List of supercentenarians from the United States
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is an incomplete list of American supercentenarians (people who have attained the age of at least 110 years). There have been over 500 verified supercentenarians from the United States. Currently, there are 23 verified living supercentenarians in the United States, the oldest of whom is Mary Josephine Ray, aged 115. The oldest person ever from the United States was Sarah Knauss, who died in 1999 aged 119 years and 97 days.
Below is a list of the oldest living people in the United States. Those listed as 'verified' have been validated by an international body that specifically deals in longevity research, such as the Gerontology Research Group. There are additional supercentenarians in the United States who have yet to be verified.
|Rank||Name||Born||Race||Sex||Age as of 22 May 2010||State/Country of birth||State of residence|
|1||Mary Josephine Ray||17 May 1895||W||F||115 years, 5 days||Canada||New Hampshire|
|2||Neva Morris||3 August 1895||W||F||114 years, 292 days||Iowa||Iowa|
|3||Daisey Bailey||30 March 1896||B||F||114 years, 53 days||Tennessee||Michigan|
|4||Eunice Sanborn||20 July 1896||W||F||113 years, 306 days||Louisiana||Texas|
|5||Besse Cooper||26 August 1896||W||F||113 years, 269 days||Tennessee||Georgia|
|6||Walter Breuning||21 September 1896||W||M||113 years, 243 days||Minnesota||Montana|
|7||Mississippi Wynn||31 March 1897||B||F||113 years, 52 days||Louisiana||Louisiana|
|8||Dina Manfredini||4 April 1897||W||F||113 years, 48 days||Italy||Iowa|
|9||Florence Poe||24 August 1897||W||F||112 years, 271 days||Missouri||Missouri|
|10||Ella Schuler||5 September 1897||W||F||112 years, 259 days||Nebraska||Kansas|
|11||Delma Kollar||31 October 1897||W||F||112 years, 203 days||Kansas||Oregon|
|12||Leila Denmark||1 February 1898||W||F||112 years, 110 days||Georgia||Georgia|
|13||Nyleptha Roberts||12 March 1898||W||F||112 years, 71 days||Tennessee||Tennessee|
|14||Onie Ponder||3 September 1898||W||F||111 years, 261 days||Florida||Florida|
|15||Irma Schmidt||7 October 1898||W||F||111 years, 227 days||Indiana||Connecticut|
|16||J. Reeta Jones||17 October 1898||W||F||111 years, 217 days||Tennessee||Tennessee|
|17||Elsie Thompson||5 April 1899||W||F||111 years, 47 days||Pennsylvania||Florida|
|18||Ruth Anderson||24 July 1899||W||F||110 years, 302 days||Minnesota||Minnesota|
|Bernice Madigan||24 July 1899||W||F||110 years, 302 days||Massachusetts||Massachusetts|
|20||Ruth Clark||1 August 1899||W||F||110 years, 294 days||Illinois||Florida|
|21||Soledad Mexia||13 August 1899||H||F||110 years, 282 days||Mexico||California|
|22||Helen Stump||25 August 1899||W||F||110 years, 270 days||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania|
|23||Agnes Wetzel||18 October 1899||W||F||110 years, 216 days||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania|
The 100 verified oldest Americans in history (born in the United States)
This is a list of the 100 verified oldest people ever born in the United States. There are currently six living supercentenarians on the list. The oldest living person is Iowan woman Neva Morris (age 114 years, 292 days). The title of the oldest verified person in United States history belongs to Sarah Knauss (1880–1999), who lived to be 119 years, 97 days old. Of the people on this list, 92 are female and 8 are male.
|Rank||Name||Age||Born||Died||Sex||Race||State of birth||Last residence|
|1||Sarah Knauss||119 years, 97 days||24 September 1880||30 December 1999||F||W||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania|
|2||Lucy Hannah||117 years, 248 days||16 July 1875||21 March 1993||F||B||Alabama||Michigan|
|3||Elizabeth Bolden||116 years, 118 days||15 August 1890||11 December 2006||F||B||Tennessee||Tennessee|
|4||Carrie C. White|
|116? years, 88 days||18 November 1874?||14 February 1991||F||W||Florida||Florida|
|5||Maggie Barnes||115 years, 319 days||6 March 1882||19 January 1998||F||B||North Carolina||North Carolina|
|6||Edna Parker||115 years, 220 days||20 April 1893||26 November 2008||F||W||Indiana||Indiana|
|7||Margaret Skeete||115 years, 192 days||27 October 1878||7 May 1994||F||W||Texas||Virginia|
|8||Gertrude Baines||115 years, 158 days||6 April 1894||11 September 2009||F||B||Georgia||California|
|9||Bettie Wilson||115 years, 153 days||13 September 1890||13 February 2006||F||B||Mississippi||Mississippi|
|10||Susie Gibson||115 years, 108 days||31 October 1890||16 February 2006||F||W||Mississippi||Alabama|
|11||Maude Farris-Luse||115 years, 56 days||21 January 1887||18 March 2002||F||W||Michigan||Michigan|
|12||Mary Electa Bidwell||114 years, 352 days||9 May 1881||25 April 1996||F||W||Connecticut||Connecticut|
|13||Mathew Beard |
|114? years, 222 days||9 July 1870||16 February 1985||M||B||Virginia||Florida|
|14||Carrie Lazenby||114 years, 218 days||9 February 1882||14 September 1996||F||B||Georgia||Illinois|
|15||Myrtle Dorsey||114 years, 216 days||22 November 1885||25 June 2000||F||W||Ohio||Ohio|
|16||Wilhelmina Kott||114 years, 183 days||7 March 1880||6 September 1994||F||W||Illinois||Illinois|
|17||Neva Morris||114 years, 292 days||3 August 1895||Living||F||W||Iowa||Iowa|
|18||Martha Graham||114 years, c.180 days||December 1844||25 June 1959||F||B||Virginia||North Carolina|
|19||Ettie Mae Greene||114 years, 171 days||8 September 1877||26 February 1992||F||W||West Virginia||West Virginia|
|20||Irene Frank||114 years, 150 days||1 October 1881||28 February 1996||F||W||Texas||Missouri|
|21||Olivia Patricia Thomas||114 years, 140 days||29 June 1895||16 November 2009||F||W||Iowa||New York|
|22||Emma Verona Johnston||114 years, 117 days||6 August 1890||1 December 2004||F||W||Iowa||Ohio|
|23||Bettie Chatmon||114 years, 108 days||30 April 1884||16 August 1998||F||B||Louisiana||Texas|
|24||Odie Matthews||114 years, 107 days||28 December 1878||14 April 1993||F||W||Texas||Arizona|
|25||Florence Knapp||114 years, 93 days||10 October 1873||11 January 1988||F||W||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania|
|Elena Slough||114 years, 93 days||4 July 1889||5 October 2003||F||W||Pennsylvania||New Jersey|
|27||Mary Anna Boone||114 years, 92 days||10 February 1887||13 May 2001||F||W||Kentucky||Kentucky|
|29||Maggie Renfro||114 years, 69 days||14 November 1895||21 January 2010||F||B||Louisiana||Louisiana|
|28||Emma Tillman||114 years, 67 days||22 November 1892||28 January 2007||F||B||North Carolina||Connecticut|
|30||Grace Thaxton||114 years, 18 days||18 June 1891||6 July 2005||F||W||New York||Kentucky|
|31||Minnie Ward||114 years, 13 days||19 November 1885||2 December 1999||F||B||Tennessee||Massachusetts|
|32||Arbella Ewing||114 years, 9 days||13 March 1894||22 March 2008||F||B||Texas||Texas|
|33||Catherine Hagel||114 years, 8 days||28 November 1894||6 December 2008||F||W||Minnesota||Minnesota|
|34||Fred Hale||113 years, 354 days||1 December 1890||19 November 2004||M||W||Maine||New York|
|35||Bertha Fry||113 years, 348 days||1 December 1893||14 November 2007||F||W||Indiana||Indiana|
|36||Mae Harrington||113 years, 343 days||20 January 1889||29 December 2002||F||W||New York||New York|
|37||Agatha Mitchell||113 years, 336 days||26 March 1887||25 February 2001||F||B||Virginia||Virginia|
|113? years, 335 days||6 January 1893?||7 December 2006||M||B||Mississippi||Mississippi|
|39||Clara Huhn||113 years, 327 days||28 January 1887||20 December 2000||F||W||Nebraska||California|
|40||Corinne Dixon Taylor||113 years, 318 days||2 April 1893||14 February 2007||F||B||Washington, DC||Washington, DC|
|41||Mary Christian||113 years, 312 days||12 June 1889||20 April 2003||F||W||Massachusetts||California|
|42||Daisey Bailey||114 years, 53 days||30 March 1896||Living||F||B||Tennessee||Michigan|
|43||Fannie Thomas||113 years, 283 days||14 April 1867||22 January 1981||F||W||Illinois||California|
|44||Johnson Parks||113 years, 275 days||15 October 1885||17 July 1998||M||B||Georgia||Florida|
|45||Mary Parr||113 years, 273 days||29 January 1889||29 October 2002||F||W||Indiana||Florida|
|46||Beatrice Farve||113 years, 264 days||30 April 1895||19 January 2009||F||B||Georgia||Georgia|
|47||Zora Wriggle||113 years, 256 days||24 February 1880||7 November 1993||F||W||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania|
|48||John McMorran||113 years, 250 days||19 June 1889||24 February 2003||M||W||Michigan||Florida|
|49||Mary McKinney||113 years, 248 days||30 May 1873||2 February 1987||F||W||California||California|
|50||Gladys Swetland||113 years, 240 days||18 April 1892||14 December 2005||F||W||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania|
|51||Mary Randall||113 years, 225 days||1 April 1887||12 November 2000||F||B||Arkansas||Texas|
|52||Delina Filkins||113 years, 214 days||4 May 1815||4 December 1928||F||W||New York||New York|
|53||Eunice Sanborn||113 years, 306 days||20 July 1896||Living||F||W||Louisiana||Texas|
|54||Nelle Hunt||113 years, 195 days||28 July 1887||8 February 2001||F||W||Missouri||Missouri|
|Helen Stetter||113 years, 195 days||19 November 1893||1 June 2007||F||W||Nebraska||Nebraska|
|56||Carrie Hardrick||113 years, 189 days||6 November 1887||14 May 2001||F||B||Texas||Texas|
|57||Mamie Eva Keith||113 years, 182 days||22 March 1873||20 September 1986||F||W||Illinois||Illinois|
|58||Besse Cooper||113 years, 269 days||26 August 1896||Living||F||W||Tennessee||Georgia|
|59||Emma Wilson||113 years, 154 days||12 May 1870||13 October 1983||F||W||Missouri||Missouri|
|60||Jane Markle||113 years, 153 days||10 October 1883||12 March 1997||F||W||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania|
|61||Frederick Frazier||113 years, 138 days||27 January 1880||14 June 1993||M||W||Alabama||Alabama|
|62||Gertrude Croker||113 years, 137 days||12 July 1881||26 November 1994||F||W||Iowa||Vermont|
|63||Cleo Craig||113 years, 136 days||12 February 1890||28 June 2003||F||W||Illinois||Illinois|
|64||Walter Breuning||113 years, 243 days||21 September 1896||Living||M||W||Minnesota||Montana|
|65||Frances Johns||113 years, 110 days||3 February 1886||24 May 1999||F||B||Arkansas||California|
|66||Aurelia Marotta||113 years, 99 days||27 June 1890||4 October 2003||F||W||Massachusetts||Massachusetts|
|67||Nellie Spencer||113 years, 81 days||24 August 1869||13 November 1982||F||W||New Hampshire||New Jersey|
|68||Mary Crombie||113 years, 78 days||6 July 1890||22 September 2003||F||W||Illinois||Illinois|
|69||Delvina Dahlheimer||113 years, 72 days||31 December 1888||13 March 2002||F||W||Minnesota||Minnesota|
|70||Leila Backman Shull||113 years, 67 days||16 October 1894||22 December 2007||F||W||South Carolina||South Carolina|
|71||Cora Humphrey||113 years, 58 days||4 September 1879||1 November 1992||F||B||Illinois||New York|
|72||Hazel Luther||113 years, 51 days||11 December 1889||31 January 2003||F||W||Massachusetts||Florida|
|73||Ollie Bay||113 years, 50 days||11 November 1872||31 December 1985||F||W||Illinois||Illinois|
|74||Walter Richardson||113 years, 48 days||7 November 1885||25 December 1998||M||W||Illinois||Illinois|
|75||Flossie Eckard||113 years, 31 days||25 July 1888||25 August 2001||F||W||Iowa||California|
|76||Daisy Sanders||113 years, 12 days||28 November 1881||10 December 1994||F||W||Mississippi||Florida|
|77||Birdie May Vogt||112 years, 354 days||3 August 1876||23 July 1989||F||W||Ohio||Florida|
|78||Olive Alleshouse||112 years, 340 days||7 June 1882||13 May 1995||F||W||Texas||Illinois|
|Elsie Johnson Maney||112 years, 340 days||28 March 1894||3 March 2007||F||W||North Carolina||North Carolina|
|80||Ruby Drakeford||112 years, 339 days||25 January 1892||29 December 2002||F||W||North Carolina||North Carolina|
|81||Maggie Murdock||112 years, 338 days||19 August 1887||22 July 2000||F||B||North Carolina||North Carolina|
|82||Ella Gantt||112 years, 332 days||30 November 1888||28 October 2001||F||W||Georgia||Georgia|
|83||Grace Rebecca Jones||112 years, 324 days||4 June 1893||24 April 2006||F||W||Virginia||Virginia|
|84||C. Letitia Lawson||112 years, 318 days||10 April 1896||22 February 2009||F||W||Iowa||Iowa|
|85||Mississippi Wynn||113 years, 52 days||31 March 1897||Living||F||B||Louisiana||Louisiana|
|86||Lillie Snyder||112 years, 294 days||9 May 1888||27 February 2001||F||W||Pennsylvania||Pennsylvania|
|87||Sadie B. Mayer||112 years, 274 days||7 November 1879||7 August 1992||F||W||New Hampshire||New Hampshire|
|88||Yettie Wilson||112 years, 272 days||28 August 1892||27 May 2005||F||B||South Carolina||New York|
|89||Florence Homan||112 years, 268 days||18 November 1893||13 August 2006||F||W||Ohio||Ohio|
|90||Berna Dupertuis||112 years, 258 days||21 September 1888||6 June 2001||F||W||South Dakota||California|
|91||Flossie Page||112 years, 255 days||12 June 1893||22 Feburary 2006||F||W||Kansas||Kansas|
|92||Marion Higgins||112 years, 249 days||26 June 1893||2 March 2006||F||W||Maine||California|
|93||Katherine Jones||112 years, 241 days||30 August 1879||27 April 1992||F||B||Kansas||California|
|94||Jennie Houck||112 years, 237 days||22 June 1888||23 February 2001||F||W||Texas||Oklahoma|
|95||Bertha Flathers||112 years, 236 days||30 March 1885||21 November 1997||F||W||Minnesota||Minnesota|
|96||Orpha Nusbaum||112 years, 230 days||13 August 1875||30 March 1988||F||W||Indiana||Indiana|
|97||Lydia Newton||112 years, 221 days||23 March 1893||30 October 2005||F||W||Illinois||Arizona|
|98||Anne Christopher||112 years, 220 days||4 March 1895||10 October 2007||F||W||South Carolina||Georgia|
|99||Anna Balsiger||112 years, 215 days||11 February 1889||14 September 2001||F||W||Wisconsin||Wisconsin|
|100||Edna Taylor||112 years, 213 days||12 July 1890||10 February 2003||F||B||New York||New York|
Three claims have been disputed; accordingly, an addendum of proven claims is included.
|Rank||Name||Age||Born||Died||Sex||Race||State of birth||Last residence|
|101||Margaret Russell||112 years, 210 days||31 October 1892||29 May 2005||F||W||Oklahoma||California|
|Inez Parker Jeffus||112 years, 210 days||20 March 1894||16 October 2006||F||W||Texas||Texas|
|103||Victoria Evinger||112 years, 206 days||1 February 1883||26 August 1995||F||W||Indiana||Indiana|
List of the oldest living people residing in the United States since 1973
|Clarida Roy||turned 110 Oct 19 1973||May 18, 1974|
|110||W||F||October 19, 1863 – May 18, 1974|
110 years 211 days
|Mary Bittlebrun||May 18, 1974||August 6, 1976|
( 2 years, 80 days)
|110–112||W||F||March 19, 1864 – August 6, 1976|
112 years 140 days
|Sophia DeMuth||August 6, 1976||December 2, 1977|
( 1 year, 118 days)
|110–111||W||F||June 30, 1866 – December 2, 1977|
111 years 155 days
|Fannie Thomas||December 2, 1977||January 22, 1981|
( 3 years, 51 days)
|110–113||W||F||April 14, 1867 – January 22, 1981|
113 years 283 days
|Neille Spencer||January 22, 1981||November 13, 1982|
( 1 year, 295 days)
|111–113||W||F||August 24, 1869 – November 13, 1982|
113 years 81 days
| New Hampshire|
|Emma Wilson||November 13, 1982||October 13, 1983|
|112–113||W||F||May 12, 1870 – October 13, 1983|
113 years 154 days
|Matthew Beard||October 13, 1983||February 16, 1985|
( 1 year, 126 days)
|113–114?||B||M||July 9, 1870? – February 16, 1985|
114? years 222 days
|Ollie Bay||February 16, 1985||December 31?, 1985|
|112–113||W||F||November 11, 1872 – December 31?, 1985|
113 years 50? days
|Mamie Eva Keith||December 31?, 1985||September 20, 1986|
|112–113||W||F||March 22, 1873 – September 20, 1986|
113 years 182 days
|Mary McKinney||September 20, 1986||February 2, 1987|
|113||W||F||May 30, 1873 – February 2, 1987|
113 years 248 days
|Florence Knapp||February 2, 1987||January 11, 1988|
|113–114||W||F||October 10, 1873 – January 11, 1988|
114 years 93 days
|Carrie C. White|
|January 11, 1988||February 14, 1991|
( 3 years, 34 days)
|113–116?||W||F||November 18, 1874? – February 14, 1991|
116? years 88 days
|Lucy Hannah||February 14, 1991||March 21, 1993|
( 2 years, 35 days)
|115–117||B||F||July 16, 1875 – March 21, 1993|
117 years 248 days
|Margaret Skeete||March 21, 1993||May 7, 1994|
( 1 year, 47 days)
|114–115||W||F||October 27, 1878 – May 7, 1994|
115 years 192 days
|Wilhelmina Kott||May 7, 1994||September 6, 1994|
|114||W||F||March 7, 1880 – September 6, 1994|
114 years 183 days
|Sarah Knauss||September 6, 1994||December 30, 1999|
( 5 years, 115 days)
|113–119||W||F||September 24, 1880 – December 30, 1999|
119 years 97 days
|Myrtle Dorsey||December 30, 1999||June 25, 2000|
|114||W||F||November 22, 1885 – June 25, 2000|
114 years 216 days
|Maude Farris-Luse||June 25, 2000||March 18, 2002|
( 1 year, 266 days)
|113–115||W||F||January 21, 1887 – March 18, 2002|
115 years 56 days
|Grace Clawson||March 18, 2002||May 28, 2002|
|114||W||F||November 15, 1887 – May 28, 2002|
114 years 194 days
| United Kingdom|
|Adelina Domingues||May 28, 2002||August 21, 2002|
|114||W||F||February 19, 1888 – August 21, 2002|
114 years 183 days
| Cape Verde|
|Mae Harrington||August 21, 2002||December 29, 2002|
|113||W||F||January 20, 1889 – December 29, 2002|
113 years 343 days
|Mary Christian||December 29, 2002||April 20, 2003|
|113||W||F||June 12, 1889 – April 20, 2003|
113 years 312 days
|Elena Slough||April 20, 2003||October 5, 2003|
|113–114||W||F||July 4, 1889 – October 5, 2003|
114 years 93 days
|Charlotte Benkner||October 5, 2003||May 14, 2004|
|113–114||W||F||November 16, 1889 – May 14, 2004|
114 years 180 days
|Emma Verona Johnston||May 14, 2004||December 1, 2004|
|113–114||W||F||August 6, 1890 – December 1, 2004|
114 years 117 days
|Elizabeth Bolden||December 1, 2004||December 11, 2006|
( 2 years, 10 days)
|114–116||B||F||August 15, 1890 – December 11, 2006|
116 years 118 days
|Emma Tillman||December 11, 2006||January 28, 2007|
|114||B||F||November 22, 1892 – January 28, 2007|
114 years 67 days
| North Carolina|
|Corinne Dixon Taylor||January 28, 2007||February 14, 2007|
|113||B||F||April 2, 1893 – February 14, 2007|
113 years 318 days
|Edna Parker||February 14, 2007||November 26, 2008|
( 1 year, 286 days)
|113–115||W||F||April 20, 1893 – November 26, 2008|
115 years 220 days
|Gertrude Baines||November 26, 2008||September 11, 2009|
|114–115||B||F||April 6, 1894 – September 11, 2009|
115 years 158 days
|Mary Josephine Ray||September 11, 2009||Present|
|114*||W||F||Born 17 May 1895|
age 115 years, 5 days
Ann Pouder née Ann Alexander (London, United Kingdom April 8, 1807 – Baltimore, Maryland, United States July 10, 1917) was one of the first recognized supercentenarians in the world. Her age at death was 110 years, 93 days. When Pouder was twelve years old her family immigrated to the United States. There she lived the following 98 years of her life in Baltimore, Maryland. She married, although became a widow very early and had no children. Her extreme longevity claim was certified by Alexander Graham Bell. In her last few months, she was bedridden, blind and almost deaf, but her mind remained sharp.
Delina Filkins(1815 – 1928)
Martha Graham(1844 – 1959)
Fannie Leona Thomas (April 14?, 1867 – January 22, 1981) was listed in Guinness World Records as the oldest living American supercentenarian. As the Shigechiyo Izumi case was later disputed, Thomas may in fact have been the world's oldest person when she died at 113 years and 283? days. Regardless, she was still the world's oldest living woman at the time of her death. Her age was validated by a SSA study in 2002. However, the study put her birthdate as April 14, 1867, making her ten days older than previously believed.
As of December 2009, Thomas is listed as one of the 90 longest lived people ever.
|Oldest undisputedly recorded person ever|
November 16, 1980 – March 12, 1987
Anna Eliza Williams
|Oldest recognized living woman|
April 25, 1978 – January 22, 1981
Mary Elizabeth "Mamie" McKinney née Wallace (May 30, 1873 – February 2, 1987) was briefly recognized by Guinness as the world's oldest person. Following the death of fellow 113-year-old Mamie Eva Keith in September 1986, she became the "world's oldest person" according to the Guinness Book of Records. However, her own death five months later in Sacramento, California meant that she never appeared in the record book, even though her Guinness recognition made the news. She lived for 113 years and 248 days.
As of 2009, McKinney is not listed as one of the 100 longest lived people ever.
Mamie Eva Keith
|Oldest recognized living person|
September 20, 1986 – February 2, 1987
Anna Eliza Williams
Born in Lansdale, Pennsylvania, she lived in nearby Montgomery Square much of her life and came from a large and long-lived family, eight of her siblings dying in their 80s and 90s and one sister reaching age 108.
By October 1987, when she was honored by the Pennsylvania legislature, she was recognized by Guinness as the oldest person in the United States, and the death of Anna Eliza Williams on December 27, 1987 meant that Knapp became the oldest verified recognized living person. Her death just 15 days after meant that she never appeared in a Guinness Book as the oldest living person.
Her death caused some confusion as to who her successor was, with Guinness recognition and press publicity alighting first on Orpha Nusbaum (August 1875 – March 1988), who died before the 1989 edition's deadline, then Birdie May Vogt (August 1876 – July 1989), who appeared in the 1989 edition's main text, then Jeanne Calment, mentioned in the addenda section, and finally in November 1988 on Carrie C. White, whose claim to birth in November 1874 was accepted. However, with recent census research calling White's authentication into question, Calment may very well have been Florence Knapp's actual immediate successor.
As of December 2009, Knapp is listed as one of the 70 longest lived people ever.
Anna Eliza Williams
|Oldest recognized living person|
December 27, 1987 – January 11, 1988
Carrie C. White
Carrie C. White
Carrie C. White, née Joyner (November 18, 1874? – February 14, 1991), was recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest person in the world around the time she celebrated her alleged 114th birthday in 1988.
A resident of a Palatka, Florida nursing home, she had been institutionalized since a nervous breakdown in 1909, about the time of her divorce. Her documentation was described as impeccable, but recent research has indicated she might in fact have been 21 rather than 35 when she was admitted, meaning she may have died at 102 (instead of 116).
If this is the case, Jeanne Calment became the world's oldest living person not when Carrie White died February 14, 1991 (considered the holder of the United States longevity record until it was first broken by Lucy Hannah, then later by Sarah Knauss), but immediately on the death of Florence Knapp in January 1988. However, the 1900 Census match could not be considered an unequivocal identification.
As of December 2009, White is listed as one of the 10 longest lived people ever; however, there is still much debate concerning this case.
|Oldest recognized living person|
January 11, 1988 – February 14, 1991
Joseph "Joe" Thomas (May 1, 1875 – December 14, 1986) was an American supercentenarian and the oldest recognized living man from February 1986 until his own death. He lived in Louisiana. Following his death, Herman Smith-Johannsen became the world's oldest living man.
(Note: this is a retroactive reconstruction of history. In reality, the Joe Thomas case was not verified until July 2002 by the SSA study, and Guinness did not recuperate the "oldest living man" category until 2000).
|Oldest recognized living man|
February 21, 1986 – December 14, 1986
Ettie Mae Greene(1877 – 1992)
Wilhelmina Geringer Kott
Wilhelmina Kott née Geringer (March 7, 1880 – September 6, 1994) was an American supercentenarian recognized by Guinness World Records as the 'oldest living American' in its 1995 edition, following the death of Margaret Skeete. Born in Peru, Illinois as one of 16 children, she moved to Chicago in 1881, where she lived almost her entire life and subsequently died.
Her age was subject to a one-year discrepancy. Guinness recognized her as born in 1879 (based on the 1900 Census), but later research by the SSA study showed that she was listed as two months old in the 1880 Census, making her age more likely 114, not 115.
As of December 2009, Kott is listed as one of the 50 longest lived people ever.
Mary Electa Bidwell(1881 – 1996)
Carrie Lazenby née Jenkins (February 9, 1882 – September 14, 1996) was an American supercentenarian. She died at age 114 years 218 days, making her the 34th oldest person on record (tied with Japanese woman Ura Koyama), the sixteenth-oldest American person on record, and the seventh-oldest African American person on record. Lazenby's record as the oldest person ever in Georgia was surpassed by Gertrude Baines, on November 11, 2008.
As of December 2009, Lazenby is listed as one of the 40 longest lived people ever.
Maggie Pauline Barnes née Hinnant (March 6, 1882 – January 19, 1998) was an American supercentenarian. She was a resident of Johnston County, North Carolina. Barnes died from complications following a minor foot infection. Barnes, who was born to a slave and married a tenant farmer, was survived by four children; 11 of her children preceded her in death.
Some dispute exists as to her date of birth. Though the family Bible gives the 1882 date, she is listed as having been born in 1881 by the 1900 US Census, and she is listed as having been born in 1880 on her marriage license. Authenticating to the latter of those dates, Barnes was 115 years, 319 days old when she died.
As of December 2009, Barnes is listed as one of the 15 longest lived people ever.
Clara Huhn née Herling (January 28, 1887 – December 20, 2000) was an American homemaker and supercentenarian. Born near Clarkson, Nebraska, she lived near Schuyler for most of her life. She remained active, healthy and independent until the last few months of her life, and even answered an interview just before her 113th birthday. At age 113 years 327 days, she is the oldest person on record born in Nebraska, but she was not the oldest person on record to die in that particular state, since she died in La Mesa, California. The title of the oldest person on record to die in Nebraska belongs to Helen Stetter, who died on June 1, 2007 at age 113 years 195 days.
As of December 2009, Huhn is listed as one of the 90 longest lived people ever.
Mary Delvina Dahlheimer née Morisette (December 31, 1888 – March 13, 2002) was an American supercentenarian. At the time of her death, aged 113 years and 72 days, she was the oldest person ever in Minnesota, and the fourth-oldest person in the world. After she broke her hip in 2000, she was sent to the Guardian Angels Care Center, where she lived out the rest of her days. Dahlheimer's Minnesota state record title was surpassed by Catherine Hagel on February 9, 2008. Incidentally, Hagel was the sister-in-law of Dahlheimer. Hagel died on December 6, 2008 aged 114, the third-oldest living person in the world at the time.
Mae Harrington née Maxwell (January 20, 1889 – December 29, 2002) was an American supercentenarian who became the oldest person in the history of the state of New York, breaking the record held since the 1920s by then world's oldest person Delina Filkins, also 113, but her own record was subsequently broken in 2005 by Grace Thaxton, who was born in the state before moving to and dying in Kentucky. Because her age was not authenticated during her lifetime, the public recognition she was due went to another 113-year-old, Mary Parr (January 29, 1889 – October 29, 2002), who was born nine days after her, dying two months before her, as her age was only validated posthumously.
As of December 2009, Harrington is listed as one of the 80 longest lived people ever.
Elena Proctor Slough née Rodenbaugh (July 4, 1889 – October 5, 2003) was the oldest recognized person in the United States from the death of Mary Christian on April 20, 2003 until Slough's own death that following October, six months later. After her death, the oldest recognized person in the United States was Charlotte Benkner.
Born in Horsham, Pennsylvania, she married twice and had children by each marriage. Incidentally, her 90-year-old daughter died three days before her at the same Cape May, New Jersey nursing home.
Some sources date her birth to 1888, but the oldest records state that she was born in 1889.
As of December 2009, Slough is listed as one of the 70 longest lived people ever.
Bettie Antry Wilson née Rutherford (September 13, 1890 – February 13, 2006) became the oldest verified living person in the United States with the death of 114-year-old Emma Verona Johnston on December 1, 2004. She lost this designation when the age of Elizabeth Bolden was verified in April 2005. Both were born in the rural South—where they lived less than 100 miles apart.
Born of freed slaves, she is the oldest resident of the state of Mississippi ever recorded (the previous record was 113 years 12 days set in 1994). Her oldest son, Will Rogers, was said to be born (October 27, 1909 – October 21, 2008) making him 96 years old himself at the time (although the 1930 census lists him as 19 years old in April 1930, indicating that he was 95 instead). In late April 2005, Wilson moved into a new home funded by donations.
Wilson celebrated her 115th birthday in September 2005, at which time she ranked as the third-oldest living person in the world.
Wilson died at her New Albany home on February 13, 2006, aged 115 years 153 days. She was survived by the aforementioned son (1909 – 2008), five grandchildren, 46 great-grandchildren, 95 great-great-grandchildren and 38 great-great-great grandchildren.
As of December 2009, Wilson is listed as one of the 20 longest lived people ever.
Grace Thaxton née Menges (June 18, 1891 – July 6, 2005) was a supercentenarian, the oldest person in Kentucky, the fourth-oldest person in the U.S. and the sixth-oldest documented person in the world at the time of her death at age 114. Grace was the oldest documented person ever born in the state of New York, in Rockland to be precise, and narrowly missed the all-time age record for a Kentucky resident of 114 years and 92 days, set by Mary Anna Boone in 2001, when she died in Winchester from a bout of pneumonia not long after her last birthday.
Moreover, her own mother died at 109, nearly a supercentenarian herself, and Thaxton almost lived to see her son Robert turn 90 on July 12, 2005. As of December 2009, Thaxton is listed as one of the 80 longest lived people ever.
Consuelo Moreno-López (February 5, 1893 – November 13, 2004) was born in Spanish Morocco (then a colony of Spain) to Spanish parents. She later emigrated to the United States in 1960. She died stateside, aged 111 years and 282 days, as the result of an adverse reaction to a flu shot. Moreno-López holds the longevity record for Morocco, which declared its independence in 1956.
Edna Parker(1893 – 2008)
Grace Nelsen Jones
Grace Rebecca Jones née Nelsen (June 4, 1893 – April 24, 2006) was born in Richmond, Virginia, United States to Danish immigrant parents. Grace was their 12th and last child, born when her mother was already 43 years old. She later married Charles Jones and started a family of her own. In 2005, Grace became the Virginia state recordholder for the oldest verified person born over there. She died at the age of 112 years and 324 days. At the time of her death, Jones ranked as the world's 10th-oldest person.
Flossie Page(1893 – 2006)
Marion Higgins née Bigelow (New York City, New York, June 26, 1893 – Seal Beach, California, March 2, 2006) was an American supercentenarian. At an early age, she moved to Maine, and later on to California.
On May 29, 2005, Marion was recognized as California's oldest living person, four weeks shy of 112 following the death of Margaret Russell, aged 112.
Her memory was remarkable for a person her age. She could remember from age one, and recite poems backwards.Moreover, she wrote her first book herself at the 'tender' age of 102.
Marion died from congestive heart failure, aged 112 years and 249 days. She was ranked as sixth-oldest in the U.S. and 11th in the world at the time of her death.
Gertrude Baines(1894 – 2009)
George Johnson(1894 – 2006)
Catherine Hagel(1894 – 2008)
Born in Austria-Hungary, Stefan emigrated to the United States in 1913. She is believed to be the oldest Hungarian ever. Stefan lived in a nursing home in Norwalk, Connecticut, where she celebrated her 112th birthday in May 2007.
Stefan died aged 112 years and 332 days, just five weeks shy of her 113th birthday. At the time of her death, she was the seventh-oldest validated person in the world and the fifth-oldest validated person in the United States. She leaves behind a daughter, grandchildren and a great-grandson.
Thomas Nelson, Sr.
Thomas D. Nelson, Sr. (July 8, 1895 – January 9, 2007) was, at age 111, the oldest living man in the United States and the second-oldest person in the world from December 7, 2006 (the death of fellow black American Moses Hardy) for one month until his own death.
Olivia Patricia Thomas
Olivia Patricia Thomas née Trevellyan (June 29, 1895 – November 16, 2009) was, at age 114, the world's third verified oldest living person, following the death of Gertrude Baines on September 11, 2009. Thomas was the second oldest American (and the oldest born in the United States, as Mary Josephine Ray was born in Canada). She moved to Buffalo, New York in 1946 and went on to become the oldest living person in the state of New York. Her nickname is The Plant Lady, because of her lifelong hobby of caring for plants.
On October 25, 2009, Thomas broke the record for the oldest person born in Iowa, surpassing the 114 years, 117 days set by Emma Verona Johnston in 2004. On 22 December 2009, Neva Morris aged 114 years 141 days surpassed Olivia Patricia Thomas as the oldest verified Iowa person ever.
Thomas is listed as one of the 60 longest lived people ever.
Neva Morris(1895 – present)
George Rene Francis (June 6, 1896 – December 27, 2008) was an American supercentenarian and the joint second-oldest living man in the world, together with Englishman Henry Allingham, until Francis's death aged 112 years, 204 days. He was also the oldest living man in the United States, following the death of Antonio Pierro on Feb 8, 2007. Francis was from New Orleans, Louisiana but since 1949 lived in Sacramento, California, where a local newspaper published a poem that Francis enjoyed reciting to friends and the public throughout his life. He credited his longevity to nature, and enjoyed a rich diet of pork, eggs, milk and lard. He gave up smoking cigars at the age of 75.
Francis attempted to join the army in World War I but was rejected for service in 1918 as being too short and small (he weighed only about 100 pounds). Despite this, he later was a boxer before becoming a barber and then a chauffeur.
At the time of his death, Francis was listed as one of the 20 oldest verified men ever.
Delphia Spencer Hankins
She was born in Itawamba County, Mississippi. to Henry Jackson Spencer and Samantha Fikes Spencer. In addition to her parents, she was predeceased by her husband, Curtis Hankins; her brothers, Bobby, Kip, Grady, Chester and Curtis Spencer; and a son who died in infancy.
Hankins had been a resident of Aberdeen, Mississippi from 1942 until 2000. She worked at Aberdeen Hospital and at Dr. Murphree's Clinic, and then a homemaker until she was 104. Afterwards, she moved to West Point, Mississippi, where she spent the last seven years of her life.
Delphia Hankins died at the Dugan Memorial Home in West Point.At the time of her death she was survived by two daughters, Olema Poss of West Point and Kathryn Crump of Aberdeen; a son, W.D. Hankins of Aberdeen; twenty-seven grandchildren; two step-grandchildren; 16 great-grandchildren and six great-great-grandchildren.
Walter Breuning(1896 – present)
Walter H. Seward(1896 – 2008)
Ella Schuler(1897 – present)
Leila Denmark(1898 – present)
Nyleptha Roberts(1898 – present)
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Validated living supercentenarians The Gerontology Research Group lists persons as living whose age has been validated and confirmed to be alive within the past year.
- ^ Validated supercentenarians who lived and/or died in the US The Gerontology Research Group
- ^ a b Recent research has indicated Carrie C. White might in fact have been 21 rather than 35 when she was institutionalized, meaning she may have died at 102 (instead of 116).
- ^ a b The Social Security Administration (USA) recognizes Beard's claim, based on census information, but that census match is not universally accepted.
- ^ The day count forMartha Graham is an estimate as her month of birth isknown but not her date of birth.
- ^ a b The Oldest Human Beings
- ^ Hardy may have been born on the same date in 1894 and therefore may have been 112 years, 335 days old at death.
- ^ Robert D. Young, Louis Epstein, L. Stephen Coles. Rejuvenation Research. August 2008, 11(4): 851-852. doi:10.1089/rej.2008.0777.
- ^ Maurice Ernest, The Longer Life - A Critical Survey of Many Claims to Abnormal Longevity, of various Theories on duration of life and old age, and of divers attempts at rejuvenation, READ BOOKS, 2006, ISBN 1406797995, 9781406797992
- ^ Hess, Beth B.; Elizabeth Warren Markson (1991). "Chapter 11". Growing Old in America. Transaction Publishers. pp. 173. ISBN 0887388469. http://books.google.com/books?id=Y_cqOCs1g5UC&pg=PA173&lpg=PA173&dq=%22fannie+thomas%22+oldest&source=web&ots=FlqnLDZQy5&sig=pkWKFRokUdEHI_jT2EIP55abh5g.
- ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=5SkVAAAAIBAJ&sjid=cfsDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6655,4458\196
- ^ New England Supercentenerain Study. Oldest Authenticated Centenarians Boston University Medical Campus. Retrieved 2008-08-05.
- ^ a b c Musante, Glenna B. (January 22, 1998) "Johnston woman, one of world's oldest, dies at 117" The Raleigh News & Observer. Section: News; B1.
- ^ Nebraska Press Association - 700 Famous Nebraskans - Clara Herling Huhn
- ^ Jonas Kover. "Clinton woman's 'everyday' life ends at age 113 in nursing home". Observer-Dispatch. January 1, 2003. Section A, Page 01.
- ^ a b "http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/3166758.stm". BBC News. October 6, 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/3166758.stm. Retrieved 2007-12-13.
- ^ David Porter (October 6, 2003). "Oldest American dies in her sleep". Associated Press (Lawrence Journal). http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2003/oct/06/oldest_american_dies/. Retrieved 2007-12-13.
- ^ Bettie Wilson, 115; One of Three Oldest Americans (LA Times)
- ^ LA Times report at the Gerontology Research Group
- ^ Young, Mark (February 7, 1997). "AT 105, CONSUELO MORENO SAYS: "BE GOOD AND DON'T HURT ANYONE"". The Virginian-Pilot. http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/VA-news/VA-Pilot/issues/1997/vp970207/02060153.htm. Retrieved January 15 2008.
- ^ Sullivan, Patricia (December 12, 2004). "Consuelo Romero, 112, Dies; Sewed for Sultan's Family". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A58289-2004Dec11.html. Retrieved January 15 2008.
- ^ In memory of Grace Nelsen Jones
- ^ Thurber, Jon. "Obituaries; Marion B. Higgins, 112", Los Angeles Times, March 4, 2006.
- ^ Andrew H. Malcolm LA Times on GRG and Marion Higgins (June 25, 2005)
- ^ Ashley Sanders (2006-07-08). "PA’s Nelson celebrates birthday milestone". Port Arthur News. http://www.panews.com/features/local_story_189200405.html?start:int=0. Retrieved 2007-12-09. "... The creator and proprietor of Nelson’s Confectionery on Lincoln Avenue celebrated his 111th birthday Saturday surrounded by his friends and family."
- ^ Ashley Sanders; Mary Meaux (2007-01-09). "Second-oldest man leaves sweet legacy". Port Arthur, Texas: Port Arthur News. http://www.cnhi.com/cnhinsstories/editorspicks_story_010102633.html. Retrieved 2007-12-17.
- ^ Jason Dearen (December 28, 2008). "Oldest man in the US dies in Sacramento at 112". The Sacramento Bee. Associated Press (Sacramento, CA: The McClatchy Company). http://www.sacbee.com/827/story/1503198.html. Retrieved 28 December 2008. "Francis died Saturday of congestive heart failure at a nursing home in Sacramento"
- ^ "Recent Deaths for 2008". Gerontology Research Group. GRG Interactive. http://www.grg.org/Adams/E.HTM. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
- ^ "The Black Man's Plea for Justice" (PDF). The Sacramento Bee (Sacramento, CA: The McClatchy Company). http://media.sacbee.com/smedia/2007/06/01/20/GeorgeFrancisPOEM.source.prod_affiliate.4.pdf. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
- ^ Life looks good at 110
- ^ a b c d e f g "Delphia Hankins". Commercial Dispatch. 2007-10-18. http://www.cdispatch.com/articles/2007/10/18/obituaries/obituaries.txt. Retrieved 2007-10-20.