of the 2006 Gumball Rally. Both vehicles were lent by Lamborghini London and were fitted with yellow and blue battenburg markings, police logos and a small blue lightbar.
In a test drive of LP550-2 Valentino Balboni, the test driver bearing the name of the car said he was against E-gear because it takes some amount of vehicle control away from the driver, and all-wheel drive Lamborghinis from the beginning, and the company was divided over AWD cars. In that review, a LP550-2 with E-Gear was tested.
With the launch of the Aventador to replace the Murcielago, rumours of replacing the Gallardo are high on the agenda. Although Lamborghini has not confirmed this, rumors of the successor being called the Cabrera have arisen. The Gallardo successor may pack a V10 packing a possible 600 metric horsepower (441 kW; 592 bhp). It will also feature Carbon Fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) parts that will help to reduce the car’s total weight. The clarified name would be 'LP600-4'. 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lamborghini Gallardo|
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|owner||<··· receivership||Mimram||Chrysler||M'tec (V'Power)||AUDI AG (part of Volkswagen Group)|
|founder: Ferruccio Lamborghini • Lamborghini corporate website • A marque of the Volkswagen Group|
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