1.brief description accompanying an illustration
2.a story about mythical or supernatural beings or events
LegendLeg"end (lĕj"ĕnd or lē"jĕnd; 277), n. [OE. legende, OF. legende, F. légende, LL. legenda, fr. L. legendus to be read, fr. legere to read, gather; akin to Gr. le`gein to gather, speak. Cf. Collect, Dialogue, Lesson, Logic.]
1. That which is appointed to be read; especially, a chronicle or register of the lives of saints, formerly read at matins, and in the refectories of religious houses.
2. A story respecting saints; especially, one of a marvelous nature. Addison.
3. Any wonderful story coming down from the past, but not verifiable by historical record; a myth; a fable.
And in this legend all that glorious deed
Read, whilst you arm you. Fairfax.
4. An inscription, motto, or title, esp. one surrounding the field in a medal or coin, or placed upon an heraldic shield or beneath an engraving or illustration.
Golden legend. See under Golden.
LegendLeg"end, v. t. To tell or narrate, as a legend. Bp. Hall.
definition of Wikipedia
10,000 Hz Legend • 10000 Hz Legend • A Legend of Montrose • B.L.U.E. Legend of Water • Bill Legend • Black Legend • Black Legend (disambiguation) • Black Legend (music) • Bloody Mary (urban legend) • CD-i games from The Legend of Zelda series • Carnival Legend • Ceres, Celestial Legend • Curious Lore and Evil Legend • Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend • Dodge City Legend • F-Zero GP Legend (video game) • Fall River Legend • Final Fantasy Legend II • Final Fantasy Legend III • Fist of Legend • Future Legend • Ginga Legend Weed • Golden Bear (legend) • Golden Legend • Grammy Legend Award • Great Sea (The Legend of Zelda series) • Green Legend Ran • Heaven (John Legend song) • Hidden Leaf's Legend, Onbaa Really Did Exist!! • I Am Legend • Impact of a Legend • Knights of Legend • LCD games from The Legend of Zelda series • Legend (1985 movie) • Legend (1994 video game) • Legend (1998 video game) • Legend (Tangerine Dream soundtrack) • Legend (band) • Legend (comic imprint) • Legend (movie) • Legend (person) • Legend (play) • Legend (song) • Legend Airlines • Legend Books • Legend City • Legend Entertainment • Legend Films • Legend Financial Group Classic • Legend Lake, Wisconsin • Legend Land • Legend Of Wu • Legend Seven • Legend in Leotards • Legend of Alon D'ar • Legend of Alon D’ar • Legend of Asahiel • Legend of Crystania • Legend of Dhruv • Legend of Dragoon • Legend of Drunken Master • Legend of Earthsea • Legend of Golfer • Legend of Gunung Ledang • Legend of Himiko • Legend of Kay • Legend of Liquid Sword • Legend of Nereid • Legend of Rainbow Warriors • Legend of Roland • Legend of Success Joe • Legend of Sudsakorn • Legend of Trentren Vilu and Caicai Vilu • Legend of Xu Fu • Legend of Zagor • Legend of stafy • Legend of the Blood Yeti • Legend of the Bone Carver • Legend of the Burning Sands • Legend of the Dragon (TV series) • Legend of the Dragon (film) • Legend of the Eight Samurai • Legend of the Five Rings Collectible Card Game • Legend of the Five Rings Roleplaying Game • Legend of the Galactic Heroes release history • Legend of the Golden Pearl • Legend of the Liquid Sword (album) • Legend of the Lost • Legend of the Lost Legend • Legend of the Mistletoe Bough • Legend of the Octopus • Legend of the Sacred Stone • Legend of the Shadow Warriors • Legend of the Werewolf • Legend of the White Cowl • Legend of the White Horse • Legend of the White Snake • Legend of the Wu-Tang Clan • Legend tripping • List of Legend of the Galactic Heroes characters • List of Legend of the Galactic Heroes media • List of The Legend of Prince Valiant episodes • List of characters in The Legend of Prince Valiant • Living Legend (CSI) • Living Legend (Doctor Who audio) • Living Legend (attraction) • Lunar Legend • MS Legend of the Seas • MV Seabourn Legend • Maetel Legend • Malon (The Legend of Zelda) • Master of the Legend of Saint Lucy • Max Magician and the Legend of the Rings • Mount Taranaki legend • Ocarina of Time (Legend of Zelda) • Once Again (John Legend album) • Palamedes (Arthurian legend) • Pardes (legend) • Pound Puppies and the Legend of Big Paw • Rain Bird (legend) • Ranka (legend) • Safir (Arthurian legend) • Samurai, The Legend of Musashi • Scooby-Doo and the Legend of the Vampire • Shana (Legend of Dragoon) • Sites and places associated with Arthurian legend • Stab-in-the-back legend • Star Legend • Tetra (Legend of Zelda) • The Final Fantasy Legend • The First Chronicles of Druss the Legend • The Golden Legend (cantata) • The Legend • The Legend (album) • The Legend (box set) • The Legend (roller coaster) • The Legend Beautiful • The Legend Comes to Life • The Legend That Was Earth • The Legend of Billie Jean • The Legend of Boggy Creek • The Legend of Chin • The Legend of Dragoon • The Legend of Frosty the Snowman • The Legend of Gelert • The Legend of Good Women • The Legend of Hell House • The Legend of Heroes • The Legend of Huma • The Legend of John Henry's Hammer • The Legend of Johnny Cash • The Legend of Johnny Cash Vol. II • The Legend of Lizzie Borden • The Legend of Lotus Spring • The Legend of Love • The Legend of Lucy Keyes • The Legend of Luke • The Legend of Oasis • The Legend of Paul and Paula • The Legend of Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl • The Legend of Prince Valiant • The Legend of Rita • The Legend of Simon Conjurer • The Legend of Sir Robert Charles Griggs • The Legend of Sleepy Hollow • The Legend of Sword and Fairy • The Legend of Tennessee Moltisanti • The Legend of Thyl Ulenspiegel and Lamme Goedzak • The Legend of Zelda (video game) • The Legend of Zu • The Legend of the 7 Golden Vampires • The Legend of the Condor Heroes (1982 TV series) • The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya • The Legend of the North Wind (film) • The Legend of the Quiz Tournament of Champions • The Legend of the Red Lantern • The Legend of the Roller Blade Seven • The Legend of the Sky Kingdom • The Legend of the White Horse • The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp • The Living Legend • The Magical Legend of the Leprechauns • The New Legend Of Shaolin (film) • The Pendragon Legend • The Vampire Huntress Legend Series • The World of Legend • The legend of Kintu • Thisbe (Greek legend) • Undaground Legend • Universe of The Legend of Zelda • Urban Legend (album) • Urban Legend (movie) • Urban legend • Vallenato Legend Festival • Wandering Jew (legend) • Warriors of Legend • White Legend • Wu Feng Legend • Xothic legend cycle
qui n'est pas réel (fr)[Classe]
Histoire (fr)[termes liés]
mythologie (fr)[termes liés]
||This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2007)|
A legend (Latin, legenda, "things to be read") is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude. Legend, for its active and passive participants includes no happenings that are outside the realm of "possibility", defined by a highly flexible set of parameters, which may include miracles that are perceived as actually having happened, within the specific tradition of indoctrination where the legend arises, and within which it may be transformed over time, in order to keep it fresh and vital, and realistic. A majority of legends operate within the realm of uncertainty, never being entirely believed by the participants, but also never being resolutely doubted. 
Legend, typically, is a short (mono-) episodic, traditional, highly ecotypified historicized narrative performed in a conversational mode, reflecting on a psychological level a symbolic representation of folk belief and collective experiences and serving as a reaffirmation of commonly held values of the group to whose tradition it belongs."
The word "legend" appeared in the English language circa 1340, transmitted from mediaeval Latin language through French. Its blurred (and essentially Protestant) sense of a non-historical narrative or myth was first recorded in 1613. By emphasizing the unrealistic character of "legends" of the saints, English-speaking Protestants were able to introduce a note of contrast to the "real" saints and martyrs of the Reformation, whose authentic narratives, they were sure, could be found in Foxe's Book of Martyrs. Thus "legend" gained its modern connotations of "undocumented" and "spurious". Before the invention of the printing press, stories were passed on via oral tradition. Storytellers learned their stock in trade: their stories, typically received from an older storyteller, who might, though more likely not, have claimed to have actually known a witness, rendered the narrative as "history". Legend is distinguished from the genre of chronicle by the fact that legends apply structures that reveal a moral definition to events, providing meaning that lifts them above the repetitions and constraints of average human lives and giving them a universality that makes them worth repeating through many generations. In German-speaking and northern European countries, "legend", which involves Christian origins, is distinguished from "Saga", being from any other (usually, but not necessarily older) origin.
The modern characterisation of what may be termed a "legend" may be said to begin 1866 with Jacob Grimm's observation, "The fairy tale is poetic, legend, historic."  Early scholars such as Karl Wehrhan (de) Friedrich Ranke (de) and Will-Erich Peukert followed Grimm's example in focussing solely on the literary narrative, an approach that was enriched particularly after the 1960s, by addressing questions of performance and the anthropological and psychological insights provided in considering legends' social context. Questions of categorising legends, in hopes of compiling a content-based series of categories on the line of the Aarne-Thompson folktale index, provoked a search for a broader new synthesis.
In an early attempt at defining some basic questions operative in examining folk tales, Friedrich Ranke (de) in 1925 characterised the folk legend as "a popular narrative with an objectively untrue imaginary content" a dismissive position that was subsequently largely abandoned.
Compared to the highly-structured folktale, legend is comparatively amorphous, Helmut de Boor noted in 1928. The narrative content of legend is in realistic mode, rather than the wry irony of folktale; Wilhelm Heiske remarked on the similarity of motifs in legend and folktale and concluded that, in spite of its realistic mode, legend is not more historical than folktale.
Legend is often considered in connection with rumour, also believable and concentrating on a single episode. Ernst Bernheim suggested that legend is simply the survival of rumour. Gordon Allport credited the staying-power of certain rumours to the persistent cultural state-of-mind that they embody and capsulise; thus "Urban legends" are a feature of rumour. When Willian Jansen suggested that legends that disappear quickly were "short-term legends" and the persistent ones be termed "long-term legends", the distinction between legend and rumour was effectively obliterated, Tangherlini concluded.
In the narrow Christian sense, legenda, "things to be read [on a certain day, in church]") hagiographical account, often collected in a legendary (legendarium).
Because saints' lives are often embellished with many miracle stories, "legend" in a wider sense came to refer to any story that is set in a historical context but that contains non-historical or fantastic elements.
Legends are tales that, because of the tie to a historical event or location, are believable, though not necessarily believed. For the purpose of the study of legends, in the academic discipline of folkloristics, the truth value of legends is irrelevant because, whether the story told is true or not, the fact that the story is being told at all allows scholars to use it as commentary upon the cultures that produce or circulate the legends.
Hippolyte Delehaye, (in his Preface to The Legends of the Saints: An Introduction to Hagiography, 1907) distinguished legend from myth: "The legend, on the other hand, has, of necessity, some historical or topographical connection. It refers imaginary events to some real personage, or it localizes romantic stories in some definite spot."
From the moment a legend is retold as fiction its authentic legendary qualities begin to fade and recede: in The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Washington Irving transformed a local Hudson River Valley legend into a literary anecdote with "Gothic" overtones, which actually tended to diminish its character as genuine legend.
Stories that exceed the boundaries of "realism" are called "fables". For example, the talking animal formula of Aesop identifies his brief stories as fables, not legends. The parable of the Prodigal Son would be a legend if it were told as having actually happened to a specific son of a historical father. If it included an ass that gave sage advice to the Prodigal Son it would be a fable.
Legend may be transmitted orally, passed on person-to-person, or, in the original sense, through written text. Jacob de Voragine's Legenda Aurea or "The Golden Legend" comprises a series of vitae or instructive biographical narratives, tied to the liturgical calendar of the Roman Catholic Church. They are presented as lives of the saints, but the profusion of miraculous happenings and above all their uncritical context are characteristics of hagiography. The Legenda was intended to inspire extemporized homilies and sermons appropriate to the saint of the day.
Legends are used as a source of folklore, providing historical information regarding the culture and views of a specific legend's native civilization. "The Vanishing Hitchhiker" is the most popular and well known American legend.  The traditional tale type involves a young girl in a white dress picked up alongside of the road by a passerby. The unknown girl in white remains silent for the duration of her ride, thanks the driver, and quietly gets out at her destination. When the driver turns to look back, the girl has vanished. Often there a third character is included at the destination to add further suspicion to the girl's existence by informing the driver that they haven't seen anyone all night. "The Vanishing Hitchhiker" and stories like it, display the fears and anxieties that a particular social group has. For example, the hitchhiking tale speaks to America's fascination with the road and also the anxieties that are inherent to travel.
Dictionary and translator for handheld
New : sensagent is now available on your handheld
A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !
With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.
Improve your site content
Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.
Crawl products or adds
Get XML access to reach the best products.
Index images and define metadata
Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.
Please, email us to describe your idea.
Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.
Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !
Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.