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definition - Liste_Swadesh_du_hindi

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Liste Swadesh du hindi

                   

Liste Swadesh de 100 mots en français et en hindi (à compléter), comportant également la transcription en alphabet latin.

Sommaire

  Présentation

Article détaillé : Liste Swadesh.

Développée par le linguiste Morris Swadesh comme outil d'étude de l'évolution des langues, elle correspond à un vocabulaire de base censé se retrouver dans toutes les langues. Il en existe diverses versions, notamment :

  • une version complète de 207 mots, dont certains ne se retrouvent pas dans tous les environnements (elle contient par exemple serpent et neige),
  • une version réduite de 100 mots.

Il ne faut pas considérer cette liste de mots comme un lexique élémentaire permettant de communiquer avec les locuteurs de la langue considérée ; pour un tel usage, on pourra se reporter, lorsqu'ils existent, aux lexiques présentés dans Wikitravel. Son seul but est de fournir une ouverture sur la langue, en en présentant des bases lexicales et si possible phonétiques.


  Liste

français hindi
हिन्दी
transcription
système de Calcutta
1 je मैं maĩ
2 tu, vous (formel) तू, आप tū, āp
3 nous हम ham
4 ceci, celui-ci यह ye (yah)
5 cela, celui-là वह vo (vah)
6 qui कौन kaun
7 quoi क्या kyā
8 ne ... pas नहीं nahī̃
9 tout सब sab
10 beaucoup बहुत bahut
11 un एक ēk
12 deux दो
13 grand बड़ा baṛā
14 long लम्बा lambā
15 petit छोटा chōṭā
16 femme नारी nārī
17 homme (mâle adulte) आदमी ādmī
18 homme (être humain) व्यक्ति vyakti
19 oiseau पक्षी pakṣi
20 chien कुत्ता kuttā
21 pou जूं jū̃
22 arbre पेड़ pēṛ
23 graine बीज bīj
24 feuille (d'un végétal) पत्ती pattī
25 racine जड jaḍ
26 écorce
27 peau खाल khāl
28 viande मांस mā̃s
29 sang रक्त rakta
30 os अस्थि, हड्डी asthi, haḍḍī
31 graisse वसा vasā
32 feu आग āg
33 œuf अंडा ãḍā
34 corne सींग sī̃g
35 queue (d'un animal) पूंछ pū̃ch
36 plume (d'un oiseau) पंख pãkh
37 poisson मछली machlī
38 cheveux बाल, केश bāl, kēś
39 tête सिर sir
40 oreille कान kān
41 œil आंख ā̃kh
42 ongle नाखून nākhūn
43 nez नाक nāk
44 bouche मुख mukh
45 dent दांत dā̃t
46 langue (organe) जीभ jībh
47 pied पैर pair
48 genou घुटना ghuṭnā
49 main हाथ hāth
50 ventre पेट pēṭ
51 cou गर्दन gardan
52 poitrine स्तन stana
53 cœur (organe) दिल dil
54 foie
55 boire पीना pīnā
56 manger खाना khānā
57 mordre काटना kāṭnā
58 voir देखना dēkhnā
59 entendre सुनना sunanā
60 savoir जानना jānanā
61 dormir मोना sōnā
62 mourir मरना marnā
63 tuer मारना mārnā
64 nager तैरना tairnā
65 voler (dans l'air) उडना uṛnā
66 marcher चलना calnā
67 venir आना ānā
68 s'étendre, être étendu झूठ बोलना (état) jhūṭh bōlnā
69 s'asseoir, être assis बैठना (état) baiṭhnā
70 se lever, se tenir debout खड़ा होना (état) khaṛā hōnā
71 donner देना dēnā
72 dire कहना kahnā
73 soleil सूर्य, सुरज sūrya, suraj
74 lune चांद cānd
75 étoile तारा tārā
76 eau पानी pānī
77 pluie वर्षा, बरस varṣā, baras
78 pierre पत्थर patthar
79 sable रेत, बालू rēt, bālū
80 terre (sol) भूमि bhūmi
81 nuage बादल bādal
82 fumée धुआं dhu'ā̃
83 cendre राख rākh
84 brûler (intransitif) जलना jalnā
85 route सड़क saṛak
86 montagne पहाड़ pahāṛ
87 rouge लाल lāl
88 vert हरा harā
89 jaune पीला pīlā
90 blanc सफेद safēd
91 noir काला kālā
92 nuit रात rāt
93 chaud (température) गरम garam
94 froid (température) ठण्डा ṭhaṇḍā
95 plein पूरा pūrā
96 nouveau नया nayā
97 bon अच्छा acchā
98 rond गोल gōl
99 sec सूखा sūkhā
100 nom नाम nām

  Voir aussi

  Bibliographie

  • Michel Malherbe, Les langages de l'humanité, Robert Laffont, Paris, 1995 (ISBN 2-221-05947-6).

  Liens internes

  Liens externes

wiktionary:en:Wiktionary:Indo-Iranian Swadesh lists

   
               

 

All translations of Liste_Swadesh_du_hindi


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