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Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Each square carries a letter. To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares.
Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame !
Change the target language to find translations.
Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more.
|Mayor of London
|Style||No courtesy, title or style|
|Appointer||Electorate of Greater London|
|Term length||Four years|
|Inaugural holder||Ken Livingstone
4 May 2000
|Formation||Greater London Authority Act 1999|
|Succession||First Thursday in May quadrennially|
|Deputy||Deputy Mayor of London
The Mayor of London is an elected politician who, along with the London Assembly of 25 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Greater London. Conservative Boris Johnson has held the position since 4 May 2008. The position was previously held by Ken Livingstone from the creation of the role on 4 May 2000 until his succession by Johnson.
The role, created in 2000 after the London devolution referendum, was the first directly elected mayor in the United Kingdom. The Mayor of London is also referred to as the London Mayor, a form which helps to avoid confusion with the Lord Mayor of the City of London, the ancient and now mainly ceremonial role in the geographically smaller central region of the ancient City of London. The Mayor of London is the mayor of the entirety of Greater London (including the City).
The Mayor is elected by the supplementary vote method for a fixed term of four years, with elections taking place in May. As with most elected posts in the UK, there is a deposit, in this case of £10,000, returnable on the candidate's winning at least 5% of the first-choice votes cast.
The 2000 campaign was incident-filled. The eventual winner, Ken Livingstone, went back on an earlier pledge not to run as an independent after losing the Labour nomination to Frank Dobson. The Conservative Party had to replace Lord Archer of Weston-super-Mare as their candidate when he was charged with perjury; Steve Norris was elected as his replacement.
|London Mayoral Election Results 2000|
|Name||Party||1st Preference Votes||%||2nd Preference Votes¹||%||Final||%²|
|Susan Kramer||Liberal Democrat||203,452||11.9||404,815||28.5|
|Geoffrey Ben-Nathan||Pro-Motorist Small Shop||9,956||0.6||23,021||1.6|
|Geoffrey Clements||Natural Law||5,470||0.3||18,185||1.3|
This article is part of the series:
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In 2004, the second election was held. After being re-admitted to the Labour Party, Ken Livingstone was their official candidate. He won re-election after second preference votes were counted, with Steve Norris again coming second.
|London Mayoral Election Results 2004|
|Name||Party||1st Preference Votes||%||2nd Preference Votes||%||Final||%|
|Simon Hughes||Liberal Democrat||284,645||14.8||465,704||24.3|
The incumbent Labour Mayor, Ken Livingstone was defeated by Conservative candidate Boris Johnson becoming London's 2nd Mayor.
|London Mayoral Election Results 2008|
|Name||Party||1st Preference Votes||%||2nd Preference Votes1||%||Final2||%3|
|Boris Johnson||Conservative||1,043,761||42.48 (+14.3%)||257,792||10.49||1,168,738||53.2|
|Ken Livingstone||Labour||893,877||36.38 (+0.7%)||303,198||12.34||1,028,966||46.8|
|Brian Paddick||Liberal Democrat||236,685||9.63 (–5.2%)||641,412||26.11|
|Siân Berry||Green||77,374||3.15 (+0.3%)||331,727||13.50|
|Richard Barnbrook||British National Party||69,710||2.84 (–0.2%)||128,609||5.23|
|Alan Craig||Christian Peoples Alliance||39,249||1.6 (–0.6%)||80,140||3.26|
|Gerard Batten||UKIP||22,422||0.91 (–5.1%)||113,651||4.63|
|Lindsey German||Left List||16,796||0.68||35,057||1.43|
|Matt O'Connor4 (withdrawn)||English Democrats||10,695||0.44||73,538||2.99|
1Second preference votes are only used to elect the mayor if no single candidate receives more than 50% of the vote. Only the top two candidates receive the second preference votes.
2On papers where the 1st and 2nd choice votes are for the top two candidates, the 2nd choice votes are not counted.
3Percentage figures are not officially published on the final votes, they are produced here for illustration and are calculated by dividing the candidate's final vote by the total of final votes. When based on the total votes cast, however, the figures are 48.4% and 42.6%.
4Matt O'Connor withdrew from the election in the week prior to polling day but his name remained on the ballot paper.
It had been speculated that Johnson might choose not to run for re-election and might instead stand for Parliament in the next general election with a view to succeeding David Cameron as the Leader of the Conservative Party but in September 2010 he announced that he planned to stand for re-election.
On 4 May 2012, Boris Johnson was re-elected Mayor of London.
Prospective Labour candidates had until 18 June 2010 to announce their decision to stand for the party's nomination. The names were shortlisted by a panel of national and London party representatives on 24 June, before a series of hustings across the capital. An electoral college, made up half of votes by London party members and half by members of affiliated organisations, selected the candidate. Former Mayor Ken Livingstone and former Labour MP Oona King both ran for the Labour Party's nomination as did Seton During and Emmanuel Okoro. Mr During is a chartered engineer and a former councillor in Enfield, while Mr Okoro is an artist. MP David Lammy, former cabinet minister Sadiq Khan, former Home Secretary Alan Johnson, MP Jon Cruddas, former cabinet minister James Purnell, businessman Alan Sugar and former cabinet minister Peter Mandelson were also rumoured as potential candidates but did not stand. Lammy endorsed Livingstone's candidacy. Ken Livingstone won the Labour Party nomination on 24 September 2010 with 68.6% of the vote to 31.4% for King.
Caroline Pidgeon, the leader of the Liberal Democrat London Assembly Group, was a possible candidate for her party's nomination but said it was not the right time for her to stand. Susan Kramer was seen to be a possible candidate but said she was standing for Lib Dem President. Brian Paddick, who was the party's 2008 nominee, said he wanted to serve in the party but ruled himself out. Lembit Öpik, the former MP who lost his Montgomeryshire seat in the 2010 general election, was also considered to be a likely possible candidate.
|London Mayoral Election Results 2012|
|Name||Party||1st Preference Votes||%||2nd Preference Votes||%||Final1||%|
|Brian Paddick||Liberal Democrats||91,774||4.16|
|Lawrence Webb||Fresh Choice for London2||43,274||1.96|
|Carlos Cortiglia||British National Party||28,751||1.30|
1 On papers where the 1st and 2nd choice votes are for the top two candidates, the 2nd choice votes are not counted.
(for political parties)
|Name||Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political party|
|Ken Livingstone||2000||4 May 2000||4 May 2008||Independent|
|4 May 2008||Incumbent||Conservative|
Initiatives taken by Ken Livingstone as Mayor of London included the London congestion charge on private vehicles using city centre London on weekdays, the creation of the London Climate Change Agency, the London Energy Partnership and the founding of the international Large Cities Climate Leadership Group, now known as C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group. The Congestion charge led to many new buses being introduced across London.
They have also included the London Partnerships Register which was a voluntary scheme without legal force for same-sex couples to register their partnership, and paved the way for the introduction by the United Kingdom Parliament of civil partnerships. Unlike civil partnerships, the London Partnerships Register was open to heterosexual couples who favour a public commitment other than marriage.
As Mayor of London, Ken Livingstone was also a supporter of the London Olympics in 2012, and is known to encourage sport in London; especially when sport can be combined with helping UK charities-like The London Marathon and British 10K charity races. However, Livingstone, in a Mayoral election debate on the BBC's Question Time (TV series) programme in April 2008 did state that the primary reason he supported the Olympic bid was to secure funding for the redevelopment of the East End of London. In the summer of 2007 he brought the Tour de France cycle race to London.
In May 2008, Boris Johnson introduced a new transport safety initiative to put 440 high-visibility police officers on bus hubs and the immediate vicinity. A ban on alcohol on underground, bus, Docklands Light Railway, and tram services and stations across the capital was announced.
Also in 2010 Boris Johnson opened the Barclays Cycle Hire scheme with 5,000 bicycles available for hire across London. Although it should be noted that the plans for this were created under Ken Livingstone's administration.
In 2011 Boris Johnson set up the Outer London Fund, a money pot of up to £50 million designed to help facilitate better, more effective local high streets. Areas in London were given the chance to submit proposals for two separate pots of money, which would be granted to them if their bid was successful. Successful bids for Phase 1 included Enfield, Muswell Hill  and Bexley Town Centre. The recipients of Phase 2 funding are still to be announced.