|Livingston Parish, Louisiana|
Location in the state of Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 10, 1832|
|Named for||U.S. Secretary of State Edward Livingston|
|Largest city||Denham Springs|
703 sq mi (1,820 km²)
648 sq mi (1,678 km²)
55 sq mi (142 km²), 7.80%
142/sq mi (55/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Livingston is an eponym honoring Edward Livingston, a prominent American and Louisianan jurist and statesman who assisted in the drafting of the Louisiana Civil Code of 1825. Livingston Parish was created by state legislature in 1832.
The parish has a total area of 703 square miles (1,820 km2), of which, 648 square miles (1,680 km2) of it is land and 55 square miles (140 km2) of it (7.80%) is water.
|Saint Helena Parish|
|East Baton Rouge Parish||Tangipahoa Parish|
|Livingston Parish, Louisiana|
|Ascension Parish||St. John the Baptist Parish|
Together with the parishes of Saint Helena and Tangipahoa, Livingston Parish forms Louisiana's 21st judicial district.
Livingston Parish is home of one of two installations for a gravitational wave observatory (LIGO) which is a facility dedicated to the detection of cosmic gravitational waves and the harnessing of these waves for scientific research. http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/LIGO_web/about/
As of the census of 2000, there were 91,814 people, 32,630 households, and 25,549 families residing in the parish. The population density was 142 people per square mile (55/km²). There were 36,212 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 94.35% White, 4.22% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
|Livingston Parish Census Data|
There were 32,630 households out of which 41.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.10% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.70% were non-families. 18.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the parish the population was spread out with 29.50% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 8.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.50 males.
The median income for a household in the parish was $38,887, and the median income for a family was $44,071. Males had a median income of $36,508 versus $22,325 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $16,282. As of August 2001, about 43,800 people were employed in the parish. The unemployment rate was 4.8%. About 9.10% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.70% of those under age 18 and 15.80% of those age 65 or over.
Hurricane Katrina had a dramatic effect on the population in Livingston Parish. Many displaced families of the affected Parishes have moved into the area and as a result, the population of the parish has increased significantly. On June 6, 2007, the Census Bureau published a report "Special Population Estimates for Impacted Counties in the Gulf Coast Area" which shows a population increase for Livingston Parish to 111,863 as of January 1, 2006.
Livingston Parish is a Council-President parish governed by a Home Rule Charter and enforced by a Parish Council and Parish President. The Parish President is the acting Executive Branch of government and then Parish Council is the acting Legislative Branch of government. 
Livingston Parish is divided into 9 council districts. The borders of each district are drawn to even out the population in each district.
In recent years, Livingston Parish has been one of the most Republican parishes in Louisiana and the entire United States. In the 2004 election, George W. Bush received 33,976 votes, or 77% of the county's total, more than three times the 9,895 votes (22%) his opponent, John Kerry, received. The Republicans fared better still in the 2008 election, in which John McCain received 43,269 votes (85% of the total) to just 6,681 votes (13%) for Democrat Barack Obama.
The Livingston Parish Public Schools operates all public schools in the parish.
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