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definition - List_of_Heisman_Trophy_winners

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List of Heisman Trophy winners

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The Heisman Trophy, the highest individual award in American college football, has been awarded 75 times since its creation in 1935, including 74 individual winners and one two-time winner. The trophy is given annually to the most outstanding college football player in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and is awarded by the Downtown Athletic Club at an annual ceremony at the Nokia Theatre in New York City.

In 1935, the award, then known as the DAC Trophy, was created by New York City's Downtown Athletic Club to recognize the best college football player "east of the Mississippi River.[1] In that inaugural year, the award went to Jay Berwanger from the University of Chicago. Berwanger was later drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team, instead choosing to pursue a career in business.[2] In 1936, the club's athletic director, football pioneer John Heisman, died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first person to win it as the "Heisman Trophy".[3] In addition to the name change, the award also became a nationwide achievement. With the new name, players west of the Mississippi became eligible, though the first player from the western United States was not selected until 1938.[1] Only one player, Ohio State's Archie Griffin, has won the award more than once.[4]

Between 1936 and 2001, the award was given at an annual gala ceremony at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York City. The Downtown Athletic Club's facilities were damaged during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Due to financial difficulties stemming from the damage, the DAC declared bankruptcy in 2002, turning over its building to creditors. Following the club's bankruptcy and the loss of the original Downtown Athletic Club building,[5] the Yale Club of New York City assumed presenting honors in 2002 and 2003.[6] The ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square for the 2002, 2003, and 2004 presentations, but since 2005, the event has been held at the Nokia Theatre Times Square.[7] The move to the Nokia Theatre allowed the Downtown Athletic Club to resume full control of the event—the most prominent example of which was the return of the official portraits of past winners—despite the loss of the original presentation hall.[8]

Balloting for the Heisman is selective. The fifty states of the U.S. are split into six regions, and six regional representatives are selected to appoint voters in their states (the regions include the Far West, the Mid Atlantic, Mid West, North East, South, and South West).[9] Each region has 145 media votes, for a total of 870 votes. In addition, all previous Heisman winners may vote, and one final vote is counted through public balloting. The Heisman ballots contain a 3-2-1 point system, in which each ballot ranks the voter's top three players and awards them three points for a first-place vote, two points for a second-place vote, and one point for a third-place vote. The points are tabulated, and the player with the highest total of points across all ballots wins the Heisman Trophy.[10]

On December 7, 2009, the finalists for the 2009 Heisman Trophy were announced. The finalists were Stanford running back Toby Gerhart, Alabama running back Mark Ingram, Jr., Texas quarterback Colt McCoy, Nebraska defensive tackle Ndamukong Suh, and Florida quarterback Tim Tebow.[11] Ingram won the award on December 12, 2009.

Contents

Winners

NFL Draft
#1 selection of draft *
Pro Football Hall of Fame
Inducted ^
Both selections *^
Syracuse University's Ernie Davis was the first African-American to win the Heisman.
Ohio State's Archie Griffin is the only person to win the Heisman twice.
Roger Staubach is one of the most accomplished Heisman winners.
Gino Torretta, a quarterback from the University of Miami, won the Heisman in 1992.
USC running back Reggie Bush won the Heisman in 2005.
Tim Tebow was the first sophomore to win the Heisman.
YearWinnerSchoolPositionPoints
1935Berwanger, JayJay Berwanger*ChicagoHalfback84
1936Kelley, LarryLarry KelleyYaleEnd219
1937Frank, ClintClint FrankYaleHalfback524
1938O'Brien, DaveyDavey O'BrienTCUQuarterback519
1939Kinnick, NileNile KinnickIowaHalfback651
1940Harmon, TomTom HarmonMichiganHalfback1,303
1941Smith, BruceBruce SmithMinnesotaHalfback554
1942Sinkwich, FrankFrank Sinkwich*GeorgiaHalfback1,059
1943Bertelli, AngeloAngelo Bertelli*Notre DameQuarterback648
1944Horvath, LesLes HorvathOhio StateQuarterback/Halfback412
1945Blanchard, DocDoc BlanchardArmyFullback860
1946Davis, GlennGlenn DavisArmyHalfback792
1947Lujack, JohnnyJohnny LujackNotre DameQuarterback742
1948Walker, DoakDoak Walker^SMUHalfback778
1949Hart, LeonLeon Hart*Notre DameEnd995
1950Janowicz, VicVic JanowiczOhio StateHalfback/Punter633
1951Kazmaier, DickDick KazmaierPrincetonHalfback1,777
1952Vessels, BillyBilly VesselsOklahomaHalfback525
1953Lattner, JohnnyJohnny LattnerNotre DameHalfback1,850
1954Ameche, AlanAlan AmecheWisconsinFullback1,068
1955Cassady, HowardHoward CassadyOhio StateHalfback2,219
1956Hornung, PaulPaul Hornung*^Notre DameQuarterback1,066
1957Crow, John DavidJohn David CrowTexas A&MHalfback1,183
1958Dawkins, PetePete DawkinsArmyHalfback1,394
1959Cannon, BillyBilly Cannon*LSUHalfback1,929
1960Bellino, JoeJoe BellinoNavyHalfback1,793
1961Davis, ErnieErnie Davis*SyracuseHalfback/Linebacker/Fullback824
1962Baker, TerryTerry Baker*Oregon StateQuarterback707
1963Staubach, RogerRoger Staubach^NavyQuarterback1,860
1964Huarte, JohnJohn HuarteNotre DameQuarterback1,026
1965Garrett, MikeMike GarrettUSCHalfback926
1966Spurrier, SteveSteve SpurrierFloridaQuarterback1,679
1967Beban, GaryGary BebanUCLAQuarterback1,968
1968Simpson, O.J.O.J. Simpson*^USCHalfback2,853
1969Owens, SteveSteve OwensOklahomaFullback1,488
1970Plunkett, JimJim Plunkett*StanfordQuarterback2,229
1971Sullivan, PatPat SullivanAuburnQuarterback1,597
1972Rodgers, JohnnyJohnny RodgersNebraskaRunning Back1,310
1973Cappelletti, JohnJohn CappellettiPenn StateRunning Back1,057
1974Griffin, ArchieArchie GriffinOhio StateRunning Back1,920
1975Griffin, ArchieArchie GriffinOhio StateRunning Back1,800
1976Dorsett, TonyTony Dorsett^PittsburghRunning Back2,357
1977Campbell, EarlEarl Campbell*^TexasRunning Back1,547
1978Sims, BillyBilly Sims*OklahomaRunning Back827
1979White, CharlesCharles WhiteUSCRunning Back1,695
1980Rogers, GeorgeGeorge Rogers*South CarolinaRunning Back1,128
1981Allen, MarcusMarcus Allen^USCRunning Back1,797
1982Walker, HerschelHerschel WalkerGeorgiaRunning Back1,926
1983Rozier, MikeMike RozierNebraskaRunning Back1,801
1984Flutie, DougDoug FlutieBoston CollegeQuarterback2,240
1985Jackson, BoBo Jackson*AuburnRunning Back1,509
1986Testaverde, VinnyVinny Testaverde*MiamiQuarterback2,213
1987Brown, TimTim BrownNotre DameWide Receiver1,442
1988Sanders, BarryBarry Sanders^Oklahoma StateRunning Back1,878
1989Ware, AndreAndre WareHoustonQuarterback1,073
1990Detmer, TyTy DetmerBYUQuarterback1,482
1991Howard, DesmondDesmond HowardMichiganWide Receiver2,077
1992Torretta, GinoGino TorrettaMiamiQuarterback1,400
1993Ward, CharlieCharlie WardFlorida StateQuarterback1,743
1994Salaam, RashaanRashaan SalaamColoradoRunning Back1,743
1995George, EddieEddie GeorgeOhio StateRunning Back1,460
1996Wuerffel, DannyDanny WuerffelFloridaQuarterback1,363
1997Woodson, CharlesCharles WoodsonMichiganCornerback/ Wide Receiver/ Punt Returner1,815
1998Williams, RickyRicky WilliamsTexasRunning Back2,355
1999Dayne, RonRon DayneWisconsinRunning Back2,042
2000Weinke, ChrisChris WeinkeFlorida StateQuarterback1,628
2001Crouch, EricEric CrouchNebraskaQuarterback770
2002Palmer, CarsonCarson Palmer*USCQuarterback1,328
2003White, JasonJason WhiteOklahomaQuarterback1,481
2004Leinart, MattMatt LeinartUSCQuarterback1,325
2005Bush, ReggieReggie BushUSCRunning Back2,541
2006Smith, TroyTroy SmithOhio StateQuarterback2,540
2007Tebow, TimTim TebowFloridaQuarterback1,957
2008Bradford, SamSam BradfordOklahomaQuarterback1,726
2009Ingram, Jr., MarkMark Ingram, Jr.AlabamaRunning Back1,304

Trophies won by school

This is a list of the colleges and universities who have had a player win a Heisman trophy. Ohio State, Notre Dame, and USC are tied for the most trophies at 7 each, although Ohio State has the distinction of the only two time winner, Archie Griffin, leaving their total players to have won the trophy at six. In total, players from 37 different schools have won a Heisman Trophy.

SchoolTrophies
won
Notre Dame7
Ohio State7
USC7
Oklahoma5
Army3
Florida3
Michigan3
Nebraska3
Auburn2
Florida State2
Georgia2
Miami2
Navy2
Texas2
Wisconsin2
Yale2
Alabama1
BYU1
Boston College1
Colorado1
Chicago1
Houston1
Iowa1
LSU1
Minnesota1
Oklahoma State1
Oregon State1
Penn State1
Pittsburgh1
Princeton1
South Carolina1
SMU1
Stanford1
Syracuse1
Texas A&M1
TCU1
UCLA1

References

  1. ^ a b Lighten up. (Heisman Trophy) Mark Purdy, The Sporting News, encyclopedia.com. December 5, 1994. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  2. ^ Jay Berwanger, first winner of the Heisman Trophy, 1914-2002 Julia Morse, University of Chicago News Office. Chicago, Illinois. June 27, 2002. Accessed March 7, 2008.
  3. ^ "Heisman Trophy". heisman.com. http://www.heisman.com/history/heisman-trophy.html. Retrieved 2008-01-06. 
  4. ^ Archie Griffin Heisman.com. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  5. ^ New York landmark's closing leaves Heisman homeless Wayne Drehs, ESPN.com. July 22, 2004. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  6. ^ 9-11 Forces Heisman to Move to Yale Club Christopher Hunt, New York Daily News. June 26, 2002. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  7. ^ "Downtown Athletic Club". nyc-architecture.com. http://www.nyc-architecture.com/LM/LM063.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 
  8. ^ Bush runs away with Heisman Trophy Ivan Maisel, ESPN.com. December 10, 2005. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  9. ^ Expanded Heisman Trophy Voting Results MSNBC.com. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  10. ^ "Heisman balloting history". heisman.com. http://www.heisman.com/history/balloting.html. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 
  11. ^ Heisman Trophy Trust (2009-12-07). "GERHART, INGRAM, MCCOY, SUH AND TEBOW ANNOUNCED AS 2009 HEISMAN FINALISTS". Press release. http://www.heisman.com/sports/m-footbl/spec-rel/120709aaa.php. Retrieved 2009-12-08. 

External links


College football awards
BEST PLAYER awards: Heisman Memorial Trophy (1935) • Maxwell Award (1937) • SN Player of the Year (1942) • Chic Harley Award (1955) •
Walter Camp Award (1967) • AP Player of the Year (1998) • Archie Griffin Award (1999)
INDIVIDUAL awards:
Bill Willis Trophy (defensive lineman)
Bronko Nagurski Trophy (Defenseman)
Chuck Bednarik Award (Defenseman)
Dave Rimington Trophy (Center)
Davey O'Brien Award (Quarterback)
Dick Butkus Award (Linebacker)
Doak Walker Award (Running back)
Fred Biletnikoff Award (Wide receiver)
Jack Lambert Trophy (linebacker)
Jack Tatum Trophy (defensive back)
Jim Brown Trophy (running back)
Jim Parker Trophy (offensive lineman)
Jim Thorpe Award (Defensive back)
College Football Performance Awards (Various positions)
John Mackey Award (Tight end)
Johnny Unitas Award (Senior quarterback)
Lombardi Award (Lineman/linebacker)
Lott Trophy (Defenseman)
Lou Groza Award (Placekicker)
Lowe's Senior CLASS Award (Student-athlete)
Manning Award (Quarterback)
Outland Trophy (Interior lineman)
Paul Warfield Trophy (wide receiver)
Ray Guy Award (Punter)
Sammy Baugh Trophy (Quarterback)
Ted Hendricks Award (Defensive end)
William V. Campbell Trophy (Student-athlete)
Wuerffel Trophy (Humanitarian-athlete)
COACHING: AFCA Coach of the Year (1935) • Eddie Robinson Coach of the Year (1957) • SN Coach of the Year (1963) •
Walter Camp Coach of the Year Award (1967) • Bobby Dodd Coach of the Year (1976) • Woody Hayes Trophy (1977) • Paul “Bear” Bryant Coach of the Year (1986) •
George Munger Award (1989) • Home Depot Coach of the Year (1994) • AP Coach of the Year (1998) • Liberty Mutual Coach of the Year Award (2006)
ASSISTANT COACH: Broyles Award (Assistant Coach of the Year) • AFCA Assistant Coach of the Year
DIVISION I FCS awards: Walter Payton Award (Div. I FCS offensive player) • Buck Buchanan Award (Div. I FCS defenseman)
Eddie Robinson Award (Div. I FCS coach)
CONFERENCE awards: Big 12 awardsBig East awardsBig Ten awards (MVP) • MAC awardsPac-10 awardsSEC awards
OTHER DIVISIONS / ASSOCIATIONS: Harlon Hill Trophy (Div. II) • Gagliardi Trophy (Div. III) • Melberger Award (Div. III) • Rawlings Award (NAIA)
MOST INSPIRATIONAL individual or team: Disney's Wide World of Sports Spirit Award
HALL OF FAME: College Football Hall of Fame

 

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