definition of Wikipedia
|This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2008)|
This list does not pretend to be comprehensive. Kennings for a particular character are listed in that character's article. For example, the Odin article links to a list of names of Odin, which include kennings. Only a few examples of Odin's kennings are given here. For a scholarly list of kennings see Meissner's Die Kenningar der Skalden (1921) or a good edition of Snorri Sturluson's Skáldskaparmál
|battle||spear-din||N||Snorri Sturluson Skaldskaparmal|
|blood||battle-sweat||One reference for this kenning comes from the epic poem, Beowulf. As Beowulf is in fierce combat with Grendel's Mother, he makes mention of shedding much battle-sweat.||N||Beowulf|
|blood||wound-sea||svarraði sárgymir||N||Eyvindr Skáldaspillir Hákonarmál 7).|
|chieftain or king||breaker of rings||Alludes to a ruler breaking the golden rings upon his arm and using them to reward his followers.||OE||Beowulf|
|death||sleep of the sword||OE||Beowulf|
|death||flame-farewelled||Implicitly honourable death||N|
|fire||bane of wood||grand viðar||ON||Snorri Sturluson Skáldskaparmál 36|
|fire||sun of the houses||sól húsanna||ON||Snorri Sturluson Skáldskaparmál 36|
|gold||seeds of the Fyris Wolds||Fýrisvalla fræ||Hrólf Kraki spread gold on the Fyris Wolds to distract the men of the Swedish king||N||Eyvindr Skáldaspillir Lausavísa 8|
|gold||serpent's lair||Serpents (and dragons) were reputed to lie upon gold in their nests||N||Skáldskaparmál|
|gold||Sif's hair||Derived from the story of when Loki cut off Sif's hair. In order to amend his crime, Loki had the dwarf Dvalin make new hair for Sif, a wig of gold that grew like normal hair.||N||Skáldskaparmál|
|gold||Kraki's seed||Hrólf Kraki spread gold on the Fyris Wolds to distract the men of the Swedish king. Can also be used to imply generosity; q.v. Hrólf Kraki||N||Skáldskaparmál|
|gold, sometimes amber||Freyja's tears||Derived from the story of when Freyja could not find Óðr, her husband, the tears she shed were gold, and the trees which her tears fell upon were transmuted into amber.||N|
|kill enemies||Feed the eagle||Killing enemies left food for the eagles||S||Gripsholm Runestone|
|Loki||wolf's father||an allusion to Loki's fathering of Fenrir||N||Lokasenna|
|Loki||father of the sea thread||Loki was the father of Jörmungandr, the Midgard serpent||N||Þórsdrápa|
|mistletoe||Baldur's bane||The kenning derives from the story in which all plants and creatures swore never to harm Baldur save mistletoe, which, when it was overlooked, Loki used to bring about Baldur's death by tricking Hodur.||N|
|Mjollnir, Thor's hammer||Hrungnir's slayer||Hrungnir was a giant whose head was smashed by a blow from Mjollnir||N||Lokasenna|
|Odin||Lord of the gallows||See the separate page List of names of Odin for more Odin kennings||N|
|Odin||Hanged god||Odin hung on the Tree of Knowledge for nine days in order to gain wisdom.||N|
|poetry||Grímnir's lip-streams||Grímnir is one of the names of Odin||N||Þórsdrápa|
|raven||swan of blood||ravens ate the dead at battlefields||N|
|the sea||whale-road||hron-rād||N,OE||Beowulf 10: "In the end each clan on the outlying coasts beyond the whale-road had to yield to him and begin to pay tribute"|
|the sea||sail road||seġl-rād||OE||Beowulf 1429 b|
|the sea||whale's way||hwæl-weġ||N,OE||The Seafarer 63 a; Beowulf|
|the sea||swan-road||swan-rād||OE||Beowulf 200 a|
|shield||headland of swords||sverða nesi||N||Eyvindr Skáldaspillir Hákonarmál 7|
|ship||wave-steed||báru fákr||N||þorbjörn Hornklofi: Glymdrápa 3|
|ship||sea-steed||gjálfr-marr||N||Hervararkviða 27; Skáldskaparmál|
|sky||Ymir’s skull||Ymis haus||N||Arnórr jarlaskáld Magnúsdrápa 19|
|the sun||sky-candle||heofon-candel||OE||Exodus 115 b|
|the sun||sky's jewel||heofones ġim||OE||The Phoenix 183|
|the sun||glory of elves||álf röðull||álf röðull (alfrodull), meaning "glory-of-elves" refers both to the chariot of the sun goddess Sól and to the rider (the sun herself).||N||Skírnismál Vafþrúðnismál|
|sword||icicle of blood||N|
|sword||wound-hoe||ben-grefill||N||Egill Skallagrímsson: Höfuðlausn 8|
|sword||onion of war||ímun-laukr||Or leek of war||N||Eyvindr Skáldaspillir Lausavísa 8|
|Thor||slayer of giants, basher of trolls||felli fjörnets goða flugstalla||felli fjörnets goða flugstalla is a compound kenning. Literally feller of the life webs (fjörnets) of the gods of the flight-edges, i.e. slayer of giants, life webs (fjörnets) is a kenning in its own right since it refers directly to the operations of the Norns in severing lives, flight-edges (flugstalla) being the high and dangerous places inhabited by eagles and hawks, i.e. the icy mountains of Jotunheim.||N||Þórsdrápa|
|war||weather of weapons||N||Skaldskaparmal|
|warrior||feeder of ravens||grennir gunn-más||“feeder of war-gull” = “feeder of raven” = “warrior” Ravens feed on dead bodies left after a battle.||N||Þorbjörn Hornklofi: Glymdrápa|
|warrior||destroyers of eagle’s hunger||eyðendr arnar hungrs||“destroyers of eagle’s hunger” = “feeders of eagle” = “warrior” Eagles, also, feed on dead bodies left after a battle.||N||Þorbjörn Þakkaskáld: Erlingsdrápa 1|
|waves||Ægir's daughters||Ægir had nine daughters called billow maidens who were personifications of the waves.||N|
|wind||breaker of trees||N|
|wolf||Gunn's horse||Gunn is a valkyrie||S||Rök Stone|
|wrist||wolf's-joint||úlfliðr||An allusion to Tyr's loss of his hand when fettering the wolf Fenrir||Ic||Gylfaginning|
Dictionary and translator for handheld
New : sensagent is now available on your handheld
A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites !
With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Choose the design that fits your site.
Improve your site content
Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.
Crawl products or adds
Get XML access to reach the best products.
Index images and define metadata
Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata.
Please, email us to describe your idea.
Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.
Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !
Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.