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definitions - Macaque

macaque (n.)

1.short-tailed monkey of rocky regions of Asia and Africa

Macaque (n.)

1.(MeSH)A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of 16 species inhabiting forests of Africa, Asia, and the islands of Borneo, Philippines, and Celebes.

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Merriam Webster

Macaque‖Ma`caque" (?), n. [F. See Macacus.] (Zoöl.) Any one of several species of short-tailed monkeys of the genus Macaca (formerly Macacus), found in rocky regions of Asia and Africa; as, Macaca maurus, the moor macaque of the East Indies. Macaca mulatta is the Rhesus monkey, much used in biomedical research, and namesake of the Rh factor used in blood typing (due to discovery of that factor in the Rhesus monkey).

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definition (more)

definition of Wikipedia

synonyms - Macaque

phrases

-Arunachal Macaque • Assam Macaque • Assamese Macaque • Barbary Macaque • Bonnet Macaque • Booted Macaque • Celebes Crested Macaque • Crab-eating Macaque • Crested Black Macaque • Formosan Macaque • Formosan Rock Macaque • Gorontalo Macaque • Heck's Macaque • Japanese Macaque • Lion Tailed Macaque • Lion-tailed Macaque • Macaque brain development timeline • Macaque monkey • Mentawai macaque • Moor Macaque • Muna-Buton Macaque • Nicobar Long-tailed Macaque • Nicobar long tailed macaque • Northern Pig-tailed Macaque • Pagai Island Macaque • Philippine Long-tailed Macaque • Pig-tailed macaque • Rhesus Macaque • Siberut Macaque • Southern Pig-tailed Macaque • Stump-tailed Macaque • Stumptail Macaque • Sulawesi Crested Macaque • Sulawesi crested macaque • Tibetan Macaque • Tonkean Macaque • Toque Macaque

analogical dictionary

Wikipedia

Macaque

                   
Macaques[1]
Crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Cercopithecidae
Subfamily: Cercopithecinae
Tribe: Papionini
Genus: Macaca
Lacépède, 1799
Type species
Simia inuus
Linnaeus, 1758 = Simia sylvanus Linnaeus, 1758
Species

See text

The macaques (play /məˈkɑːk/[2] or /məˈkæk/)[citation needed] constitute a genus (Macaca /məˈkɑːkə/) of Old World monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae.

Contents

  Description

Aside from humans (genus Homo), the macaques are the most widespread primate genus, ranging from Japan to Afghanistan and, in the case of the barbary macaque, to North Africa. Twenty-two macaque species are currently recognised, include some of the monkeys best known to nonzoologists, such as the rhesus macaque, Macaca mulatta, and the barbary macaque, M. sylvanus, a colony of which lives on the Rock of Gibraltar. Although several species lack tails, and their common names therefore refer to them as apes, these are true monkeys, with no greater relationship to the true apes than any other Old World monkeys.

In some species, skin folds join the second through fifth toes, almost reaching the first metatarsal joint.[3]

  Social behavior

Macaques have a very intricate social structure and hierarchy. If a macaque of a lower level in the social chain has eaten berries and none are left for a higher-level macaque, then the one higher in status can, within this social organization, remove the berries from the other monkey's mouth.[4]

  Human usage

Several species of macaques are used extensively in animal testing, particularly in the neuroscience of visual perception and the visual system.

Nearly all (73-100%) pet and captive macaques are carriers of the herpes B virus. This virus is harmless to macaques, but infections of humans, while rare, are potentially fatal, a risk that makes macaques unsuitable as pets.[5] A 2005 University of Toronto study showed urban performing macaques also carried simian foamy virus, suggesting they could be involved in the species-to-species jump of similar retroviruses to humans.[6]

  Species

  Stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides)
  Japanese macaque (M. fuscata)
  Pig-tailed macaque (M. nemestrina)

Genus Macaca

Prehistoric (fossil) species:

  See also

  References

  1. ^ Groves, C. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 161–165. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3. 
  2. ^ macaque pronunciation by Oxford Dictionaries
  3. ^ Ankel-Simons, Friderun (2000). "Hands and Feet". Primate anatomy: an introduction. Academic Press. p. 340. ISBN 0-12-058670-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=5fttVRAHA4MC&pg=PA340. 
  4. ^ "The Life of Mammals" Hosted by David Attenborough, 2003 British Broadcasting Corporation. BBC Video
  5. ^ Ostrowski, Stephanie R.; et al.. "B-virus from Pet Macaque Monkeys: An Emerging Threat in the United States?". Emerging Infectious Diseases (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)) 4 (1). http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol4no1/ostrowsk.htm. Retrieved January 2010. 
  6. ^ University of Toronto - News@UofT - Performing monkeys in Asia carry viruses that could jump species to humans (Dec 8/05)
  7. ^ Hartwig, Walter Carl (2002). The primate fossil record. Cambridge University Press. p. 273. ISBN 0-521-66315-6. http://books.google.com/books?id=Ezm1OA_s6isC&pg=PA273. 

  External links

   
               

 

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