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List of offshore wind farms

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The following page lists all offshore wind farms that are currently operational or under construction. Farms that are below 100 MW are not listed. As of September 2009, the 209 MW Horns Rev 2 wind farm in Denmark is the world's largest offshore wind farm. The United Kingdom is currently the world's leading generator of offshore wind power, followed by Denmark.[1] Many offshore wind farms are under construction and the largest of these is the 500 MW Greater Gabbard wind farm in the United Kingdom.[2] New proposed offshore wind farms include the 1,500 MW Atlantic Array and the 1,000 MW London Array, both in the United Kingdom.[3][4] New deep-water, floating-turbine technologies are only recently beginning to be deployed. The first utility-scale installation of this type is the Hywind, a 2.3 MW turbine in 220 m (722 ft) deep water in the North Sea,[5] which started operation in September 2009.[6] In May 2009, consultancy Frost & Sullivan estimated that installed capacity of offshore wind power would grow to 18,769 MW by 2015.[7]

Compared to onshore wind power, offshore wind power is more complex and costly to install and maintain but also has several key advantages. Winds are typically stronger and more stable at sea, resulting in significantly higher production per unit installed. Wind turbines can also be bigger than on land because it is easier to transport very large turbine components by sea.[8]

Contents

Operational wind farms

The following table lists offshore wind farms that are in operation as of January 2010.[2][not in citation given][9][not in citation given]

Wind farmCapacity (MW)CountryTurbines and modelCommissionedReferences
Arklow Bank25 Ireland7 × 3.6 GE2004[10]
Barrow Offshore Wind90 United Kingdom30 × Vestas V90-3MW2006[11]
Beatrice10 United Kingdom2 × REpower 5M2007[9]
Blyth4 United Kingdom2 × Vestas V66-2MW2000[9]
Bockstigen2.8 Sweden5 × Winworld1998[10]
Burbo Bank90 United Kingdom25 × Siemens 3.6-1072007[12]
Egmond aan Zee108 Netherlands36 × Vestas V90-3MW2006[9]
Frederikshavn11 Denmark42003[10]
Hywind2 Norway12009[6][5]
Horns Rev160 Denmark80 × Vestas V80-2MW2002[9]
Horns Rev II209 Denmark91 × Siemens SWP 2.3-932009[13]
Irene Vorrink16.8 Netherlands28 × NEG Micon 600kW1996[10]
Kemi Ajos I + II30 Finland10 × WinWinD 3MW2008[10][14]
Kentish Flats90 United Kingdom30 × Vestas V90-3MW2005[15]
Lely2 Netherlands4 × NEG Micon1994[9]
Lillgrund110 Sweden48 × Siemens 2.32007[9]
Lynn and Inner Dowsing194 United Kingdom54 × Siemens 3.6-1072008[16][17][18]
Middelgrunden40 Denmark20 × Bonus 2MW2001[9]
North Hoyle60 United Kingdom30 × Vestas V80-2MW2003[19]
Nysted Wind Farm166 Denmark72 × Siemens 2.32003[9]
Princess Amalia120 Netherlands60 × Vestas V80-2MW2008[9]
Samsø23 Denmark10 × Siemens 2.32003[20]
Scroby Sands60 United Kingdom30 × Vestas V80-2MW2004[21]
Thornton Bank I30 Belgium6 × REpower 5 MW2008[10]
Tunø Knob5 Denmark10 × Vestas 500 kW1995[9]
Utgrunden10.5 Sweden5 × GE 1.52001[9]
Vindeby5 Denmark11 × Siemens 4501991[9]
Yttre Stengrund10 Sweden5 × NEG Micon 2MW2002[10]

Under construction

The following table lists offshore wind farms that are under construction as of January 2010.[2][not in citation given]

Wind farmCapacity (MW)CountryTurbines and modelCompletionReferences
Alpha ventus60 Germany6 × REpower 5M,
6 × Multibrid M5000
2009[22][23]
Avedøre7.2 Denmark 2009[2]
Donghai Bridge Wind Farm100 China34 × Sinovel 3 MW2010[24][25]
BARD Offshore 1400 Germany802010[26]
Frederikshavn12 Denmark 2010[2]
Gasslingegrund30 Sweden 2009[2]
Greater Gabbard wind farm500 United Kingdom140 × Siemens 3.6-1072011[2]
Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm172 United Kingdom48 × Siemens 3.6-1072010[27][28]
Ormonde Wind Farm150 United Kingdom30 × RePower 5M2010[2]
Rhyl Flats90 United Kingdom25 × Siemens 3.6-1072009[29]
Rødsand II200 Denmark72 × Siemens 2.3-932010[30]
Robin Rigg (Solway Firth)180 United Kingdom60 × Vestas V90-3MW2009[31]
Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm315 United Kingdom88 × Siemens 3.6-1072011[32][33]
Sprogø21 Denmark 2009[2]
Tricase90 Italy38 × 2.4 MW2012[34]
Thanet Offshore Wind Project300 United Kingdom100 × Vestas V90-3MW2010[35]
Bligh Bank165 Belgium55 × Vestas V90-3MW2011[36]

Proposed

The following table lists offshore wind farms that are only at a proposal stage as of January 2010.[citation needed]

Wind FarmCapacity (MW)CountryReferences
Atlantic Array1,500 United Kingdom[citation needed]
Baltic 148 Germany[37]
Borkum-West II Wind Farm400 Germany[38]
Borkum Riffgat220 Germany[citation needed]
Breeveertien II350 Netherlands[39]
Bristol Channel1,500 United Kingdom[40]
Buzzards Bay Wind Farm300 United States[41]
Butendiek300 Germany[42][43]
Cape Wind130 United States[44]
Changxing Island Wind Farm102 China[24]
Codling Wind Park1,100 Ireland[45]
Dantysk Offshore Wind Farm400 Germany[citation needed]
Delaware Offshore Wind Project200 United States[46]
Docking Shoal Wind Farm500 United Kingdom[47][48]
Dogger Bank9,000 United Kingdom[40]
Dublin Array48 Ireland[49]
East China Sea Wind Farm  China[24]
Fengxian Bay Wind Farm  China[24]
Firth of Forth3,500 United Kingdom[40]
Gode Wind Farm800 Germany[citation needed]
Great Lakes Array1,600 Canada[50]
Gwynt y Môr750 United Kingdom[citation needed]
Hastings600 United Kingdom[40]
Hornsea4,000 United Kingdom[40]
Innogy Nordsee 1960 Germany[51]
Irish Sea4,200 United Kingdom[40]
Isle of Wight900 United Kingdom[40]
Korsnas600 Finland[52]
Liepaja Offshore Wind Park900 Latvia[53]
Lincs Wind Farm250 United Kingdom[48][54]
London Array1,000 United Kingdom[55]
Moray Firth1,300 United Kingdom[40]
NaiKun Wind400 Canada[56]
Neart Na Gaoithe420 United Kingdom[57]
Norfolk Bank7,200 United Kingdom[40]
Oriel Wind Farm330 Ireland[58]
Race Bank Wind Farm620 United Kingdom[59]
Skerd Rocks100 Ireland[60]
Shell Flat180 United Kingdom[citation needed]
Superior Array650 Canada[50]
Trillium Power Wind 1710 Canada[61]
Trillium Power Wind 2740 Canada[50]
Triton Knoll Wind Farm1,200 United Kingdom[62]
Walney Wind Farm450 United Kingdom[48][63]
Wasatch Wind4,400 Canada &  USA[50]
West Duddon Wind Farm500 United Kingdom[48][64]

See also

References

  1. ^ Blown away
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Offshore Statistics January 2009
  3. ^ Meet the world's largest offshore windfarm, 22 May 2007
  4. ^ London Array official site
  5. ^ a b Patel, Prachi (2009-06-22). "Floating Wind Turbines to Be Tested". IEEE Spectrum. http://www.spectrum.ieee.org/green-tech/wind/floating-wind-turbines-to-be-tested. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  6. ^ a b Madslien, Jorn (2009-09-08), Floating challenge for offshore wind turbine, BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/8235456.stm, retrieved 2009-09-14 
  7. ^ Frost & Sullivan: Offshore Wind Energy Set to Boom in the Next Few Years, news release, 2009-05-13
  8. ^ Offshore Wind Energy: Action needed to deliver on the Energy Policy Objectives for 2020 and beyond p. 2.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Steve Kopits and Adam Westwood. Offshore Wind: Time for a Market Take-off? Renewable Energy World, 8 October 2009, Table 1.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "Offshore Wind Farms 2008". EWEA. 2009-02-02. http://www.ewea.org/fileadmin/ewea_documents/documents/statistics/Offshore_Wind_Farms_2008.pdf. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  11. ^ http://www.bowind.co.uk/keyfacts.shtml
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ Horns Rev II turbines
  14. ^ winwind
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  17. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  18. ^ Wind farm's first turbines active
  19. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  20. ^ Samsø Havvind
  21. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  22. ^ "E.ON Energy Projects: Borkum Offshore Wind Farm Power Plants on Order". E.ON. http://www.eon-energie.com/pages/eea_en/Knowledge_about_energy/E.ON_Energies_projects/Alpha_ventus. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  23. ^ "Press release" (in German). alpha-ventus. 2008-07-25. http://www.alpha-ventus.de/index.php?id=17. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  24. ^ a b c d Wei, Wang (2009-04-17). "Shanghai builds China's biggest offshore wind farm" (in en). china.org.cn. http://www.china.org.cn/environment/news/2009-04/17/content_17625802.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  25. ^ "Sinovel develops 3MW offshore wind turbine". http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2009-06/24/content_8316168.htm. 
  26. ^ "Weg frei für den Windpark im Meer". http://www.nordsee-zeitung.de/Home/Region/Cuxland/Weg-frei-fuer-den-Windpark-im-Meer-_arid,182964_puid,1_pageid,17.html. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  27. ^ http://www.dongenergy.com/NR/rdonlyres/435D591F-6410-4B4E-9529-490A202C8F1A/0/GunfleetSandsProjectbriefingnoteNo2.pdf
  28. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  29. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  30. ^ http://www.powergeneration.siemens.com/press/press-releases/renewable-energy/2008/ERE200810002.htm
  31. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  32. ^ "SWT-3.6-107 Wind Turbine". Siemens. http://www.powergeneration.siemens.com/products-solutions-services/products-packages/wind-turbines/products/swt-3-6-107/. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  33. ^ "Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm" (PDF). StatoilHydro. http://www.statoilhydro.com/en/TechnologyInnovation/NewEnergy/RenewablePowerProduction/Offshore/SheringhamShoel/Downloads/Fact%20sheet.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  34. ^ Floating Wind Turbines: Deepwater Installation Offshore Industry 2:4, Sep. 2009, p. 48-51.
  35. ^ "Thanet". The Engineer Online. 2008-07-25. http://www.theengineer.co.uk/Articles/308825/Wind+farm+project.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-26. 
  36. ^ "Belwind". http://www.belwind.eu. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  37. ^ Siemens wins offshore wind contract
  38. ^ Borkum West II Offshore Windpark
  39. ^ New wind farm could create energy engineering jobs in the North Sea
  40. ^ a b c d e f g h i New UK offshore wind farm licences are announced, BBC News, 2010-01-08
  41. ^ Buzzards Bay wind farm proposed
  42. ^ Offshore Wind Farms Fall Victim to Financial Crisis
  43. ^ http://www.airtricity.com/international/wind_farms/offshore/germany/consented/butendiek/
  44. ^ Kennedy, Robert Jr. (December 16, 2005). "An Ill Wind Off Cape Cod". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FB0D1EF734550C758DDDAB0994DD404482. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  45. ^ Codling wind park successfully obtained consent for the construction of 220 turbines
  46. ^Agreement Reached On Del. Wind Farm”, The Washington Post, June 24, 2008, page B02.
  47. ^ Power for 340,000 homes from Docking Shoal windfarms
  48. ^ a b c d BWEA Briefing Sheet: Offshore Wind p. 4.
  49. ^ Dublin Array Map
  50. ^ a b c d [3]
  51. ^ RWE Innogy Acquires Rights To Build 960-MW Offshore Wind Farm, January 28, 2009
  52. ^ Germany Plans Up to 600 MW Wind Power Park in Finland
  53. ^ JK Energy, Ltd acquires license from Ministry of Economics
  54. ^ Lincs wind farm contract signed
  55. ^ "E.ON and DONG Energy become 50:50 partners in world’s largest offshore wind farm". The London Array. http://www.londonarray.com/category/press-releases/. Retrieved 2009-09-29. 
  56. ^ Project Site located in Hecate Strait between Haida Gwaii and Prince Rupert on the British Columbia mainland
  57. ^ Wind Energy: Mainstream Renewable Power, Telegraph.co.UK, 28 Apr 2009
  58. ^ Oriel Windfarm Project Information
  59. ^ Centrica seeks consent for 620MW Race Bank offshore wind farm
  60. ^ Fuinneamh Sceirde Teoranta
  61. ^ [4]
  62. ^ Design of Triton Knoll Offshore Wind Farm Project off UK Coast Kicks Off
  63. ^ Walney wind farm gets UK approval
  64. ^ ScottishPower Receives Planning Permission for West of Duddon Sands Wind Farm

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