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Logan International Airport

                   
Boston Logan International Airport
KBOS Aerial NGS.jpg
IATA: BOSICAO: KBOSFAA LID: BOS
WMO: 72509
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport)
Serves Boston, Massachusetts, US
Location East Boston, Massachusetts
Hub for Cape Air
Elevation AMSL 20 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 42°21′47″N 071°00′23″W / 42.36306°N 71.00639°W / 42.36306; -71.00639Coordinates: 42°21′47″N 071°00′23″W / 42.36306°N 71.00639°W / 42.36306; -71.00639
Website www.massport.com/logan/
Maps
A map with a grid overlay showing the terminals runways and other structures of the airport.
FAA airport diagram
BOS is located in Massachusetts
BOS
Location within Massachusetts
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4L/22R 7,861 2,396 Asphalt
4R/22L 10,005 3,050 Asphalt
9/27 7,000 2,134 Asphalt
14/32 5,000 1,524 Asphalt
15L/33R 2,557 779 Asphalt
15R/33L 10,083 3,073 Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Aircraft operations 368,987
Passengers 28,907,938
Source: FAA,[1] Massport.[2]

General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport (IATA: BOSICAO: KBOSFAA LID: BOS) is located in the East Boston neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, US (and partly in the town of Winthrop, Massachusetts). It covers 2,384 acres (965 ha), has six runways, and employs an estimated 16,000 people. The largest airport in New England, as of 2010, Logan is the 19th busiest airport in the United States with about 13.5 million boardings a year and 28 million passengers overall in 2011.

Boston serves as a focus city for JetBlue Airways.[3] Delta Air Lines and US Airways also carry out many operations from the airport, and all major airlines fly to Boston from all or the majority of their primary and secondary hubs.[citation needed] It is also a destination of many major European airlines. The airport is also a hub for regional airline Cape Air. The airport has service to destinations in the United States, as well as Africa,[4] Canada, the Caribbean, Europe, Mexico and Asia. [5]

Contents

  History

  Boston's Logan International Airport from the airside lounge of Terminal E, illustrating how the airport is largely surrounded by water. In the foreground is an Aer Lingus Airbus A330-300.

Originally called Boston Airport, Logan opened on September 8, 1923, and was used primarily by the Massachusetts Air Guard and the Army Air Corps. At that time, it was known as Jeffery Field. The first scheduled commercial passenger flights were initiated by Colonial Air Transport between Boston and New York City in 1927.[6]

The airport has expanded over the years, including the 1940s addition of 1,800 acres (730 ha) of landfill in Boston Harbor and the incorporation of the former Governors, Noddle's and Apple Islands. In 1943 the state renamed the airport as General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport after a Spanish-American War officer from South Boston.[6] In 1952 the airport became the first in the United States with an indirect rapid transit connection.

The December 1950 diagram shows a familiar layout: 7,000 ft (2,100 m) runway 4L, 10000-ft 4R, 7000-ft 9 and 7650-ft 33. The March 1947[clarification needed] shows 7,000 ft (2,100 m) runway 4 (future 4L) in use, with runways 9 and 33 under construction; a different runway 33 ran 6,700 ft (2,000 m) northwestward from the present intersection of 4R and 9, and runway 25 ran 4,000 ft (1,200 m) southwest from the present intersection of 4L and 33.

The era of the jumbo jet began at Logan during the summer of 1970 when Pan Am inaugurated daily Boeing 747 service to London Heathrow Airport. Non-stop flights to London now[when?] are scheduled by British Airways, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and Virgin Atlantic.

When Terminal E opened in 1974 it was the second largest international arrivals facility in the United States.[7] Since that time the number of international travelers using Logan has tripled.[when?] International long-haul travel has been the fastest growing market sector at Logan. Increased passenger traffic led the Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport) to embark on a major airport renewal project called the "Logan Modernization Project" from 1994 to 2006. The project included a new parking garage, a new hotel, moving walkways, terminal expansions and improvements, and a two-tiered roadway system that separates arrival from departure road traffic.[6]

Massport's relationship with neighboring communities has been strained since the mid-1960s,[8] when the agency took control of a parcel of residential land and popular fishing area near the northwest side of the airfield. This project was undertaken to extend Runway 15R/33L, which would later become Logan's longest runway.[9] Residents of the neighborhood, known as Wood Island, were bought out of their homes and forced to relocate. Public opposition came to a head when residents lay down in the streets to block bulldozers and supply trucks from reaching the intended construction zone.[10]

Construction was completed on an additional runway, 14/32, which officially opened to air traffic on November 23, 2006. Runway 14/32 was Logan's first major runway addition in more than forty years. This runway was first proposed in 1973, but had been delayed by court action.[11]

In April 2007 the FAA approved construction of a center field taxiway long-sought by Massport to alleviate congestion. The 9,300-foot (2,830 m) taxiway is between, and parallel to, Runways 4R/22L and 4L/22R. News of the project angered Logan's neighboring residents.[12] In 2009 the new taxiway opened ahead of schedule and under budget.[13] To ensure the taxiway is not mistaken for a runway, "TAXI" is written in large yellow letters at each end.

  Baggage loading of a Lufthansa Boeing 747-400 during a temporary closure due to heavy snowfall

A scene from the 2006 film The Departed was filmed on location at Logan, inside the connector bridge between Terminal E and the Central Parking Garage. Terminal C and several United Airlines aircraft can be seen in the background. Parts of the Delta Air Lines 2007 "Anthem" commercial were filmed inside Terminal A as well as the connector bridge between Terminal A and Central Parking.

In October 2009 US Airways announced that the airline would close its Boston crew base in May 2010. The airline cited an "operations realignment" as the reason for the closure.[14] Over 400 employees were transferred or terminated.[15]

Logan last had service to Asia in 2001, when Korean Air discontinued service to Seoul, South Korea.[16] Boston also had previous service to Asia with El Al to Tel Aviv.[citation needed] In 2008, Massport announced that Hainan Airlines had formally applied to the Civil Aviation Administration of China for approval to operate daily non-stop passenger flights between Boston and Beijing using Boeing 787 aircraft,[17] but the service never started.[5] In May 2011 Japan Airlines announced its first Boeing 787 route, Tokyo Narita to Boston, beginning four times weekly on April 22, 2012 and becoming daily on June 1, 2012. American Airlines will codeshare on the route.[18]

The Airbus A380 first landed at Logan Airport for compatibility checks in February 2010. The airplane was also transporting a submarine back to its manufacturer for later use in the search for Air France Flight 447.[19] Logan Airport has since served as a diversion for A380 flights, particularly for Air France.[20]

By 2012 JetBlue Airways became a major operator at Logan Airport.[21]

  Traffic and statistics

  A McDonnell Douglas DC-10 approaches Logan International Airport over Neptune Road in East Boston in May, 1973. Later the houses were purchased by the Massachusetts Port Authority and demolished, although the road still exists.

For the 12-month period ending January 31, 2010 the airport had 337,229 aircraft operations, an average of 924 per day: 62% scheduled commercial, 33% air taxi and 5% general aviation.[1]

As of 2010, Logan is the 19th busiest airport in the United States with about 13.5 million boardings a year (not counting arrivals). In 2010, Logan was the world's 28th busiest airport in terms of aircraft movements. The airport is also the 12th busiest airport in the U.S. based on international traffic. In 2010, it handled 3,681,739 international passengers.[2] Logan Airport stimulates the New England regional economy by approximately $7.6 billion per year, generating $559.4 million in state and local tax receipts, as of 2006.[22]

In 2011, Logan Airport served an all-time high of 28,800,000 passengers, a 5% increase from 2010.[23] In 2010 Logan Airport handled about 27,428,962 passengers, about 3,681,739 of whom were international passengers.[2] JetBlue carried 23.44% of all passengers for the 12-month period ending July 31, 2011; other leading carriers include US Airways (13.27%), Delta Air Lines (11.86%), and American Airlines (11.47%).[24] These figures do not include US Airways Express or Delta Connection each of which has significant operations at Logan Airport. Logan Airport also handled over 546,000,000 pounds (248,000,000 kg) of cargo and mail.[2]

As of February 2011, Logan ranks 14th among major U.S. airports for on-time domestic departures with 80 percent of domestic flights departing on time. The airport ranks 25th in on-time domestic arrivals with 76 percent of domestic flights arriving on time.[24]

Busiest International Routes from Logan (2010-2011) [16]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 United Kingdom London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 985,698 American, British Airways, Delta, Virgin Atlantic
2 France Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France 392,833 Air France, American, Delta
3 Canada Toronto (Pearson), Canada 287,941 Air Canada, Delta
4 Germany Frankfurt, Germany 251,400 Lufthansa
5 Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands 235,261 Delta
6 Republic of Ireland Dublin, Ireland 194,857 Aer Lingus
7 Germany Munich, Germany 143,337 Lufthansa
8 Iceland Reykjavík, Iceland 138,536 Icelandair
9 Switzerland Zurich, Switzerland 137,268 Swiss
10 Italy Rome (Fiumicino), Italy 128,437 Alitalia
Busiest Domestic Routes from Logan (April 2011 – March 2012) [24]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Chicago (O'Hare), Illinois 821,000 American, JetBlue, Spirit, United
2 Atlanta, Georgia 724,000 Delta, Southwest
3 Washington (National), D.C. 708,000 Delta, JetBlue, US Airways
4 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 586,000 US Airways
5 Baltimore, Maryland 555,000 JetBlue, Southwest
6 San Francisco, California 536,000 JetBlue, United, Virgin America
7 Charlotte, North Carolina 478,000 JetBlue, US Airways
8 Los Angeles, California 444,000 American, JetBlue, United, Virgin America
9 Orlando, Florida 437,000 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest
10 New York (LaGuardia), New York 421,000 Delta, US Airways
Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Cargo
(pounds)[25]
1998 26,526,708 507,449 803,841,263
1999 27,052,078 increase02.0% 494,816 824,167,999
2000 27,726,833 increase02.5% 487,996 852,347,154
2001 24,474,930 decrease011.7% 463,125 744,797,296
2002 22,696,141 decrease07.3% 392,079 789,610,008
2003 22,791,169 increase00.4% 373,304 744,838,287
2004 26,142,516 increase014.7% 405,258 759,274,990
2005 27,087,905 increase03.6% 409,066 741,517,308
2006 27,725,443 increase02.4% 406,119 679,068,089
2007 28,102,455 increase01.4% 399,537 632,449,775
2008 26,102,651 decrease07.1% 371,604 587,772,302
2009 25,512,086 decrease02.3% 345,306 517,557,182
2010 27,428,962 increase07.5% 352,643 546,379,403
2011 28,907,938 increase05.4% 368,987 529,212,783
Source: Massport [2]

  Facilities and infrastructure

  Logan's distinctive central control tower

Logan International Airport covers an area of 2,384 acres (965 ha) which contains six runways:[1]

  • Runway 4L/22R: 7,861 × 150 ft (2,396 × 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 4R/22L: 10,005 × 150 ft (3,050 × 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 9/27: 7,000 × 150 ft (2,134 × 46 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 14/32: 5,000 × 100 ft (1,524 × 30 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 15L/33R: 2,557 × 100 ft (779 × 30 m), Surface: Asphalt
  • Runway 15R/33L: 10,083 × 150 ft (3,073 × 46 m), Surface: Asphalt

ILS is available for runways 4R, 15R, 22L, 27, and 33L, with runway 4R being certified for CAT III Instrument Landing operations. The other runways with ILS are certified for CAT I Instrument Landing operations.[26] EMAS pads are located at the starting thresholds of runways 22R and 33L.[27]

The distinctive central control tower, nearly a dozen stories high, is a local landmark with its pair of segmented elliptical pylons and a six-story platform trussed between them.

Logan Airport has two cargo facilities: North Cargo is adjacent to Terminal E and South Cargo adjacent to Terminals A and B.[27] North Cargo is also the location of several maintenance hangars, including those operated by American Airlines and Delta Air Lines.

  Runway 14/32

Runway 14-32, which officially opened to air traffic on November 23, 2006, is unidirectional. Runway 32 is used for landings and 14 is used for takeoffs. Massport is barred by a court order from using the runway for overland landings or takeoffs, except in emergencies.[citation needed]

  Logan International Airport with an Air Canada Jazz aircraft taking off over the harbor

There was fierce opposition to the construction of 14-32 among communities adjacent to the northwest side of the airport, such as Chelsea and East Boston, as authorities acknowledged that these areas would likely see a slight increase in noise levels. However, residents of Winthrop and Revere also joined in opposition, even though Massport had promised that the new traffic patterns allowed by 14-32 would reduce overflights of those areas.

Since the opening of the new runway, there has been disagreement about when, and how often, the new runway should be operational. Residents have demanded a minimum of 11.5-knot (21.3 km/h) northwest winds, slightly higher than the 10-knot (19 km/h) threshold favored by Massport.

The new runway reduces the need for the existing Runway 15L-33R, which, at only 2,557 feet (779 m) is among the shortest hard-surface runways at major airports in the United States. In 1988, Massport had proposed an 800-foot (240 m) extension to this airstrip (a project which would have required additional filling-in of land along a clam bed), but was thwarted by a court injunction.[28]

Boston's Hyatt Harborside Hotel, which sits only a few hundred yards from the runway threshold, was built primarily to prevent Massport from ever extending the length of 14-32 or using it for takeoffs or landings over the city. Massachusetts state legislators carefully chose the location of the hotel—directly in the runway centerline—prior to its construction in 1992.[29]

According to Massport records, the very first aircraft to use the new airstrip was a Continental Express ERJ-145 regional jet landing on Runway 32, on the morning of December 2, 2006.

  FBOs

The airport is served by several Fixed Base Operators (FBO), which handle fueling, ground handling, aircraft cleaning, cargo service, and aircraft maintenance. They include Swissport USA and Penauille Servisair. General aviation, which is adjacent to the North Cargo area, is handled by Signature Flight Support.[30]

  Public safety

Police services are provided by the Massachusetts State Police Troop F. Fire protection is the responsibility of the Massport Fire Rescue.[31] Even though the airport is within city limits, by Massachusetts state law municipal police such as the Boston Police Department do not have jurisdiction on Massport property.[32]

  Terminals

  The International Arrivals Hall located at Terminal E, ground level.

Logan International Airport has 103 gate positions total[33] divided among four terminals, A, B, C, and E. All terminals are connected by pre-security shuttle buses, as well as between Terminals A, B and E via moving walkways pre-security.[34] Moving walkways also connect the terminals to a central parking garage designed for consolidated service between all 4 terminals and the garage itself.[35] The concession program at Logan is developed, leased and managed by AirMall USA (formerly BAA USA) in Terminals B and E and Westfield Concession Management Inc. in Terminals A and C.

  Terminal A

  Terminal A

Terminal A, which replaced a 1970s-era building designed by Minoru Yamasaki once occupied by the now-defunct Eastern Airlines,[36] opened to passengers on March 16, 2005. The terminal, designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum[37], is divided into a main terminal (housing gates A1-A12) and a satellite building (housing gates A13-A22). The main terminal and the satellite building are connected through an underground walkway.[38] Terminal A houses airline lounges United Airlines United Club and for Delta Air Lines (Delta Sky Club). The latter is located in the satellite building on the 3rd floor, which is used exclusively for the Sky Club.[39]

The building is the first airport terminal in the United States to be LEED certified for environmentally friendly design by the U.S. Green Building Council. Among the building's features are heat-reflecting roof and windows, low-flow faucets and waterless urinals, self-dimming lights, and storm water filtration.[28]

  Terminal B

  Terminal B

Terminal B opened in 1974. Pier B was completed for US Airways in 1974 and Pier A for American Airlines in 1975. Terminal B remained largely unchanged until the US Airways expanded its operations at Logan Airport in 1979 and improvements to Terminal B were constructed in 1980. From 1980 until 2000, numerous small projects including passenger seating area improvements, concessions expansions, and passenger lounges were completed at both piers[40]. It is split into north and south buildings, with a parking garage located between the two buildings. The gates of the south building (primarily occupied by US Airways and housing a US Airways Club[41]) are divided into three groups: B1-B3, B4-B14, and B15-B21. Gates B4-14 and B15-B21 are connected by a walkway post-security. The gates of the north building (primarily occupied by American Airlines, which operates an Admirals Club in the terminal building[42]) are divided into two groups: B22-B36 and B37-B38. Gates B22-36 are generally used by American Airlines, while Gates B37 and B38 are home to Virgin America.[38]

  Terminal C

  Terminal C

Terminal C opened in 1967. It was renovated in 1987, in 2002, and in 2005[43]. It has three groups of gates: C11-C21, C25-C36, and C40-C42.[38] The two Terminal C security checkpoints providing access to Gates C11 through C21 on the left and Gates C25 to C36 on the right were replaced by a common checkpoint on July 28, 2011.[44] The Terminal D gates (the three gates at the north end of Terminal C) were renumbered and labeled as part of Terminal C on February 28, 2006.[45] The terminal services for Cape Air, United Airlines, and mainly for JetBlue Airways. JetBlue and Massport are undergoing a "reshuffle" of the Airlines so that Jetblue will acquire all of Terminal C.[citation needed] This will enable the airline to have 150+ daily flights from Boston, almost the same as their operations at JFK. This will be Logan's first airline to have their own terminal in Boston.

The airport's USO Lounge is located in the baggage claim area of Terminal C, lower level. It offers most typical amenities as other markets as major as Greater Boston. Military ID is mandatory. Terminal C also houses a United Club.[46]

  Terminal E (Volpe International Terminal)

  Terminal E

Terminal E, also known as the John A. Volpe International Terminal named after the former Governor of Massachusetts and U.S. Secretary of Transportation,[6] serves as the international terminal for Logan Airport. All 13 Terminal E gates are designated as common-use, meaning the gates may be assigned mostly depending on an operational need.[47] All ticket counters and gates in Terminal E are shared among the international carriers, except for the counters and gates leased by Southwest Airlines and AirTran Airways. The terminal houses airline lounges for Aer Lingus (Gold Circle Lounge),[48] Air France (Air France Lounge),[49] British Airways (First Lounge and Terraces Lounge),[50] Lufthansa (Senator Lounge and Business Lounge),[51] and Virgin Atlantic (Clubhouse Lounge).[52] Also Minnesota based Sun Country Airlines flies seasonally out of the terminal along with fellow year round domestic carrier Southwest Airlines.

Unlike the other terminals, where each terminal's upper level is used for departures while the lower level is used for arrivals, in Terminal E the third level is used for departures while the ground level is used for arrivals and customs. The second level is used for passport control.[47] The Federal Inspection Station (FIS) located in Terminal E is capable of processing over 2,000 passengers per hour.[28]

  Airlines and destinations

  Passenger service

  • Note: All international arrivals (except pre-cleared flights from Canada, the Caribbean, and Ireland) are handled at Terminal E.
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Shannon
E
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson B South
Air Canada Express operated by Jazz Air Halifax, Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson B South
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle E
AirTran Airways operated by Southwest Airlines Akron/Canton, Atlanta, Baltimore, Milwaukee [ends November 3, 2012]
Seasonal: Orlando
E
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma A
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino E
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Miami, New York-JFK
Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle, St. Thomas
B North
British Airways London-Heathrow E
Cape Air Albany (NY), Augusta (ME), Bar Harbor, Hyannis, Lebanon, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Provincetown, Rockland, Rutland, Saranac Lake C
Delta Air Lines Amsterdam, Atlanta, Bermuda, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Detroit, London-Heathrow, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Orlando, Salt Lake City
Seasonal: Cancún, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
A
Delta Connection operated by Chautauqua Airlines Columbus (OH), Norfolk A
Delta Connection operated by Comair Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Columbus, Memphis, New York-JFK, Raleigh/Durham A
Delta Connection operated by Compass Airlines Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Detroit, Kansas City, Memphis, Raleigh/Durham A
Delta Connection operated by ExpressJet Detroit, Indianapolis, Memphis, Norfolk, Raleigh/Durham A
Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Memphis, Norfolk, New York-JFK, Raleigh/Durham, Toronto-Pearson A
Delta Connection operated by Shuttle America Detroit, Indianapolis, Memphis A
Delta Shuttle operated by Delta Air Lines New York-LaGuardia A
Delta Shuttle operated by Shuttle America New York-LaGuardia A
Iberia Madrid E
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík E
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita E
JetBlue Airways Aruba, Austin, Baltimore, Buffalo, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Jacksonville (FL), Las Vegas, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Montego Bay, Nassau, New Orleans, New York-JFK, Newark, Orlando, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, St. Maarten, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa, Washington-Dulles, Washington-National, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Bermuda, Nantucket, Oakland, Portland (OR), Providenciales, Sarasota, St. Thomas
C
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich E
PenAir Bar Harbor, Plattsburgh, Presque Isle B South
Porter Airlines Toronto-Billy Bishop E
SATA International Lisbon, Ponta Delgada, Terceira E
Southwest Airlines Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Denver, Milwaukee [begins November 4, 2012], Nashville [begins August 12, 2012],[53] Phoenix [ends August 11, 2012], St. Louis
Seasonal: Fort Myers [begins November 4, 2012]
E
Spirit Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Lauderdale, Myrtle Beach
Seasonal: Atlantic City
B South
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul E
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich E
TACV Praia E
United Airlines Cleveland, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark A
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles C
United Express operated by Chautauqua Airlines Cleveland A
United Express operated by Colgan Air Newark A
United Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines Cleveland, Newark A
United Express operated by Mesa Airlines Washington-Dulles C
United Express operated by Shuttle America Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles C
United Express operated by Trans States Airlines Cleveland C
US Airways Cancún, Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix
Seasonal: Grand Cayman, Montego Bay, Punta Cana, Providenciales
B South
US Airways Express operated by Air Wisconsin Buffalo, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Richmond, Rochester (NY) B South
US Airways Express operated by Piedmont Airlines Harrisburg, Syracuse B South
US Airways Express operated by Republic Airlines Philadelphia, Pittsburgh B South
US Airways Shuttle operated by US Airways New York-LaGuardia, Washington-National B South
Virgin America Los Angeles, San Francisco B North
Virgin Atlantic London-Heathrow E

  Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
ABX Air Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky
Astar Air Cargo Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky
Air Transport International Newark
Capital Cargo International Airlines Newark
DHL Airways Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky
FedEx Express Indianapolis, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Newark
FedEx Feeder operater by Wiggins Airways Newark[54]
UPS Airlines Hartford, Louisville, Philadelphia

  Ground transportation

  Exit Express pay stations, allowing expedited exit from the parking garages by reducing lines at the toll plaza.

Boston Logan International Airport has the accolade of "Easiest Airport to Get To" in a 2007 article on aviation.com because of the variety of options to/from the airport.[55] These options include cars, taxis, the MBTA Blue and Silver lines, regional bus services, shared ride vans, limousines, and a service offered by few U.S. Airports, Logan Express. Logan is also 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of downtown Boston, a very short distance compared with airports in other cities.[citation needed]

  Public transportation

  The Blue Line station, accessible by Massport shuttle buses.

Massport's Logan Express bus service also serves the areas of Braintree, Framingham, Peabody, and the Anderson Regional Transportation Center in Woburn for an adult fare of $12.00 one-way and $22.00 round-trip per passenger. Logan Express operates on the lower level curb of all terminals.

The MBTA operates a water shuttle connecting Logan with downtown Boston, Quincy, and Hull. On demand service from the airport to various locations on the downtown waterfront is provided by a fleet of water taxis. A free shuttle bus ferries passengers between the airport dock and the various terminals.

The MBTA's Silver Line SL1 bus rapid transit service connects South Station, a major MBTA Commuter Rail, Amtrak, Red Line subway and bus transportation hub in the downtown Boston financial district, with all Logan terminals. Silverline bus tickets are sold in every terminal building to the far right of the lower level. There is also an Airport stop on the MBTA's Blue Line subway service. The Blue Line stop is not in the airport terminal itself; free shuttle buses 55, 22, and 33 provided by Massport bring passengers from the train station to the terminal buildings.

Preceding station   MBTA   Following station
Silver Line Terminus
toward Bowdoin
Blue Line
Transfer at: Airport
toward Wonderland

  Commercial transportation

Limousine pickup is also very common at the airport. Limousine drivers are not allowed to leave their vehicles at the designated pickup areas and pickup locations vary depending on the terminal. For Terminal A, the pickup location is on the arrival level, outside baggage claim, in a small parking lot across the road. At Terminal E, pickup is also on the arrival level in a small parking lot across the outermost curb. For Terminal B (both American Airlines and US Airways sides), pickup is at the curbside on the departure level at the outermost curb area. At Terminal C, pickup is also on the departure level at the second and third islands from the building.

Taxi operations are coordinated at each terminal by Massport. Massport's regulations have reduced the number of taxis allowed to wait in front of the terminal at any one time, and prohibit taxis from picking up fares at any location other than the designated taxi stands located at each terminal on the lower level curbs on the far left outside of baggage claim. A large staging area near the South Cargo complex serves as the waiting area for taxis, before they are called to the taxi stands to replenish the supply. Metered-rates from Logan to the Boston-area hotels range from approximately $25.00 to $50.00. The airport fee for trips leaving the airport is $2.25. Additionally, the city of Boston charges a $2.75 fee for trips to Logan Airport.[56]

  Roads

  Cell Phone Waiting Lot on Harborside Dr.

Boston Logan Airport is located partly in East Boston and partly in the town of Winthrop, on Boston Harbor, Massachusetts.[57] By public roads, the airport is accessible via Exit 26 of the Massachusetts Turnpike (Interstate 90), near its eastern terminus, which provides easy access from the west via the Ted Williams Tunnel. East of Exit 26, I-90 transitions to Route 1A to Lynn and New Hampshire. From the south, travellers on Interstate 93 can connect to the Masspike east, through the Ted Williams Tunnel and take exit 26 to reach the airport. From the north, I-93 traffic to the airport uses the Callahan Tunnel, Route 1A North. From the North Shore, access is via Route 1A South. Additionally, road traffic from most of downtown Boston, Back Bay and Fenway/Boston University should use the Callahan Tunnel. The westbound twin tunnel to the Callahan Tunnel is known as the Sumner Tunnel. Eastbound travel through the tunnels is free, but there is a $3.50 toll for westbound travel, and a $5.25 toll for taxis, which passengers are responsible for.

Logan International Airport offers a 30-minute cell phone waiting lot area at the intersection of Hotel Dr. and Service Rd., which is complimentary and five minutes from all terminals by car. This convenience service exists to reduce congestion and pollution problems.

  Accidents and incidents

  Accidents

  • On October 4, 1960, Eastern Air Lines Flight 375 crashed into the sea while attempting to take off from Logan Airport. 62 people died and 10 people survived, incurring serious injuries.[58]
  • On November 15, 1961, A Vickers Viscount N6592C of Northeast Airlines was written off when it collided with a Douglas DC-6 N8228H of National Airlines after landing at Logan International Airport. The DC-6 had started to take-off without receiving clearance to do so.[59][60]
  • On July 31, 1973, Delta Air Lines Flight 723, operated on a DC-9 airplane, crashed into a seawall at Logan Airport, causing the deaths of all 83 passengers and 6 crew members on board. One of the passengers initially survived the accident but later died in a hospital.[61]
  • On November 3, 1973, Pan Am Flight 160, a 707-321C, crashed on approach to Boston-Logan. Smoke in the cockpit caused the pilots to lose control. Three people were killed in the hull-loss accident.[62]
  • On January 23, 1982, World Airways Flight 30 from Newark to Boston made a non-precision instrument approach to runway 15R and touched down 2,800 feet (850 m) past the displaced threshold on an icy runway. When the crew sensed that the DC-10-30-CF couldn't be stopped on the remaining runway, they steered the DC-10 off the side of the runway to avoid the approach light pier, and slid into the shallow water of Boston Harbor. The nose section separated as the DC-10 came to rest 250 feet (76 m) past the runway end, 110 feet (34 m) left of the extended centerline. 2 passengers (a father and son) were never found and are presumed to have been swept out to sea.[63]

  Incidents

  • On July 2, 1976, an unoccupied Eastern Airlines L-188 Electra parked at Boston Logan Airport was destroyed by a bomb planted in the landing gear compartment. No one was injured.[64]
  • On April 3, 1979, a portion of the south wing of Terminal E at Logan Airport was evacuated when an incendiary device triggered a blaze in a third-floor men's room.[65]
  • On September 11, 2001, two of the aircraft involved in the 9/11 terrorist attacks, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, departed from Logan International Airport, both bound for Los Angeles. Both planes were hijacked by terrorists associated with Al Qaeda and deliberately flown into the North and South Tower, respectively, of New York's World Trade Center, subsequently resulting in both towers collapse and the destruction of the World Trade Center. United and American Airlines have mounted American flags on Gates B32 and C19, the gates from which the flights departed that day.[66]
  • On December 22, 2001, Richard Reid attempted to blow up American Airlines Flight 63 with a bomb in his shoe over the Atlantic Ocean. The flight was diverted to Boston after the passengers and crew overpowered and subdued Reid. One flight attendant received minor injuries after being bitten on the thumb by Reid. The flight departed from Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport and its intended destination was Miami International Airport.[67]

  Alternate airports

To address Logan Airport's overcrowding, Massport has designated two out-of-state airports as the second and third airports of Boston: Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester, New Hampshire, located approximately 44 statute miles (71 km) north-northwest of Logan, which converts to an average drive time of 48 minutes via I-93; and T. F. Green Airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, located 63 statute miles (101 km) south-southwest of Logan, averaging a 1 hour, 8 minute drive to Logan via I-95, or a 75-minute ride on commuter rail from South Station).[68] Massport does not operate these facilities.

Worcester Regional Airport in Worcester, which is also operated by Massport, provides some scheduled airline service. Scheduled airline service also exists at Hanscom Field in Bedford, Massachusetts, another facility operated by Massport.

  See also

  References

  1. ^ a b c FAA Airport Master Record for BOS (Form 5010 PDF). Retrieved February 3, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Airport Statistics". Massport. 2011. http://www.massport.com/logan/about_stati.html. Retrieved February 3, 2012. 
  3. ^ "JetBlue Airways - Press Releases". Investor.jetblue.com. August 10, 2011. http://investor.jetblue.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=131045&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1595211&highlight=. Retrieved November 25, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Cape Verde". CIA World Factbook. 2010. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cv.html. Retrieved December 26, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b Johnston Chase, Katie (May 27, 2011). "Japan Airlines Sets Hub-Tokyo Service". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/business/articles/2011/05/27/japan_airlines_sets_hub_tokyo_service/?p1=News_links. Retrieved May 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d "History". Massport. 2010. http://www.massport.com/logan-airport/about-logan/Pages/LoganHistory.aspx. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  7. ^ Brush, David (June 1997). "Logan 2000: A World Class Upgrade for the 21st Century". ITE Journal (Institute of Transportation Engineers). http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3734/is_199706/ai_n8764688/. Retrieved November 10, 2010. 
  8. ^ Nelkin, Dorothy (1974). Jetport: The Boston Airport Controversy. Transaction Publishers. p. 80. ISBN 0-87855-591-9, 9780878555918. http://books.google.com/books?id=OGyP64Vm7TcC&pg. 
  9. ^ Nelkin, p. 80-82.
  10. ^ MacDonald, Christine (November 30, 2003). "Their 2D Run at Runway". The Boston Globe. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=BG&p_theme=bg&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0FF408367934CDD2&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved November 10, 2010. 
  11. ^ Rosenwald, Michael S.; Murphy, Sean P. (November 19, 2003). "Judge Allows Long-Fought Runway at Logan". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2003/11/19/judge_allows_long_fought_runway_at_logan/. Retrieved July 28, 2006. 
  12. ^ Stockton Rhone, Paysha (August 13, 2006). "Taxiway Plan Upsets Neighbors". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/local/articles/2006/08/13/taxiway_plan_upsets_neighbors/. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  13. ^ "FAA: Environmental Impact Statement – Airside Improvements Planning Project – Centerfield Taxiway" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. April 20, 2007. http://www.faa.gov/airports/environmental/records_decision/media/rod_boston_2007.pdf. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  14. ^ "US Airways Announces Strategic Plan to Strengthen Core Network" (Press release). US Airways. October 28, 2009. http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=196799&p=irol-newsArticle_print&ID=1347781&highlight=. Retrieved March 5, 2010. 
  15. ^ Chesto, Jon (March 17, 2010). "US Airways Plans to Close Its Boston Crew Base in May". The Patriot-Ledger. http://www.patriotledger.com/business/x1514354418/US-Airways-moves-plans-to-close-its-Boston-crew-base. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  16. ^ a b "U.S. International Air Passenger and Freight Statistics Report". 2010. http://ostpxweb.dot.gov/aviation/usstatreport.htm. Retrieved January 8, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Application for Boston/Beijing Service Filed with Chinese Government: Hainan Airlines Seeks Daily Nonstop Route Connecting Boston Logan with China". Massport. April 9, 2008. http://www.massport.com/news-room/News/ApplicationforBostonBeijingServiceFiledwithChineseGovernmentHainanAirlinesSeeksDailyNonstopRouteConnectingBostonLoganwithCh.aspx. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  18. ^ Johnston, Katie (May 27, 2011). "JAL to Launch Boston-Tokyo Service". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/travel/blog/2011/05/jal_to_launch_b.html. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  19. ^ "World's Largest Passenger Plane at Logan". WHDH. February 8, 2010. http://www1.whdh.com/news/articles/local/boston/BO135120/. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  20. ^ Moskowitz, Eric; Teehan, Sean (March 14, 2010). "Rain Not Expected to Dampen Spirits Along Parade's Route". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2010/03/14/rain_not_expected_to_dampen_spirits_along_parades_route/. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
  21. ^ Carey, Susan. "How JetBlue Cracked Boston." The Wall Street Journal. February 8, 2012. Retrieved on February 8, 2012.
  22. ^ Howe, Peter J. (March 8, 2006). "Logan Impact to Area Economy Put at $7.6b Per Year". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/business/globe/articles/2006/03/08/logans_impact_to_area_economy_put_at_76b/. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  23. ^ "Logan Expects to Set a Record". The Boston Globe. December 31, 2011. http://articles.boston.com/2011-12-31/business/30577219_1_logan-officials-passenger-declines-passenger-numbers. Retrieved January 8, 2012. 
  24. ^ a b c "Boston, MA: Logan International (BOS)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. October 12, 2011. http://www.transtats.bts.gov/airports.asp?pn=1&Airport=BOS. Retrieved October 14, 2011. 
  25. ^ Total cargo (Freight, Express, & Mail).
  26. ^ "KBOS: General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport". FAA Information. Airnav.com. September 23, 2010. http://www.airnav.com/airport/KBOS. Retrieved October 16, 2010. 
  27. ^ a b FAA Airport Diagram.
  28. ^ a b c "Logan International Airport Expansion, Boston, Massachusetts, USA". airport-technology.com. 2010. http://www.airport-technology.com/projects/boston-logan/. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  29. ^ Howe, Peter J. (November 19, 2006). "The 30-Year Saga of 14/32". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/business/globe/articles/2006/11/19/the_30_year_saga_of_1432/. Retrieved October 26, 2007. 
  30. ^ "Signature at BOS". Signature Flight Support. 2010. https://www.signatureflight.com/Locations/Pages/fbo.aspx?Loc=BOS. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Public Safety". Massport. 2010. http://www.massport.com/logan-airport/about-logan/Public%20Safety/PublicSafety.aspx. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  32. ^ Shortsleeve, Joe (July 29, 2008). "Boston Police Powerless In Certain Neighborhoods". WBZ News (WBZ-TV). Archived from the original on August 22, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080822230424/http://wbztv.com/specialreports/boston.police.power.2.783223.html. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  33. ^ "Logan Airport: About Logan". Massport. September 8, 1923. http://www.massport.com/logan/about.asp. Retrieved March 5, 2010. 
  34. ^ "Traveling Between Terminals". Massport. 2010. http://www.massport.com/logan-airport/inside-airport/pages/travelingbetweenterminals.aspx. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  35. ^ "About Logan". Massport. 2010. http://www.massport.com/logan-airport/about-logan/Pages/Default.aspx. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  36. ^ Reed, Keith (March 17, 2005). "Smooth Takeoff for Terminal A". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on October 8, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20061008080426/http://www.atca.org/singlenews.asp?item_ID=2569&comm=0. Retrieved March 7, 2007. 
  37. ^ HOK Project Archive - Logan International Airport
  38. ^ a b c "Boston Logan International Airport Interactive Terminal Map". Massport. 2010. http://www.massport.com/logan-airport/inside-airport/Pages/logan-interactive-maps.html. Retrieved October 16, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Delta Sky Club Locations". Delta Air Lines. 2010. http://www.delta.com/traveling_checkin/airport_information/delta_sky_club/sky_club_locations/index.jsp. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  40. ^ Filings/2012_EA_Terminal_B_CE_Complete.pdf Environmental Assessment: Renovations and Improvements at Terminals B & C/E at Boston Logan International Airport
  41. ^ "US Airways Club Locations". US Airways. 2010. http://www.usairways.com/awa/content/traveltools/club/locations.aspx#bos. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  42. ^ "Admirals Club Locations". American Airlines. 2010. https://www.aa.com/aa/i18nForward.do?p=/travelInformation/airportAmenities/AdmiralsLocations.jsp. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  43. ^ 2008 Bonds, Series A and C Official Statement
  44. ^ "Terminal C Checkpoint Opens and Eases Passenger Connections". Massport. July 28, 2011. http://www.massport.com/news-room/News/TerminalCCheckpointOpensandEasesPassengerConnections.aspx. Retrieved August 1, 2011. 
  45. ^ Howe, Peter (February 28, 2006). "Attention Logan passengers: starting Wed. no more Terminal D". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/business/ticker/2006/02/attention_logan.html. Retrieved November 2, 2006. 
  46. ^ "United Airlines – Boston". United Air Lines. 2010. http://www.united.com/page/article/0,1360,50329,00.html. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  47. ^ a b "Boston Logan". Airport Wayfinder. 2010. http://massport.airportwayfinder.com. Retrieved October 16, 2010. 
  48. ^ "Lounges". Aer Lingus. 2010. http://www.aerlingus.com/goldcircle/lounges/. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  49. ^ "Discover the comfort of our airport lounges". Air France. 2010. http://www.airfrance.fr/FR/en/common/guidevoyageur/aeroport/salon_monde_airfrance.htm. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  50. ^ "British Airways – Lounge locations". British Airways. 2010. http://www.britishairways.com/travel/ecbenftloungelist/public/en_us#uc. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  51. ^ "Lufthansa Lounges". Lufthansa. 2010. http://www.lufthansa.com/online/portal/lh/us/info_and_services/at_the_airport/lounges/application/!ut/p/c5/04_SB8K8xLLM9MSSzPy8xBz9CP0os3hHg2B_U3d358DQQG9XA08zC0_jMHN3dyc_I6B8JG55HyMCur30o9Jz8pOA9oSDbMat1ssAv7yLMX55kEtA8gY4gKOBvp9Hfm6qfkFuRGWwZ5YJAOU9Ptw!/dl3/d3/L0lJSklna2tra2tucC9vQXd3QUFBWWdBQ0VJUVFpS1U1REFHTVlLSE1BLzRCbjRzbzBWZ0xhOTJnc29ISkNBLzZfQTBTTzVHR0NRVVFLRTBJNjhJM1Y3R0dCTjEvN19BMFNPNUdHQ1FVUUtFMEk2OEkzVjdHMFNQMS9zYS5sb3VuZ2VTZWFyY2hBY3Rpb24vRGVmYXVsdA!!/?l=en&cid=1000390&command=search&p=LH&s=US. Retrieved November 9, 2010. 
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  53. ^ http://swamedia.com/releases/394f11e5-4235-49c3-b1a0-071d7e17c2a7
  54. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newark_Liberty_International_Airport
  55. ^ Hobica, George (September 6, 2007). "The Top 10 Easiest U.S. Airports to Get to". Aviation.com. msnbc.com. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20630299/. Retrieved October 14, 2010. 
  56. ^ "Taxi Rates". City of Boston. 2010. http://www.cityofboston.gov/police/hackney/taxi_rates.asp. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  57. ^ Hanseder, Tony. "Boston Logan BOS Airport Overview". http://www.ifly.com/logan-international-airport. Retrieved 5/2/12. 
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  59. ^ "Accident description: Vickers 798D Viscount N6592C". Aviation Safety Network. October 11, 2010. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19611115-1. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
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  61. ^ "Accident Description: McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 N975NE". Aviation Safety Network. May 25, 2011. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730731-0. Retrieved May 25, 2011. 
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  64. ^ "3 Bombs Hit Boston Area; Plane, Truck, Courthouse". Nashua Telegraph. July 2, 1976. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=4XtjAAAAIBAJ&sjid=0XkNAAAAIBAJ&pg=4392,223371&dq=boston+logan&hl=en. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
  65. ^ Bradlee, Ben (April 4, 1979). "Incendiary Device Triggers Logan Fire". The Boston Globe. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/boston/access/2018615372.html?FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&type=historic&date=Apr+4%2C+1979&author=Ben+Bradlee&pub=Boston+Globe+(1960-1979)&edition=&startpage=18&desc=Incendiary+device+triggers+Logan+fire. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
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  68. ^ "Regional Airports: FAQ". Massport. 2008. Archived from the original on February 21, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080221181456/http://www.massport.com/airports/faq.html. Retrieved March 25, 2008. 

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