From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaCoordinates:
St Peter's Church, Marksbury
Marksbury shown within Somerset
|OS grid reference|
|Bath and North East Somerset|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Avon and Somerset|
|Fire||Devon and Somerset|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|(North East Somerset|
from next general election.)
|List of places: UK • England • Somerset|
Marksbury is a small village and civil parish in Somerset about 4 miles (6.4 km) from Keynsham and 7 miles (11.3 km) from Bath on the A39 where it meets the A368. The parish has a population of 399.
Marksbury was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Mercesberia. The name of the village is thought to come from Old English either as ‘Mǣrec’s or Mearc’s stronghold’ (from an Old English male personal name + burh ‘stronghold’, ‘fortified place’, dative byrig), or as ‘stronghold on a boundary’ (from mearc ‘boundary’, possibly a reference to the Wansdyke, + burh, byrig).
The village has a primary school.
The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall or community centre, playing fields and playgrounds, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also of interest to the council.
Marksbury is part of the Farmborough Ward, which is represented by one councillor on the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset which was created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992. It provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within their area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. They are also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service.
Bath and North East Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters are in Bath. Between April 1 1974 and April 1 1996, it was the Wansdyke district and the City of Bath of the county of Avon. Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Bathavon Rural District.
The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of the Wansdyke county constituency which is to become North East Somerset at next general election. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It is also part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.
According to the 2001 Census, the Farmborough Ward (which includes Compton Dando, Woollard, Hunstrete, Chewton Keynsham, Saltford and Stanton Prior) had 1,111 residents, living in 428 households, with an average age of 44.5 years. Of these 71% of residents describing their health as 'good', 21% of 16-74 year olds had no qualifications; and the area had an unemployment rate of 1.0% of all economically active people aged 16-74. In the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2004, it was ranked at 22,100 out of 32,482 wards in England, where 1 was the most deprived LSOA and 32,482 the least deprived.
The church, dedicated to St Peter, is an ancient structure, with a tower containing six bells. It is believed to be late 12th century in origin but mainly from the 15th century. The tower has three stages; the first stage has diagonal buttresses, a canted stair turret in the return of tower and nave and a very small west door with a canted flat arch under a 2-light, chamfered mullion window dated 1634. The second stage has a cusped 2-light window with heavy louvres to the north, a blocked single light to the east and 2-light chamfered, vaguely pointed windows south and west, contemporary with third stage which has one enormous, round headed window with raised architrave and louvres per side, thin, embattled parapet dominated by four pyramidal pinnacles with vanes. The nave has two 2-light windows under hoodmoulds flanking a blocked, moulded round-headed door under a plaque dated 1627. The buttressed, off-centre chancel has to north one window as elsewhere, 3-light east window of 1875. There are several monuments in the chancel including those to Counsell, 1671, and Wadden, 1682. In the nave is a monument to Boulter 1782, by Brewer of Box. Reverend William Counsell was the rector (1662–74). The church is a Grade II* listed building. An unidentified monument in the churchyard is also listed.
On Wingsbury Hill are remains of an ancient chapel, probably belonging to a monastery, which formerly existed here.
Other Grade II listed buildings
- Church Farmhouse at Images of England
- Court Farmhouse at Images of England
- Winsbury House at Images of England
- No. 123 at Images of England
- Crispin Cottage at Images of England
- No. 47 at Images of England
- May Tree Cottage at Images of England
- The Cottage at Images of England
- Badger Cottage at Images of England
- Barn and attached farm buildings about 30 metres south-east of Poplar Farm at Images of England
- Becket's Place (formerly Elm Farmhouse) at Images of England
- Church Farmhouse, Stanton Prior at Images of England
- Lower Church Farmhouse at Images of England
- Outbuildings and barn about 15 metres north of Priory Farmhouse at Images of England
- Poplar Farmhouse at Images of England
- Pound about 80 metres north-east of Priory Farmhouse at Images of England
- Priory Farmhouse at Images of England
- The Cottage at Images of England
- The Mount at Images of England
- The Old Rectory at Images of England
- Whidcombe Farmhouse at Images of England
- ^ a b "Population Statistics for Bath & North East Somerset". Statistics and Census Information. Bath and North East Somerset. http://www.bathnes.gov.uk/BathNES/councilanddemocracy/statisticsandcensusinformation/default.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
- ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimborne, Dorset: The Dovecote Press Ltd. ISBN 1874336032.
- ^ "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1995/Uksi_19950493_en_1.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-09.
- ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time : Bathavon Rural District
- ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics LSOA Bath and North East Somerset 016B Farmborouch". Office of National Statistics 2001 Census. http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadProfileSearch.do?profileSearchText=BS39+4LW&searchProfiles=. Retrieved 2006-05-01.
- ^ Church of St Peter at Images of England
- ^ Unidentified Monument, in the churchyard and 2 metres south of nave of Church of St Lawrence at Images of England
- "Area 6 - Hinton Blewett and Newton St Loe Plateau Lands". BANES Environmental Services. http://www.bathnes.gov.uk/BathNES/environment/planningservices/Landscape/rltarea6.htm. Retrieved 2006-04-23.
- Map of Marksbury circa 1900