definition of Wikipedia
Tomlin in September 2011
|Birth name||Mary Jean Tomlin|
September 1, 1939 |
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Medium||Stand-up, television, film, theatre|
|Genres||Observational comedy, improvisational comedy|
|Domestic partner(s)||Jane Wagner (1971-present)|
Mary Jean "Lily" Tomlin (born September 1, 1939) is an American actress, comedian, writer, and producer. Tomlin has been a major force in American comedy since the late 1960s when she began a career as a stand up comedian and became a featured performer on television's Laugh-in. Her career has spanned television, comedy recordings, Broadway, and motion pictures, enjoying acclaimed success in each medium. She has won many awards including Tony Awards, Emmy Awards, and a Grammy Award and has also been nominated for an Academy Award. Tomlin's humor is often sharp and insightful in the traditions of standup comedians, but also frequently endearing, slightly wacky, and generally quite "family friendly" in the tradition of television comediennes such as Lucille Ball, Carol Burnett, and Eve Arden.
Tomlin was born in Detroit, Michigan, the daughter of Lillie Mae (née Ford), a housewife and nurse's aide, and Guy Tomlin, a factory worker. Tomlin's parents were Southern Baptists who moved to Detroit from Paducah, Kentucky, during the Great Depression. She is a 1957 graduate of Cass Technical High School. Tomlin attended Wayne State University, where her interest in the theater and performing arts began. After college, Tomlin began doing stand-up comedy in nightclubs in Detroit and later in New York City. Her first television appearance was on The Merv Griffin Show in 1965.
In 1969, after a brief stint as a hostess on the ABC Television series Music Scene, Tomlin joined NBC's sketch comedy show Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In. Tomlin was an instant success on the already established program, in which in addition to appearing in general sketches and delivering comic gags, she began appearing as regular characters she created that quickly became famous and went on to lives outside of the show in later recordings and television specials:
Tomlin was also one of the first female comedians to break out in male drag with her characters Tommy Velour and Rick. Though drag had been performed in Hollywood for some time by men, Tomlin broke new ground by not only crossing gender stereotypes, but racial ones as well. In 1982, she premiered Pervis Hawkins, a black rhythm-and-blues soul singer (patterned after Luther Vandross), with a mustache, beard and close-cropped afro hairstyle, dressed in a three-piece suit. Tomlin used very little, if any, skin-darkening cosmetics as part of the character, instead depending on stage lighting to create the effect.
Ernestine and Edith Ann were by far Tomlin's most popular characters, and she occasionally performed as them in various television programs over the years.
AT&T offered Tomlin US$500,000 to play her character Ernestine in a commercial, but she declined, saying it would compromise her artistic integrity. In 1976 she appeared as Ernestine in a parody of a commercial on Saturday Night Live (Season 2 Episode 1, September 18, 1976), in which she proclaimed, "We don't care, we don't have to...we're the phone company." The character later made a guest appearance at The Superhighway Summit at UCLA, January 11, 1994, interrupting a speech being given on the information superhighway by then-Vice President Al Gore. In 2003, she made two commercials as Ernestine for WebEx.
Tomlin brought Edith Ann to the forefront again in the 1990s with three animated prime-time television specials and also publishing Edith Ann's "autobiography" My Life (co-written by Jane Wagner) in 1995.
Tomlin released her first comedy album on Polydor Records in 1971, This Is A Recording, an album of Ernestine's run-ins with customers over the phone. The album hit #15 on the Billboard Hot 200, becoming (and remaining as of 2011) the highest-charting album ever by a solo comedienne. She would earn a Grammy award that year for Best Comedy Recording.
Tomlin's second album, 1972's And That's The Truth, a collection of monologues as Edith Ann, was nearly as successful, peaking at #41 on the chart and earning another Grammy nomination. (Tomlin has two of the three top charting female comedy albums on Billboard, sandwiching a 1983 Joan Rivers release.)
Tomlin's third comedy album, 1975's Modern Scream, a parody of movie magazines and celebrity interviews features her performing as multiple characters, including Ernestine, Edith Ann, Judith, and Suzie. Her 1977 release Lily Tomlin On Stage, was an adaptation of her Broadway show that year. Each of these albums earned Tomlin additional Grammy nominations.
Tomlin made her dramatic debut in Robert Altman's Nashville, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, she played Linnea Reese, a straitlaced, gospel-singing, mother of two deaf children who has an affair with a womanizing country singer (played by Keith Carradine). The Oscar that year went to Lee Grant for her role in Shampoo. A comedy-mystery, The Late Show, teaming Tomlin with Art Carney, was a critical success in 1977. One of the few widely panned projects of Tomlin's career, however, was 1978's Moment by Moment, directed and written by Wagner, which teamed Tomlin in a cross-generational older woman/younger man romance with John Travolta.
Tomlin soon had the greatest hit of her film career with 1980's Nine to Five in which she played a secretary named Violet Newstead who joins coworkers Jane Fonda and Dolly Parton in seeking revenge on their monstrous boss, Franklin M. Hart, Jr., played by Dabney Coleman. The film was a huge success and one of the year's top grossing films. Tomlin then starred in the 1981 science fiction comedy The Incredible Shrinking Woman, a send-up of consumerism, and was the sickly heiress in the comedy All of Me opposite Steve Martin.
Tomlin and Bette Midler played two pairs of identical twins who were switched at birth in the 1989 comedy Big Business. Tomlin also played chain-smoking waitress Doreen Piggott in Altman's 1993 ensemble film Short Cuts, and, in two films by director David O. Russell; she appeared as a peacenik Raku artist in Flirting with Disaster and later, as an existential detective in I ♥ Huckabees. In 2007, a video recording surfaced showing Tomlin and Russell in a heated exchange over the shooting of a scene in Huckabees.
She collaborated again with director Robert Altman in what would prove to be his last film, A Prairie Home Companion, playing Rhonda Johnson, one half of a middle-aged Midwestern singing duo with Meryl Streep.
Tomlin was the first woman to appear solo in a Broadway show with her premiere of Appearing Nitely at the Biltmore theatre in April 1977. The same month, she made the cover of Time magazine with the headline "America's New Queen of Comedy". Her solo show then toured the country and was made into a record album titled On Stage. In 1985, Tomlin starred in another one-woman Broadway show The Search For Signs of Intelligent Life in the Universe, written by her long-time life partner, writer/producer Jane Wagner. The show won her a Tony Award, and was made into a feature film in 1991. Tomlin revived the show for a run on Broadway in 2000 which then toured the country through mid-2002. In 1989, she won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre.
Tomlin voiced Ms. Frizzle on the animated television series The Magic School Bus from 1994 to 1997. Also, in the 1990s, Tomlin appeared on the popular sitcom Murphy Brown as the title character's boss. In 2005 and 2006, she had a recurring role as Will Truman's boss Margot on Will & Grace. She appeared on the dramatic series The West Wing for four years (2002–2006) in the recurring role of presidential secretary Deborah Fiderer.
In the 2008-2009 fifth season of Desperate Housewives she has a recurring role as Roberta, the sister of Mrs. McCluskey (played by Kathryn Joosten, who coincidentally had played Tomlin's secretarial predecessor on The West Wing). During the 2008 Emmy Awards, Tomlin appeared as part of a tribute to the influential 1960s television series Laugh-In. Tomlin voiced Tammy in the 2005 The Simpsons episode, "The Last of the Red Hat Mamas". Tomlin provided a voice for the film Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea, which was released in August 2009.
Tomlin and Kathryn Joosten have been in talks to star in a Desperate Housewives spin-off, which was given the green light in May 2009. But has later been scrapped due to Kathryn's both on screen death and real life death in 2012. Tomlin premiered her one-woman show Not Playing with a Full Deck at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas in November 2009. It was her first appearance in that city, though she did tape an Emmy-winning TV special, a spoof of Las Vegas called Lily: Sold Out which premiered on CBS in January 1981. Tomlin guest-starred as Marilyn Tobin in the third season of Damages and in an episode of NCIS in the episode, "The Penelope Papers", playing Agent Timothy McGee's Sean Murray grandmother, Penelope Langston. Tomlin is set to star in Reba McEntire's new TV series Malibu Country as Reba's character's mother Lillie Mae. On May 11th Reba tweeted that ABC has picked up the series and will start shooting in August, which is set to air in mid to late November.
Tomlin met her partner Jane Wagner in 1971. After watching an after school special written by Wagner, Tomlin invited her to Los Angeles to collaborate on a comedy album. Although Tomlin officially came out to the press in 2001, her sexual orientation has not really been a secret; in interviews she would often refer to Jane Wagner as her partner. As Tomlin herself stated in 2008, in an interview for Just Out magazine: "Everybody in the industry was certainly aware of my sexuality and of Jane... In interviews I always reference Jane and talk about Jane, but they don't always write about it."
Tomlin has been involved in a number of feminist and gay-friendly film productions, and on her 1975 album Modern Scream she poked fun at straight actors who make a point of distancing themselves from their gay and lesbian characters — answering the pseudo-interview question, she replied: "How did it feel to play a heterosexual? I've seen these women all my life, I know how they walk, I know how they talk ..."
|Year||Album||Billboard Hot 200||Label|
|1972||This Is A Recording||15||Polydor Records|
|1972||And That's the Truth||41||Polydor Records|
|1975||Modern Scream||?||Polydor Records|
|1978||On Stage||?||Arista Records|
|2003||20th Century Masters: The Best oF Lily Tomlin||Polydor Records|
Tomlin has received numerous awards, including: four primetime Emmys; a special 1977 Tony when she was appearing in her one woman Broadway show, Appearing Nitely; a second Tony as Best Actress, two Drama Desk Awards and an Outer Critics Circle Award for her one woman performance in Jane Wagner’s The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life in the Universe; a CableACE Award for Executive Producing the film adaptation of The Search; a Grammy Award for her comedy album, This is a Recording (a collection of Ernestine the Telephone Operator routines) as well as nominations for her subsequent albums Modern Scream, And That's the Truth, and On Stage; and two Peabody Awards — the first for the ABC television special, Edith Ann’s Christmas: Just Say Noël and the second for narrating and executive producing the HBO film, The Celluloid Closet.
In 1992, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award. Tomlin was inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame in 1998. In 2003 she was awarded the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor. Also in 2003, she was recognized again by Women in Film with the Lucy Award in recognition of her excellence and innovation in her creative works that have enhanced the perception of women through the medium of television. In March 2009, Tomlin received Fenway Health's Dr. Susan M. Love Award for her contributions to women's health.
On 16 March 2012 Lily Tomlin and her partner Jane Wagner received the 345th star on the Walk of Stars in Palm Springs, California. Senator Barbara Boxer and Palm Springs residents and fellow star recipients Carol Channing, actor Dane Andrew & Rascal The World's Ugliest Dog were among the attendees at the dedication ceremony.
Additionally, Lily (1973; above), in which she starred but did not produce, won for Outstanding Comedy-Variety, Variety Or Music Special, 1974 (Jerry McPhie, Herb Sargent, producers; Irene Pinn, executive producer)
|Scarecrow in a Garden of Cucumbers||1972||Telephone Voice||(uncredited)|
|Nashville||1975||Linnea Reese||BAFTA for Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Acting Debut in a Motion Picture - Female
|The Late Show||1977||Margo Sperling||Silver Bear for Best Actress at Berlin
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
|Moment by Moment||1978||Trisha Rawlings|
|9 to 5||1980||Violet Newstead|
|The Incredible Shrinking Woman||1981||Pat Kramer/Judith Beasley||Fantafestival Award for Best Actress
Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Actress
|All of Me||1984||Edwina Cutwater||Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy|
|Big Business||1988||Rose Ratliff/Rose Shelton|
|The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life in the Universe||1991||Trudy, et. al||American Comedy Award for Funniest Actress in a Motion Picture (Leading Role)
Golden Needle Award for Best Actress
Nominated—Emmy Award for Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program
Nominated—Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Special
Nominated—Independent Spirit Award for Best Lead Female
|Shadows and Fog||1992||Prostitute|
|The Beverly Hillbillies||1993||Miss Jane Hathaway|
|Short Cuts||1993||Doreen Piggot||American Comedy Award for Funniest Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture (Leading Role)
Golden Globe Special Award for Best Ensemble Cast
|Blue in the Face||1995||Waffle eater||Nominated—American Comedy Award for Funniest Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture (Leading Role)|
|Getting Away with Murder||1996||Inga Mueller|
|Flirting with Disaster||1996||Mary Schlichting||Nominated—Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Female|
|Krippendorf's Tribe||1998||Prof. Ruth Allen|
|Tea with Mussolini||1999||Georgie Rockwell|
|Orange County||2002||Charlotte Cobb|
|I Heart Huckabees||2004||Vivian Jaffe|
|A Prairie Home Companion||2006||Rhonda Johnson||Nominated—Gotham Award for Best Ensemble Cast
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress - Motion Picture
|The Ant Bully||2006||Mommo||Voice|
|The Pink Panther 2||2009||Mrs. Yvette Berenger|
|The Garry Moore Show||1966–1967||Regular||unknown episodes|
|Letters to Laugh-In||1969||Panelist|
|Music Scene||1969||Hostess, also did skits such as the "Eraser Freak"|
|Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In||1969–1973||Ernestine, the telephone operator; five-year-old Edith Ann; tasteful lady; other characters||Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement by a Performer in Music or Variety (1972)
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
|Lily||1973||Herself||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety, Music or Comedy Program|
|The Electric Company||1973|
|Lily||1974||Herself||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Series
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety, Music or Comedy Program
|The Lily Tomlin Special||1975||Herself||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety, Music or Comedy Program
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Series
|Saturday Night Live||1976–1977||Host/Ernestine/Various|
|The Paul Simon Special||1977||Herself||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety, Music or Comedy Program|
|Sesame Street||1979||Edith Ann|
|Lily: Sold Out||1981||Herself||Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety, Music or Comedy Program|
|And the Band Played On||1993||Dr. Selma Dritz||Nominated—CableACE Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Movie or Miniseries
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress – Miniseries or a Movie
|The Magic School Bus||1994–1997||Ms. Frizzle||Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Performer In An Animated Program (1995)
Nominated — Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Performer In An Animated Program (1996, 1997, 1998)
|Homicide: Life on the Streets||1996||Rose Halligan||Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress – Drama Series|
|Murphy Brown||1996–1998||Kay Carter-Shepley|
|The West Wing||2002–2006||Deborah Fiderer||Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series (2003, 2005)
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Drama Series (2003)
|The Simpsons||2005||Tammy||Appeared on the episode "The Last of the Red Hat Mamas"|
|Will & Grace||2005–2006||Margot|
|12 Miles of Bad Road||2008||Amelia Shakespeare|
|Desperate Housewives||2008–2009||Roberta Simmons|
|Damages||2010||Marilyn Tobin||Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress – Drama Series|
|RuPaul's Drag Race 3||2011||Herself||Episode 3, guest judge|
|The Circle||2011||Herself||Guest co-host|
|A Quiet Word With ...||2011||Herself||Season 1, episode 6, guest|
|NCIS||2011||Penelope Langston||Season 9, episode 3, guest|
|Web Therapy||2011||Putsy Hodge|
|Eastbound and Down||2012||Tammy Powers|
|Malibu Country||2012- present||Lillie Mae||Series Regular|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Lily Tomlin|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lily Tomlin|
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