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definition - List_of_National_Parks_of_Canada

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List of National Parks of Canada

                   
Parks in Canada's provinces and territories

This is a list of National Parks of Canada. Canadian National Parks preserve both spectacular and representative areas of the country, located in every one of the nation's 13 provinces and territories. The goal of the national park service is to create a system of protected areas which represent all the distinct natural regions of the country.[1] Parks Canada – the governing and administration body for the system – has developed a plan identifying 39 different regions it aims to represent. In 2005, Parks Canada reported that the system was more than 60% complete. Canada's parks are managed primarily to protect the ecological integrity of the park, and secondarily to allow the public to explore, learn about and enjoy Canada's natural spaces.[1] Feasibility studies are currently underway for establishing further national parks in several areas, including Wolf Lake in Yukon, South Okanagan-Lower Similkameen in British Columbia and the Manitoba Lowlands (north-western Lake Winnipeg).[2]

There are currently 36 National Parks and 6 National Park Reserves (including Kluane National Park and Reserve, which is considered both a National Park and a Reserve). This list also includes the country's four National Marine Conservation Areas (NMCAs), the lone National Landmark, and four future parks. National Parks currently cover an area of 303,571 km2, or about 3.0% of the total land area of Canada.

  National Parks and National Park Reserves

A National Park Reserve is an area that has been set aside with the intention of becoming a national park, pending the settlement of native land claims. Until then, they are managed as national parks under the National Parks Act.[3]

  World Heritage Site or part of a World Heritage Site
Name Photo Location Area Established
Aulavik Northwest Territories 12,200 km2 (4,710 sq mi) 1992
Auyuittuq Pangnirtung Fiord S 2 2001-07-15.jpg Nunavut 21,471 km2 (8,290 sq mi) 2001
Banff Moraine Lake 17092005.jpg Alberta 6,641 km2 (2,564 sq mi) 1885
Bruce Peninsula CyprusLake - Bruce Peninsula.jpg Ontario 154 km2 (59 sq mi) 1987
Cape Breton Highlands NS CapeBretonHighlands1 tango7174.jpg Nova Scotia 949 km2 (366 sq mi) 1936
Elk Island Bison Elk Island.jpg Alberta 194 km2 (75 sq mi) 1913
Forillon Forillon National Park of Canada 1.jpg Quebec 244 km2 (94 sq mi) 1970
Fundy Fundy NP New Brunswick 1.jpg New Brunswick 206 km2 (80 sq mi) 1948
Georgian Bay Islands BeausoleilIslandCedarSprings2004.jpg Ontario 13 km2 (5 sq mi) 1929
Glacier Glacier np canada.JPG British Columbia 1,349 km2 (521 sq mi) 1886
Grasslands Saskatchewan - Grasslands National Park 02.JPG Saskatchewan 907 km2 (350 sq mi) 1981
Gros Morne NLW GrosMorne4 tango7174.jpg Newfoundland 1,805 km2 (697 sq mi) 1973
Gulf Islands
(Reserve)
Gulfislfromair.jpg British Columbia 33 km2 (13 sq mi) 2003
Gwaii Haanas[A]
(Reserve)
Haida Heritage Centre.jpg British Columbia 1,495 km2 (577 sq mi) 1988
Ivvavik[B] Yukon 10,168 km2 (3,926 sq mi) 1984
Jasper Fryatt Valley top.jpg Alberta 10,878 km2 (4,200 sq mi) 1907
Kejimkujik Kejimkujik NP Nova Scotia 3.jpg Nova Scotia 404 km2 (156 sq mi) 1968
Kluane[C] Donjek Valley.jpg Yukon 22,013 km2 (8,499 sq mi) 1972
Kootenay Kootenay National Park.jpg British Columbia 1,406 km2 (543 sq mi) 1920
Kouchibouguac Kouchibouguac.JPG New Brunswick 239 km2 (92 sq mi) 1969
La Mauricie Ile aux pins.jpg Quebec 536 km2 (207 sq mi) 1970
Mingan Archipelago
(Reserve)
Monolithes de L'Archipel de Mingan.jpg Quebec 151 km2 (58 sq mi) 1984
Mount Revelstoke Revelstoke from Mount Revelstoke.jpg British Columbia 260 km2 (100 sq mi) 1914
Nahanni
(Reserve)
Nahanni - VirginiaFalls.jpg Northwest Territories 30,000 km2 (11,583 sq mi) 1976
Pacific Rim
(Reserve)
Longbeach prnp.jpg British Columbia 511 km2 (197 sq mi) 1970
Point Pelee Point Pelee looking south.jpg Ontario 15 km2 (6 sq mi) 1918
Prince Albert Prince Albert National Park.jpg Saskatchewan 3,874 km2 (1,496 sq mi) 1927
Prince Edward Island Peicoast.jpg Prince Edward Island 22 km2 (8 sq mi) 1937
Pukaskwa HorseshoeBayPukaskwaPark23.jpg Ontario 1,878 km2 (725 sq mi) 1978
Quttinirpaaq[E] Tanquary Fiord 16 1997-08-05.jpg Nunavut 37,775 km2 (14,585 sq mi) 2001
Riding Mountain[F] Bison herd - Lake Audy - Riding Mountain National Park.JPG Manitoba 2,973 km2 (1,148 sq mi) 1933
Sirmilik Sirmilik Glacier 2 1997-08-06.jpg Nunavut 22,200 km2 (8,571 sq mi) 2001
St. Lawrence Islands Thousand Islands 2.JPG Ontario 9 km2 (3 sq mi) 1904
Terra Nova NLC TerraNova3 tango7174.jpg Newfoundland 400 km2 (154 sq mi) 1957
Torngat Mountains Nachvak Fjord Labrador 2008.JPG Labrador 9,600 km2 (3,707 sq mi) 2005
Tuktut Nogait Hornaday River.jpg Northwest Territories 16,340 km2 (6,309 sq mi) 1996
Ukkusiksalik Eisbär 1996-07-23.jpg Nunavut 20,500 km2 (7,915 sq mi) 2003
Vuntut Vontut National Park.jpg Yukon 4,345 km2 (1,678 sq mi) 1995
Wapusk Bärenmutter & Junges 3 2004-11-17.jpg Manitoba 11,475 km2 (4,431 sq mi) 1996
Waterton Lakes[G] Upper Waterton Lake.JPG Alberta 505 km2 (195 sq mi) 1895
Wood Buffalo Wood-Buffalo-NP Gros Beak Lake 2 98-07-02.jpg Alberta
Northwest Territories
44,807 km2 (17,300 sq mi) 1922
Yoho YohoNP-Takakkaw IMG 1372-800x533byBMK.jpg British Columbia 1,313 km2 (507 sq mi) 1886

  Future National Parks and National Park Reserves

Name Location Area
Mealy Mountains National Park Reserve[4] Labrador 11,700 km2 (4,517 sq mi)
Naats'ihch'oh National Park Reserve[5] Northwest Territories 7,600 km2 (2,934 sq mi)
Thaydene Nene National Park[6] Northwest Territories Approx. 33,000 km2 (12,741 sq mi)[7]
Rouge Valley National Park[8] Ontario Approx. 47 km2 (18 sq mi) [9]

  Abolished National Parks

Name Location Established Abolished
Buffalo National Park[10] Alberta 1909 1947
Menissawok National Park[11] Saskatchewan 1922 1930
Nemiskam National Park[10] Alberta 1914 1947
Wawaskesy National Park[12] Alberta 1922 1938

  National Marine Conservation Areas

National Marine Conservation Areas (NMCAs) are a relatively new addition to the park system. These areas have a different mandate than their terrestrial counterparts. They are designed for sustainable use, although they usually also contain areas designed to protect ecological integrity.[13] The government has announced plans to add five more Marine parks to the system as part of the Marine Conservation Areas Act. The first to be officially announced was Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area, although a date of opening has not yet been revealed. Other areas under negotiation are the southern Strait of Georgia and Gwaii Haanas in British Columbia and there are discussions to study the feasibility of an area on the southern coast of Newfoundland.[14]

Name Photo Location Area Established
Fathom Five Flowerpot Island Big Flowerpot.JPG Ontario 112 km2 (43 sq mi) 1987
Gwaii Haanas (Reserve) British Columbia 1,500 km2 (579 sq mi)[15] 2010
Lake Superior Ontario 10,000 km2 (3,861 sq mi)[16] 2007
Saguenay-St. Lawrence Fjord Saguenay.JPG Quebec 1,246 km2 (481 sq mi)[17] 1998

  National Landmark

In addition to national parks, a National Landmarks program was established in 1978 but has not yet been expanded beyond a single property. Landmarks were intended to protect specific natural features considered "outstanding, exceptional, unique, or rare to this country. These natural features would typically be isolated entities and of scientific interest."[18]

Name Photo Location Area Established
Pingo Pingos near Tuk.jpg Northwest Territories 16 km2 (6 sq mi) 1984


  See also

Provincial parks are administered and funded by the provincial governments, however some provincial parks are categorized as national parks (Category II) under the IUCN's Protected Area Management Categories.

  Notes

  • ^ A. South Moresby National Park Reserve was created July 12, 1988, with the signing of the South Moresby Agreement; renamed Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site on February 28, 1996. Includes SGaang Gwaii (Anthony Island) World Heritage Site.[19]
  • ^ B. Established as Northern Yukon National Park in 1984, renamed Ivvavik National Park in 1992.[20]
  • ^ C. Kluane National Park Reserve was established in 1972. Subsequently, a large eastern portion of the Reserve became Kluane National Park.
  • ^ D. In 2007, the government announced that 29,000 km2 (11,197 sq mi) of land would be added to Nahanni, making it 33,766 km2 (13,037 sq mi). However, these changes have not been fully implemented yet.[21]
  • ^ E. Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve was established in 1988, renamed Quttinirpaaq in 1999 and became a national park in 2000.[22]
  • ^ F. Riding Mountain National Park was designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1986.[23]
  • ^ G. Glacier National Park is part of Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park, a World Heritage Site.

  References

  1. ^ a b "National Parks of Canada - Introduction". Parks Canada. http://www.pc.gc.ca/progs/np-pn/intro/index_e.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  2. ^ "National Parks of Canada - Creating New National Parks of Canada". Parks Canada. http://www.pc.gc.ca/progs/np-pn/cnpn-cnnp/index_e.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  3. ^ "Backgrounder - Working toward the creation of Nááts’ihch’oh National Park Reserve". Parks Canada. 2008-04-07. http://www.pc.gc.ca/apps/cp-nr/release_e.asp?bgid=972&andor1=bg. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  4. ^ Boswell, Randy (2010-02-05). "Huge new national park announced for Labrador". Vancouver Sun. http://www.vancouversun.com/travel/Huge+national+park+announced+Labrador/2526849/story.html. Retrieved 2010-02-05. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Canada getting new national park in Northwest Territories". Canadian Press. 2008-04-07. http://canadianpress.google.com/article/ALeqM5hwjWL4jIjBRCXWy4v6yfhBE5VDpw. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  6. ^ "Ottawa, Dene agree to create vast national park". CBC News. 2006-10-14. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2006/10/14/nwt-park.html. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  7. ^ "Nature Canada Applauds Federal Government’s Renewed Commitment to National Park System". Nature Canada. 2006-10-16. http://www.naturecanada.ca/newsroom_oct_17_06_NPs.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  8. ^ "Ottawa, Rouge Valley to become national park". CBC News. 2011-06-03. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/story/2011/06/03/toronto-rouge-park.html. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  9. ^ "‘Time has come’ for Rouge national park". Toronto Observer. 2011-04-23. http://www.torontoobserver.ca/2011/04/23/time-has-come-for-rouge-national-park/. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  10. ^ a b Federation of Alberta Naturalists, Fish and Wildlife Historical Society (2005). Fish, Fur & Feathers: Fish and Wildlife Conservation in Alberta 1905-2005. Nature books of Alberta. p. 100. ISBN 0-9696134-7-4. 
  11. ^ "Significant events in the history of Parks Canada". Canadian Geographic. http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/Magazine/MA03/indepth/parkstimeline.asp. Retrieved 2011-05-03. 
  12. ^ "Project Update: Arthropods of Canadian Grasslands". University of Alberta. http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/bsc/news17_2/grasslands.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  13. ^ "National Marine Conservation Areas of Canada". Parks Canada. http://www.pc.gc.ca/progs/amnc-nmca/intro/index_e.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  14. ^ Ditchburn, Jennifer (2007-10-24). "PM expected to unveil marine conservation area". Toronto Star. http://www.thestar.com/News/article/270200. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  15. ^ "Minister visits, celebrates marine park's creation". The Queen Charlotte Islands Observer. 2010-06-14. http://www.qciobserver.com/Article.aspx?Id=4496. 
  16. ^ "Harper announces creation of protected marine park". CBC News. 2007-10-25. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2007/10/25/harper-marine.html. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  17. ^ "Registre des aires protégées du Québec" (PDF). Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et des Parcs du Québec. http://www.mddep.gouv.qc.ca/biodiversite/aires_protegees/registre/reg-design/05Milieu-marin.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  18. ^ "Pingo Canadian Landmark - Park Management". Parks Canada. http://www.pc.gc.ca/docs/v-g/pingo/sec6/index_e.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  19. ^ "Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site". The Canadian Encyclopedia. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0010322. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  20. ^ "Ivvavik National Park". The Canadian Encyclopedia. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0010121. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  21. ^ "Tories' expansion of Nahanni park praised". CTV Television Network. 2007-08-08. http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20070808/harper_arctic_070808/20070808?hub=Canada. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  22. ^ "Quttinirpaaq National Park". The Canadian Encyclopedia. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0010119. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 
  23. ^ "Biosphere Reserve Information - Canada - Riding Mountain". UNESCO. http://www.unesco.org/mabdb/br/brdir/directory/biores.asp?code=CAN+04&mode=all. Retrieved 2008-04-07. 

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